Royal News: Friday 25 July 2014

Denmark
Getty: The Danish Royal Family Hold Annual Summer Photocall
Hello!: Danish royal children are all grown up at annual visit to summer residence
Daily Mail: Royal garden party: Princess Mary and Prince Frederik dazzle in the sunshine as the Danish royal family retires to the stunning surrounds of their summer palace

Japan
NTV: Japanese Emperor and Empress Visit Leprosy Sanatarium

Spain
Getty: King Felipe VI of Spain Meets Guy Ryder At Zarzuela Palace
The Olive Press: New evidence lands Spain’s Princess Cristina in hot water

UK
Bleacher Report: Queen Photobombs Commonwealth Games Selfie by Hockeyroos Star Jayde Taylor
Daily Mail: Royal playtime: Enchanting and intimate home-movie pictures show the Windsors really DO know how to have fun
Daily Mail: Will Zara Phillips be popping in? Aldi makes new bid for the middle class purse as it launches range of EQUESTRIAN clothing
Daily Mail: You’re spoiling one’s view! The Queen struggles to watch the Commonwealth Games from behind lady-in-waiting’s huge hat…which is a clashing shade of green
Daily Record: Queen PHOTOBOMBS Commonwealth Games hockey star taking Instagram selfie
Evening Standard: Queen photobombs Australian hockey players’ selfie at the Commonwealth Games
Getty: Press Preview Of Buckingham Palace Summer Exhibition
Hello!: Royals laugh as Commonwealth Games boss struggles to retrieve Queen’s speech during spectacular opening ceremony
Mirror: Royal Family’s unseen home movies are the highlight of new Buckingham Palace exhibition
Guardian: Toys are we: 250 years of royal childhood at Buckingham Palace
Straits Times: British royal childhood memories go on show
Vanity Fair: Exclusive: Prince Harry’s 30th-Birthday Plans
ABC: Prince George’s Birthday Gifts From President Obama Revealed
Vancouver Sun: Mario Canseco: B.C. in a three-way split on the monarchy, poll finds

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Prince Charles, Prince of Wales

Charles

Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Charles Philip Arthur George was born at Buckingham Palace in London, England on November 14, 1948. He is the first child of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born a Prince of Greece and Denmark).

The children of a daughter of a British sovereign, in this case, the then Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh, would not have been accorded the style Royal Highness or the titles Prince/Princess as in the case of the children of Anne, Princess Royal. However, on October 22, 1948, Charles’ grandfather King George VI issued letters patent allowing the children of the his eldest daughter and heiress presumptive, to use the style and title of a royal prince or princess. Therefore, Charles was His Royal Highness Prince Charles of Edinburgh at birth.

Charles was baptized a month after his birth using water from the Jordan River. His grandparents were:

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Left to right seated are: the Dowager Marchioness of Milford Haven, Princess Elizabeth, holding her son, and Queen Mary; Rear, Left to right: Lady Brabourne, the Duke of Edinburgh, King George VI; The Hon. David Bowes-Lyon, the Earl of Athlone and Princess Margaret; Photo Credit – www.hellomagazine.com

The infant Charles and his parents lived at Buckingham Palace until he was eight months old. The family then moved to Clarence House, a short distance from the palace. On August 15, 1950, when Charles was 1 1/2 years old, his sister Princess Anne was born. Two nannies, Helen Lightbody and Mabel Anderson, were in charge of the children.

When King George VI died on February 6, 1952, his elder daughter Princess Elizabeth became Queen and three year old Charles became heir to the throne. Upon his mother’s accession to the throne, Charles automatically became Duke of Cornwall and also the Scottish titles Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles and Prince and Great Steward of Scotland. The title Prince of Wales is not automatic and must be conferred by the sovereign.

Charles attended his mother’s coronation in Westminster Abbey on June 2, 1953 and he sat between his grandmother, The Queen Mother and his aunt, Princess Margaret. Along with his sister Anne, Charles later joined his parents and other members of the royal family on the Buckingham Palace balcony.

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Charles with his grandmother and aunt at his mother’s coronation; Photo Credit – http://www.abc.net.au/

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The Queen, Prince Charles, Princess Anne, the Duke of Edinburgh, the Queen Mother on the balcony; Photo Credit – www.itv.com

Charles started his early education with a governess, Catherine Peebles. In 1955, Buckingham Palace announced that Charles would go to school, and not be educated with private tutors as had been the case with heirs to the throne in the past. On November 7, 1956, a week before his eighth birthday, Miss Peebles accompanied Charles to Hill House School, a preparatory day school in Kinghtsbridge, London. Charles then attended two schools that his father had also attended: Cheam School in Berkshire, England and Gordonstoun School in Moray, Scotland.

In October 1967, Charles was admitted to Trinity College, Cambridge University, where he studied anthropology, archaeology, and history. During his second year, Charles attended the University College of Wales in Aberystwyth, Wales where he studied Welsh history and language for a term. He graduated from Cambridge with a 2:2 Bachelor of Arts in 1970, and was the first heir apparent to earn a university degree. Read more about Charles’ education here.

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Charles at Cambridge University; Photo Credit – britishpathe.tumblr.com

In the 1960s, there were two more additions to Charles’ family with the births of Prince Andrew in 1960 and Prince Edward in 1964.

