Royal News: Tuesday 17 October 2017

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October 17: Today in Royal History

Henry Pu Yi, last Emperor of China, Photo Credit – Wikipedia

October 17, 1521 – King Henry VIII of England becomes “Defender of the Faith” (Some sources say October 11.  This may be Old Style/New Style dating difference.)
Pope Leo X conferred the title “Defender of the Faith” on Henry VIII for attacking Martin Luther’s views on the sacraments.  The title was taken away from Henry when he was excommunicated.  In 1544, the Parliament of England conferred the title, “Defender of the Faith”, on the monarch and his successors.
Wikipedia: Fidei defensor
Unofficial Royalty: King Henry VIII of England

October 17, 1680 – Death of Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth, illegitimate son of King Charles II of England by Catherine Pegge; in Tangier, Morocco; buried at Westminster Abbey
Wikipedia: Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth

October 17, 1768 – Death of Ludwig VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt in Darmstadt (Germany)
Wikipedia: Ludwig VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

October 17, 1819 – Birth of Friedrich Wilhelm, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in Neustrelitz (Germany)
Wikipedia: Friedrich Wilhelm, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

October 17, 1853 – Birth of Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia, daughter of Tsar Alexander II of Russia, wife of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, at Tsarskoe-Selo, Russia
Unofficial Royalty: Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia

October 17, 1967 – Death of Henry Pu Yi, last Emperor of China, in Beijing, China; first buried at Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery, moved to the Eastern Qing Mausoleum near Beijing in 1996
Wikipedia: Henry Pu Yi

Royal News: Monday 16 October 2017

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Ludwig II, Grand Duke of Baden

by Scott Mehl

source: Wikipedia

Ludwig II was born August 15, 1824 in Karlsruhe, the eldest surviving son of Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden and Sofia of Sweden. He had seven siblings:

He received a solid education, studying in Vienna and Heidelberg. As a Prince of Baden, he held a seat in the Baden Assembly, but only took part in several of their meetings. As he got older, signs of mental illness began to show, and in March 1852, he was diagnosed as having a non-curable mental disorder.

The following month, Ludwig’s father died and he succeeded as Grand Duke of Baden. But because of his illness, his brother Friedrich served as Regent during Ludwig’s brief four-year reign.

At just 33 years old, Grand Duke Ludwig II died in Karlsruhe on January 22, 1858, and was buried in the Karlsruhe Stadtkirche. After World War II, his remains were moved to the Grand Ducal Chapel in the Pheasant Garden in Karlsruhe.

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October 16: Today in Royal History

Marie Antoinette of Austria, wife of King Louis XVI of France; Credit – Wikipedia

October 16, 1430 – Birth of James II, King of Scots at Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh, Scotland
Unofficial Royalty: James II, King of Scots

October 16, 1673 – Birth of Lady Mary Tudor, illegitimate daughter of King Charles II of England by Mary ‘Moll’ Davis
Wikipedia: Lady Mary Tudor

October 16, 1751 – Birth of Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, second wife of King Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia, in Prenzlau (Germany)
Wikipedia: Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, Queen of Prussia

October 16, 1793 – Execution of Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, at the Place de la Révolution in Paris, France; originally buried in a mass grave near the location of today’s La Madeleine Church in Paris, reburied at the Basilica of St. Denis near Paris
Unofficial Royalty: Marie Antoinette, Queen of France

October 16, 1914 – Birth of Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan, in Kabul, Afghanistan
Wikipedia: Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan

Royal News: Sunday 15 October 2017

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Royal Birthdays & Anniversaries: October 15 – 21

 

58th birthday of Sarah Ferguson, former wife of Prince Andrew, Duke of York; born at 27 Welbeck Street in Marylebone, London, England on October 15, 1959
Full name: Sarah Margaret
Unofficial Royalty: Sarah, Duchess of York

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12th birthday of Prince Christian of Denmark, son of Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark; born at the Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen, Denmark on October 15, 2005
Full name: Christian Valdemar Henri John
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Christian of Denmark

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54th birthday of Prince Laurent of Belgium, son of King Albert II of Belgium; born at the Château de Belvédère in Laeken, Brussels, Belgium on October 19, 1963
Full name: Laurent Benoît Baudouin Marie
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Laurent of Belgium

