Royal News: Wednesday 21 February 2018

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Willem I (the Silent), Prince of Orange

by Susan Flantzer

Credit – Wikipedia

In the Netherlands, Willem I (the Silent), Prince of Orange is known as the Vader des Vaderlands (Father of the Fatherland), and the Dutch national anthem, the Wilhelmus, was written in his honor. He got his nickname “the Silent” (in Dutch De Zwijger) not because he was quiet, but because of his habit to hold his tongue in difficult situations.  Willem is the founder of the House of Orange-Nassau and the ancestor of the Dutch monarchs, the British monarchs from King George I forward and other European royal families. Willem was the eldest of the twelve children of Willem, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg and his second wife Juliana of Stolberg-Werningerode. He was born on April 24, 1533, at Dillenburg Castle, then in the County of Nassau-Dillenburg in the Holy Roman Empire, now in Hesse, Germany.

Willem had two half-sisters from his father’s first marriage to Countess Walburga of Egmont:

  • Elisabeth (1520 – 1523), died in early childhood
  • Magdalene (1522 – 1567), married Count Herman of Neuenahr and Moers

Willem had eleven younger siblings:

Until Willem was eleven-years-old, he received a Lutheran education at home. His mother was a determined Lutheran and passed on her strong Protestant convictions to her children. When Willem’s childless cousin René of Châlon, Prince of Orange died in 1544, he left the Principality of Orange to Willem. The Principality of Orange was a feudal state in Provence, in the south of modern-day France.  Today, the title Prince/Princess of Orange is held by the heir apparent of the Dutch monarch.

Willem also received land in present-day Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands. However, Emperor Charles V, Lord of the Netherlands and Holy Roman Emperor, attached the condition that eleven-year-old Willem convert to Roman Catholicism and receive a Roman Catholic education. Because of the immense inheritance, Willem would receive, his parents agreed. In the court of Emperor Charles V, German-speaking Willem learned Latin, French, Spanish, Italian and Dutch and received a military and diplomatic education.

Willem married four times.

Anna van Egmont; Credit – Wikipedia

(1) On July 8, 1551, 18-year-old Willem married his first wife Anna van Egmont, a wealthy Dutch heiress, the only child of Maximiliaan van Egmont and Françoise de Lannoy. Because Anna’s father had died, Willem acquired his titles, Lord of Egmond and Count of Buren, on his wedding day. Anna’s early death at the age of 25, on March 24, 1558, brought much grief to Willem.

Willem and Anna had three children:

  • Maria (1553 – 1555), died in early childhood
  • Filips Willem, Prince of Orange (1554 – 1618), married Eleonora of Bourbon-Condé, no children
  • Maria (1556 – 1616), married Count Philip of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein, no children

Anna of Saxony; Credit – Wikipedia

(2) On August 25, 1561, William married his second wife, Anna of Saxony, the only surviving child and heiress of Maurice, Elector of Saxony and his wife Agnes of Hesse. Anna’s dowry of 100,000 thalers was a very large amount of money. The marriage was an unhappy one.

Willem and Anna had five children but only three survived to adulthood:

In early 1571, Anna realized she was pregnant. Immediately, the paternity was controversial. Two possibilities were discussed: either Anna’s husband Willem, who had visited Anna and his children during Christmas 1570, was the father or the lawyer Jan Rubens, the future father of the painter Peter Paul Rubens, who spent a lot of time with Anna as her legal adviser was the father. A daughter, Christine, was born in August 1571.

Willem knew that his non-recognition of the child as his daughter would be a pretext for divorce by accusing Anna of adultery. Wilhelm accused Rubens of having had an adulterous relationship with his wife and of being the biological father of Christine. Rubens was imprisoned and threatened with execution. He confessed to adultery under torture and was pardoned on the intercession of his wife. Anna also admitted the adultery, but she denied that Rubens was the father. On December 14, 1571, Anna was forced to agree to a divorce. Christine, who had been given Diez as a surname, was not recognized by Willem as his child and he did not have to pay any further maintenance for her.  In 1572, Anna was sent to her family in Saxony where they imprisoned her as an adulteress until her death in 1577.