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Prince Andrew, Princess Anne, Queen Elizabeth holding Prince Edward, Prince Charles, and the Duke of Edinburgh in 1965; Photo Credit – www.telegraph.co.uk

Charles had been created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester in 1958. His formal investiture as Prince of Wales was held on July 1, 1969 at Caernarfon Castle in Wales where Charles gave his replies and speech in both Welsh and English.

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Queen Elizabeth II formally invests the Prince of Wales with his coronet; Photo Credit – www.dailymail.co.uk

Prince Charles has served in both the Royal Navy and the Royal Air Force. During his university years, her started his training in the air force and after university he enrolled at the Royal Air Force College Cranwell to train as a jet pilot. Charles then enrolled at the Royal Naval College Dartmouth and served on the guided missile destroyer HMS Norfolk (1971–1972) and the frigates HMS Minerva (1972–1973) and HMS Jupiter (1974). He qualified as a helicopter pilot at Royal Naval Air Station Yeovilton in 1974 and then joined the 845 Naval Air Squadron aboard the HMS Hermes. On February 9, 1976, Charles took command of the HMS Bronington, a coastal minehunter, for his last ten months of active service in the Royal Navy. Read more about Charles’ military career here.

Charles reached the age of 30 without getting married and was considered the world’s most eligible bachelor. Among the women Charles has been linked to include include Georgiana Russell, daughter of the British Ambassador to Spain; Lady Jane Wellesley, daughter of the 8th Duke of Wellington; Davina Sheffield; Lady Sarah Spencer; and Camilla Shand, who later became his second wife.  Charles’ great uncle Lord Mountbatten, encouraged a marriage with his granddaughter Amanda Knatchbull.  Supposedly, Charles did propose to Amanda Knatchbull sometime after the IRA bombing deaths of her maternal grandfather Lord Mounbatten, her paternal grandmother, and youngest brother Nicholas, but after the deaths of her family members Amanda was reluctant to join the royal family.

Charles first met Lady Diana Spencer in 1977 while visiting her home, Althorp, while dating her elder sister Sarah. During the summer of 1980, Charles first became seriously interested in Diana as a potential bride when they were guests at a country weekend. The relationship continued to develop as Charles invited Diana for a sailing weekend aboard the royal yacht Britannia. Then an invitation to Balmoral followed for Diana to meet Charles’ family during a weekend in November of 1980. Diana was well received by the Queen, the Duke of Edinburgh and the Queen Mother. The couple continued to see each other in London. Charles proposed on February 6, 1981, and Lady Diana accepted, but their engagement was kept secret for the next few weeks until it was officially announced on official on February 24, 1981. The wedding was held at St. Paul’s Cathedral in London on July 29, 1981. 3,500 invited guests attended the ceremony at St. Paul’s, 600,000 people lined the streets of London, and 750 million people watched on television. Read more about the wedding of Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer here.

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Photo Credit – www.bbc.co.uk

Charles and Diana had two sons, Prince William (born 1982) and Prince Harry (born 1984).

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Photo Credit – www.dailymail.co.uk

Unfortunately, Charles and Diana’s marriage was not the fairy tale marriage it was expected to be. Within five years, the couple’s incompatibility and age difference of almost 13 years, as well as Diana’s concern about Charles’s previous girlfriend, Camilla Parker Bowles, became visible and was damaging to their marriage. Diana exposed Charles’s affair with Camilla in a book by Andrew Morton, Diana, Her True Story. Audio tapes showing evidence of her own extramarital affairs also surfaced. In December of 1992, British Prime Minister John Major announced the formal separation of the Prince and Princess of Wales in Parliament. Charles and Diana divorced on August 28, 1996. Tragically, Diana died in a car crash in Paris on August 31, 1997. Charles flew to Paris with Diana’s sisters to accompany her body back to London.

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Earl Spencer, Prince William, Prince Harry and Prince Charles watch as the coffin of Diana, Princess of Wales is placed into a hearse at Westminster Abbey following her funeral service; Photo Credit – www.emirates247.com

In 1994, two years after the Prince and Princess of Wales had separated, Charles finally spoke about his relationship with Camilla Parker-Bowles in a televised interview with Jonathan Dimbleby. He told Dimbleby, “Mrs. Parker Bowles is a great friend of mine…a friend for a very long time. She will continue to be a friend for a long time.” The same year Charles admitted in The Prince of Wales: A Biography written by Dimbleby that his relationship with Camilla rekindled after his marriage had irretrievably broken down in 1986. In 1995, Andrew Parker-Bowles and Camilla, who had been living apart for quite a while, announced their divorce.

Following both Charles and Camilla’s divorces, Charles let it be known that his relationship with Camilla was “non-negotiable.” Charles knew that the relationship was causing much negative publicity and he had Mark Bolland, his Deputy Private Secretary, work on the rehabilitation of Camilla’s image which occurred from 1999 until 2005. Camilla was occasionally seen with Charles at unofficial events, then at some public events, and then Camilla accompanied Charles on some public engagements. Camilla met the Queen at the 60th birthday party for former King Constantine II of Greece in 2000 and this meeting was seen as the Queen’s approval of the relationship. Camilla attended events related to the Queen’s Golden Jubilee in 2002. In 2003, she moved into Clarence House which had become Charles official residence that same year. By 2004, Camilla was accompanying Charles on almost all of his official engagements.

On February 10, 2005, the couple’s engagement was announced and polls conducted in the United Kingdom showed support for the marriage. Charles and Camilla married on April 9, 2005 in a civil ceremony held at the Guildhall in Windsor. Prince William and Tom Parker Bowles, Camilla’s son, served as the witnesses to the civil wedding ceremony. Later that afternoon, a Service of Prayer and Dedication was held at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor, presided over by The Archbishop of Canterbury. Read more about the wedding of Prince Charles and Camilla Parker-Bowles here.

