Wedding of Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips

by Susan Flantzer

By Source, Fair use, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=44115769

Princess Anne married Captain Mark Phillips on November 14, 1973, at Westminster Abbey in London, England.

Princess Anne’s Early Life

Princess Anne with her parents and elder brother in October 1957; Photo Credit – By Library and Archives Canada, e010949328 / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, e010949328 – http://www.flickr.com/photos/lac-bac/7195940876/, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=27933715

Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise was born at Clarence House in London, England on August 15, 1950. She was the second child of four children and the only daughter of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born a Prince of Greece and Denmark). Anne had one elder brother Charles and two younger brothers, Andrew and Edward.

At the time of Anne’s birth, her mother was Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh and the sovereign was her grandfather, King George VI. The children of a daughter of a British sovereign would not usually have been accorded the style Royal Highness or the titles Prince/Princess as in the case of Anne’s own children. However, on October 22, 1948, Anne’s grandfather King George VI issued letters patent allowing the children of his eldest daughter and heiress presumptive, to use the style and title of a royal prince or princess. Therefore, Anne was Her Royal Highness Princess Anne of Edinburgh at birth.

King George VI died on February 6, 1952, and his elder daughter Princess Elizabeth became Queen. Upon her mother’s accession to the throne, Anne was styled Her Royal Highness The Princess Anne. Anne was too young to attend her mother’s coronation, but she did make an appearance on the balcony of Buckingham Palace.

Catherine Peebles who was the governess of Prince Charles was also Anne’s governess and she was responsible for Anne’s early education. In 1959, a Girl Guides company, 1st Buckingham Palace Company was formed at the palace to allow Anne to socialize with other girls. Similar Girl Guide companies had been formed at Buckingham Palace for Anne’s mother and her aunt Princess Margaret. From 1963-1968, Anne attended Benenden School, an independent boarding school for girls in Kent, England.

From a young age, Princess Anne was passionate about riding and she soon became an excellent equestrienne. In 1971, Anne won the European Eventing Championship and was voted the BBC Sports Personality of the Year. For more than five years Anne competed with the British eventing team, winning a silver medal in both individual and team disciplines in the 1975 European Eventing Championship. In the 1976 Montreal Summer Olympics, Anne competed as a member of the British equestrian team.

For more information, see Unofficial Royalty: Princess Anne, The Princess Royal

Mark Phillips’ Early Life

Mark Phillips, 1973; Photo Credit – By Peters, Hans / Anefo – [1] Dutch National Archives, The Hague, Fotocollectie Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau (ANeFo), 1945-1989, Nummer toegang 2.24.01.05 Bestanddeelnummer 926-7769, CC BY-SA 3.0 nl, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=32649600

Mark Anthony Peter Phillips was born on September 22, 1948, to Major Peter Phillips and the former Anne Tiarks (whose father was an Aide-de-Camp to King George VI). He had one sister, Sarah, who passed away.

Following his education at Stouts Hill Preparatory School and Marlborough College, Phillips entered the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst. After passing out, he was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Queen’s Dragoon Guards, eventually reaching the rank of Captain in 1975. He retired from the Army in March 1978.

An avid horseman, Philips was a member of the British Equestrian Team with whom he won the Team Three-Day Event world title in 1970, the European title in 1971, and Olympic Gold in 1972. He also won Silver at the 1988 Olympics and is a four-time champion at the Badminton Horse Trials.

For more information, see Unofficial Royalty: Mark Phillips

The Engagement

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On May 29, 1973, Buckingham Palace announced: “It is with the greatest pleasure that the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh announce the betrothal of their beloved daughter the Princess Anne to Lieutenant Mark Phillips, the Queen’s Dragoon Guards, son of Mr. and Mrs. Peter Phillips.” The couple had become engaged six weeks earlier at the Badminton Horse Trials, the major equestrian event in the United Kingdom, in which both Anne and Mark competed.

