Elisabeth Anna of Prussia, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Oldenburg

by Scott Mehl

Elisabeth Anna of Prussia, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Oldenburg

Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia was the first wife of the future Friedrich August II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg. She was born in Potsdam on February 8, 1857, the daughter of Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia and Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau, and had four siblings:

Friedrich August II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg

On February 18, 1878 in Berlin, Elisabeth Anne married Friedrich August, Hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg. He was the son of Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg and Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg. The couple were married in a double wedding, along with Princess Charlotte of Prussia and Bernhard, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Meiningen. Elisabeth Anne and Friedrich had two daughters:

Hereditary Grand Duchess Elisabeth Anna died in Fulda, Hesse, on August 28, 1895, nearly five years before her husband became the last reigning Grand Duke of Oldenburg. She is buried in the Ducal Mausoleum in St. Gertrude’s Cemetery in Oldenburg.

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April 16: Today in Royal History

Madame de Pompadour, mistress of King Louis XV of France; Credit – Wikipedia

April 16, 1319 – Birth of King John II of France in Le Mans, France
Wikipedia: King John II of France

April 16, 1693 – Birth of Anne Sophie Reventlow, second wife of King Frederik IV of Denmark and Norway, at Clausholm Castle in Jutland, Denmark
Wikipedia: Anne Sophie Reventlow, Queen of Denmark

April 16, 1746 – Charles Edward Stuart, known as Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Young Pretender, is defeated at the Battle of Culloden
Wikipedia: Battle of Culloden
Unofficial Royalty: Charles Edward Stuart, The Young Pretender

April 16, 1764 – Death of Madame de Pompadour, mistress of King Louis XV of France, in Paris, France; buried at the at the Couvent des Capucines in Paris, France
Wikipedia: Madame de Pompadour

April 16, 1841 – Wedding of Alexander II, Emperor of All Russia and Marie of Hesse and by Rhine
Unofficial Royalty: Alexander II, Emperor of All Russia
Unofficial Royalty: Marie of Hesse and by Rhine, Empress Maria Alexandrovna of Russia

April 16, 1940 – Birth of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark at Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen, Denmark
Full name: Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Margrethe II of Denmark

April 16, 1942 – Death of Princess Alexandra of Edinburgh, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, at Schwäbisch-Hall in Württemburg, Germany
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Alexandra of Edinburgh, Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg

April 16, 1955 – Birth of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg at Betzdorf Castle, Luxembourg
Full name: Henri Albert Gabriel Felix Marie Guillaume
Unofficial Royalty: Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

April 16, 1992 – Birth of Prince Sébastien of Luxembourg, son of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg, born at the at the Grand Duchess Charlotte Maternity Hospital in Luxembourg
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Sébastien of Luxembourg

April 16, 2008 – Birth of Princess Eléonore of Belgium, daughter of King Philippe of the Belgians, born at in Erasmus Hospital in Anderlecht, Belgium
Full name: Eléonore Fabiola Victoria Anne Marie
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Eléonore of Belgium

Royal Birthdays & Anniversaries: April 15 – April 21

Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

58th birthday of King Philippe of the Belgians; born at Château de Belvédère in Laeken, Brussels, Belgium on April 15, 1960
Full name: Philippe Léopold Louis Marie
Unofficial Royalty: King Philippe of the Belgians

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Queen Margrethe II of Denmark; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

78th birthday of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark; born at Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen, Denmark on April 16, 1940
Full name: Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Margrethe II of Denmark

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Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg; Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

63rd birthday of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg; born at Betzdorf Castle in Betzdorf, Luxembourg on April 16, 1955
Full name: Henri Albert Gabriel Felix Marie Guillaume
Unofficial Royalty: Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

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Prince Sébastien of Luxembourg with his sister Princess Alexandra, Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

26th birthday of Prince Sébastien of Luxembourg, son of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg; born at the Grand Duchess Charlotte Maternity Hospital in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg on April 16, 1992
Full name: Sébastien Henri Marie Guillaume
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Sébastien of Luxembourg

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10th birthday of Princess Eléonore of Belgium, daughter of King Philippe of the Belgians; born at the Erasmus Hospital in Anderlecht, Belgium on April 16, 2008
Full name: Eléonore Fabiola Victoria Anne Marie
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Eléonore of Belgium

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Prince Maurits of Orange-Nassau, Photo Credit: Wikipedia

50th birthday of Prince Maurits of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven, son of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands; born in Utrecht, The Netherlands on April 17, 1968
Full name: Maurits Willem Pieter Hendrik
Wikipedia: Prince Maurits of Orange-Nassau

