Royal News: Wednesday 24 August 2016

Doing some shopping on Amazon.com? Please remember to use our Amazon link – found at the top of the right-hand column on every page of our site. It costs you nothing, and every purchase made through that link helps to support Unofficial Royalty, so that we can continue to bring you the royal news and features every day. Thank you!

Denmark

Jordan

Nepal

Norway

Saudi Arabia

Sweden

United Kingdom

Isabella of Angoulême, Queen of England

by Susan Flantzer

Isabella of Angoulême’s effigy; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Isabella, Duchess of Angoulême (in her own right) and Queen of England (wife of King John) was born around 1188, probably in the County of Angoulême, today in southwest France. She was the only child of Aymer III, Count of Angoulême and Alice of Courtenay, a French noblewoman of the House of Courtenay and a granddaughter of King Louis VI of France.

When Isabella was 12 years old, she was betrothed to Hugh de Lusignan, the heir of Hugh IX de Lusignan, Count of La Marche. This marriage would have joined La Marche and Angoulême, and the de Lusignan family would then control a vast, rich and strategic territory between the two Plantagenet strongholds, Bordeaux and Poitier. To prevent this threat, King John of England decided to marry Isabella himself.  John had become king upon the death of his brother King Richard I in 1199. The same year, John had his ten year, childless marriage to Isabella, Countess of Gloucester (in her own right) annulled. Isabella of Angoulême’s parents had no objection to the marriage with the 34 year old John.  After all, he was a king and their daughter would be a queen. Isabella and John were married on August 24, 1200, and then Isabella was crowned Queen of England on October 8, 1200 at Westminster Abbey.

Isabella and John had five children:

A 13th-century depiction of John and his legitimate children, (l to r) Henry, Richard, Isabella, Eleanor, and Joan; Credit – Wikipedia

King John of England; Credit – Wikipedia

Isabella’s father died in 1202, and she succeeded him as Countess of Angoulême in her own right. However, her title was largely empty because John denied her control of her inheritance. John appointed a governor, Bartholomew de Le Puy , who conducted most of the administrative affairs of Angoulême until John’s death in 1216.

King John died on October 18, 1216, leaving his eldest son Henry, a nine year old, to inherit his throne in the midst of the First Barons’ War (1215–17), in which a group of rebellious barons supported by a French army, made war on King John because of his refusal to accept and abide by the Magna Carta. Because a large part of eastern England was under the control of the rebellious barons and the French, it was thought that Henry should be crowned as soon as possible to reinforce his claim to the throne. Therefore, Henry was crowned on October 28, 1216 at Gloucester Cathedral with a golden circlet belonging to Isabella as the royal crown had recently been lost in The Wash, along with the rest of King John’s treasure.

In July of 1217, Isabella left her son, King Henry III of England, in the care of his regent, William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, and returned to France to assume control of her inheritance, the County of Angoulême. There, she once again met her jilted fiancé Hugh de Lusignan, now the 10th Count of La Marche. He had never married, and previously a betrothal between him and Isabella’s 10 year old daughter Joan had been arranged. Upon seeing Isabella once again, he decided that he preferred Joan’s still beautiful mother. Isabella and Hugh married on May 10, 1220 and they had nine children.

In 1242, Isabella and Hugh were implicated in a plot against the life of King Louis IX of France (Saint Louis), and they were both called before the court of inquiry. Isabella remained on her horse at the door of the court, and when she heard that matters were likely to go against her, she left in a terrible rage. Before she could be taken into custody, she sought refuge at the Fontevrault Abbey in Anjou, which was associated with King John’s family, and remained there for the rest of her life. Her husband and a son were able to take care of the legal issues with King Louis IX.

Isabella died on May 31, 1246 at Fontevrault Abbey and was initially buried in the common graveyard there at her request. In 1254, her son King Henry III visited Fontevrault and he personally supervised the reburial of his mother’s remains in the abbey church next to the tombs of his grandparents King Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Her remains at Fontevrault Abbey are believed to have been scattered by Huguenots in 1562 when they sacked and pillaged the Abbey. However, her effigy, a wooden sculpture of a reclining figure, can still be seen in the abbey church.