It was through their mutual love of horses that Mark met Princess Anne. The couple first met at the equestrian events during the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City where Mark was a reserve member of the British equestrian team. Prior to their engagement, Anne and Mark competed together at equestrian events throughout Europe. Their love of horses was inherited by their daughter Zara who won a silver medal in the Three-Day Event with the British equestrian team in 2012 Summer Olympics in London.

Anne’s engagement ring was a classic ring of a sapphire between two diamonds made by Garrad Jewelers.

It has been speculated that The Queen offered – and Mark declined – a peerage upon marriage, but this has never been confirmed or denied by any member of the Royal Family.

The Wedding Guests

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British Royal Family

  • Queen Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh, the bride’s parents
  • The Prince of Wales, the bride’s brother
  • Prince Andrew, the bride’s brother
  • Prince Edward, the bride’s brother
  • Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, the bride’s grandmother
  • Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon and The Earl of Snowdon, the bride’s aunt and uncle
  • Viscount Linley, the bride’s first cousin
  • Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones, the bride’s first cousin
  • The Duchess of Gloucester, the bride’s great aunt by marriage
  • Prince and Princess Richard of Gloucester, the bride’s first cousin once removed and his wife
  • The Duke and Duchess of Kent, the bride’s first cousin once removed and his wife
  • Earl of St Andrews, the bride’s second cousin
  • Lady Helen Windsor, the bride’s second cousin
  • Prince Michael of Kent, the bride’s first cousin once removed
  • Princess Alexandra, The Hon. Mrs. Ogilvy and The Hon. Mr. Angus Ogilvy, the bride’s first cousin once removed and her husband
  • Mr. James Ogilvy, the bride’s second cousin
  • Miss Marina Ogilvy, the bride’s second cousin
  • Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria, the bride’s first cousin three times removed and great-great aunt by marriage
  • Lady Mary Whitley, the bride’s second cousin once removed

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Some Other Royal Guests

  • Dowager Queen Ingrid of Denmark
  • King Carl XVI of Sweden
  • King Constantine II and Queen Anne-Marie of Greece
  • Prince Rainier III and Princess Grace of Monaco
  • Princess Beatrix and Prince Claus of the Netherlands
  • Crown Prince Harald and Crown Princess Sonja of Norway
  • Prince Juan Carlos and Princess Sofia of Spain

The Wedding Attendants

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Anne chose to have only two attendants because of her personal experience as a bridesmaid trying to keep younger attendants in line.

  • Best Man: Captain Eric Grounds
  • Bridesmaid: Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones, the bride’s nine-year-old first cousin and the daughter of Princess Margaret
  • Page Boy: Prince Edward, the bride’s nine-year-old brother

The Wedding Attire

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To design her wedding dress, Anne picked Maureen Baker, the chief designer for the ready-to-wear label Susan Small, who had previously designed outfits for her. A number of Anne’s ideas were also incorporated into the dress. The Tudor-style silk wedding dress had a high collar and medieval sleeves. The train, which measured only seven feet, and the veil were simple and delicate.

Anne’s veil was crowned by Queen Mary’s Fringe Tiara. Queen Mary had this tiara made from a necklace Queen Victoria had given her as a wedding present. In 1936, Queen Mary gave the tiara to her daughter-in-law Queen Elizabeth (the Queen Mother). In 1947, Queen Elizabeth (the Queen Mother) loaned the tiara to her daughter Elizabeth for her wedding and then loaned it to her granddaughter Anne for her wedding.

Lieutenant Mark Phillips wore the full scarlet and blue uniform of his regiment, the Queen’s Dragoon Guards.

The Wedding Ceremony

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Princess Anne and Mark Phillips were married on November 14, 1973, at 11:30 AM at Westminster Abbey in London. Princess Anne and her father left Buckingham Palace in the Glass Coach for the ride to Westminster Abbey. As they entered the Abbey, a fanfare especially written for the wedding was played by trumpeters from the groom’s regiment. The Duke of Edinburgh escorted his daughter down the aisle to the hymn Glorious Things of Thee Are Spoken.

