Category Archives: Today in Royal History

October 21: Today in Royal History

George, Duke of Clarence, Photo Credit – Wikipedia

October 21, 1422 – Death of King Charles VI of France in Paris; buried at St. Denis Basilica near Paris
Wikipedia: King Charles VI of France

October 21, 1449 – Birth of George, Duke of Clarence, son of Richard, Duke of York, and brother of King Edward IV of England and King Richard III of England, at Dublin Castle in Dublin, Ireland
Wikipedia: George, Duke of Clarence

October 21, 1821 – Alleged birth of Thomas Bowes-Lyon, the Monster of Glamis
The Monster of Glamis was reportedly a deformed member of the Bowes-Lyon family kept in seclusion at Glamis Castle, Scotland.
Wikipedia: Monster of Glamis

October 21, 1911 – Wedding of Emperor Karl I of Austria and Zita of Bourbon-Parma
Unofficial Royalty: Karl I, Emperor of Austria
Unofficial Royalty: Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Empress of Austria

October 21, 1969 – Birth of Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain, son of King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain
Wikipedia: Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain

October 20: Today in Royal History

Empress Michiko of Japan as a child, Photo Credit – Wikipedia

October 20, 1496 – Wedding of Queen Joanna of Castile and Philip the Handsome of Habsburg
Wikipedia: Queen Joanna of Castile
Wikipedia: Philip the Handsome of Habsburg

October 20, 1714 – Coronation of King George I of Great Britain
No queen was crowned.  George had divorced his wife Sophia Dorothea of Celle in 1694 and held her in the Castle of Ahlden in Celle (Germany) until her death 32 years later.
Unofficial Royalty: King George I of Great Britain

October 20, 1740 – Death of Karl VI, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary (as Karl III), King of Bohemia and Archduke of Austria, at Palais Augarten in Vienna, Austria; buried at the Kaisergruft in Vienna, Austria
Karl’s surviving children were only daughters and he had provided for a male-line succession failure with the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713.  He was succeeded by his daughter Maria Theresa, but her succession resulted in the War of the Austrian Succession.
Wikipedia: Karl VI, Holy Roman Emperor

October 20, 1934 – Birth of Michiko Shôda, wife of Emperor Akihito of Japan, in Tokyo, Japan
Unofficial Royalty: Empress Michiko of Japan

October 20, 2012 – Wedding of Prince Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg and Stephanie de Lannoy; at Notre-Dame Cathedral in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Unofficial Royalty: Wedding of Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume and Countess Stéphanie de Lannoy
Unofficial Royalty: Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Unofficial Royalty: Stéphanie, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxembourg

October 19: Today in Royal History

Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte of France; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

October 19, 1216 – Death of King John of England at Newark Castle in England; buried at Worcester Cathedral in England
Unofficial Royalty: King John of England

October 19, 1658 – Birth of Adolf Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in Grabow (Germany)
Adolf Frederick was the grandfather of Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III of the United Kingdom.
Wikipedia: Adolf Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

October 19, 1851 – Death of Princess Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte of France, daughter of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette, at Frohsdorf, Austria; buried at the Franciscan Monastery church of Kostanjevica in Görtz, then in Austria, now the Slovenian city of Nova Gorica
Wikipedia: Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte of France

October 19, 1889 – Death of King Luís I of Portugal at Cascais, Portugal; buried at the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora in Lisbon, Portugal
Unofficial Royalty: King Luis I of Portugal

October 19, 1932 – Wedding of Gustav Adolf of Sweden, Duke of Västerbotten and Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the parents of King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Gustav Adolf of Sweden, Duke of Västerbotten
Unofficial Royalty: PrincessSibylla of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Unofficial Royalty: Wedding of Prince Gustav Adolf of Sweden and Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

October 19, 1963 – Birth of Prince Laurent of Belgium, son of King Albert II of the Belgians, at Château de Belvédère in Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
Full name: Laurent Benoît Baudouin Marie
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Laurent of Belgium

October 18: Today in Royal History

King Ludwig III of Bavaria; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

October 18, 1469 – Wedding of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile at the Palacio de los Vivero in Valladolid (Spain)
Wikipedia: King Ferdinand II of Aragon
Wikipedia: Queen Isabella I of Castile

October 18, 1538 – Death of Germaine of Foix, second wife of King Ferdinand II of Aragon; buried at the Convent San Miguel de los Reyes in Valencia, Spain
Wikipedia: Germaine of Foix

October 18, 1541 – Death of Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England, wife of King James IV of Scotland, Archibald Douglas, and Henry Stewart and sister of King Henry VIII of England, at Methven Castle, Perthshire, Scotland; buried at the Carthusian Abbey of St John in Perth, Scotland
Unofficial Royalty: Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scots

October 18, 1804 – Birth of Mongkut, Rama IV of Siam (Thailand) at Thonburi Palace in Thonburi, Siam (Thailand)
Wikipedia: Mongkut

October 18, 1831 – Birth of Friedrich III, German Emperor and King of Prussia, husband of Princess Victoria, Princess Royal, at Neues Palais in Potsdam, Prussia (Germany)
Unofficial Royalty: Friedrich III, German Emperor and King of Prussia