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Photo Credit – Hugo Burnand, Pool/Getty Images

The Prince of Wales, who has no constitutional role, seeks, with the support of his wife The Duchess of Cornwall, to do all he can to make a positive difference in his country and internationally. To do this, he undertakes royal duties in support of The Queen, works as a charitable entrepreneur, and promotes and protects national traditions, virtues and excellence. According to the 2013 Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall Annual Review, “In 2012-13, The Prince of Wales undertook a total of 657 official engagements, of which 154 were overseas, and The Duchess of Cornwall undertook 277 engagements, of which 122 were overseas.”

The Prince of Wales is Patron or President of over 400 charitable organizations. The full list at the Prince of Wales’ official website: http://www.princeofwales.gov.uk/the-prince-of-wales/patronages  In addition, Prince Charles has his own organizations to support various charities. See The Prince’s Charities.

Prince Charles has two organizations to support a number of areas:

The Prince’s Trust: provided training programs, mentoring support and financial grants to build the confidence and motivation of disadvantaged young people

The Prince of Wales’s Charitable Foundation: uses the profits from the sale of Duchy Originals from Waitrose and Highgrove Enterprises to support the environment, responsible business and enterprise, young people and education, and global sustainability

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The Prince of Wales visiting some Royal National Lifeboat Institution volunteers while making his annual visit to Cornwall in July 2014; Photo Credit – http://www.princeofwales.gov.uk

Clarence House in London is the Prince of Wales’s current official residence. He also has two private homes: Highgrove House in Gloucestershire, England and Birkhall near Balmoral Castle in Scotland. Highgrove is owned by the Duchy of Cornwall, having been purchased for his use in 1980, and which Prince Charles rents for £336,000 per year. The Prince of Wales’ primary source of income comes from the Duchy of Cornwall,  a private estate established in 1337 which funds the public, charitable, and private activities of the Prince of Wales and his family. The Duchy of Cornwall owns 133,658 acres of land, including farming, residential, and commercial properties, as well as an investment portfolio.

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The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall; Photo Credit – www.princeofwales.gov.uk

For more information about the Prince of Wales, see his official website.

Read more about the British Royal Family here.

July 25: Today in Royal History

Elisabeth of Bavaria, wife of King Albert I of the Belgians; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

July 25, 306 – Constantine I proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops
Wikipedia: Constantine the Great

July 25, 1034 – Death of Constance of Arles, Queen consort of the Franks
Constance was the wife of Robert II, King of France and mother of Henry I. Her marriage to Robert was stormy, and she was often at odds with her children after Robert’s death.
Wikipedia: Constance of Arles, Queen of France

July 25, 1137 – Wedding of Louis VII, King of France & Eleanor of Aquitaine
Wikipedia: Louis VII, King of France
Wikipedia: Eleanor of Aquitaine

July 25, 1281 – Wedding of Eric II, King of Norway & Margaret of Scotland
Eric and Margaret were the parents of Margaret, the Maid of Norway, who was the Queen of Scots from the age of 3 until her death at age 7.
Wikipedia: Eric II, King of Norway
Wikipedia: Margaret of Scotland

July 25, 1336 – Birth of Albert, Count of Holland
Wikipedia: Albert, Count of Holland

July 25, 1404 – Birth of Philip, Duke of Brabant
Wikipedia: Philip, Duke of Brabant

July 25, 1409 – Death of Martin I, King of Sicily
Wikipedia: Martin I, King of Sicily

July 25, 1522 – Birth of Anna of Lorraine, Princess of Orange
Wikipedia: Anna of Lorraine, Princess of Orange

July 25, 1554 – Wedding of Queen Mary I of England and King Philip II of Spain at Winchester Cathedral in England
Wikipedia: Philip II of Spain
Wikipedia: Mary I of England

July 25, 1564 – Death of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
Wikipedia: Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor

July 25, 1603 – Coronation of King James I of England
James’ wife Anne of Denmark was crowned with him.
Wikipedia: James I of England

July 25, 1642 – Birth of Louis I, Prince of Monaco
Wikipedia: Louis I, Prince of Monaco

July 25, 1746 – Birth of Benedita of Portugal, Princess of Brazil
Wikipedia: Benedita of Portugal, Princess of Brazil

July 25, 1797 – Birth of Augusta of Hesse-Kassel, wife of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, at Rumpenheim Castle in Kassel (Germany)
Augusta is the grandmother of Queen Mary, wife of King George V of the United Kingdom.
Wikipedia: Augusta of Hesse-Kassel

July 25, 1819 – Wedding of Leopold of Baden & Sophie of Sweden
Wikipedia: Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden
Wikipedia: Sophie of Sweden

July 25, 1860 – Birth of Louise Margaret of Prussia, wife of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, at Marmorpalais in Potsdam, Prussia (Germany)
Full name: Luise Margarete Alexandra Victoria Agnes
Wikipedia: Louise Margaret of Prussia

July 25, 1876 – Birth of Elisabeth of Bavaria, wife of King Albert I of the Belgians, at Possenhofen Castle in Bavaria (Germany)
Full name: Elisabeth of Bavaria Gabriele Valérie Marie
Wikipedia: Elisabeth of Bavaria