As the 2,000 guests in the Abbey and the 500 million television viewers watched, Princess Anne and Mark Phillips were married by Michael Ramsey, Archbishop of Canterbury. It was a simple ceremony from the 1662 Anglican Book of Common Prayer in which the bride promises to obey.

Some family traditions were followed. Princess Anne’s ring was made from the same nugget of Welsh gold that the rings of her grandmother, her mother, and her aunt were made. In her bouquet was a cutting from a myrtle bush grown from a sprig from Queen Victoria’s wedding bouquet.

After the ceremony, the newlyweds moved to the Edward the Confessor Chapel where the wedding register was signed. Princess Anne then made a deep curtsey to her mother while Mark respectfully bowed and the couple made their way down the aisle followed by their families as Charles-Marie Widor’s Toccata in F Major; Johann Strauss’s “Radetzky” March, the regimental march of the groom’s regiment, and the finale from Louis Vierne’s Organ Symphony No. 1 were played.

For more information, see Westminster Abbey: Marriage of H.R.H The Princess Anne and Captain Mark Philips

The Wedding Reception

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After the bride and groom made the customary appearance on the balcony of Buckingham Palace, 120 guests attended the wedding breakfast at the Palace. The guests dined on lobster, partridge, fresh peas, peppermint ice cream, and a wedding cake made exactly five-feet six-inches tall – the height of the bride.

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The Royal Army Catering Corp supplied the wedding cake. It weighed 145 pounds and among its ingredients were 10 pounds each of butter and sugar, 84 eggs, 12½ pounds of flour, 70 pounds of fruit, peel, and nuts, and two bottles of brandy. The top layer had a silver vase of flowers, the coat of arms of Princess Anne, and the regimental crest of Mark Phillips.

The groom cut the cake with his sword while the Grenadier Guards band played “A Bunch of Roses” and “Bless the Bride.” The Duke of Edinburgh, the bride’s father, toasted to the health of the bride and groom and the groom’s father Major Peter Phillips made the reply toast.

After the wedding breakfast, Princess Anne changed into a sapphire blue velvet dress and a short cropped jacket with mink collar and cuffs. Guests showered the couple with flower petals as they left the palace.

The Honeymoon

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The day after the wedding, Anne and Mark flew to Barbados where they boarded the Royal Yacht Britannia. Their cruise around the islands of the Caribbean was disrupted to due storms and high waves and for most of the first week, the couple suffered from seasickness. Eventually, the storms subsided and the newlyweds could enjoy the scenes of the Caribbean. The couple ended their honeymoon in the Galapagos Islands in the Pacific Ocean.

Aftermath

The couple had two children: Peter, born in 1977 and Zara, born in 1981. Sadly, Princess Anne and Mark Phillips separated in 1989 and their divorce was finalized on April 23, 1992. Both Anne and Mark remarried.

Works Cited

  • Archives.chicagotribune.com. (2017).  [online] Available at: http://archives.chicagotribune.com/1973/11/15/page/92/article/a-royal-wedding-album [Accessed 26 Aug. 2017].
  • En.wikipedia.org. (2017). Wedding of Princess Anne and Mark Phillips. [online] Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wedding_of_Princess_Anne_and_Mark_Phillips [Accessed 26 Aug. 2017].
  • Frayman, J. (2017). Princess Anne Is Engaged to an Army Lieutenant. [online] Nytimes.com. Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/1973/05/30/archives/princess-anne-is-engaged-to-an-army-lieutenant-princess-anne-is.html [Accessed 26 Aug. 2017].
  • News.bbc.co.uk. (2017). BBC ON THIS DAY | 14 | 1973: Crowds cheer marriage of Princess Anne. [online] Available at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/14/newsid_2519000/2519003.stm [Accessed 26 Aug. 2017].
  • Orderofsplendor.blogspot.com. (2017). Tiara Thursday: Queen Mary’s Fringe Tiara. [online] Available at: http://orderofsplendor.blogspot.com/2011/03/tiara-thursday-queen-marys-fringe-tiara.html [Accessed 26 Aug. 2017].
  • Shuster, A. (2017). Princess Anne Wed Amid British Pageantry. [online] Nytimes.com. Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/1973/11/15/archives/princess-anne-wedamidbritish-pageantry-couple-is-cheered-by-throngs.html?mcubz=3 [Accessed 26 Aug. 2017].
  • Stern, M. (2017). A Big Day for the Bridegroom’s Home Town. [online] Nytimes.com. Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/1973/11/10/archives/a-big-day-for-the-bridgerooms-home-town-5-23foot-wedding-cake-thats.html [Accessed 26 Aug. 2017].
  • Unofficial Royalty. (2017). Anne, Princess Royal. [online] Available at: http://www.unofficialroyalty.com/anne-the-princess-royal/ [Accessed 26 Aug. 2017].
  • Unofficial Royalty. (2017). Mark Phillips, first husband of Anne, The Princess Royal. [online] Available at: http://www.unofficialroyalty.com/mark-phillips-first-husband-of-anne-the-princess-royal/ [Accessed 26 Aug. 2017].