Effigy of Isabella of Angoulême at Fontevrault Abbey; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Wikipedia: Isabella of Angoulême

August 24: Today in Royal History

King Ferdinand I of Romania; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

August 24, 1103 – Death of Magnus III of Norway in battle near River Quoile in Ulster, Ireland; buried near St. Patrick’s Church in Downpatrick, Ulster, Ireland
Wikipedia: King Magnus III of Norway

August 24, 1113 – Birth of Geoffrey V (the Handsome), Count of Anjou
Geoffrey was the father of King Henry II of England.
Wikipedia: Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou

August 24, 1198 – Birth of King Alexander II of Scotland in Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland
Wikipedia: King Alexander II of Scotland

August 24, 1200 – Wedding of King John of England and Isabella of Angouleme in Bordeaux, France
Unofficial Royalty: Isabella of Angouleme, Queen of England
Unofficial Royalty: King John of England

August 24, 1507 – Death of Cecily of York, daughter of King Edward IV of England, at Quarr Abbey on the Isle of Wight, England; buried at Quarr Abbey
Wikipedia: Cecily of York

August 24, 1772 – Birth of King Willem I of the Netherlands at Huis ten Bosch in The Hague, The Netherlands
Unofficial Royalty: King Willem I of the Netherlands

August 24, 1865 – Birth of King Ferdinand I of Romania at Sigmaringen Castle (Germany)
Unofficial Royalty: King Ferdinand I of Romania

August 24, 1945 – Death of Stéphanie of Belgium, wife of Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria; buried at Pannonhalma Benedictine Archabbey in Hungary
Wikipedia: Stéphanie of Belgium

August 24, 1995 – Birth of Lady Amelia Windsor, daughter of George Windsor, Earl of St. Andrews, at Rosie Hospital in Cambridge, United Kingdom
Full name: Amelia Sophia Theodora Mary Margaret
Wikipedia: Lady Amelia Windsor

Royal News: Tuesday 23 August 2016

Doing some shopping on Amazon.com? Please remember to use our Amazon link – found at the top of the right-hand column on every page of our site. It costs you nothing, and every purchase made through that link helps to support Unofficial Royalty, so that we can continue to bring you the royal news and features every day. Thank you!

Bahrain

Denmark

Multiple Monarchies

Norway

Saudi Arabia

Serbia

Sweden

United Kingdom

Make sure to get the latest news updates as soon as they’re posted. Register today as a member of Unofficial Royalty. It’s quick and easy, and completely free! Click the ‘Register’ link in the menu to the right.

August 23: Today in Royal History

King Louis XVI of France; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

August 23, 1740 – Birth Tsar Ivan VI of Russia in St. Petersburg, Russia
Wikipedia: Tsar Ivan VI of Russia

August 23, 1754 – Birth of King Louis XVI of France at the Palace of Versailles
Wikipedia: King Louis XVI of France

August 23, 1836 – Birth of Marie Henriette of Austria, wife of King Leopold II of the Belgians, at Buda Castle in Budapest, Hungary
Unofficial Royalty: Marie Henriette of Austria, Queen of the Belgians

August 23, 1951- Birth of Lisa Najeeb Halaby, Queen Noor of Jordan, fourth wife of King Hussein I of Jordan, in Washington, DC
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Noor of Jordan

Royal News: Monday, 22 August 2016

Doing some shopping on Amazon.com? Please remember to use our Amazon link – found at the top of the right-hand column on every page of our site. It costs you nothing, and every purchase made through that link helps to support Unofficial Royalty, so that we can continue to bring you the royal news and features every day. Thank you!

Japan
NY Times: Who Wants to Marry an Emperor?