July 25, 1938 – Death of Prince Franz I of Liechtenstein at Valtice, now in the Czech Republic; buried at the Liechtenstein Crypt in Vranov nearby Brno, Czech Republic
Wikipedia: Franz I of Liechtenstein

July 25, 1970 – Birth of Lord Nicholas Windsor, son of HRH The Duke of Kent, at University College Hospital in London, England
Full name: Nicholas Charles Edward Jonathan
Wikipedia: Lord Nicholas Windsor

July 25, 1996 – Birth of Princess Maria-Olympia of Greece, daughter of Crown Prince Pavlos, in New York, New York
Wikipedia: Princess Maria-Olympia of Greece

Royal News: Thursday 24 July 2014

Multiple Monarchies
Daily Mail: Qatar, Saudi rulers meet for Gaza cease-fire talks

Netherlands
Daily Mail: Tears for the MH17 crash victims: Dutch royals and grieving relatives watch as first bodies arrive back in Holland in dignified ceremony that shames Russia
Evening Standard: MH17 disaster: King and Queen of Netherlands lead day of mourning as plane tragedy victims flown back from Ukraine
Hello: Queen Maxima overcome with grief as Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 victims return to the Netherlands
Metro: Dutch queen’s tears for the victims of MH17 as 40 coffins touch down in Holland
Scotsman: MH17: Dutch king and queen to lead day of mourning

Serbia
Royal Family of Serbia: Kingdom of Serbia Association laid a wreath on behalf of the Crown Prince in Zeitenlik

Spain
Daily Mail: Queen of the selfies! A ‘very friendly’ Letizia poses for Twitter pic with fans on cinema date with King Felipe
Hello: Queen Letizia poses for selfie after cinema date with husband Felipe

United Kingdom
BBC: Glasgow 2014: Commonwealth Games begin at Celtic Park
British Monarchy: The Queen’s Message to the Athletes
Daily Mail: Queen Focuses on Commonwealth Bonds
Daily Mail: Queen Elizabeth arrives for Commonwealth Games
Daily Mail: ‘Shared ideals and ambitions’: The Queen highlights the ‘bonds that unite’ the Commonwealth – after fumble to open ‘Rubik’s Cube’ baton to find message
Daily Mail: Queen Arrives on Royal Train
Daily Mail: Sunset Shines For Her Majesty
Daily Mail: A holiday home fit for a queen! Country estate that caught the eye of Queen Victoria and was once home to radio pioneer Marconi goes on sale for £6.5m
Daily Mail: Is it Angela Merkel? Children in Commonwealth countries struggle to identify the Queen on the morning she is due to open Games in Glasgow
Daily Mail: Food fit for the Queen: Inside Buckingham Palace kitchens
Daily Mail: The Queen must not have shellfish and Prince Philip likes a lager with lunch: Members of elite club of chefs who cook for world’s leaders reveal some of their secrets
Daily Mail: Anyone know how to open this baton? Queen laughs in delight as Commonwealth boss and Sir Chris Hoy fumble to get her speech out of Games symbol
Daily Mail: Prince Charles squares up to a Jamaican boxer in Glasgow
Daily Mail: A glimpse of royals to come? Graphic designer creates image of what Prince George will look like at 18 (and it looks like he’ll be a real heart breaker)
Daily Mail: It’s a royal knockout! A beaming Prince Charles ‘squares up’ to a Jamaican boxer as he tours the athletes village in Glasgow
Daily Mail: Royal Couple to Watch Games Events
Express: Eyes of the world on Glasgow as Scotland hosts Commonwealth Games opening ceremony
Express: Were poppy seeds to blame for doping the Queen’s horse?
Getty Images: Royal Family & Celebrities At The Commonwealth Games
Guardian: Royal horse’s failed drug test unlikely to have long-term ramifications
Hello: Queen Elizabeth opens 2014 Commonwealth Games
Prince of Wales: Holyrood Week: Day three
Telegraph: Duchess of Cornwall poses for picture on admirer’s knee
Telegraph: Queen’s horse drug test: feed company blames poppy seeds for morphine in Estimate’s sample
Telegraph: Prince Charles surprised by giant squirrel

Make sure to get the latest news updates as soon as they’re posted. Register today as a member of Unofficial Royalty. It’s quick and easy, and completely free! Click the ‘Register’ link in the menu to the right.

Infanta Leonor, Princess of Asturias

Leonor_de_Borbón,_Princesa_de_Asturias

Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Infanta Leonor, Princess of Asturias and heir presumptive to the Spanish throne was born on October 31, 2005 at the Ruber International Clinic in Madrid, Spain. She is the elder of two daughters of King Felipe VI of Spain and his wife Queen Letizia (born Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano).

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Leonor with her parents; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Infanta Leonor was baptized on January 14, 2006 with water from the Jordan River, a royal custom. She was also given the additional names of de Todos los Santos (of All the Saints), a Bourbon tradition. Her godparents were her paternal grandparents, King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofía.

Infanta Leonor has one younger sibling, Infanta Sofía (born 2007).

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Infanta Sofía and Infanta Leonor in April 2014; Photo Credit – http://www.zimbio.com/

In 2008, Leonor began her formal schooling at Santa María de los Rosales School (link in Spanish) in Madrid, Spain, where her father attended until he was 16 and where her sister also attends. Leonor takes classes in Chinese and English, a language she also speaks with her nanny.

