Royal News: Wednesday 23 August 2017

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Luise of Austria, Crown Princess of Saxony

source: Wikipedia

Luise of Austria, Crown Princess of Saxony

Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany, was the wife of King Friedrich August III, the last King of Saxony. She was born in Salzburg, Austria on September 2, 1870 and given the following names – Luise Antoinette Maria Theresia Josepha Johanna Leopoldine Caroline Ferdinande Alice Ernestine. Luise was the second child of Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and his second wife, Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma. She had nine siblings and one half-sister from her father’s first marriage:

  • Archduchess Maria Antonietta (1858) – unmarried
  • Archduke Leopold Ferdinand (1868) – married (1) Wilhelmine Adamovicz, no issue; (2) Maria Magdalena Ritter, no issue; (3) Clara Hedwig Pawlowski, no issue
  • Archduke Josef Ferdinand (1872) – married (1) Rosa Kaltenbrunner, no issue; (2) Gertrud Tomanek, had issue
  • Archduke Peter Ferdinand, Prince of Tuscany (1874) – married Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, had issue
  • Archduke Heinrich Ferdinand (1878) – married Maria Ludescher, had issue
  • Archduchess Anna Maria Theresia (1879) – married Johannes, Prince of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein, had issue
  • Archduchess Margareta (1881) – unmarried
  • Archduchess Germana (1884) – unmarried
  • Archduke Robert (1885) – unmarried
  • Archduchess Agnes (1891) – unmarried

Friedrich August. source: Wikipedia

In her youth, Luise was seen as a potential bride by several foreign royals, including the future King Ferdinand I of Bulgaria, and Prince Pedro Augusto of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, a grandson of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil. But the spoiled young Luise found no attraction to any of them. Then, in the summer of 1887, she met Prince Friedrich August of Saxony at Pillnitz Castle. He was the son of the future King Georg of Saxony and Infanta Maria Ana of Portugal. The two fell in love, and married in Vienna on November 21, 1891. They went on to have six children:

Luise and Friedrich August with some of their children, c1901. source: Wikipedia

From the beginning of her marriage, Luise was unhappy. She was unwilling to conform to the strict Saxon court which often caused conflicts with her father-in-law and others in the royal family. However, she was immensely popular with the Saxon people, and often overshadowed other members of the family which further added to their frustration with her. She sought refuge in several affairs, including her children’s French tutor, André Giron. Her affair with Giron was discovered when a telegram she sent him was intercepted.

This was the last straw for her father-in-law, who threatened to have her committed to a mental asylum. With the help of two of her maids, Luise – pregnant with her youngest child – fled Dresden and headed toward Lake Geneva where she met up with her brother, Leopold Ferdinand, before reconnecting with Giron. As news of the scandal reached Saxony, Luise’s in-laws were hurt and embarrassed… and most of all, mad. Almost immediately, King Georg established a special court in order to end the marriage between Luise and Friedrich August. Meanwhile, Luise and Giron stayed in Geneva, often being seeing in public. Their relationship ended just a few days before her divorce was announced on February 11, 1903.

When her daughter Anna Monika Pia was born several months later, the child’s paternity was questioned. After an examination by a maternity doctor from Dresden, he stated that the baby was in fact the child of the Crown Prince. Friedrich August willingly acknowledged the child as his own. In July 1903, King Georg granted Luise an allowance and the title Countess of Montignoso. In exchange, he demanded that the child be brought back to Dresden to be raised with the other children. Luise, of course, refused.

Over the next year, Luise moved frequently, living in France, England, Switzerland and then Italy. She soon tried to negotiate an increased in her allowance in exchange for returning her daughter. However, at the last minute she changed her mind.

In September 1907, Luise married for a second time. Her new husband was Enrico Toselli, an Italian musician 12 years her younger. They had a son, Carlo, born in May 1908. Soon after this marriage, her first husband found their daughter and had her brought back to Dresden. She also separated from her second husband, and they were divorced four years later.

Luise caused even more of a scandal in 1911 when her memoirs were published, detailing her time in Saxony, her marriage, and her fall from grace. She cast the blame primarily on her father-in-law and the Saxon courtiers who feared her influence when she became Queen. She claimed that the royal family were jealous of her popularity – a fact which is without question. As Crown Princess, Luise was immensely popular with the Saxon people, partially because she refused to conform to the strict etiquette and protocol of the Court. While her book brought her much sympathy and support, it also brought her further rejection. Many – particularly amongst royal circles – felt that she brought disgrace to the monarchy by airing her dirty laundry in such a way.