Morocco
BBC: Morocco king urges diaspora to reject Islamist extremism

Other
Stuff: The Maori King shuns Labour, talks up Maori and Mana parties
Radio NZ: Māori King gives nod to Mana/Māori parties

UK
Daily Mail: Queen will honor our record breakers: Team GB heroes bring home our biggest medal haul in 108 years as map shows where Olympians are most likely to be born
Daily Mail: SEBASTIAN SHAKESPEARE: Lord Lovat, 39, dances a jig with his new 27-year-old model wife Petra at a Scottish hootenanny
Guardian: Not so jovial after all: how historians misunderstood William the Conqueror
Hello: Check out Prince Harry’s cheeky birthday message to Usain Bolt
Money Week: How the Duke of Westminster dodged IHT
News and Star: Defiant Earl will not budge over Blencathra
Press and Journal: Balmoral slams litter louts who left huge mess at Queen’s private estate
Telegraph: Duke of Norfolk reconciles with wife after planning son’s wedding having spent five years living in separate wings of their castle

Make sure to get the latest news updates as soon as they’re posted. Register today as a member of Unofficial Royalty. It’s quick and easy, and completely free! Click the ‘Register’ link in the menu to the right.

King John of England

by Susan Flantzer

Credit – Wikipedia

Born at Beaumont Palace in Oxford, England on December 24, 1167, King John of England was the fourth surviving son and the youngest of the eight children of King Henry II of England and Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine in her own right. His mother was around 44 years old at the time of his birth.

John had seven siblings:

  • William IX, Count of Poitiers (1153 – 1156), died in childhood
  • Henry the Young King (1155 – 1183), married Marguerite of France, no issue
  • Matilda, Duchess of Saxony and Bavaria (1156 – 1189), married Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria, had issue including Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor
  • King Richard I of England (1157 – 1199), married Berengaria of Navarre, no issue
  • Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany (1158 – 1186), married Constance, Duchess of Brittany, had issue
  • Eleanor, Queen of Castile (1162 – 1214), married King Alfonso VIII of Castile, had issue including King Henry I of Castile; Berengaria, Queen Regnant of Castile and Queen of León; Urraca, Queen of Portugal; Blanche, Queen of France and Eleanor, Queen of Aragon
  • Joan, Queen of Sicily (1165 – 1199), married (1) King William II of Sicily, no surviving issue (2) Raymond VI of Toulouse, had issue

13th-century depiction of Henry and his legitimate children: (l to r) William, Young Henry, Richard, Matilda, Geoffrey, Eleanor, Joan and John; Credit – Wikipedia

John also had two half sisters from his mother’s first (annulled) marriage to King Louis VII of France:

As a very young child, John was sent to Fontevrault Abbey in his father’s possession of Anjou. Later, he was brought up in the household of his eldest brother Henry the Young King, who was crowned king during his father’s reign as was customary in the French monarchy. His teacher was Ranulf de Glanville, a legal scholar who was later the Chief Justiciar of England.  As a young child, John received the nickname Lackland from his father because it appeared he would not inherit substantial land like his three elder brothers. Henry the Young King would be King of England and also receive his father’s Duchy of Normandy and the County of Anjou. Richard was to receive his mother’s possessions, the Duchy of Aquitaine and the County of Poitou. Geoffrey was to become Duke of Brittany through his marriage.

As Henry’s children grew up, tensions over the future inheritance of the empire began to emerge, encouraged by King Louis VII of France and then his son King Philip II of France. In 1173, Henry the Young King rebelled in protest and was joined by his brothers Richard and Geoffrey and by their mother Eleanor. France, Scotland, Flanders and Boulogne allied themselves with the rebels. Henry II eventually defeated the revolt and had Eleanor imprisoned for the next sixteen years for her part in inciting their sons.

John’s parents, Henry II and Eleanor, holding court; Credit – Wikipedia

After the revolt of his sons, Henry II promised John an annuity of 1,000 pounds from England and 1,000 livres from Normandy and Anjou. Little by little, Henry II began to find land for John, usually at his nobles expense. When Reginald de Dunstanville, 1st Earl of Cornwall died in 1175 without surviving legitimate male offspring, Henry II gave the estates to John.

In 1176, Henry betrothed John to Isabella of Gloucester, the daughter of William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester. The 2nd Earl was a cousin of King Henry II as his father was the illegitimate son of King Henry I, Robert Fitzroy, 1st Earl of Gloucester and Henry’s mother Empress Matilda was the legitimate daughter of King Henry I. Robert was Matilda’s chief military support during her long civil war with their cousin Stephen of Blois (King Stephen of England) for the English throne. Isabella stood to inherit part of her father’s estate along with her two elder sisters because their only brother had died. However, Henry disinherited Isabella’s elder sisters so that John would eventually receive the whole Gloucester estate. As Isabella was only three and John was only nine, the marriage had to be delayed.