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Sofía and Leonor with their parents on Sofía’s first day of school; Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

On June 2, 2014, King Juan Carlos, Infanta Leonor’s grandfather, announced his intention to abdicate the throne in favor of his son. On June 18, 2014, King Juan Carlos signed the formal instrument of abdication and Felipe ascended the throne at midnight. At the same time, Leonor automatically became Princess of Asturias, a title given to the heir to the Spanish throne. King Felipe VI was sworn in and proclaimed as king on June 19, 2014 in a ceremony in the Congress of Deputies, the lower house of the Spanish legislature.

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Leonor, 2nd from the right, attends her father’s proclamation ceremony; Photo Credit – ceruleanchronicle.com

Besides holding the Princess of Asturias title, Leonor is also The Princess of Girona (Aragon), The Princess of Viana (Navarre) and holds the historical titles of Duchess of Montblanc, Countess of Cervera and Lady of Balaguer.  When she is 18 years of age, Leonor will be formally invested as the Princess of Asturias and will swear loyalty to the King, before the Spanish Parliament, taking an oath to discharge her duties faithfully, to abide by the Constitution and the law and ensure that they are abided by, and to respect the rights of citizens and the Autonomous Communities, fully undertaking her role as successor to the Crown.

Currently, Spain’s succession law is male-preference cognatic primogeniture. This means that Leonor, as the elder of King Felipe’s two daughters, is first in line to inherit the throne, and she is the heir presumptive. However, if her parents have a son, he would be the heir apparent and Leonor would forfeit the title of Princess of Asturias and the other titles to her brother. There have been discussions of changing the succession law to absolute primogeniture, where the eldest child, regardless of gender, inherits the throne, but no legislation has been forthcoming.

Read more about the Spanish Royal Family here.

 

Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden

Victoria

Photo Credit – Copyright http://www.kungahuset.se/royalcourt

Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, Duchess of Västergötland (Victoria Ingrid Alice Désirée) was born July 14, 1977 at Karolinska University Hospital in Solna, Sweden. She is the eldest of the three children of King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden and his wife Queen Silvia (née Silvia Sommerlath). Victoria is descended from Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom from two lines. Victoria’s paternal grandfather, Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden, was the son of Princess Margaret of Connaught who was the daughter of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, Queen Victoria’s seventh child and third son.  Additionally, her paternal grandmother, born Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was the daughter of Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the posthumous child of Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany who was Queen Victoria’s eighth child and youngest son.

Crown Princess Victoria has two younger siblings: Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland (born 1979) and Princess Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland  (born 1982).

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Victoria in the pink hat with her parents and siblings; Photo Credit – www.hellomagazine.com

In 1979, the Riksdag, the Swedish legislature, introduced an Act of Succession that changed the succession to absolute primogeniture, meaning that the eldest child of the monarch, regardless of gender, is first in the line of succession. This Act of Succession became law on January 1, 1980, making Sweden the first country to adopt absolute primogeniture. The previous 1810 Act of Succession allowed for only males to inherit the throne. Victoria’s brother Carl Philip had been born Crown Prince in May 1979 and retained his title and first place in the succession for seven months until January 1, 1980, when his elder sister became Crown Princess and heir apparent. Since 1980, two other princesses have joined Crown Princess Victoria as heir apparent: Catharina-Amalia, Princess of Orange who is the heir apparent to the Dutch throne and Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant who is the heir apparent to the Belgian throne. Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway, the eldest child of Crown Prince Haakon of Noway, is also in a position to be an heir apparent as Norway’s succession is also absolute primogeniture.

Crown Princess Victoria’s education was well planned and covered many aspects.

  • Västerled Parish Preschool in Stockholm, Sweden from 1982-84
  • Smedslättsskolan, a municipal elementary school in Smedslätten, Bromma, Stockholm,  completed junior level, 1984-1986 (link translated from Swedish)
  • Ålstenskolan, a municipal elementary school in Ålsten, Bromma, Stockholm, completed intermediate level, 1986-1989 (link translated from Swedish)
  • Enskilda Gymnasiet, a prestigious independent secondary school in Tegnérlunden, in central Stockholm, followed a science and social studies program, 1989-1996
  • Centre International D’Études Françaises at the Université Catholique de L’Ouest in Angers, France, studied French, 1996-1997
  • Specially designed program to gain a general insight into the workings of the Riksdag (the Swedish Parliament) and the Swedish Government, 1997
  • Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, USA: studied Political Science and History, 1998-2000
  • Worked at the Swedish Embassy in Washington DC, May 1999
  • Studied conflict resolution and international peace-building, 2000
  • Studied the Presidency of the European Union, 2001
  • Followed a study program at the offices of the Swedish Government, 2001
  • Completed a study program at the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, and spent time in Uganda and Ethiopia, Spring 2002
  • Worked at the United Nations in New York, June – September 2002
  • Completed an internship with the Swedish Trade Council in Berlin and Paris, Autumn 2002
  • Study and work experience program in Swedish agriculture and forestry, 2003
  • Completed basic military training at the Swedish Armed Forces International Centre, 2003
  • Studied at the Swedish National Defense College in Stockholm focusing on political science, international relations and conflict resolution, 2004
  • Traveled to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to study international aid efforts in these countries, 2005
  • Followed the work of the Swedish Embassy in China and traveled in order to gain insights in the Chinese community, Autumn 2005
  • Diplomatic program at the Swedish Foreign Ministry which lasted for one academic year and included lectures, seminars and group work, 2006-2007
  • Internship at the Permanent Representation of Sweden to the European Union, 2007-2008
  • Uppsala University, received a Bachelor of Science degree with a major in Peace and Conflict Studies in 2009
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Crown Princess Victoria during her basic military training in 2003; Photo Credit – Copyright http://www.kungahuset.se/royalcourt – Jan Collsioo/Scanpix

