Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld/Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Index

Coat of Arms of The Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; By Glasshouse using elements by Sodacan, Trondivers and katepanomegas – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,

Below is an indexed listing with links to the articles and information about the Saxe-Coburg- Saalfeld and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha families at Unofficial Royalty. It is our intention to write articles for those royals who are listed below and missing articles. We invite visitors to discuss these and other royals on our forums.


Otto von Bismarck, Chancellor of Germany, called the Saxe-Coburg and Gotha family “the stud farm of Europe.” Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was once the family name of the sovereigns of the United Kingdom, Belgium, Portugal, Bulgaria, and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Today, branches of the family reign in Belgium and the United Kingdom. The former Tsar of Bulgaria, Simeon II, used Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (or Sakskoburggotski) as his surname when Prime Minister of Bulgaria from 2001 to 2005.

Franz Friedrich Anton, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1750 – 1806) can be considered the founding patriarch. His descendants established ruling houses in Belgium, the United Kingdom, Portugal, and Bulgaria. His son Leopold became the first King of the Belgians. Franz Friedrich Anton was the grandfather of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and her husband Prince Albert, as well as Empress Carlota of Mexico, born Princess Charlotte of Belgium. A grandson reigned as jure uxoris (by right of his wife) King Ferdinand II of Portugal. One great-grandson ruled as Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria and another great-grandson reigned as King Edward VII of the United Kingdom. The Swedish Royal Family descends from Franz Friedrich Anton via the marriage of a daughter of the last Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

House of Wettin

Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1699 – 1825)

Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1826 – 1918)