In 1185, Henry II sent 18 year old John to Ireland as Lord of Ireland to complete the Norman conquest of Ireland.  John arrived in Ireland in April of 1185 and by December of 1185, he was back in England, most likely due to the lack of money and the rude nature with which he treated the Irish leaders.

Henry the Young King; Credit – Wikiepdia

In 1182–83, Henry the Young King had a falling out with his brother Richard when Richard refused to pay homage to him on the orders of King Henry II. As he was preparing to fight Richard, Henry the Young King became ill with dysentery (also called the bloody flux), the scourge of armies for centuries, and died. In 1186, Henry II’s third son Geoffrey was trampled to death during a jousting tournament in Paris, leaving a posthumous son Arthur I, Duke of Brittany and a daughter Eleanor.

By the time Henry II turned age 56 in 1189, he was prematurely aged. Two sons were left: Richard, the second son, Eleanor’s favorite and the heir since his elder brother’s death, and John, the youngest child and Henry’s favorite. King Philip II of France successfully played upon Richard’s fears that Henry would make John king, and a final rebellion broke out in 1189. Decisively defeated by Philip and Richard and suffering from a bleeding ulcer, Henry retreated to his favorite residence, the Château de Chinon in Anjou. There he was told that John had publicly sided with Richard in the rebellion, and this broke his heart. Only his illegitimate son Geoffrey, Archbishop of York was at his father’s deathbed when King Henry II died on July 6, 1189.

King Henry II of England; Credit – Wikipedia

Upon hearing of his father’s death, Richard set out for England, stopping at Rouen, the capital of the Duchy of Normandy, where he was invested as Duke of Normandy on July 20, 1189. He was crowned King Richard I of England at Westminster Abbey on September 3, 1189. A few days earlier, on August 29, 1189, John and Isabella of Gloucester were married at Marlborough Castle in Wiltshire, and John assumed the Earldom of Gloucester in her right. However, the Archbishop of Canterbury declared the marriage null by reason of consanguinity (John and Isabella were second cousin), but he was overruled by the Pope. The couple were not a good match and they had no children.

King Richard I of England; Credit – Wikipedia

Richard spent very little time in England, perhaps as little as six months, during his ten year reign. Most of his reign was spent on Crusade, in captivity, or in actively defending his lands in France. Richard was back in Normandy by Christmas of 1189, preparing to leave on the Third Crusades. Later, when Richard was captured in Germany on his way home from the crusades, Eleanor personally negotiated his ransom by going to Germany.  At the same time,  John and King Philip II of France, offered Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor 80,000 marks to hold Richard prisoner until September of 1194, but offer was rejected. Finally, with the ransom in the emperor’s possession, Richard was released on February 4, 1194. Philip II of France warned Richard’s brother John, “Look to yourself. The devil is loose.”

When Richard arrived in England in March of 1194, he found that John had been depleting the treasury and was planning to overthrow him. However, when Richard and John met in person, Richard forgave John and named him as his heir in place of their nephew, Arthur, Duke of Brittany. Arthur was the posthumous son of Richard’s younger brother, but John’s older brother Geoffrey, and had a better primogeniture claim on the English throne than John. During Richard’s long absence, his French possessions had been threatened by his enemies, including King Philip II of France. Richard found it necessary to spend most of his time regaining lost territory and strengthening his hold over his French possessions. In late March of 1199, when Richard was dying of gangrene from an arrow wound, his mother Eleanor made her way to his deathbed. Richard died in his mother’s arms on April 6, 1199 and the last son John became King of England.

On April 25, 1199, John was invested at Duke of Normandy in Rouen, the capital. He then left for England and his coronation was held at Westminster Abbey on May 27, 1199. John’s next order of business was to have his marriage to Isabella of Gloucester annulled. Isabella had not been acknowledged as queen and the marriage was easily annulled using the grounds of consanguinity. John kept Isabella’s lands and Isabella did not contest the annulment. Isabella married two more times:

  1. Geoffrey de Mandeville, 2nd Earl of Essex in January 1214: King John charged Geoffrey 20,000 marks to buy her in marriage and to obtain her title, Jure uxoris, a Latin term that means “by right of his wife.” The marriage had no issue and Geoffrey died in 1216.
  2. Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent in September 1217: Within a few weeks, on October 14, 1217, Isabella died at age 43 and was buried at Canterbury Cathedral. Isabella’s nephew Gilbert de Clare, the son of her sister, Amice and Richard de Clare, became the 5th Earl of Gloucester.