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Sayako Kuroda, Photo Credit – Wikipedia

49th birthday of Sayako Kuroda, daughter of Emperor Akihito; born Princess Sayako of Japan in Tokyo, Japan on April 18, 1969
At the time of Princess Sayako’s marriage in 2005, she left the Imperial Family and took the surname of her husband as required by Imperial Household Law.
Unofficial Royalty: Sayako Kuroda

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46th birthday of Princess Annette of Orange-Nassau, wife of Prince Bernhard of Orange-Nassau; born  Annette Sekrève in The Hague, The Netherlands on April 18, 1972
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Annette of Orange-Nassau

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King Mswati of Swaziland; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

50th birthday of King Mswati III of Swaziland; born at Raleigh Fitkin Memorial Hospital in Manzini, Swaziland on April 19, 1968
Unofficial Royalty: King Mswati III of Swaziland

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Embed from Getty Images
Prince Alexander of Sweden (being held by his father) with his parents at the christening of his brother Prince Gabriel

2nd birthday of Prince Alexander of Sweden, son of Prince Carl Philip of Sweden; born at Danderyd Hospital in Danderyd, Sweden on April 19, 2016
Full name: Alexander Erik Hubertus Bertil
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Alexander of Sweden, Duke of Södermanland

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Queen Elizabeth II; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

92nd birthday of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom; born at 17 Bruton Street, London W1, England on April 21, 1926
Full name: Elizabeth Alexandra Mary
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom

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11th birthday of Princess Isabella of Denmark, daughter of Crown Prince Frederik; born at Copenhagen University Hospital on April 21, 2007
Full name: Isabella Henrietta Ingrid Margrethe
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Isabella of Denmark

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Royal News: Sunday 15 April 2018

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Japan

Libya

Monaco

Multiple Monarchies

Norway

Saudi Arabia

United Kingdom

April 15: Today in Royal History

King Henry IV of England; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

April 15, 1367 – Birth of King Henry IV of England at Bolingbroke Castle in Lincolnshire, England
Henry’s birth date seems to be different in various resources.  I’ve seen April 3, April 4, April 15, and May 30 and the years 1366 and 1367.  Historian Ian Mortimer wrote an article about this topic.  I’m not able to access the whole article, but the abstract http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-2281.2006.00403.x/abstract says, “The date of Henry IV’s birth has proved problematic for two key reasons. The failure of any contemporary chronicler to note the date is one. Another is the assumption that medieval people assigned their birthdays to a specific calendar date. This note argues that Henry IV was born on a moveable feast – Maundy Thursday 1367 – and celebrated his birthday accordingly. In addition, it suggests that the origin of the custom of the sovereign’s age-related donations, on Maundy Thursday, lies in Henry’s own attempt to draw attention to the fact that he, like Richard II, was born on a religious feast day.”  In 1367, Maundy Thursday was April 15, so I am going with that date.
Unofficial Royalty: King Henry IV of England

April 15, 1646 – Birth of King Christian V of Denmark in Duborg Castle, Flensburg now in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein
Wikipedia: King Christian V of Denmark

April 15, 1684 – Birth of Catherine I, Empress of All Russia
Born Martha Skavronskaya, Catherine was the daughter of Samuil Skavronski, a Lithuanian peasant.  She was the second wife of Peter the Great and became Empress in her own right after his death.
Wikipedia: Empress Catherine I of Russia

April 15, 1776 – Death of Grand Duchess Natalia Alexeievna of Russia in childbirth, first wife of the future Paul I, Emperor of All Russia, in St. Petersburg, Russia
Born Wilhelmina of Hesse-Darmstadt, she acquired the Russian name Natalia Alexeievna in 1773 when she married Paul at age 21.  She died three years later in childbirth along with her child.
Wikipedia: Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, Grand Duchess Natalia Alexeievna of Russia

April 15, 1719 – Death of Françoise d’Aubigné Scarron, Marquise de Maintenon,  morganatic second wife of King Louis XIV of France, at Saint-Cyr-l’École, France; buried in the choir at St-Cyr
Unofficial Royalty: Françoise d’Aubigné Scarron, Marquise de Maintenon

April 15, 1883 – Death of Friederich Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Unofficial Royalty: Friedrich Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

April 15, 1960 – Birth of King Philippe of the Belgians, at Château de Belvédère in Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
Full name: Philippe Léopold Louis Marie
Unofficial Royalty: King Philippe of the Belgians