October 18, 1921 – Death of King Ludwig III of Bavaria at Nádasdy Castle in Sárvár, Hungary; buried at the Frauenkirche in Munich, Bavaria (Germany)
Unofficial Royalty: Ludwig III, King of Bavaria

October 17: Today in Royal History

Henry Pu Yi, last Emperor of China, Photo Credit – Wikipedia

October 17, 1521 – King Henry VIII of England becomes “Defender of the Faith” (Some sources say October 11.  This may be Old Style/New Style dating difference.)
Pope Leo X conferred the title “Defender of the Faith” on Henry VIII for attacking Martin Luther’s views on the sacraments.  The title was taken away from Henry when he was excommunicated.  In 1544, the Parliament of England conferred the title, “Defender of the Faith”, on the monarch and his successors.
Wikipedia: Fidei defensor
Unofficial Royalty: King Henry VIII of England

October 17, 1680 – Death of Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth, illegitimate son of King Charles II of England by Catherine Pegge; in Tangier, Morocco; buried at Westminster Abbey
Wikipedia: Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth

October 17, 1768 – Death of Ludwig VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt in Darmstadt (Germany)
Wikipedia: Ludwig VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

October 17, 1819 – Birth of Friedrich Wilhelm, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in Neustrelitz (Germany)
Wikipedia: Friedrich Wilhelm, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

October 17, 1853 – Birth of Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia, daughter of Tsar Alexander II of Russia, wife of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, at Tsarskoe-Selo, Russia
Unofficial Royalty: Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia

October 17, 1967 – Death of Henry Pu Yi, last Emperor of China, in Beijing, China; first buried at Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery, moved to the Eastern Qing Mausoleum near Beijing in 1996
Wikipedia: Henry Pu Yi

October 16: Today in Royal History

Marie Antoinette of Austria, wife of King Louis XVI of France; Credit – Wikipedia

October 16, 1430 – Birth of James II, King of Scots at Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh, Scotland
Unofficial Royalty: James II, King of Scots

October 16, 1673 – Birth of Lady Mary Tudor, illegitimate daughter of King Charles II of England by Mary ‘Moll’ Davis
Wikipedia: Lady Mary Tudor

October 16, 1751 – Birth of Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, second wife of King Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia, in Prenzlau (Germany)
Wikipedia: Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, Queen of Prussia

October 16, 1793 – Execution of Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, at the Place de la Révolution in Paris, France; originally buried in a mass grave near the location of today’s La Madeleine Church in Paris, reburied at the Basilica of St. Denis near Paris
Unofficial Royalty: Marie Antoinette, Queen of France

October 16, 1914 – Birth of Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan, in Kabul, Afghanistan
Wikipedia: Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan

October 15: Today in Royal History

Prince Alfred of Edinburgh; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

October 15, 1795 – Birth of King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia at the Crown Prince’s Palace in Berlin, Prussia (Germany)
Wikipedia: King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia

October 15, 1874 – Birth of Prince Alfred of Edinburgh, son of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and grandson of Queen Victoria, at Buckingham Palace
Full name: Alfred Alexander William Ernest Albert
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Alfred of Edinburgh

October 15, 1893 – Birth of King Carol II of Romania at Peleş Castle in Sinaia, Romania
Unofficial Royalty: King Carol II of Romania

October 15, 1959 – Birth of Sarah Ferguson, former wife of Prince Andrew, Duke of York,  at 27 Welbeck Street, Marylebone in London, England
Full name: Sarah Margaret
Unofficial Royalty: Sarah, Duchess of York

October 15, 2005 – Birth of Prince Christian of Denmark, son of Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark, at Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen, Denmark
Full name: Christian Valdemar Henri John
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Christian of Denmark

October 14: Today in Royal History

Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, wife of King Frederik II of Denmark, Photo Credit – Susan Flantzer at Rosenborg Castle in Copenhagen, Denmark

October 14, 1066 – Death of King Harold II of England (Harold Godwinson) at the Battle of Hastings; buried at Waltham Abbey in Essex, England
Wikipedia: King Harold II of England
Wikipedia: Battle of Hastings

October 14, 1217 – Death of Isabella of Gloucester, first wife of King John of England (marriage was annulled); buried at Canterbury Cathedral in England
Wikipedia: Isabella of Gloucester

October 14, 1274 – Death of Henry of England, son of King Edward I of England, at Merton, Surrey, England; buried at Westminster Abbey
Wikipedia: Henry of England

October 14, 1404 – Birth of Marie Anjou, wife of King Charles VII of France
Wikipedia: Marie of Anjou, Queen of France

October 14, 1499 – Birth of Claude of France, daughter of King Louis XII of France and first wife of King Francis I of France, at Romorantin-Lanthenay in France
Wikipedia: Claude of France, Queen of France

October 14, 1574 – Birth of Anne of Denmark, daughter of King Frederik II of Denmark, wife of King James VI of Scotland/King James I of England, at Skanderborg Castle in Jutland, Denmark
Unofficial Royalty: Anne of Denmark, Queen of England