Charlotte de Bourbon-Monpensier: Credit – Wikipedia

(3) On April 24, 1575, Willem married his third wife Charlotte de Bourbon-Monpensier, daughter of Louis, Duke of Montpensier and Jacqueline de Longwy, Countess of Bar-sur-Seine. She was a former French nun who converted to Calvinism and escaped the convent. This marriage was Willem’s happiest marriage. Charlotte died from pneumonia on May 5, 1582 at the age of 35. Willem was recovering from an assassination attempt and his doctors feared his grief might cause a fatal relapse.

Willem and Charlotte had six daughters:

Louise de Coligny; Credit – Wikipedia

(4) On April 12, 1583, Willem married his fourth wife, French Huguenot Louise de Coligny, daughter of Gaspard II de Coligny and Charlotte de Laval. Her father was a French nobleman and admiral but is best remembered as a leader of the Huguenots (French Calvinist Protestants). Louise had previously been married to Charles de Teligny. Both he and Louise’s father were killed during the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre in 1572 when thousands of Huguenots were murdered. Louise survived Willem.

Willem and Louise had one son:

  • Frederik Hendrik, Prince of Orange and Count of Nassau (1584 – 1647), married Countess Amalia of Solms-Braunfels, had nine children including Willem II, Prince of Orange who was the father of Willem III, Prince of Orange who was later King William III of England; the current Dutch royal family are Frederik Hendrik’s descendants through two of his daughters

Willem in 1555; Credit – Wikipedia

As a young man, Willem served at the court of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor in Brussels and became a confidant of Charles. Physically exhausted after 40 years of ruling, Charles abdicated in 1555 and retired to the peace of a monastery, where he died three years later. Upon Charles’s abdications, the Holy Roman Empire was inherited by his younger brother Ferdinand, who had already been given the Austrian lands in 1521. The Spanish Empire, including the possessions in the Netherlands and Italy, was inherited by Charles’s son King Philip II of Spain.

In 1559, Philip appointed Willem stadtholder (governor) of the provinces of Holland, Zeeland, and Utrecht (all in present-day Netherlands) which greatly increased his political power. Willem soon became one of the most prominent members of the opposition in the Council of State who were seeking more political power for themselves but also for the Dutch nobility because too many Catholic Spaniards were involved in governing the Netherlands. King Philip II was a devout Roman Catholic and envisioned an empire with Roman Catholicism as the only religion. Willem had been brought up as a Lutheran but had converted to Roman Catholicism. However, he was a strong proponent of freedom of religion and was increasingly disturbed by the persecution of Protestants by the Catholic Spaniards in the Netherlands. In addition, Willem wanted to see the end of Spanish troops in the Netherlands.

In 1568 the Netherlands, led by Willem, revolted against Philip II because of high taxes, persecution of Protestants, and Philip’s efforts to modernize and centralize the medieval government structures of the provinces. This disagreement eventually resulted in the Eighty Years War which resulted in the independence of the northern United Provinces in 1581. The United Provinces, also known as the Dutch Republic, a confederation of seven provinces, which had their own governments and were very independent. The States General consisted of representatives of each of the seven provinces: Duchy of Guelders, County of Holland, County of Zeeland, Lordship of Utrecht, Lordship of Overijssel, Lordship of Frisia, and Lordship of Groningen and Ommelanden. The Princes of Orange, beginning with William the Silent, were always chosen as stadtholders (governors) of most of the provinces.

In 1573, Willem left the Roman Catholic Church and became a member of the Dutch Reformed Church, a Calvinist reformed religion that followed the practices of John Calvin. He was declared an outlaw in 1580 by Philip II, who called Willem “a pest on the whole of Christianity and the enemy of the human race.” Philip offered 25,000 crowns to anyone who killed Willem. Willem responded with a document, Apology, which defended his actions, attacked Philip II, and restated his allegiance to the Protestant reform religion. On March 18, 1582, Juan de Jáuregui, a Spaniard, attempted to assassinate Willem. He was severely wounded but survived due to the care of his third wife Charlotte and his sister Maria. Unfortunately, while William slowly recovered, Charlotte became exhausted from providing intensive care and died.

In 1584, Balthasar Gérard, a subject and supporter of Philip II who regarded Willem as a traitor to both Philip and the Catholic religion, succeeded in assassinating Willem. On July 10, 1584, Willem had lunch with his sister, his wife, his daughter, and Rombertus van Uylenburgh, Mayor of Leeuwarden at the Prinsenhof in Delft. After lunch, Willem began to climb the stairs to his second-floor chamber where he worked and slept. Gérard, who had been hiding behind a pillar, jumped out and fired two shots at the 51-year-old Willem, who collapsed and died. The killer was arrested after a wild pursuit and was brutally tortured and then executed on July 14, 1584. Instead of giving Gérard’s parents the reward of 25,000 crowns, Philip II instead gave them three country estates and a peerage.

