by Scott Mehl
Due to the personal union by which the King of Hanover was also the King of the United Kingdom, most of the monarchs lived, and died, in Britain. George III, the first King of Hanover, had the Royal Crypt constructed at St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle. The crypt is located under the Albert Memorial Chapel.
St. George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle
An artist’s view inside the Royal Vault at St. George’s Chapel. Caskets were placed on the shelves along the sides. The bench in the middle was used as a temporary place for caskets waiting to be buried elsewhere.
Monarchs of Hanover
George III (r. 1760-1820)
George IV (r. 1820-1830)
William IV (r. 1830-1837)
Ernst August I (r. 1837-1851)
George V (r. 1851-1866)
reigned October 25 1760 – January 29 1820
George III was born at Norfolk House in London on June 4 1738. A grandson of King George II, he was the son of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. On September 8 1761 he married Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
George III died January 29 1820 at Windsor Castle. He is buried in the Royal Crypt at St. George’s Chapel.
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Charlotte was born at Schloss Mirow in Mecklenburg on May 19 1744. Her parents were Carl Ludwig, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Hildburghausen. She married King George III on September 8 1761 in the Chapel Royal at St. James’ Palace, London. The couple had 15 children. It was for Queen Charlotte that her husband purchased Buckingham House in London, known for awhile as Queen’s House, which was later expanded and transformed into Buckingham Palace.
Queen Charlotte died on November 17 1818 at Kew Palace in London. She is buried in the Royal Crypt at St. George’s Chapel.
reigned January 29 1820 – June 26 1830
George IV was born August 12 1762 at St James’ Palace, London, the eldest son of King George III and Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. On April 8, 1795, he married his cousin, Caroline of Brunswick, in what would turn out to be a disastrous marriage. The couple had one child, a daughter Charlotte, and then separated for the remainder of their lives.
King George IV died in the early morning of June 26 1830 at Windsor Castle. He is buried in the Royal Crypt at St. George’s Chapel.
Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Caroline of Brunswick was born May 17 1768, the daughter of Karl Wilhelm, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, and Princess Augusta of Great Britain. She married her cousin, the future George IV, on April 8 1795 and the couple had one daughter.
Queen Caroline died on August 7 1821 at Brandenburg House in London. She is buried in the Royal Crypt at the Brunswick Cathedral in Brunswick, Hanover.
reigned June 26 1830 – June 20 1837
William was born August 17 1765 at Buckingham Palace in London. He was the third son of King George III and Charlotte of Meckenburg-Strelitz. He was married on July 11 1818 to Princess Adeleide of Saxe-Meiningen.
King William IV died June 20 1837 at Windsor Castle. He was buried on July 8, in the Royal Crypt at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor.
Adeleide of Saxe-Meiningen
Princess Adeleide of Saxe-Meiningen was born August 13 1792 in Meiningen, the daughter of George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and Princess Louise-Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. She married the future William IV on July 11 1818 at Kew Palace, in a double wedding with William’s brother Edward, the Duke of Kent, and Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, the Dowager Princess of Leiningen (parents of Queen Victoria).
Queen Adeleide died December 2 1849 at Bentley Priory in Middlesex, England. She is buried in the Royal Crypt at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor.
Ernst August I
reigned June 20 1837 – November 18 1851
Ernst August I was born at Buckingham House in London, on June 5 1771. He was the fifth son of King George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He married Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, his first cousin, on May 29 1815.
King Ernst August I died November 18 1851 in Hanover. He is buried with his wife at the Mausoleum in the Herrenhausen Gardens. He had the Mausoleum built when his wife died ten years earlier, in the grounds of Herrenhausen Castle. The castle itself no longer exists, but the Mausoleum remains.
Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Frederica was born March 3 1778 in Hanover, the daughter of Charles II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Princess Frederica of Hesse-Darmstadt. She married (her third marriage) the future Ernst August I at the parish church of Neustrelitz on May 29 1815.
Queen Frederica died June 29 1841, in is buried in the Mausoleum in Herrenhausen Gardens.
reigned November 18 1851 – September 20 1866 (deposed)
George V was born May 27 1819, in Berlin, to Ernst August I and Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He married Marie of Saxe-Altenburg on February 18 1843 in Hanover. The couple had three children, including a daughter Frederica who would later become Queen of Greece, and the mother of the current Queen of Spain.
King George V, the last King of Hanover, died in Paris on June 12 1878 at the age of 59. He is buried in the Royal Crypt at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor.
Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
Marie was born Princess Marie of Saxe-Hildburghausen on April 14 1818 at Hildburghausen to Joseph, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Hildburghausen and Amelia, Duchess of Württemberg. A few years later when some territories were moved around within the various branches of the family, they moved to Altenburg and Marie became Princess of Saxe-Altenburg. She married the future George V of Hanover on February 18 1843 in Hanover.
Queen Marie survived her husband by over 29 years, passing away on January 9 1907 at the Schloss Cumberland in Gmunden, Austria. She is buried in the Mausoleum at the castle.
The Mausoleum at Schloss Cumberland
photo courtesy royaltyguide.nl
Inside the Mausoleum
photo courtesy royaltyguide.nl