Crown Princess Victoria’s Fund (link in Swedish) was established in 1997 to provide support for recreational activities for children and young people with disabilities or chronic illnesses. Radiohjälpen, the fund-raising branch of Sveriges Television, the Swedish national TV and radio stations, runs an annual fund-raising drive in support of Crown Princess Victoria’s Fund.  The work this fund does is very important to the Crown Princess. Each year Victoria visits several clubs or projects that have been granted money. These visits are not announced in the official royal diary but kept private. Sveriges Television accompanies her and airs short programs from these visits at some time during the year.

In November of 1997, the Swedish Royal Court announced that Victoria had an eating disorder after a period of much speculation in the press. Victoria had intended to attend Uppsala University in Sweden, but those plans were changed. Instead, she spent two years studying at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. This allowed Victoria to lead an anonymous life while getting professional help and recovering without having to worry about media speculations or being recognized on the streets.

In 2002, the Swedish media began to report that Crown Princess Victoria had begun a romance with Daniel Westling, a personal trainer and gym owner, which she refused to confirm. Victoria first met Daniel Westling in 2001 when he became her personal trainer at the gym he owned in Stockholm. It was at a friend’s birthday party in 2002 where photographers caught a kiss between the two, fueling the interest into Victoria’s personal life. Despite some public opinion against Daniel as a potential spouse for the princess due to his “common” background, Victoria made it clear that one’s background was not the deciding factor in marriage, but rather the happiness shared by the couple. Speculation increased in July 2008 when Daniel moved to a rental apartment in a wing of Drottningholm Palace. Many believed this was to allow him to be groomed for the role as consort to the Crown Princess. The engagement of Crown Princess Victoria to Mr. Daniel Westling was announced by the Royal Palace on February 24, 2009. The announcement indicated that after the wedding Daniel Westling would be known as Prince Daniel, Duke of Västergötland, duke being the male counterpart of Victoria’s title Duchess of Västergötland. Another announcement in May 2010 said that Westling would be granted the style His Royal Highness upon marriage.

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Announcing the engagement; Photo Credit – www.dailymail.co.uk

The wedding was held at Stockholm Cathedral also known as Storkyrkan on June 19, 2010. One Canadian reporter said it was “Europe’s biggest royal wedding since the Prince of Wales married Lady Diana Spencer in 1981.” There were 1,200 invited guests and 500,000 people lined Stockholm’s streets. It was the biggest event that has ever been covered on television in Stockholm, according to Sveriges Television, the Swedish national public TV broadcaster. Read more about the wedding at Unofficial Royalty: Wedding of Crown Princess Victoria and Daniel Westling.

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Crown Princess Victoria and Prince Daniel greeting people in the streets of Stockholm; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

On August 17, 2011, the Swedish Royal Court announced that Crown Princess Victoria was expecting the couple’s first child in March 2012. On February 23, 2012, Victoria gave birth to a baby girl at the Karolinska University Hospital Hospital in Solna, Sweden. Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland (Estelle Silvia Ewa Mary) is second in line to the Swedish throne and will remain in that position even if she has a brother.

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Princess Estelle with her parents at the wedding of her aunt, Princess Madeleine, on June 8, 2013; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Read more about the Swedish Royal Family here.

July 24: Today in Royal History

William, Duke of Gloucester, Photo Credit – Wikipedia

July 24, 1115 – Death of Matilda, Countess of Tuscany
Matilda is remembered for her extensive military defenses of her territories and papal lands against Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
Wikipedia: Matilda, Countess of Tuscany

July 24, 1328 – Death of Isabella of Castile, Queen of Aragon
Wikipedia: Isabella of Castile, Queen of Aragon

July 24, 1561 – Birth of Maria of Palatinate-Simmern, Duchess of Södermanland
Maria was the first wife of Charles IX, King of Sweden. She died in 1589, before her husband became king.
Wikipedia: Maria of Palatinate-Simmern, Duchess of Södermanland

July 24, 1567 – Mary, Queen of Scots forced to abdicate her throne to her 1-year-old son King James VI of Scotland, the future King James I of England
Wikipedia: Mary, Queen of Scots
Wikipedia: James VI/I

July 24, 1568 – Death of Don Carlos of Spain, Prince of Asturias
Wikipedia: Don Carlos of Spain, Prince of Asturias

July 24, 1689 – Birth of William, Duke of Gloucester, son of Queen Anne of Great Britain, at Hampton Court Palace in Richmond, England
William was the only one of Queen Anne’s numerous children to survive a significant amount of time. A sickly child, who suffered from hydrocephalus, he died at age 11. The main street in Williamsburg in Virginia, the colonial capital of Virginia, was named after him. If you visit Colonial Williamsburg, you can walk on Duke of Gloucester Street which runs from the House of Burgesses to the main entrance of The College of William and Mary. It’s called DOG Street by the locals and college students.
Wikipedia: William, Duke of Gloucester

July 24, 1759 – Birth of Victor Emmanuel I, King of Sardinia
Wikipedia: Victor Emmanuel I, King of Sardinia