November 14: Today in Royal History

Nell Gwyn, mistress of King Charles II of England; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

November 14, 1501 – Wedding of Arthur, Prince of Wales, son of King Henry VII of England, and Catherine of Aragon, daughter of King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile, at Old St. Paul’s Cathedral in London, England
Unofficial Royalty: Arthur, Prince of Wales
Unofficial Royalty: Catherine of Aragon

November 14, 1650 – Birth of King William III of England, Prince of Orange at Binnenhof Palace in The Hague, Netherlands
Unofficial Royalty: King William III of England, Prince of Orange

November 14, 1687 – Death of Nell Gwyn, mistress of King Charles II of England, in London, England; buried at the Church of St Martin-in-the-Fields in London, England
Wikipedia: Nell Gwyn

November 14, 1734 – Death of Louise Renée de Penancoët de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth, mistress of King Charles II of England, in Paris, France; buried at the Church of the Carmelite Convent in Paris, France
Among Louise’s descendants are Diana, Princess of Wales; Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall; and Sarah, Duchess of York.
Wikipedia: Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth

November 14, 1847 – Birth of Princess Catherine Dolgorukova, morganatic second wife Tsar Alexander II of Russia
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Catherine Dolgorukova

November 14, 1866 – Death of King Miguel I of Portugal in exile in Karlsruhe, Germany; buried first in the Franciscan abbey in Klein Engelberg, Germany, reburied in 1967 in the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora in Lisbon, Portugal
Unofficial Royalty: King Miguel II of Portugal

November 14, 1935 – Birth of King Hussein I of Jordan in Amman, Jordan
Unofficial Royalty: King Hussein I of Jordan

November 14, 1948 – Birth of Prince Charles, son of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, at Buckingham Palace in London, England
Full name: Charles Philip Arthur George
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Charles, The Prince of Wales

November 14, 1956 – Death of Elisabeth of Romania, wife of King  George II of Greece, in Cannes, France; buried at Hedinger Church in Sigmaringen, Germany
Unofficial Royalty: Elisabeth of Romania, Queen of Greece

November 14, 1973 – Wedding of Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips at Westminster Abbey in London, England
The couple divorced on April 23, 1992.
Unofficial Royalty: Wedding of Princess Anne and Mark Phillips
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Anne, The Princess Royal
Unofficial Royalty: Mark Phillips

Royal News: Monday, 13 November 2017

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Ludwig III, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine

by Scott Mehl

source: Wikipedia

Ludwig III was born in Darmstadt on June 9, 1806, the eldest son of Ludwig II, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine and Princess Wilhelmine of Baden. He had five siblings:

Ludwig studied at Leipzig University as well as receiving military training.

Mathilde Karoline of Bavaria. source: Wikipedia

On December 26, 1833 in Munich, Ludwig married Princess Mathilde Caroline of Bavaria, the eldest daughter of King Ludwig I of Bavaria and Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen. They had no children.

Ludwig became Grand Duke on March 5, 1848 when his father abdicated during the March Revolution.

