Maria Anna of Bavaria, Queen of Saxony
Queen Maria Anna of Saxony was the second wife of King Friedrich August II of Saxony. She was born Princess Maria Anna Leopoldine Elisabeth Wilhelmine of Bavaria, in Munich on January 27, 1805, to King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and Princess Caroline of Baden. She had eleven siblings, including five from her father’s first marriage:
- King Ludwig I of Bavaria (1786) – married Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, had issue
- Princess Augusta (1788) – married Eugène de Beauharnais, Duke of Leuchtenberg, had issue
- Princess Amalie Marie (1790) – died in childhood
- Princess Caroline Augusta (1792) – married (1) King Wilhelm I of Württemberg, no issue; (2) Franz II, Holy Roman Emperor, no issue
- Prince Karl Theodor (1795) – married Marie-Anne-Sophie Petin, had issue
- Prince Maximilian Joseph (1800) – died in infancy
- Princess Amalie Auguste (1801) – married King Johann of Saxony, had issue
- Princess Elisabeth Ludovika (1801) – married King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia, no issue
- Princess Sophie Friederike (1805) – married Archduke Franz Karl of Austria, had issue
- Princess Ludovika Wilhelmine (1808) – married Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria, had issue
- Princess Maximiliana (1810) – died in childhood
Three years later, on June 6, 1836, she became Queen of Saxony upon her husband’s accession to the throne. Shortly after becoming Queen, she founded a women’s association to help combat the famines which were plaguing parts of Saxony. This association continued to exist until the early 1930s.
On August 9, 1854, King Friedrich August II was killed in an accident while traveling in the Tyrol. Queen Maria Anna had a chapel built on the site, which was dedicated a year later.
The Dowager Queen Maria Anna died on September 13, 1877 in Wachwitz, Dresden. She is buried in the Wettin Crypt at the Dresden Cathedral, formerly known as the Katholische Hofkirche (Catholic Church of the Royal Court of Saxony).