Site of the assassination, bullet holes are still in the wall; Photo Credit – Door Looi uit nl, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2287221

Willem had been planned to be buried at the Grote Kerk in Breda, where the House of Orange was traditionally buried, but Breda was under Spanish control. Instead, Willem was buried at in the Old Crypt at the Nieuwe Kerk ( New Church) in Delft, located in South Holland (Zuid-Holland), the Netherlands. His memorial was originally very modest but it was replaced in 1623 by a new one, made by Hendrik de Keyser and his son Pieter. Since then, most of the members of the House of Orange-Nassau, including all Dutch monarchs, have been buried in the same church in the royal vault whose entrance, sealed by a large stone cover with four brass rings, is behind the tomb of Willem the Silent.  Willem’s fourth wife Louise de Coligny was buried with him.

The Old Crypt with the body-like lead sarcophagus of Louise de Coligny on the bottom right and Willem I, Prince of Orange’s coffin on the bottom left; Credit – Wikipedia

Memorial to Willem the Silent; Photo Credit – Door Zairon – Eigen werk, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=56280054

 

February 21: Today in Royal History

King James I of Scotland; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

February 21, 1437 – Assassination of King James I of Scotland at the Monastery of the Friars Preachers in Perth, Scotland; buried at the Carthusian Monastery in Perth, Scotland
Unofficial Royalty: James I, King of Scots

February 21, 1462 – Birth of Joanna of Castile, Queen of Portugal, wife of King Afonso V of Portugal
Wikipedia: Joanna of Castile, Queen of Portugal

February 21, 1499 – Birth of Edmund, Duke of Somerset, son of King Henry VII of England, at Greenwich Palace in London, England
Prince Edmund died in June 1500.
Wikipedia: Edmund Tudor

February 21, 1584 – Wedding of King Johan III of Sweden (2nd marriage) and Gunilla Bielke
Wikipedia: King Johan III of Sweden
Wikipedia: Gunilla Bielke, Queen of Sweden

February 21, 1728 – Birth of Peter III, Emperor of All Russia in Kiel, in the Duchy of Holstein-Gottorp
Born: Karl Peter Ulrich of Holstein-Gottorp, grandson of Peter the Great via his eldest daughter Anna Petrovna
Peter married Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst (the future Catherine II the Great) and succeeded to the Russian throne upon the death of his aunt Empress Elizabeth.  He reigned for six months, was overthrown by his wife, and subsequently killed.  If Emperor Paul was not his son, but rather the son of Catherine’s lover Sergei Saltykov, Peter may have been the last true Romanov to sit upon the throne.
Wikipedia: Peter III, Emperor of All Russia

February 21, 1816 – Wedding of King Willem II of the Netherlands and Anna Pavlovna of Russia
Unofficial Royalty: King Willem II of the Netherlands
Unofficial Royalty: Anna Pavlovna of Russia, Queen of the Netherlands

February 21, 1937 – Birth of King Harald V of Norway at the Crown Prince Residence at Skaugum, Asker, near Oslo, Norway
Unofficial Royalty: King Harald V of Norway

February 21, 1980 – Birth of Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, Dragon King of Bhutan, at Dechencholing Palace in Thimphu, Bhutan
Unofficial Royalty: King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck of Bhutan

The Funeral of Prince Henrik of Denmark

by Susan Flantzer

Photo Credit – Foto: Keld Navntoft, Kongehuset

Prince Henrik‘s funeral took place on February 20, 2018, at the Christiansborg Palace Church in Copenhagen. The funeral service was conducted by Chaplain-in-Ordinary Erik Norman Svendsen assisted by Ejgil Bank Olesen, Dean of the Holmens Church. In accordance with Prince Henrik’s wishes, the funeral was private. No foreign royalty attended. Members of the Danish Royal Family and Prince Henrik’s birth family were in attendance. The other guests were mostly Danish Royal Court officials. See the guest list below.