Isabella of Angoulême; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

It came to John’s attention that 12 year old Isabella of Angoulême, the only child of Aymer III, Count of Angoulême and therefore destined to be Duchess of Angoulême in her own right, had become betrothed to Hugh de Lusignan, the heir of Hugh IX de Lusignan, Count of La Marche. This marriage would have joined La Marche and Angoulême, and the de Lusignan family would then control a vast, rich and strategic territory between the two Plantagenet strongholds, Bordeaux and Poitier. To prevent this threat, King John of England decided to marry Isabella himself. Isabella of Angoulême’s parents had no objection to the marriage with the 34 year old John. After all, he was a king and their daughter would be a queen. Isabella and John were married on August 24, 1200, and then Isabella was crowned Queen of England on October 8, 1200 at Westminster Abbey. Isabella’s father died in 1202, and she succeeded him as Countess of Angoulême in her own right. However, her title was largely empty because John denied her control of her inheritance. John appointed a governor, Bartholomew de Le Puy , who conducted most of the administrative affairs of Angoulême until John’s death in 1216.

Isabella and John had five children:

13th-century depiction of John and his legitimate children, (l to r) Henry, Richard, Isabella, Eleanor, and Joan; Credit – Wikipedia

John had many illegitimate children. His most noteworthy one was a daughter, Joan (or Joanna) In 1205, Joan married Llywelyn Fawr (Llywelyn the Great), Prince of Gwynedd and Prince of Powys Wenwynwyn.  In 1216, Llewellyn received the fealty of other Welsh lords and although he never used the title, was the de facto Prince of Wales. Llywelyn dominated Wales for 45 years, and was one of only two Welsh rulers to be called “the Great.” Joan, Llywelyn and their family are among the characters in Sharon Penman‘s historical fiction trilogy, The Welsh Trilogy:

When John became King, the succession had bypassed the children of his deceased elder brother Geoffrey, both of whom had better claims to the throne based upon the laws of primogeniture. In 1166, as part of an 1166 agreement by Henry II to end his attacks on Conan IV, Duke of Brittany, Geoffrey had been betrothed to Conan’s daughter and heir Constance. The couple married in 1181 and had two surviving children, Arthur, who became Duke of Brittany upon his father’s death in 1186, and Eleanor, known as the Fair Maid of Brittany.

Arthur I, Duke of Brittany paying homage to King Philip II of France; Credit – Wikipedia

Many members of the French nobility refused to recognize John upon his accession to the English throne and his French lands. They were of the opinion that Arthur had a better claim because his father was an older brother of John. In 1202, 15 year old Arthur started a campaign against his uncle John in Normandy with the support of King Philip II of France. John’s territory of Poitou revolted in support of Arthur. Arthur besieged his grandmother, Eleanor of Aquitaine, John’s mother, in the Château de Mirebeau in Poitou.   John marched on Mirebeau, taking Arthur by surprise on July 31, 1202. Arthur was captured and imprisoned in the Château de Falaise in Falaise, Normandy. By 1203, Arthur had disappeared. His fate is unknown, but presumably he was murdered on the orders of his uncle John.

Eleanor of Brittany; Credit – Wikipedia

Arthur’s sister Eleanor was also King John’s prisoner because she and any children she had could pose a threat to John’s throne. She remained imprisoned for her entire life, into the reign of John’s son King Henry III of England, dying in 1241 at the age of 57 or 59. Her imprisonment in England made it impossible for her to claim her inheritance as Duchess of Brittany. During her 39 year imprisonment, Eleanor, who was apparently innocent of any crime, was never tried or sentenced. She was considered a state prisoner, was forbidden to marry, and guarded closely even after her child-bearing years. Arthur was succeeded by his half-sister, Alix of Thouars, the daughter of  his mother Constance and her third husband Guy of Thouars.