July 24, 1817 – Birth of Grand Duke Adolphe of Luxembourg at Biebrich Palace in Wiesbaden (Germany)
Adolphe became Grand Duke upon the accession of Queen Wilhelmina to the Dutch throne. The three previous kings of the Netherlands had also been Grand Dukes of Luxembourg. However, because of the Salic Law, Wilhelmina could not succeed to the throne of Luxembourg.
Wikipedia: Adolphe of Luxembourg

July 24, 1860 – Birth of Princess Charlotte of Prussia, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, at Neues Palais in Potsdam, Prussia (Germany)
Full name: Viktoria Elisabeth Auguste Charlotte
Princess Charlotte was the daughter of Victoria, Princess Royal and Frederick III, German Emperor. She married her second cousin Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen.
Wikipedia: Princess Charlotte of Prussia

Royal News: Wednesday 23 July 2014

Belgium
Expatica: Belgian king asks centre-right leaders to form government

Netherlands
Expatica: Dutch national day of mourning for MH17 victims Wednesday

Spain
Daily Mail: I’ll meet them on the stairs! French President Francois Hollande stands two steps higher than lofty King Felipe and Queen Letizia of Spain as he greets them in Paris
Fox News Latino: Spain’s Felipe VI, France’s Hollande to give Europe “new impetus”
Getty Images: King Felipe VI Of Spain On Official Visit In France
Hello: Queen Letizia is the picture of elegance on French visit

Thailand
Times of India: Thai princess meets Nobel laureate Amartya Sen
Wall Street Journal: Thai King Approves Interim Constitution
Z News: Thailand Princess wanted to study in Tagore’s Shantiniketan

United Kingdom
BBC: Queen’s horse Estimate tests positive for morphine
BBC: ‘Fair Rosamund’ well to be restored at Blenheim Palace
BBC: Does Leicester’s Richard III centre live up to the hype?
BBC: Prince Charles visits Glendelvine squirrel sanctuary
BBC: Birthday celebrations for Prince George
BBC: In pictures: Prince George’s first year
CNN: Prince George at one: Profile and protection
Daily Mail: As Royal mother-of-two dazzles on Spanish beach… How Sophie got red hot at 49
Daily Mail: A year in the life of a prince: As George turns one FEMAIL takes a look at his first year in pictures (prepare to coo)
Daily Mail: Queen’s Gold Cup winning racehorse tests positive for morphine after ‘eating contaminated food’
Daily Mail: A guest list fit for a prince! The Queen joins Harry, Zara and Kate at Kensington Palace (and Granny Middleton is there too)
Daily Mail: New throne, Camilla? The Duchess of Cornwall gets the giggles as she is offered a seat on a Scottish bakery manager’s knee
Daily Mail: How a year has fluttered by: Prince George’s meeting with a butterfly captured in new pictures released to mark him turning one
Duke and Duchess of Cambridge: Prince George’s First Birthday
Edinburgh Reporter: The Duchess of Rothesay visits The Assembly Rooms
Evening Standard: Prince George plays with butterfly in new pictures released to celebrate young Royal’s first birthday
Express: Queen’s horse which won at Royal Ascot tests positive for banned substance morphine
Express: Prince George effect! Toddler shifts attitudes to Royals as new official photos released
Express: Great granny is guest of honour as Prince George enjoys jam sandwiches on 1st birthday
Express: ‘He was most taken by it’ Prince Charles given toy squirrel as birthday present for George
Getty Images: Investitures at Buckingham Palace
Getty Images: The Duchess Of Cornwall Attends The Fashion Festival In Edinburgh
Getty Images: Prince George Of Cambridge Turns 1
Getty Images: (FILE) Prince George Of Cambridge Turns One
Guardian: Richard III visitor centre in Leicester opens its doors to the public
Guardian: Prince George in dungarees: why his retro style rules
Hello: The Queen and the Countess of Wessex to attend Glasgow 2014 Opening Ceremony
Hello: Kate and birthday boy Prince George visit the Queen and Prince Philip ahead of party
Hello: Guests arrive at Kensington Palace for Prince George’s first birthday
Hello: Prince George birthday: celebrations begin at Kensington Palace
Mirror: Prince George’s busy birthday – and a really royal party
Mirror: Happy Birthday Prince George: 12 things we’ve learned about the royal tot in his first year
Mirror: Prince George’s Birthday: The 50 reasons why we love the world’s most famous baby
Mirror: Going solo: Kate Middleton to visit Malta on first foreign royal tour without Wills
Mirror: One turns one: Prince George’s fun-filled first year in pictures as he celebrates his birthday
Prince of Wales: The Sights and Sounds of Scotland – Holyrood Week
Prince of Wales: Holyrood Week: Day Two
Telegraph: Kate’s style hits and misses
Telegraph: Queen’s racehorse tests positive for morphine
Telegraph: Prince George’s first birthday: Queen and Prince Harry attend ‘low key’ party at Palace
Telegraph: The royals who love jazz
Telegraph: Duchess of Cambridge is related to Beatrix Potter
Telegraph: Obituary – The 11th Marquess of Sligo
USA Today: Prince George is king of the world on first birthday

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Princess Elisabeth of Belgium, Duchess of Brabant

Elisabeth_Belgium

Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant (Elisabeth Therese Maria Helena) was born on October 25, 2001 at Erasmus Hospital in Anderlecht, Brussels, Belgium. She is the oldest of four children of King Philippe of the Belgians and Queen Mathilde (née Mathilde d’Udekem d’Acoz). Elisabeth has two brothers and a sister: Prince Gabriel (born 2003), Prince Emmanuel (born 2005), and Princess Eléonore (born 2008).