Anna Magdalena Appel. source: Wikipedia

In June 1868, six years after the death of his first wife, Ludwig married a second time to Anna Magdalena Appel. The marriage was morganatic, so she did not become Grand Duchess. Instead, she was created Baroness of Hochstätten. Together, they lived very quietly at Schloss Braunshardt in Weiterstadt for the remainder of his life.

Grand Duke Ludwig III died in Seeheim, Hesse, on June 13, 1877. He is buried in the Altes Mausoleum in the Rosenhöhe in Darmstadt. He was succeeded by his nephew, Ludwig IV. The Baroness of Hochstätten moved to Wiesbaden where she lived until her death in December 1917. She is buried in the Old Cemetery in Darmstadt.

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November 13: Today in Royal History

Princess Victoria of Prussia with her second husband Alexander Zoubkov; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

November 13,1093 – Death of King Malcolm III, King of Scots at the Battle of Alnwick; buried at Dunfermline Abbey in Fife, Scotland
Wikipedia: King Malcolm III of Scotland

November 13, 1312 – Birth of King Edward III of England at Windsor Castle in Windsor, England
Unofficial Royalty: King Edward III of England

November 13, 1319 – Death of King Eric VI of Denmark in Roskilde, Denmark; buried at St. Bendt’s Church in Ringsted, Denmark
Wikipedia: King Eric VI of Denmark

November 13, 1726 – Death of Sophia Dorothea of Celle, divorced wife of King George I of Great Britain, after 32 years of imprisonment at Castle of Ahlden in Hanover, Germany; buried at Stadtkirche St. Marien in Celle, Germany
Unofficial Royalty: Sophia Dorothea of Celle

November 13, 1801 – Birth of Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria, wife of King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia, in Munich, Germany
Wikipedia: Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria, Queen of Prussia

November 13, 1801 – Birth of Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, wife of King Johann of Saxony, in Munich Germany
Amalie Auguste was the identical twin sister of Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria.
Unofficial Royalty: Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, Queen of Saxony

November 13, 1810 – Death of Marie Josephine Louise of Savoy, wife of King Louis XVIII of France, in exile at Hartwell House in Buckinghamshire, England; buried at the Cathedral of Cagliari in Sardinia, Italy
Unofficial Royalty: Marie Josephine Louise of Savoy, Queen of France

November 13, 1848 – Birth of Albert I, Prince of Monaco in Paris, France
Unofficial Royalty: Albert I, Prince of Monaco

November 13, 1856 – Death of Carl, 3rd Prince of Leiningen in Amorbach, Bavaria (Germany)
Carl was the maternal half-brother of Queen Victoria.
Wikipedia: Carl, 3rd Prince of Leiningen

November 13, 1907 – Birth of Giovanna of Italy, wife of Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria, in Rome, Italy
Unofficial Royalty: Giovanna of Italy, Tsaritsa of Bulgaria

November 13, 1929 – Death of Princess Victoria of Prussia, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, at the Hospital of St. Francis in Bonn, Germany; buried at Schloss Friedrichshof, Kronberg im Taunus, Germany
Princess Victoria, known in the family as Moretta, was the daughter of Victoria, Princess Royal and Kaiser Frederick III of Germany.  She married Prince Adolf zu Schaumburg-Lippe.  After his death, she made a controversial marriage to Alexander Zoubkov.
Unofficial Royalty: Victoria of Prussia

November 13, 1989 – Death of Prince Franz Josef II of Liechtenstein; buried at the Princely Crypt, Vaduz Cathedral
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Franz Josef II of Liechtenstein

Royal News: Sunday 12 November 2017

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Royal Birthdays & Anniversaries: November 12-November 18

Photo Credit – Wikipedia

69th birthday of Prince Charles, son of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom; born at Buckingham Palace on November 14, 1948
Full name: Charles Philip Arthur George
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Charles, The Prince of Wales

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40th birthday of Peter Phillips, son of Anne, Princess Royal; born at St. Mary’s Hospital in Paddington, London, England on November 15, 1977
Full name: Peter Mark Andrew
Unofficial Royalty: Peter Phillips