After World War I, Luise found herself virtually penniless. She had lost all of her Austrian titles and assets upon her second marriage, and with the end of the Austrian Empire, lost the little financial support that she had continued to receive from a few relatives. She spent some time living in Spain with an uncle before moving to Belgium where she spent the remainder of her life.

Church of the Redeemer, Hedinger Monastery, Sigmaringen. photo by Andrzej Otrębski – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=38409030

The former Crown Princess Luise of Saxony, Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Tuscany died in Brussels on March 23, 1947. At the time, she was working as a flower seller to survive. Her urn was placed in the Hedingen monastery in Sigmaringen, the traditional burial place of the House of Hohenzollern.

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August 23: Today in Royal History

King Louis XVI of France; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

August 23, 1740 – Birth Tsar Ivan VI of Russia in St. Petersburg, Russia
Wikipedia: Tsar Ivan VI of Russia

August 23, 1754 – Birth of King Louis XVI of France at the Palace of Versailles
Unofficial Royalty: King Louis XVI of France

August 23, 1836 – Birth of Marie Henriette of Austria, wife of King Leopold II of the Belgians, at Buda Castle in Budapest, Hungary
Unofficial Royalty: Marie Henriette of Austria, Queen of the Belgians

August 23, 1951- Birth of Lisa Najeeb Halaby, Queen Noor of Jordan, fourth wife of King Hussein I of Jordan, in Washington, DC
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Noor of Jordan

Royal News: Tuesday 22 August 2017

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August 22: Today in Royal History

King Leopold II of Belgium and Marie Henriette of Austria; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

August 22, 1350 – Death of King Philip VI of France at Nogent-le-Roi in Eure-et-Loir, France; buried at St. Denis Basilica near Paris
Wikipedia: King Philip VI of France

August 22, 1358 – Death of Isabella of France, wife of King Edward II of England, at Castle Rising in Norfolk, England, buried at Grey Friars Church in Newgate, London, England
Unofficial Royalty: Isabella of France, Queen of England

August 22, 1485 – Death of King Richard III of England at the Battle of Bosworth Field; Henry Tudor becomes King Henry VII of England
Unofficial Royalty: Richard III: Lost and Found
Unofficial Royalty: King Richard III of England
Unofficial Royalty: King Henry VII of England

August 22, 1642 – English Civil War begins when King Charles I of England calls Parliament and its soldiers traitors and raises his standard against the Parliamentarian Army in Nottingham
Wikipedia: English Civil War

August 22, 1658 – Birth of Johann Ernst IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld in Gotha, Saxe-Gotha (Germany)
Wikipedia: Johann Ernst IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

August 22, 1705 – Wedding of King George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach at Schloss Herrenhausen in Hanover (Germany)
Unofficial Royalty: King George II of Great Britain
Unofficial Royalty: Caroline of Ansbach, Queen of Great Britain

August 22, 1853 – Wedding of King Leopold II of the Belgians and Marie Henriette of Austria
Unofficial Royalty: King Leopold II of the Belgians
Unofficial Royalty: Marie-Henriette of Austria

August 22, 1860 – Birth of Eleonore of Reuss-Köstritz, second wife of Tsar Ferdinand of Bulgaria, in Trebschen, Prussia (Poland)
Full name: Eleonore Caroline Gasparine Louise
Unofficial Royalty: Eleonore of Reuss-Köstritz

August 22, 1878 – Death of Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, fourth wife of Ferdinand VII of Spain, at Le Havre, France; buried at the Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo El Real in Spain
Unofficial Royalty: Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain

August 22, 1893 – Death of Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha at Reinhardsbrunn Castle in Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Germany); buried at Moritzkirche in Coburg (Germany)
Ernest was the brother of Prince Albert, Queen Victoria’s husband.
Unofficial Royalty: Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Royal News: Monday, 21 August 2017

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Denmark
Daily Mail: Lady in red! Princess Mary is radiant in rouge as she teams a floral frock with nude heels and a Hugo Boss clutch while visiting a hospital in Denmark
Daily Mail: ‘She would love to be here’: Prince Frederik sails solo at Hamilton Island Race Week as he says Princess Mary ‘chose to stay home’ after their twins started school