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Princess Elisabeth with her parents; Photo Credit – http://www.hellomagazine.com

On July 21, 2013, Elisabeth’s grandfather King Albert II abdicated in favor of her father who became King Philippe of the Belgians. Belgium had changed its succession law in 1991 to absolute primogeniture where the succession passes to the eldest child of the sovereign regardless of gender. Males and females have equal succession rights. This means that Elisabeth is the heir apparent and comes first in the line of succession as the eldest child. She is expected to become the first Belgian Queen Regnant.  Elisabeth automatically became Duchess of Brabant, the title used by the female heirs to the Belgian throne and the wives of male heirs.

Belgian royal family

July 21, 2013 on the balcony of the Royal Palace in Brussels; Front: Princess Eléonore, Prince Gabriel, the new heir to the throne the Duchess of Brabant (Princess Elisabeth), Prince Emmanuel, Back: Queen Mathilde, King Philippe, Photo Credit: BBC, via AFP

Princess Elisabeth is currently a student at Sint-Jan Berchmanscollege in the Marolles district of Brussels, the capital of Belgium. The children of Elisabeth’s aunt Princess Astrid  attended this school. Instruction is in Dutch. This is the first time that a future Belgian monarch’s education began in a language other than French. Two of Elisabeth’s siblings, Prince Gabriel and Princess Eléonore, also attend Sint-Jan Berchmanscollege.

In 2011, nine year old Princess Elisabeth gave her first public speech (in Dutch) at the opening of a children’s hospital named after her, the Princess Elisabeth Children’s Hospital in Ghent, Belgium. Her speech was short, and even giving a speech was very unconventional for young royals. Princess Elisabeth said: “Ladies and Gentlemen, I am very happy that I can give my name to this new children’s hospital today. Together with you, I hope that many children will find help here. I know they can count on your daily commitment. The Princess Elisabeth Children’s Hospital now gets a special place in my heart.”

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Princess Elisabeth giving her speech, with her parents; www.royaltyinthenews.com

On July 5, 2014, Princess Elisabeth along with her cousin Princess Louise, daughter of Prince Laurent of Belgium, were bridesmaids at the wedding of their cousin Prince Amedeo of Belgum, Archduke of Austria-Este in Rome, Italy.  Prince Amedeo is the son of the princesses’ aunt, Princess Astrid.

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Princess Elisabeth on the right with her cousin Princess Louise on the left at the wedding of their cousin Prince Amedeo

Read more about the Belgian Royal Family here!

Prince Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg

Guillaume_Luxemburg

Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Prince Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg (Guillaume Jean Joseph Marie) was born on November 11, 1981 at the Grand Duchess Charlotte Maternity Hospital in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg. He is the eldest of five children of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg and Cuban born María Teresa Mestre y Batista-Falla, and the heir to the Luxembourg throne. Guillaume has three brothers and one sister: Prince Félix (born 1984), Prince Louis (born 1986), Princess Alexandra (born 1991) and Prince Sébastien (born 1992).

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The Princely Family in 2009; Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

Prince Guillaume attended Lorentzweiler Primary School in Lorentzweiler, a small town in Luxembourg. He then completed his lower secondary education at Lycée Robert-Schumann Luxembourg in Luxembourg City, the capital of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Guillaume completed his secondary education at Collège Alpin International Beau Soleil in Villars-sur-Ollon, Switzerland where he passed his French Baccalaureate in 2001.

From September 2001 until August 2002, Guillaume underwent officer training at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in the United Kingdom. He was commissioned as an officer in the Luxembourg Army in December 2002 and currently holds the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. In June 2009, Guillaume was awarded a Bachelor degree with distinction in Humanities and Languages with a specialization in Political Science at the University of Angers in France. He is fluent in Luxembourgish, French, English, German and Spanish.

Prince Guillaume is interested in politics, economics, and philosophy. His favorite books
include biographies and historical novels. He enjoys music, both classical and modern,
and plays piano and guitar. As a child, he sang in a boys’ choir, the Pueri Cantores Choir of Luxembourg. While in school in Switzerland, he was a singer in the school rock band and participated in several school plays. Guillaume loves sports, particularly football (soccer), tennis, skiing, swimming and water sports.

Guillaume became Hereditary Grand Duke in 2000 when his father acceded to the throne upon the abdication of his grandfather, Grand Duke Jean (born 1921).  The Hereditary Grand Duke is a member of the State Council (Conseil d’Etat), composed of twenty-one citizens citizens which advises the Chamber of Deputies, the legislature of Luxembourg, in the drafting of legislation.

Prince Guillaume participates in the administration and fundraising of the following organizations:

Prince Guillaume, first met Countess Stéphanie de Lanoy, (born 1984 in Ronse, East Flanders, Belgium to a Belgian noble family) when they were introduced by friends in Germany eight years before they married. They did not see each other until they met again about five years later and that was when they fell in love. Guillaume proposed to Stéphanie three weeks prior to announcement of their engagement on April 26, 2012.  The couple were married in a civil ceremony at the City Hall in Luxembourg City, on October 19, 2012. Their religious wedding took place on October 20, 2012 at Notre-Dame Cathedral in Luxembourg City.

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The couple exiting Town Hall after the civil marriage; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Guillaume_religious wedding

Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

Read more about the Princely Family of Luxembourg here!