An honor guard consisting of members from the Danish Army, Navy and Air Force was posted in front of the church. Church bells of all the Danish National Evangelical Lutheran Churches across the country rang for the half-hour before and the half-hour after the funeral.
After earth was sprinkled on the coffin and the benediction was given in Christiansborg Palace Church, a mourning gun salute was fired off for forty minutes at thirty-second intervals. At the same time, the kingdom’s flag was raised to full mast.

Embed from Getty Images

After the funeral, ten officers from The Royal Life Guard carried Prince Henrik’s coffin from the Palace Church to the hearse. As the coffin was carried out of the church, 19th-century Danish composer Johan Peter Emilius Hartmann’s Funeral March for Bertel Thorvaldsen (a Danish/Icelandic sculptor) was played. This music has been used at other Danish royal funerals including the funeral of King Frederik IX, Queen Margrethe II’s father. The royal family followed the coffin to the hearse and made their final farewells to Prince Henrik. When the hearse was driven away, Prince Henrik’s Homage March by Preben Beyer was played. This march was composed in 1967 as a wedding gift to Prince Henrik.

After Prince Henrik’s remains were cremated, half of the ashes were spread over the Danish waters and the other half were placed in an urn in the private section of Fredensborg Palace Garden.

Embed from Getty Images

Guest list for HRH Prince Henrik’s funeral service

The Royal Family

Family of Prince Henrik

  • Mrs. Françoise Bardin (sister of Prince Henrik)
  • Mr. Guillaume Bardin (nephew of Prince Henrik)
  • Mrs. Laurence Bardin (wife of Guillaume Bardin)
  • Charles-Henri Keller (nephew of Prince Henrik)
  • Sister Catherine de Monpezat (sister of Prince Henrik)
  • Count Etienne de Laborde de Monpezat (brother of Prince Henrik)
  • Countess Isabelle de Laborde de Monpezat (sister-in-law of Prince Henrik)
  • Count Jean-Baptiste de Laborde de Monpezat (brother of Prince Henrik)
  • Countess Gill de Laborde de Monpezat (sister-in-law of Prince Henrik)

Guests (in alphabetical order)

  • HE Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg (first wife of Prince Joachim)
  • Valet Officer: Anker Andersen
  • Communications Manager: Lene Balleby
  • Secretary of State for HKH Prince Joachim: Colonel Søren Bo Bojesen
  • Chairman of the National Forest Association: Jens Bjerregaard Christensen
  • Court Chief of Prince Henrik: Chamberlain Colonel Mogens Christensen
  • Professional Deputy: Marianne Gøttsche G. Dupont
  • Court Marshal: Chamberlain Michael Ehrenreich
  • Cabinet Secretary, Secretary of the Order: Chamberlain Henning Fode
  • Lady-in-Waiting for Her Majesty The Queen: Ane Vibeke Foss
  • Secretary of State for The Crown Prince: Morten Roland Hansen
  • Deputy Chief of Staff: Colonel Colonel Lasse Harkjær
  • Valet Officer Jesper G. Jensen
  • Managing Director at Fredensborg Palace: Colonel Colonel John Kidde-Hansen
  • Chairman of the Danish Parliament, Member of the Danish Parliament: Pia Kjærsgaard
  • Ceremonial Master: Colonel Kim Kristensen
  • Secretary of the Royal Civilian: Chamberlain Søren Weiskopf Kruse
  • Valet Officer: Olivier Laurent
  • Secretary-General of Prince Henrik Secretariat: Supervisor Olivier Lesenecal
  • Secretary of Prince Henrik: Major Nils Nykjær
  • Captain of the Royal Yacht Dannebrog: Commander Christian A. Nørgaard
  • Secretary of State Princess Benedikte: Chamberlain Colonel Tommy M. Paulsen
  • Secretary of State Crown Princess Mary: Christine Pii
  • Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen
  • HE Count Ingolf of Rosenborg (cousin of Queen Margrethe II)
  • Countess Sussie of Rosenborg (wife of Count Ingolf)
  • HE President of the Supreme Court: Thomas Rørdam
  • Lady-in-Waiting for Her Majesty The Queen: Colonel Annette de Scheel
  • President of the Diplomatic Corps: Chamberlain General Consul Fritz H. Schur
  • Court Chief of Crown Prince and Crown Princess Court: Chamberlain Christian Schønau
  • Lady-in-Waiting, Secretary of State for Princess Marie: Britt Siesbye
  • Palace Manager: Major Michael de Voss Court
  • Lady-in-Waiting of Her Majesty The Queen: Annelise Wern
  • HE The Ambassador of France: Francois Zimera