Malaysia
Daily Mail: Malaysian sultan strikes equestrian gold in SEA Games

Multiple Monarchies
Getty Images: The Royal Week: August 14 – August 20

Norway
Norway Today: King Harald touring the US next week
Norway Today: A private celebration for Crown Princess Mette-Marit’s 44th birthday
Norway Today: South Korean tenor won Queen Sonja’s music competition

Spain
Daily Mail: Defiant Spanish King and Queen lead dignitaries attending Mass at Barcelona’s iconic Sagrada Familia just three days after ISIS jihadis planned to destroy the cathedral
Getty Images: Spanish Royals Attend Mass For Victims Terror Attacks

UK
Daily Mail: From a hand-me-down bracelet given to her by William to the necklace that the Princess of Wales inspired her to buy, how Kate’s jewelry box is a tribute to Diana
Daily Mail: Prince of Wales has had negative impact on royals, 27% of people say in poll
Daily Mail: In her hands Diana had a photo of her sons – and Mother Theresa’s rosary beads: Minute by shattering minute, the day that dawned with news of unimaginable horror
Daily Mail: Charles’s popularity plummets amid the 20th anniversary of Diana’s death: Just a third of Britons think he’s doing a good job while only 14% want Camilla to be Queen, according to shocking new poll
Daily Mail: Harry’s undercover airport pick-ups: The prince has been secretly collecting Meghan Markle from Heathrow ‘for months’ claim insiders
Daily Mail: The Royal Family put on a united front: After keeping a low-profile on the 20th anniversary of Diana’s death the Firm attend church together – as elegant Kate recycles £369 Hobbs coat
Daily Mail: Diana and Kate united by common touch in approach to royal duties
Daily Mail: Balcony kiss defining image of wedding day
Daily Mail: Queen will NOT stand aside to let Charles take her duties: Officials seek to quash rumors monarch will make him Prince Regent
Daily Mail: Retired lawyer who witnessed Princess Diana’s fatal car crash claims ‘nonchalant’ emergency services ‘did not do enough to save her’
Daily Mail: Diana’s former private secretary claims the Princess didn’t love Dodi Fayed and only wanted a ‘summer of fun’ on his yacht
Daily Mail: Secret tape of Di call to George: How Princess Diana told George Michael of her ‘grim’ divorce in astonishing phone call as she split from Charles and his ‘unloving family’
Daily Mail: Diana´s appeal undiminished nearly 20 years after death
Daily Mail: Newly rediscovered letters reveal how Mother Teresa inspired Princess Diana to turn to charity work after they met as the royal’s marriage fell apart
Daily Record: ‘They could have done more to save Diana’ Witness finally lifts lid on suspicious delays 20 years on
Express: Diana’s affair with Dodi Fayed ‘would not have lasted beyond the summer’
Express: ‘I always thought it was suspicious’ Witness who saw Diana’s car crash breaks silence
Express: Royals put on united front for church service after Queen refuses to abdicate for Charles
Express: REVEALED: 44 per cent of Britons think Princess Diana SAVED the Royal Family
Express: Prince Philip told Blair aides to ‘f*** off’ over princes walking behind Diana’s coffin
Express: ‘Not a loving family’ Princess Diana pours heart out over ‘grim’ divorce to George Michael
Express: Queen will not abdicate throne for Prince Charles declaring ‘the nation comes first’
Hello: Prince William and Kate join royal family for church service during their summer break

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Friedrich August III, King of Saxony

source: Wikipedia

Friedrich August III, King of Saxony

King Friedrich August III was the last King of Saxony, reigning from 1904 until 1918. He was born Friedrich August Johann Ludwig Karl Gustav Gregor Philipp on May 25, 1865 in Dresden, the eldest son of King Georg of Saxony and Infanta Maria Ana of Portugal. He had seven siblings:

Luise of Austria. source: Wikipedia

Friedrich August began his military career at age 12, entering the Saxon Army as a second lieutenant, and serving with various regiments over the next 27 years before his accession to the throne. During this time, on November 21, 1891, he married Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany, the daughter of Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma. They had seven children:

The marriage quickly broke down, as Luise was unwilling to conform to the strict protocols of the Saxon court, and Friedrich August failed to stand up for her or support her. She began an affair with their children’s tutor, and caused quite a scandal. Friedrich August’s father threatened to have her interned at a mental asylum in 1902, which led to Luise fleeing the country while pregnant with their youngest child. The marriage ended in divorce, by royal decree of King Georg in 1903.