Angevin Empire around 1172, solid yellow shows Angevin possessions, checked yellow shows areas where there was Angevin influence; By Cartedaos (talk) 01:46, 14 September 2008 (UTC) – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4781085

At the time of John’s accession to the English throne, his territories, the Angevin Empire, formed by his paternal grandparents, Geoffrey V of Anjou and Empress Matilda, his parents King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, and preserved and protected by his brother King Richard I of England, were basically what appears on the map above. The apparent murder of Arthur, Duke of Brittany on the orders of John, outraged King Philip II of France. Philip, and as the overlord of both the Duchy of Brittany and John’s possession, the Duchy of Normandy, declared Normandy forfeit and began an invasion. Château Gaillard, which had been built to defend Normandy by John’s brother King Richard I, fell to Philip in March of 1204. In June of 1204, the French king entered Rouen, the capital city of Normandy. Philip’s war against John eventually cost John his territories of Normandy, Maine, Touraine, Anjou and Poitou, all ancestral territories of his Norman or Angevin ancestors.

King John and King Philip II of France making peace with a kiss; Credit – Wikipedia

While John was trying to save his French territories, his discontent English barons led by Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury, were protesting John’s continued misgovernment of England. The result of this discontent was the best known event of John’s reign, the Magna Carta, the “great charter” of English liberties, forced from King John by the English barons and sealed at Runnymede near Windsor Castle on June 15, 1215. Among the liberties were the protection of church rights, protection for the barons from illegal imprisonment, access to swift justice, and limitations on feudal payments to the Crown. The Magna Carta is still an important symbol of liberty and is held in great respect by the British and American legal communities. Four versions of the original 1215 charter remain in existence. Two are held by the British Library and one each are at Lincoln Cathedral and Salisbury Cathedral.

One of the remaining four versions of the original Magna Carta; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Infuriated by being forced to agree to the Magna Carta, John turned to his Pope Innocent III, who declared the Magna Carta null and void and the rebel barons excommunicated. Now the conflict between John and the barons was transformed into an open civil war, the First Barons’ War (1215-1217). The rebels appealed to the French king and offered his son, the future King Louis VIII, the English crown. The war continued after John’s death, but William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, slowly managed to get most barons to switch sides from Louis to the new King Henry III and attack Louis. The Magna Carta was reissued in King Henry’ IIIs name with some of the clauses omitted was sealed by the nine year old king’s regent William Marshal.

King John of England in battle with the Franks (left), Prince Louis VIII of France on the march (right); Credit – Wikiepdia

In the midst of the First Barons’ War, John was traveling through East Anglia, from Spalding in Lincolnshire to Bishop’s Lynn, in Norfolk, became ill with dysentery, and decided to turn back, taking the longer road route. However, he sent his baggage train, including his crown jewels, through The Wash, the large indentation in the coastline of Eastern England that separates the curved coast of East Anglia from Lincolnshire. This route, flat, low-lying and often marshy, was usable only at low tide. The horse-drawn wagons moved too slowly for the incoming tide, and many were lost.

John managed to ride to Swineshead Abbey where he spent the night. The next day, he was taken by a litter to Newark Castle where he died on October 18, 1216 at the age of 49. At his request, King John was buried in Worcester Cathedral as close to the shrine of St. Wulfstan as possible. A new tomb was made in 1232, during the reign of his son and heir King Henry III.

In 1217, John’s widow Isabella of Angoulême left her young son, King Henry III of England, in the care of his regent, William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, and returned to France to assume control of her inheritance, the County of Angoulême. There, she once again met her jilted fiancé Hugh de Lusignan, now the 10th Count of La Marche, who had never married. Isabella and Hugh married on May 10, 1220 and they had nine children. Isabella died on May 31, 1246 at Fontevrault Abbey and was initially buried in the common graveyard there at her request. In 1254, her son King Henry III visited Fontevrault and he personally supervised the reburial of his mother’s remains in the abbey church next to the tombs of his grandparents King Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.

