by Scott Mehl
Albert, King of Saxony
King Albert of Saxony was born Prince Friedrich August Albert Anton Ferdinand Joseph Karl Maria Baptist Nepomuk Wilhelm Xaver Georg Fidelis on April 23, 1828 in Dresden. He was the eldest son of King Johann of Saxony and Princess Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, and had eight siblings:
- Princess Marie Auguste (1827) – unmarried
- Princess Maria Elisabeth (1830) – married (1) Prince Ferdinando of Savoy, Duke of Genoa, had issue; (2) Niccolò, Marchese Rapallo, no issue
- Prince Friedrich August (1831) – unmarried
- King Georg of Saxony (1832) – married Infanta Maria Anna of Portugal, had issue
- Princess Maria Sidonia (1834) – unmarried
- Princess Anna (1836) – married Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany, had issue
- Princess Margaretha (1840) – married Archduke Carl Ludwig of Austria, no issue
- Princess Sophie (1845) – married Karl-Theodor, Duke in Bavaria, had issue
Albert attended the University of Bonn, but his education was primarily designed for his military career. He served in the First Schleswig War, the Austro-Prussian War, and the Franco-Prussian War and was a distinguished military officer. He became Crown Prince of Saxony upon his father’s accession in 1854 and continued to serve with the Saxon and Prussian forces.
On June 18, 1853 in Dresden, Albert married Princess Carola of Vasa. She was the daughter of Gustaf, Prince of Vasa (formerly The Crown Prince of Sweden) and Princess Luise Amelie of Baden. They had no children.
Albert’s father died on October 29, 1873 and he took the Saxon throne. For the most part, his reign was quiet and uneventful, as he focused primarily on military affairs and did not involve himself much in politics. Perhaps his greatest contribution was the establishment of the Albertstadt, a suburb in Dresden. And in the late 1890s, he was appointed to serve as arbitrator in the dispute over succession in the Principality of Lippe.
After a reign of nearly 29 years, King Albert died in Sibyllenort on June 19, 1902, and was succeeded by his younger brother, Georg. Like his predecessors, he is buried in the Wettin Crypt at the Dresden Cathedral, formerly known as the Katholische Hofkirche (Catholic Church of the Royal Court of Saxony).