April 15, 1969 – Death of  Queen Victoria Eugenie of Spain (Ena), wife of King Alfonso XIII of Spain, born Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, at Lausanne, Switzerland; originally buried at the Church of Sacré Coeur in Lausanne, France, reinterred in the Royal Vault in the Escorial near Madrid, Spain
Unofficial Royalty: Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, Queen of Spain

Royal News: Saturday 14 April 2018

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Denmark

Japan

Multiple Monarchies

Norway

Sweden

United Kingdom

April 14: Today in Royal History

Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

April 14, 1471 – The Yorkists under King Edward IV defeats the Lancastrians under the Earl of Warwick at the Battle of Barnet; Warwick is killed and Edward IV resumes the throne
Unofficial Royalty: King Edward IV of England
Wikipedia: Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick
Wikipedia: Battle of Barnet

April 14, 1578 – Birth of King Philip III of Spain in Madrid, Spain
Wikipedia: King Philip III of Spain

April 14, 1711 – Death of Louis of France, Le Grand Dauphin, eldest son and heir of King Louis XIV of France, at the Château de Meudon in France; buried at the Basilica of St. Denis near Paris
Louis predeceased his father and never became king.
Wikipedia: Louis of France, Le Grand Dauphin

April 14, 1818 – Birth of Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, wife of King George V of Hanover, in Hildburghausen, Germany
Unofficial Royalty: Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, Queen of Hanover

April 14, 1857 – Birth of Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria, at Buckingham Palace
Full name: Beatrice Mary Victoria
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom

April 14, 1867 – Birth of Prince Christian Victor of Schleswig-Holstein, grandson of Queen Victoria, at Windsor Castle
Full name: Christian Victor Albert Ludwig Ernst Anton
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Christian Victor of Schleswig-Holstein

April 14, 1940 – Birth of Princess Marie of Liechtenstein, wife of Prince Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein, born Countess Marie Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau in Prague now in the Czech Republic
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Marie of Liechtenstein

Royal News: Friday, 13 April 2018

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Multiple Monarchies
Getty Images: King Felipe of Spain Receives Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia (Part 1)
Getty Images: King Felipe of Spain Receives Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia (Part 2)
Getty Images: Spanish Royals Host an Official Lunch for Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia

The Netherlands
Daily Mail: Regal in red! Queen Maxima of the Netherlands dazzles in a scarlet dress to deliver a speech at a charity event at Noordeinde Palace
Getty Images: Queen Maxima of The Netherlands Visits A Digital Composing Workshop

UK
BBC: Duke of Edinburgh gets first royal visitor in hospital
Chicago Tribune: Sources: Meghan Markle spotted in Chicago weeks before royal wedding
Daily Mail: Meghan Markle arrives at Chicago airport incognito one month before her wedding to Prince Harry to finalize her UK visa
Daily Mail: ROBERT HARDMAN: Is this proof the Queen’s directly descended from Muhammad?
Daily Mail: Meghan is set to attend key Commonwealth Youth Forum event as she gears up for royal life ahead of her wedding to Prince Harry next month
Daily Mail: Duke of Edinburgh on good form, says Anne after visiting Philip in hospital
Daily Mail: The Queen reveals Prince Philip is ‘doing very well’ following his hip operation as she visits a center for the elderly in Windsor
Daily Mail: Time for a new gardener? Queen moves the sundial in Buckingham Palace gardens after Sir David Attenborough pointed out it was standing in the SHADE
Daily Mail: Royal seal of approval! Prince Edward presents medals to athletes as he takes in the action at the Gold Coast Commonwealth Games during his Australia tour
Daily Mail: As royal wedding nears, brands benefit from ‘Meghan effect’
Daily Mail: Live like a prince for just $130 a night: Inside the affordable hotel Prince Charles stayed at during his visit to Australia – and both he and Camilla were quite content
Daily Mail: Did Prince William just reveal if the Royal Baby is a boy or a girl?
Daily Mail: Daddy’s girl! Meghan Markle’s close bond with reclusive father Thomas revealed in heartwarming childhood snaps
Daily Mail: From Meghan to Diana an expert reveals the Royals’ true personalities as shown by their FEET… so can YOU match these toes to the right princesses?
Daily Mail: Very different royal bride Meghan Markle is full package – Diana biographer
Express: SHOCK as Prince Charles accused of being ‘UNFIT’ of taking over the Commonwealth
Express: Meghan Markle’s sister’s fury after 2,000 ‘complete strangers’ invited to royal wedding
Express: Prince Philip spends TENTH day in hospital as Princess Anne visits father after hip op
Express: REVEALED: Royal author reveals how Meghan Markel battled her demons during her early years
Getty Images: The Queen Visits The King George VI Day Centre (Part 1)
Getty Images: The Queen Visits The King George VI Day Centre (Part 2)
Hello: Prince Philip receives first royal visitor after nine days in hospital
Hello: The Queen has given Prince Harry the ultimate gift
Hello: The Queen just made a change in the Buckingham Palace gardens inspired by David Attenborough
Telegraph: Sir Tim Laurence on shaking up English Heritage – and ‘hardest’ part of marrying Princess Anne
Telegraph: Inside Kate and William’s extraordinary Buckingham Palace wedding reception
Telegraph: Queen marks 60 years of King George VI Day Centre in Windsor