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12th wedding anniversary of Princess Sayako of Japan and Yoshiki Kuroda; married at the Imperial Hotel in Tokyo, Japan on November 15, 2005
Princess Sayako lost her imperial status upon her marriage and is known as Sayako Kuroda.
Unofficial Royalty: Sayako Kuroda

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Sultan Qaboos bin Said of Oman; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

77th birthday of Sultan Qaboos bin Said of Oman; born in Salalah, Oman on November 18, 1940
Unofficial Royalty: Qaboos bin Said

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November 12: Today in Royal History

Edmund Ironside (on left) and Cnut the Great (on right) at the Battle of Assandun; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

November 12, 1035 – Death of King Cnut of England, Denmark and Norway at Shaftesbury, Dorset, England; buried at Winchester Cathedral in Winchester, England
Wikipedia: King Cnut the Great

November 12, 1094 – Death of King Duncan II of Scotland; buried at Dunfermline Abbey, in Fife, Scotland
Wikipedia: King Duncan II of Scotland

November 12, 1139 – Death of King Magnus IV of Norway at the Battle of Holmengrå in Hvaler, Oslofjord, Norway; buried at the Church of St. Hallvard in Oslo, Norway
Wikipedia: King Magnus IV of Norway

November 12, 1202 – Death of King Canute VI of Denmark; buried at St. Bendt’s Church in Ringsted, Denmark
Wikipedia: King Canute VI of Denmark

November 12, 1858 – Death of Prince Alois II of Liechtenstein; buried at the Liechtenstein Crypt in Vranov nearby Brno, Czech Republic
Wikipedia: Prince Alois II of Liechtenstein

November 12, 1918 – Abdication of Emperor Karl I of Austria
Unofficial Royalty: Karl I, Emperor of Austria

November 12, 1929 – Birth of Grace Patricia Kelly, wife of Prince Rainier III of Monaco, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Unofficial Royalty: Grace Kelly, Princess of Monaco

Royal News: Saturday 11 November 2017

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November 11: Today in Royal History

Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

November 11, 1100 – Wedding of King Henry I of England and (Edith) Matilda of Scotland at Westminster Abbey in London, England
Unofficial Royalty: King Henry I of England
Unofficial Royalty: Matilda of Scotland, Queen of England

November 11, 1441 – Birth of Charlotte of Savoy, Queen of France, second wife of King Louis XI of France
Wikipedia: Charlotte of Savoy, Queen of France

November 11, 1599 – Birth of Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg, Queen of Sweden, wife of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden
Wikipedia: Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg, Queen of Sweden

November 11, 1748 – Birth of King Carlos IV of Spain at the Palace of Portici, Portici, Naples
Wikipedia: King Carlos IV of Spain

November 11, 1861 – Death of King Pedro V of Portugal at Necessidades Palace in Lisbon Portugal; buried at the  Monastery of São Vicente de Fora in Lisbon, Portugal
Unofficial Royalty: King Pedro V of Portugal

November 11, 1882 – Birth of King Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden at Stockholm Palace in Stockholm, Sweden
Unofficial Royalty: King Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden

November 11, 1917 – Death of Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii at Washington Place in Honolulu, Hawaii; buried at in the Kalākaua Crypt at the Royal Mausoleum of Mauna ʻAla
Wikipedia: Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii

November 11, 1953 – Death of Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, died and buried at Schloss Hemmelmark in Barkelsby, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
Irene was the daughter of Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine and Princess Alice of the United Kingdom
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine

November 11, 1955 – Birth of King Jigme Singye Wangchuk of Bhutan; born at Dechenchholing Palace in Thimphu, Bhutan
King Jigme Singye Wangchuk abdicated in 2008 in favor of his son Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck.
Unofficial Royalty: King Jigme Singye Wangchuk of Bhutan

November 11, 1981 – Birth of Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume of Luxembourg, son of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg; born at the Grand Duchess Charlotte Maternity Hospital in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Unofficial Royalty: Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg