Author Archives: Scott

Leopold IV Friedrich, Duke of Anhalt

by Scott Mehl

Leopold IV Friedrich, Duke of Anhalt

Leopold IV Friedrich was the first Duke of Anhalt, reigning from 1863 until 1871. He wa born Prince Leopold Friedrich of Anhalt-Dessau on October 1, 1794 in Dessau, the eldest son of Friedrich, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau and Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Homburg. Leopold Friedrich had six siblings:

At the time of his birth, his grandfather was the reigning Duke of Anhalt-Dessau. Leopold Friedrich became heir-apparent upon his father’s death in 1814, and became the reigning Duke of Anhalt-Dessau upon his grandfather’s death three years later, on August 9, 1817.

Friederike Wilhelmine of Prussia

The following year, on April 18, 1818, Leopold Friedrich married Princess Friederike of Prussia. She was the daughter of Prince Friedrich Ludwig Karl of Prussia and Duchess Friederike of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Leopold Friedrich and Friederike had been engaged since May 17, 1816, when their engagement was arranged by the Prussian court. The couple had four children:

On November 27, 1847, Leopold IV Friedrich inherited the Duchy of Anhalt-Köthen upon the death of a distant cousin. After nearly six years as the reigning Duke of two separate duchies, they were united in May 1853 as the Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau-Köthen. Ten years later, he also inherited the Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg from another distant cousin. Now, with all of the Anhalt duchies back under one ruler, they were united as the Duchy of Anhalt on August 30, 1863.

The Marienkirche, before World War II. photo: Von Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-R98992 / CC-BY-SA 3.0, CC BY-SA 3.0 de, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5368827

Leopold IV Friedrich, Duke of Anhalt, died in Dessau on May 22, 1871, and was buried in the Marienkirche (link in German) in Dessau. When the church was destroyed by bombing during World War II, the Duke’s remains were moved to the Berenhorst crypt in the Historical Cemetery in Dessau.

Learn more about royalty, past and present here and share your thoughts on our forums.

Royal News: Thursday 18 April 2018

Doing some shopping on Amazon.com? Please remember to use our Amazon link – found at the top of the right-hand column on every page of our site. It costs you nothing, and every purchase made through that link helps to support Unofficial Royalty, so that we can continue to bring you the royal news and features every day. Thank you!

Bahrain

Denmark

Greece

Jordan

Kuwait

Monaco

Multiple Monarchies

Norway

Romania

Saudi Arabia

Spain

Sweden

United Kingdom

Make sure to get the latest news updates as soon as they’re posted. Register today as a member of Unofficial Royalty. It’s quick and easy, and completely free! Click the ‘Register’ link in the menu to the right.

Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Grand Duchess of Oldenburg

by Scott Mehl

Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Grand Duchess of Oldenburg

Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was the last Grand Duchess of Oldenburg through her marriage to Grand Duke Friedrich August II. She was born in Schwerin on August 10, 1869, the daughter of Friedrich Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and his third wife, Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. Through her father’s three marriages, she had ten siblings and half-siblings:

Friedrich August II of Oldenburg

On October 24, 1896, Elisabeth Alexandrine married Friedrich August, Hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg, as his second wife. He was the son of Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg and Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg. Elisabeth Alexandrine and Friedrich August had five children:

After her husband was forced to abdicate on November 11, 1918 when the German Empire fell, the couple took up residence at Rastede Castle. Elisabeth Alexandrine remained close to her large family, often spending time with her brother, Heinrich, in the Netherlands. Friedrich August died in 1931, and Elisabeth Alexandrine survived him by 24 years.

Schloss Schaumburg. photo: By Johannes Robalotoff – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 de, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7536575

She died on September 3, 1955 at Schloss Schaumburg, the home of her daughter Altburg. The last Grand Duchess of Oldenburg is buried in the Ducal Mausoleum in St. Gertrude’s Cemetery in Oldenburg.

Learn more about royalty, past and present here and share your thoughts on our forums.

Royal News: Tuesday 17 April 2018

Doing some shopping on Amazon.com? Please remember to use our Amazon link – found at the top of the right-hand column on every page of our site. It costs you nothing, and every purchase made through that link helps to support Unofficial Royalty, so that we can continue to bring you the royal news and features every day. Thank you!

Bahrain

Denmark

France

Jordan

Monaco

Multiple Monarchies

Netherlands

Norway

Saudi Arabia

Spain

United Kingdom

Make sure to get the latest news updates as soon as they’re posted. Register today as a member of Unofficial Royalty. It’s quick and easy, and completely free! Click the ‘Register’ link in the menu to the right.

Elisabeth Anna of Prussia, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Oldenburg

by Scott Mehl

Elisabeth Anna of Prussia, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Oldenburg

Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia was the first wife of the future Friedrich August II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg. She was born in Potsdam on February 8, 1857, the daughter of Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia and Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau, and had four siblings:

Friedrich August II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg

On February 18, 1878 in Berlin, Elisabeth Anne married Friedrich August, Hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg. He was the son of Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg and Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg. The couple were married in a double wedding, along with Princess Charlotte of Prussia and Bernhard, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Meiningen. Elisabeth Anne and Friedrich had two daughters:

Hereditary Grand Duchess Elisabeth Anna died in Fulda, Hesse, on August 28, 1895, nearly five years before her husband became the last reigning Grand Duke of Oldenburg. She is buried in the Ducal Mausoleum in St. Gertrude’s Cemetery in Oldenburg.

Learn more about royalty, past and present here and share your thoughts on our forums.

Friedrich August II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg

by Scott Mehl

Friedrich August II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg

Friedrich August II was the last reigning Grand Duke of Oldenburg. He was born in Oldenburg on November 16, 1852, the elder son of Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg and Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg. He had one younger brother:

  • Duke Georg Ludwig (1855) – unmarried

Along with his brother, Friedrich August was educated under the direction of the famed Bavarian General Otto von Parseval, and then studied at the Universities of Bonn, Strasbourg and Leipzig before embarking on a world tour.

Elisabeth Anna of Prussia. photo: Wikipedia

Friedrich August married Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia, in Berlin, on February 18, 1878. She was the daughter of Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia and Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau. The couple had two daughters:

Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. photo: Wikipedia

After his first wife died in August 1895, Friedrich August, needing a male heir and a mother for his surviving daughter, remarried. His second wife was Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, the daughter of Friedrich Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. They married on October 24, 1896 and had five children:

Friedrich August became Grand Duke of Oldenburg upon his father’s death on June 13, 1900. His reign saw the development of waterways and expansion of ports along the Weser River to allow for increased trade and economic power for the Grand Duchy. An avid sailor, he received his captain’s license at a young age, and was recognized for his skill and efforts after making several water rescues. He was also recognized by the German Kaiser Wilhelm II, who appointed him Admiral of the Imperial Navy – the only German prince to be given this status. Also possessing a brilliant technical mind, Friedrich August made several inventions, including a ship propeller which received numerous foreign patents. He served as honorary chairman of the Shipbuilding Technical Society, and was one of the founders of the German Training Ship Association, which promoted expanded training for the German merchant navy.

Friedrich August II (left) with the Duke and Duchess of Brunswick, 1915. photo: Wikipedia

With the fall of the German Empire at the end of World War I, Friedrich August was forced to abdicate his throne on November 11, 1918. He retired to Schloss Rastede where he took up farming. Claiming an “extremely precarious” financial situation, he petitioned the Oldenburg government for an annual allowance the year after his abdication.

Rastede Palace. photo: By N9713 – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=63250514

Friedrich August II, the last Grand Duke of Oldenburg, died at Schloss Rastede on February 24, 1931. He is buried in the Ducal Mausoleum in St. Gertrude’s Cemetery in Oldenburg.

Learn more about royalty, past and present here and share your thoughts on our forums.

Royal News: Thursday 12 April 2018

Doing some shopping on Amazon.com? Please remember to use our Amazon link – found at the top of the right-hand column on every page of our site. It costs you nothing, and every purchase made through that link helps to support Unofficial Royalty, so that we can continue to bring you the royal news and features every day. Thank you!

Bahrain

Egypt

Jordan

Multiple Monarchies

Netherlands

Saudi Arabia

Spain

Sweden

United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

Make sure to get the latest news updates as soon as they’re posted. Register today as a member of Unofficial Royalty. It’s quick and easy, and completely free! Click the ‘Register’ link in the menu to the right.

Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg, Grand Duchess of Oldenburg

by Scott Mehl

source: Wikipedia

Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg, Grand Duchess of Oldenburg

Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg (born a Princess of Saxe-Hildburghausen) was Grand Duchess of Oldenburg by her marriage to Grand Duke Peter II. She was born Princess Elisabeth Pauline Alexandrine of Saxe-Hildburghausen, in Hildburghausen, on March 26, 1826, the fourth of six daughters of Joseph, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Hildburghausen (later the Duke of Saxe-Altenburg) and Duchess Amelia of Württemberg. Elisabeth’s sisters were:

Peter II of Oldenburg. source: Wikipedia

Elisabeth married the then-Hereditary Grand Duke Peter of Oldenburg on February 10, 1852. They were second cousins through their mutual descent from Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg. Elisabeth and Peter had two sons:

She became Grand Duchess of Oldenburg upon her husband’s accession in 1853. As Grand Duchess, she oversaw the establishment of the Elisabeth Children’s Hospital, and served as patron of numerous charities and organizations focused on the well-being of children and the less fortunate. Much of this was done through her Elisabeth Foundation, established at the time of her marriage using funds given by her father.

Grand Duchess Elisabeth (left) photographed with Queen Amalie of Greece in the 1860s. source: Wikipedia

Grand Duchess Elisabeth died in Oldenburg on February 2, 1896. She is buried in the Ducal Mausoleum in Saint Gertrude’s Cemetery in Oldenburg.

Learn more about royalty, past and present here and share your thoughts on our forums.

Royal News: Tuesday 10 April 2018

Doing some shopping on Amazon.com? Please remember to use our Amazon link – found at the top of the right-hand column on every page of our site. It costs you nothing, and every purchase made through that link helps to support Unofficial Royalty, so that we can continue to bring you the royal news and features every day. Thank you!

Bahrain

Denmark

Monaco

Netherlands

Norway

Saudi Arabia

Serbia

Spain

Swaziland

Sweden

United Kingdom

Make sure to get the latest news updates as soon as they’re posted. Register today as a member of Unofficial Royalty. It’s quick and easy, and completely free! Click the ‘Register’ link in the menu to the right.

Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg

by Scott Mehl

Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg

Peter II was Grand Duke of Oldenburg from 1853 until 1900. He was born Prince Nikolaus Friedrich Peter on July 8, 1827, the only child of Grand Duke August I of Oldenburg with his second wife, Princess Ida of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym. Peter had five half-siblings from his father’s other marriages:

Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg

After receiving his education, Peter served in both the Prussian and Hanoverian armies. In February 1852, he married Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg, the daughter of Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg and Duchess Amelia of Württemberg. The couple had two sons:

Peter became Grand Duke upon his father’s death in February 1853. He sided with Russia during the Crimean War and later, during the Second Schleswig-Holstein War, laid claim to part of the territory seized by Prussia. In a treaty with Prussia, signed in February 1867, Peter gave up his claims. In exchange, he received the district of Ahrensbök and the Prussian part of the former Principality of Lübeck. This expanded territory gave Oldenburg direct access to the Baltic Sea. He also fought with Prussia in the Franco-Prussian War.

Grand Duke Peter II died at his summer residence, Rastede Castle, on June 13, 1900. He is buried in the Ducal Mausoleum in Saint Gertrude’s Cemetery in Oldenburg. Peter was succeeded by his elder son, Friedrich August, who would become the last reigning Grand Duke of Oldenburg.

Learn more about royalty, past and present here and share your thoughts on our forums.