King John’s Tomb; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Wikipedia: King John of England

August 22: Today in Royal History

King Leopold II of Belgium and Marie Henriette of Austria; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

August 22, 1350 – Death of King Philip VI of France at Nogent-le-Roi in Eure-et-Loir, France; buried at St. Denis Basilica near Paris
Wikipedia: King Philip VI of France

August 22, 1358 – Death of Isabella of France, wife of King Edward II of England, at Castle Rising in Norfolk, England, buried at Grey Friars Church in Newgate, London, England
Unofficial Royalty: Isabella of France, Queen of England

August 22, 1485 – Death of King Richard III of England at the Battle of Bosworth Field; Henry Tudor becomes King Henry VII of England
Unofficial Royalty: Richard III: Lost and Found
Unofficial Royalty: Richard III of England
Wikipedia: Henry VII of England

August 22, 1642 – English Civil War begins when King Charles I of England calls Parliament and its soldiers traitors and raises his standard against the Parliamentarian Army in Nottingham
Wikipedia: English Civil War

August 22, 1658 – Birth of Johann Ernst IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld in Gotha, Saxe-Gotha (Germany)
Wikipedia: Johann Ernst IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

August 22, 1705 – Wedding of King George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach at Schloss Herrenhausen in Hanover (Germany)
Unofficial Royalty: King George II of Great Britain
Unofficial Royalty: Caroline of Ansbach, Queen of Great Britain

August 22, 1853 – Wedding of King Leopold II of the Belgians and Marie Henriette of Austria
Unofficial Royalty: King Leopold II of the Belgians
Unofficial Royalty: Marie-Henriette of Austria

August 22, 1860 – Birth of Eleonore of Reuss-Köstritz, second wife of Tsar Ferdinand of Bulgaria, in Trebschen, Prussia (Poland)
Full name: Eleonore Caroline Gasparine Louise
Unofficial Royalty: Eleonore of Reuss-Köstritz

August 22, 1878 – Death of Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, fourth wife of Ferdinand VII of Spain, at Le Havre, France; buried at the Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo El Real in Spain
Unofficial Royalty: Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain

August 22, 1893 – Death of Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha at Reinhardsbrunn Castle in Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Germany); buried at Moritzkirche in Coburg (Germany)
Ernest was the brother of Prince Albert, Queen Victoria’s husband.
Unofficial Royalty: Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Royal News: Sunday 21 August 2016

Doing some shopping on Amazon.com? Please remember to use our Amazon link – found at the top of the right-hand column on every page of our site. It costs you nothing, and every purchase made through that link helps to support Unofficial Royalty, so that we can continue to bring you the royal news and features every day. Thank you!

Bahrain

Morocco

Multiple Monarchies

Sweden

United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

Make sure to get the latest news updates as soon as they’re posted. Register today as a member of Unofficial Royalty. It’s quick and easy, and completely free! Click the ‘Register’ link in the menu to the right.

Royal Birthdays & Anniversaries: August 21 – 27

King Mohammed V of Morocco; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

53rd birthday of King Mohammed VI of Morocco; born in Rabat, Morocco on August 21, 1963
Unofficial Royalty: Mohammed VI of Morocco

*************************************************************************

Queen Noor of Jordan, Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

65th birthday of Queen Noor of Jordan, fourth wife of King Hussein of Jordan; born in Washington, DC on August 23, 1951
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Noor of Jordan

*************************************************************************

Crown Prince Haakon of Norway and Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby, Photo Credit – http://www.royalcourt.no, Tor Richardsen, Scanpix

15th wedding anniversary of Crown Prince Haakon of Norway and Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby; married at Oslo Cathedral on August 25, 2001
Unofficial Royalty: Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway
Unofficial Royalty: Mette-Marit, Crown Princess of Norway
Royal House of Norway: The Royal Wedding in 2001

*************************************************************************

Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

72nd birthday of Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester; born at Barnwell Manor in Northamptonshire, England on August 26, 1944
Full name: Richard Alexander Walter George
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester

*************************************************************************

Princess Maria Laura of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este on right with her brother Prince Joachim of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este, Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

28th birthday of Princess Maria Laura of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este, daughter of Princess Astrid of Belgium; born at the University Clinic St. Luc in Woluwe-St-Lambert, Belgium on August 26, 1988
Full Name: Maria Laura Zita Beatrix Gerhard
Wikipedia: Princess Maria Laura of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este