February 20: Today in Royal History

Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, wife of King Frederick III of Denmark; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

February 20, 1513 – Death of King Hans of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden at Aalborghus Castle in Denmark; buried first at the Franciscan Church in Odense, Denmark, later his remains were translated to St. Canute’s Cathedral in Odense, Denmark
Wikipedia: King Hans of Denmark

February 20, 1547 – Coronation of King Edward VI of England at Westminster Abbey
Edward became king when he was 9 years old.  He was crowned a month later.
Unofficial Royalty: King Edward VI of England

February 20, 1685 – Death of Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, wife of King Frederick III of Denmark, in Copenhagen; buried at Roskilde Cathedral in Denmark
Wikipedia: Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Queen of Denmark

February 20, 1867 – Birth of Louise, Princess Royal, daughter of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom, at Marlborough House in London, England
Full name: Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar
Unofficial Royalty: Louise, Princess Royal

February 20, 2014 – Birth of Princess Leonore of Sweden, Duchess of Gotland, daughter of Princess Madeleine of Sweden, at Weill Cornell Medical Center in New York City
Full name: Leonore Lilian Maria
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Leonore of Sweden

Royal News: Tuesday 20 February 2018

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15 Million Views!

Photo Credit – Wikipedia

On February 19, 2018, Unofficial Royalty reached 15 million views since it was moved to its current home on the Internet on January 1, 2012. Thank you to all who have visited! We also thank everyone – past and present – who has helped to make Unofficial Royalty successful.

What began as a simple news site in 1995 by Geraldine Voost, quickly began to evolve into the site we have today. Geraldine began posting royal news articles and was soon inundated with questions about the British royals. A FAQ section was added, as well as a Yahoo group. In 1997, she decided to consolidate everything into one site, establishing Unofficial Royalty, and adding content areas for a number of Royal families as well as an integrated forum.

By 2009, we had a team of volunteers helping with the daily news updates, contributing content for the various royal families, moderating the forums, and writing featured columns for the site. We decided to move the site to a new domain – www.unofficialtoyalty.com – with a new content management system to make it easier to maintain.

In 2010, Geraldine handed over the day-to-day administration of Unofficial Royalty to Susan and Scott, in order to focus on her passion for competitive ballroom dancing.  As of January 1, 2012, the site was sold, with Deven, a long-time contributor to the site, taking the reins. Susan and Scott continued as site-administrators.

Royal News: Monday, 19 February 2018

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UK
Daily Beast: The Rumors About Prince Harry’s Paternity That Never Die
Daily Mail: Duchess of Cambridge to co-host event showcasing Commonwealth fashion initiative
Daily Mail: What will Meghan wear? Royal wedding dress a top UK secret
Daily Mail: Harry gets a job: Prince wins official leadership role in a bid to attract younger people to Commonwealth
Daily Mail: SEBASTIAN SHAKESPEARE: By George! Meghan Markle and Prince Harry attend a West End show that mocks his ancestor
Daily Mail: Net of spikes to tackle royal wedding terror threat: Giant 30ft mat which deflates tires is designed to stop vehicles target crowds in Windsor
Daily Mail: William takes to the BAFTA stage to present fellowship award
Daily Mail: Pregnant Kate risks luvvies’ backlash by wearing green dress to BAFTAS and not black like stars supporting Time’s Up equality protest… but is her black sash and bag a signal of support?
Daily Mail: ‘I’m off to the theatre with Camilla’: Paul Burrell claims Prince Charles left Princess Diana in hospital after Harry was born… and AGAIN insists she predicted her death
Daily Mail: Councils urged to waive road closure charges for Harry and Meghan´s wedding
Express: What protest? Kate attends BAFTAS 2018 in GREEN defying Time’s Up black dress campaign
Express: Queen breaks birthday tradition with Commonwealth bash as end of reign looms
Express: Meghan Markle and Prince Harry guarded by SAS ‘ready to DIE’ for royal couple
Express: Meghan Markle inspires Prince Harry with trip to West End to see Broadway theatre show
Express: Prince Harry carves out future royal role with Meghan Markle with new Commonwealth job
Getty Images: The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge Attend the EE British Academy Film Awards
Telegraph: Duchess of Cambridge gives a nod to Time’s Up in royal green dress as stars turn out in black for BAFTAS
Telegraph: BAFTAS: Red carpet painted black, with a dash of royal green
Telegraph: Government urges councils to waive road closure charges for Prince Harry and Meghan Markle’s wedding