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83rd birthday of Michiko Shôda, wife of Emperor Akihito of Japan; born in Tokyo, Japan on October 20, 1934
Unofficial Royalty: Empress Michiko of Japan

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5th wedding anniversary of Prince Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg and Stephanie de Lannoy; married at Notre-Dame Cathedral in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg on October 20, 2012
Unofficial Royalty: Wedding of Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume and Stephanie de Lannoy
Unofficial Royalty: Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Unofficial Royalty: Stéphanie, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxembourg

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October 15: Today in Royal History

Prince Alfred of Edinburgh; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

October 15, 1795 – Birth of King Frederick William IV of Prussia at the Crown Prince’s Palace in Berlin, Prussia (Germany)
Wikipedia: King Frederick William IV of Prussia

October 15, 1874 – Birth of Prince Alfred of Edinburgh, son of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and grandson of Queen Victoria, at Buckingham Palace
Full name: Alfred Alexander William Ernest Albert
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Alfred of Edinburgh

October 15, 1893 – Birth of King Carol II of Romania at Peleş Castle in Sinaia, Romania
Unofficial Royalty: King Carol II of Romania

October 15, 1959 – Birth of Sarah Ferguson, former wife of Prince Andrew, Duke of York,  at 27 Welbeck Street, Marylebone in London, England
Full name: Sarah Margaret
Unofficial Royalty: Sarah, Duchess of York

October 15, 2005 – Birth of Prince Christian of Denmark, son of Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark, at Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen, Denmark
Full name: Christian Valdemar Henri John
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Christian of Denmark

Royal News: Saturday 14 October 2017

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October 14: Today in Royal History

Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, wife of King Frederik II of Denmark, Photo Credit – Susan Flantzer at Rosenborg Castle in Copenhagen, Denmark

October 14, 1066 – Death of King Harold II of England (Harold Godwinson) at the Battle of Hastings; buried at Waltham Abbey in Essex, England
Wikipedia: King Harold II of England
Wikipedia: Battle of Hastings

October 14, 1217 – Death of Isabella of Gloucester, first wife of King John of England (marriage was annulled); buried at Canterbury Cathedral in England
Wikipedia: Isabella of Gloucester

October 14, 1274 – Death of Henry of England, son of King Edward I of England, at Merton, Surrey, England; buried at Westminster Abbey
Wikipedia: Henry of England

October 14, 1404 – Birth of Marie Anjou, wife of King Charles VII of France
Wikipedia: Marie of Anjou, Queen of France

October 14, 1499 – Birth of Claude of France, daughter of King Louis XII of France and first wife of King Francis I of France, at Romorantin-Lanthenay in France
Wikipedia: Claude of France, Queen of France

October 14, 1574 – Birth of Anne of Denmark, daughter of King Frederik II of Denmark, wife of King James VI of Scotland/King James I of England, at Skanderborg Castle in Jutland, Denmark
Unofficial Royalty: Anne of Denmark, Queen of England

October 14, 1586 – Mary, Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Queen Elizabeth I of England
Wikipedia: Trial of Mary, Queen of Scots
Unofficial Royalty: Mary, Queen of Scots

October 14, 1630 – Birth of Electress Sophia of Hanover at Wassenaer Court, The Hague, Holland
In 1701, the British succession was settled upon Sophia and her Protestant heirs by the Act of Settlement.  Her mother Elizabeth was the eldest daughter of King James I of England.  Sophia died six weeks before Queen Anne of England.  Had she survived Anne, Sophia would have been queen.  Instead, her son ascended the throne as King George I.
Unofficial Royalty: Sophia of Hanover

October 14, 1631 – Death of Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, wife of King Frederik II of Denmark, at the Palace of Nykøbing Slot on the island of Falster, Denmark; buried at Roskilde Cathedral
Sophie was the mother of Anne of Denmark and great-grandmother of Sophia of Hanover and James II of England, all of whom have dates on October 14.
Wikipedia: Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, Queen of Denmark

October 14, 1633 – Birth of King James II of England at St. James’s Palace in London, England
Unofficial Royalty: King James II of England

October 14, 1784 – Birth of King Ferdinand VII of Spain at El Escorial in Madrid, Spain
Unofficial Royalty: King Ferdinand VII of Spain

October 14, 1938 – Birth of Farah Diba, wife of Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, last Shah of Iran; in Tehran, Iran
Wikipedia: Farah Diba