October 14, 1586 – Mary, Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Queen Elizabeth I of England
Wikipedia: Trial of Mary, Queen of Scots
Unofficial Royalty: Mary, Queen of Scots

October 14, 1630 – Birth of Electress Sophia of Hanover at Wassenaer Court, The Hague, Holland
In 1701, the British succession was settled upon Sophia and her Protestant heirs by the Act of Settlement.  Her mother Elizabeth was the eldest daughter of King James I of England.  Sophia died six weeks before Queen Anne of England.  Had she survived Anne, Sophia would have been queen.  Instead, her son ascended the throne as King George I.
Unofficial Royalty: Sophia of Hanover

October 14, 1631 – Death of Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, wife of King Frederik II of Denmark, at the Palace of Nykøbing Slot on the island of Falster, Denmark; buried at Roskilde Cathedral
Sophie was the mother of Anne of Denmark and great-grandmother of Sophia of Hanover and James II of England, all of whom have dates on October 14.
Wikipedia: Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, Queen of Denmark

October 14, 1633 – Birth of King James II of England at St. James’s Palace in London, England
Unofficial Royalty: King James II of England

October 14, 1784 – Birth of King Ferdinand VII of Spain at El Escorial in Madrid, Spain
Unofficial Royalty: King Ferdinand VII of Spain

October 14, 1938 – Birth of Farah Diba, wife of Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, last Shah of Iran; in Tehran, Iran
Wikipedia: Farah Diba

October 13: Today in Royal History

King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck of Bhutan and Jetsun Pema, Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

October 13, 1162 – Birth of Eleanor, daughter of King Henry II of England, at Domfront Castle in Normandy (France)
Unofficial Royalty: Eleanor of England, Queen of Castile

October 13, 1399 – Coronation of King Henry IV of England
Henry’s second wife Joan of Navarre was crowned on February 26, 1403.  His first wife Mary de Bohun died in childbirth before he became king.
Unofficial Royalty: Henry IV of England

October 13, 1453 – Birth of Edward, Prince of Wales, son of King Henry VI of England, at the Palace of Westminster
Unofficial Royalty: Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales

October 13, 1825 – Death of King Maximilian I of Bavaria at Nymphenburg Palace, near Munich, Bavaria (Germany); buried at Theatinerkirche in Munich
Unofficial Royalty: King Maximilian I of Bavaria

October 13, 1900 – Birth of Ghislaine Marie Francoise Dommanget, wife of Prince Louis II of Monaco, in Reims, France
Unofficial Royalty: Ghislaine Marie Francoise Dommanget, Princess of Monaco

October 13, 1943 – Wedding of Princess Teru of Japan, daughter of Emperor Hirohito of Japan, and Prince Higashikuni Morihiro, grandson of Emperor Meiji
Wikipedia: Shigeko Higashikuni 
Wikipedia: Morihiro Higashikuni

October 13, 2011 – Wedding of King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck of Bhutan and Jetsun Pema at the Royal Palace, Punakha Dzong, in Punakha, Bhutan
Unofficial Royalty: Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, King of Bhutan
Unofficial Royalty: Jetsun Pema, Queen of Bhutan

October 13, 2016 – Death of King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand at Siriraj Hospital in Bangkok, Thailand
Unofficial Royalty: King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand

October 12: Today in Royal History

Wilhelmine of Prussia, Queen of the Netherlands; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

October 12, 1459 – Lancastrians score a victory at the Battle of Ludford Bridge in the Wars of the Roses
Wikipedia: Battle of Ludford Bridge

October 12, 1537 – Birth of King Edward VI of England at Hampton Court Palace
Unofficial Royalty: King Edward VI of England

October 12, 1664 – Birth of Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova, wife of Tsar Ivan V of Russia
Wikipedia: Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova

October 12, 1730 – Death of King Frederik IV of Denmark and Norway; at Odense Palace in Denmark; buried at Roskilde Cathedral in Denmark
Wikipedia: King Frederik IV of Denmark

October 12, 1798 – Birth of King Pedro IV of Portugal/Emperor Pedro I of Brazil at Queluz Palace in Lisbon, Portugal
Wikipedia: Emperor Pedro I of Brazil

October 12, 1810 – Wedding of King Ludwig I of Bavaria and Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen
The public was invited to attend the event which became an annual celebration later known as Oktoberfest.
Unofficial Royalty: King Ludwig I of Bavaria
Unofficial Royalty: Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Queen of Bavaria
Unofficial Royalty: Oktoberfest’s Royal Connection

October 12, 1837 –Death of Wilhelmine of Prussia, wife of King Willem I of the Netherlands, at Noordeinde Palace in the Hague, the Netherlands; buried at Nieuwe Kerk in Delft, the Netherlands
Unofficial Royalty: Wilhelmine of Prussia, Queen of the Netherlands

October 12, 1894 – Birth of Elisabeth of Romania, wife of King George II of Greece, at Peleş Castle in Sinaia, Romania
Unofficial Royalty: Elisabeth of Romania, Queen of Greece