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Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, Queen of Spain, Duchess of Aosta

by Susan Flantzer

Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo (Maria Vittoria Carlotta Enrichetta) was born in Paris, France on August 9, 1847, the elder of the two daughters of Italian noble Carlo Emmanuele dal Pozzo, 5th Prince of Cisterna and his wife Countess Louise de Merode. Maria Vittoria’s father’s family was one of the few aristocratic families in the Kingdom of Sardinia to bear the title of “prince” as a noble title. Her father was a politician in the Kingdom of Sardinia. Her mother was a member of the de Merode family, an important Belgian noble family. Her mother’s younger sister, Antoinette de Merode, was the wife of Charles III, Prince of Monaco.

Maria Vittoria had one younger sister who died at the age of 13:

  • Beatrice Giuseppa Antonia Luisa dal Pozzo (1851–1864)

Maria Vittoria spent most of her childhood at the Palazzo della Cisterna in Turin in the Kingdom of Sardinia. Upon her father’s death in 1864, Maria Vittoria inherited her father’s noble titles and became Princess della Cisterna, Princess di Belriguardo, Marchioness di Voghera, and Countess di Ponderano in her own right. Maria Vittoria’s sister died from typhus one month after her father’s death.

Palazzo della Cisterna; Photo Credit – Di K.Weise – Opera propria, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=26384048

On May 30, 1867, Maria Vittoria married Prince Amedeo of Savoy, Duke of Aosta at the chapel of the Royal Palace of Turin. Amedeo was the second son of King Vittorio Emanuele II of Italy (formerly King of Piedmont, Savoy, and Sardinia) and Archduchess Adelheid of Austria.

Maria Vittoria and Amedeo; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Amedeo and Maria Vittoria had three children. Their descendants through their eldest son have been the disputed claimants to the headship of the House of Savoy along with descendants of Amedeo’s brother King Umberto I of Italy.

Amedeo with his three sons; Credit – Wikipedia

After Queen Isabella II of Spain was deposed, Amedeo was elected King of Spain and Maria Vittoria was Queen Consort. In Madrid, she suffered a great deal because of her poor health and difficulties with Spanish politics. Maria Vittoria stayed away from politics and devoted her time to charitable works. One of the charities she founded was a nursery where children of washerwomen who worked on the banks of the Manzanares River in Madrid could be cared for by nuns while their mothers worked. Attached to the nursery was a hospital for the washerwomen.

During Amedeo’s reign, there were many republican uprisings. Without popular support, Amedeo abdicated the Spanish throne on February 11, 1873 and left Spain. Maria Vittoria had given birth to her last child only two weeks before the abdication. The recent childbirth, the stress of the abdication and the exile from Spain exacerbated her physical condition. On November 8, 1876, at the Villa Dufour in San Remo, Italy, 29-year-old Maria Vittoria died from tuberculosis. She was buried in the Basilica of Superga near Turin. The Spanish and American Enlightenment newspaper wrote of her: “Madrid cannot forget that angel of virtue and charity, to whom the people granted the simple title of Mother of the Poor.”

Basilica of Superga; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Wikipedia: Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo

February 19: Today in Royal History

Henry, Prince of Wales, son of King James I of England; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

February 19, 1594 – Birth of Henry, Prince of Wales, son of King James I of England, at Stirling Castle, Scotland
Full name: Henry Frederick
Henry died of typhoid fever at the age of 18 and predeceased his father, so his brother, the future King Charles I, became heir.
Unofficial Royalty: Henry, Prince of Wales

February 19, 1670 – Death of King Frederik III of Denmark and Norway in Copenhagen; buried at Roskilde Cathedral in Denmark
Wikipedia: King Frederik III of Denmark

February 19, 1817 – Birth of King Willem III of the Netherlands in Brussels (Belgium)
Full name: Willem Alexander Paul Frederik Lodewijk
Unofficial Royalty: King Willem III of the Netherlands

February 19, 1960 – Birth of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, at Buckingham Palace in London, England
Full name: Andrew Albert Christian Edward
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Andrew, Duke of York