The following year, Friedrich August became King upon his father’s death on October 15, 1904. Much more popular than his father had been, he worked to strengthen the Saxon economy, and increase the right to vote for all citizens. By the end of World War I, unrest had reached most of the major cities in Saxony. Unlike many of his peers, Friedrich August refused to suppress the uprisings by military force. Instead, on November 13, 1918, he released the allegiance of his military, and formally abdicated the Saxon throne, bringing about the end of the monarchy.

Friedrich August III with his children, c1914. source: Wikipedia

He retired to Sibyllenort Castle in Lower Silesia (now Poland) where he would live out the rest of his life. He spent his time hunting, and traveling around the world. King Friedrich August III died at Sibyllenort on February 18, 1932 after suffering a stroke. His remains were brought to Dresden where he was buried in the Wettin Crypt at the Dresden Cathedral, formerly known as the Katholische Hofkirche (Catholic Church of the Royal Court of Saxony).

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August 21: Today in Royal History

King William IV of the United Kingdom; Credit – Wikipedia

August 21, 1643 – Birth of King Afonso VI of Portugal at Ribeira Palace in Lisbon, Portugal
Wikipedia: King Afonso VI of Portugal

August 21, 1745 – Wedding of Tsar Peter III of Russia and Sophia of Anhalt-Zerbst (Empress Catherine II “the Great”) in St. Petersburg, Russia
Wikipedia: Tsar Peter III of Russia
Wikipedia: Empress Catherine II “the Great”

August 21, 1765 – Birth of King William IV of the United Kingdom at Buckingham House in London, England
Full name: William Henry
Unofficial Royalty: King William IV of the United Kingdom

August 21, 1813 – Death of Sofia Magdalena of Denmark and Norway, wife of King Gustav III of Sweden, at Ulriksdal Palace in Sweden; buried at Riddarholmen Church in Stockholm, Sweden
Unofficial Royalty: Sofia Magdalena of Denmark and Norway, Queen of Sweden

August 21, 1858 – Birth of Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, son of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria, at Schloss Laxenburg, near Vienna, Austria
Wikipedia: Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria

August 21, 1930 – Birth of Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom, daughter of King George VI of the United Kingdom, at Glamis Castle in Glamis, Angus, Scotland
Full name: Margaret Rose
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom

August 21, 1963 – Birth of King Mohammed VI of Morocco in Rabat, Morocco
Unofficial Royalty: King Mohammed VI of Morocco

Royal News: Sunday 20 August 2017

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Hello: Royal highlights of August 2017

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Royal Birthdays & Anniversaries: August 20 – 26

Prince Gabriel of Belgium; Photo Credit – https://www.monarchie.be

14th birthday of Prince Gabriel of Belgium, son of King Philippe of the Belgians; born in Anderlecht, Belgium on August 20, 2003
Full name: Gabriel Baudouin Charles Marie
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Gabriel of Belgium

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King Mohammed V of Morocco; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

54th birthday of King Mohammed VI of Morocco; born in Rabat, Morocco on August 21, 1963
Unofficial Royalty: King Mohammed VI of Morocco

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Queen Noor of Jordan, Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

66th birthday of Queen Noor of Jordan, fourth wife of King Hussein of Jordan; born in Washington, DC on August 23, 1951
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Noor of Jordan

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Crown Prince Haakon of Norway and Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby, Photo Credit – http://www.royalcourt.no, Tor Richardsen, Scanpix

16th wedding anniversary of Crown Prince Haakon of Norway and Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby; married at Oslo Cathedral on August 25, 2001
Unofficial Royalty: Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway
Unofficial Royalty: Mette-Marit, Crown Princess of Norway
Unofficial Royalty: Wedding of Crown Prince Haakon of Norway and Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby (to be published August 25, 2017)

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Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

73rd birthday of Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester; born at Barnwell Manor in Northamptonshire, England on August 26, 1944
Full name: Richard Alexander Walter George
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester

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Princess Maria Laura of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este on right with her brother Prince Joachim of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este, Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

29th birthday of Princess Maria Laura of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este, daughter of Princess Astrid of Belgium; born at the University Clinic St. Luc in Woluwe-St-Lambert, Belgium on August 26, 1988
Full Name: Maria Laura Zita Beatrix Gerhard
Wikipedia: Princess Maria Laura of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este

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