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Friedrich August II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg

by Scott Mehl

Friedrich August II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg

Friedrich August II was the last reigning Grand Duke of Oldenburg. He was born in Oldenburg on November 16, 1852, the elder son of Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg and Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg. He had one younger brother:

  • Duke Georg Ludwig (1855) – unmarried

Along with his brother, Friedrich August was educated under the direction of the famed Bavarian General Otto von Parseval, and then studied at the Universities of Bonn, Strasbourg and Leipzig before embarking on a world tour.

Elisabeth Anna of Prussia. photo: Wikipedia

Friedrich August married Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia, in Berlin, on February 18, 1878. She was the daughter of Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia and Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau. The couple had two daughters:

Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. photo: Wikipedia

After his first wife died in August 1895, Friedrich August, needing a male heir and a mother for his surviving daughter, remarried. His second wife was Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, the daughter of Friedrich Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. They married on October 24, 1896 and had five children:

Friedrich August became Grand Duke of Oldenburg upon his father’s death on June 13, 1900. His reign saw the development of waterways and expansion of ports along the Weser River to allow for increased trade and economic power for the Grand Duchy. An avid sailor, he received his captain’s license at a young age, and was recognized for his skill and efforts after making several water rescues. He was also recognized by the German Kaiser Wilhelm II, who appointed him Admiral of the Imperial Navy – the only German prince to be given this status. Also possessing a brilliant technical mind, Friedrich August made several inventions, including a ship propeller which received numerous foreign patents. He served as honorary chairman of the Shipbuilding Technical Society, and was one of the founders of the German Training Ship Association, which promoted expanded training for the German merchant navy.

Friedrich August II (left) with the Duke and Duchess of Brunswick, 1915. photo: Wikipedia

With the fall of the German Empire at the end of World War I, Friedrich August was forced to abdicate his throne on November 11, 1918. He retired to Schloss Rastede where he took up farming. Claiming an “extremely precarious” financial situation, he petitioned the Oldenburg government for an annual allowance the year after his abdication.

Rastede Palace. photo: By N9713 – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=63250514

Friedrich August II, the last Grand Duke of Oldenburg, died at Schloss Rastede on February 24, 1931. He is buried in the Ducal Mausoleum in St. Gertrude’s Cemetery in Oldenburg.

Learn more about royalty, past and present here and share your thoughts on our forums.

April 13: Today in Royal History

Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Empress of Austria; Credit – Wikipedia

April 13, 862 – Death of Donald I, King of Scots; buried at Iona, Scotland
Wikipedia: Donald I, King Scots

April 13, 1275 – Death of Eleanor of England, Countess of Leicester, daughter of King John of England, at Montargis Abbey, France; buried at Montargis Abbey
Unofficial Royalty: Eleanor of England, Countess of Leicester

April 13, 1519 – Birth of Catherine de Medici, wife of King Henri II of France, in Florence, Italy
Wikipedia: Catherine de Medici, Queen of France

April 13, 1573 – Birth of Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, wife of King Charles IX of Sweden, in Kiel, Germany
Wikipedia: Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden

April 13, 1605 – Death of Tsar Boris Godunov of Russia at Moscow; buried at Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius in Sergiyev Posad, Russia
Wikipedia: Tsar Boris Godunov

April 13, 1807 – Death of Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, second wife of Emperor Franz I of Austria; at Hofburg Palace in Vienna, Austria; buried at the Imperial Crypt in Vienna, Austria
Maria Theresa died soon after giving birth to her twelfth child, who also died.
Unofficial Royalty: Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Empress of Austria