Royal News: Tuesday 3 May 2016

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May 3: Today in Royal History

King Carl XV of Sweden; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

May 3, 1152 – Death of Matilda of Boulogne, wife of King Stephen of England, at Hedingham Castle in Essex, England; buried at Faversham Abbey in Kent, England
Unofficial Royalty: Matilda of Boulogne

May 3, 1257 – Death of Katherine of England, daughter of King Henry III of England at Windsor Castle; buried at Westminster Abbey
Wikipedia: Katherine of England

May 3, 1415 – Birth of Cecily Neville, mother of King Edward IV and King Richard III of England, at Raby Castle in Durham, England
Wikipedia: Cecily Neville

May 3, 1446 – Birth of Margaret of York, sister of King Edward IV and King Richard III of England, wife of Charles I, Duke of Burgundy, at Fotheringay Castle in Fotheringay, England
Wikipedia: Margaret of York

May 3, 1459 – Death Eric of Pomerania, King of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway at Rügenwalde Castle in Pomerania, now Darłowo, Poland; buried at Rügenwalde Castle
Wikipedia: Eric of Pomerania

May 3, 1514 – Death of Anna of Brandenburg, first wife of King Frederick I of Denmark and Norway; buried at the Convent Church in Bordesholm, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
Wikipedia: Anna of Brandenburg

May 3, 1764 – Birth of Elisabeth of France, sister of King Louis XVI of France, at the Palace of Versailles
Unofficial Royalty: Elisabeth of France

May 3, 1783 – Death of Prince Octavius, son of King George III of the United Kingdom, at Kew Palace in Surrey, England; buried at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle
Prince Octavius was the eighth son and thirteenth child of George III.  He was a beautiful child and his father’s favorite.  Octavius was originally buried in Henry VII’s Chapel at Westminster Abbey but was later moved to the new Royal Tomb House at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor.  After Octavius died, George III said, “There will be no heaven for me if Octavius is not there.”
Wikipedia: Prince Octavius

May 3, 1826 – Birth of King Carl XV of Sweden (Carl IV Norway) at Stockholm Palace in Stockholm, Sweden
Unofficial Royalty: King Carl XV of Sweden

May 3, 1870 – Birth of Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, at Frogmore House in Windsor, England
Full name: Victoria Louise Sophia Augusta Amelia Helena
Unofficial Royalty: Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein

May 3, 1974 – Birth of Princess Haya bint Hussein, daughter of King Hussein of Jordan and his third wife Queen Alia al-Hussein, in Amman, Jordan
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Haya bint Hussein

May 3, 1978 – Birth of Autumn Kelly, wife of Peter Phillips, son of Princess Anne of the United Kingdom, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Unofficial Royalty: Autumn Kelly

Royal News: Monday, 2 May 2016

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Germany
Daily Mail: ‘I had maids and travelled around the world -now I cook and I scrub: Ex-wife of Count von Bismarck says she was forced to sleep in the CAR after aristocrat – who is worth £700m and owns a castle – left her penniless

 

Multiple Monarchies
Getty Images: In Focus: The Royal Week

 

Sweden
Daily Mail: Where is your tiara Mary? Princess dons a modern gold headpiece for a formal banquet…but was one of the only royals bucking tradition
Daily Mail: Another day, another party! King Carl XVI Gustaf’s 70th birthday celebrations continue in style as royals from across the globe attend a lavish banquet in Stockholm
Daily Mail: It really IS timeless! Crown Princess Mary recycles her favourite beige trench coat and classic purple pillbox hat for King Carl XVI Gustaf’s 70th birthday celebration
Getty Images: Hotel Departures – King Carl Gustaf of Sweden Celebrates His 70th Birthday (part 1)
Getty Images: Hotel Departures – King Carl Gustaf of Sweden Celebrates His 70th Birthday (part 2)
Getty Images: Swedish King Carl XVI Gustaf’s 70th birthday celebrations

 

UK
BBC: Princess Charlotte: Photographs released to mark first birthday
CBC News: Prince Harry to meet Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, hockey players at Invictus Games launch
Daily Mail: Charlotte taking baby steps in pictures marking her first birthday
Daily Mail: Look who’s walking now: As she turns one, enchanting photos of the (almost) toddling Princess Charlotte – taken by her very proud mum
Daily Mail: Is this the Queen’s biggest fan? Teacher unveils her incredible collection of 10,000 royal photographs after snapping Her Majesty for 50 years
Daily Mail: ‘It was a slap in the face’: Joker-in-chief Obama laughs about meeting Prince George in his dressing gown – then ends his final Correspondents’ Dinner with a MIC DROP
Daily Mail: Prince George’s pyjamas greeting was ‘slap in the face’, jokes Barack Obama
Daily Mail: Life’s a stroll for birthday girl Princess Charlotte
Daily Mail: Harry already ahead of the Games as he plugs third Invictus meeting
Daily Mail: Kate and the art of looking ‘natural’: There’s more to her stunning Vogue cover shoot than meets the eye
Express: HAPPY BIRTHDAY CHARLOTTE: Cheeky princess in adorable photographs, taken by mum Kate
Express: An influential Royal baby: Princess Charlotte’s first birthday
Express: Kate’s so in Vogue: Duchess of Cambridge beams on cover of fashion bible’s centenary issue
Express: From Her Majesty’s Secret Service: Queen’s former bodyguards set up private security firm
Express: Competition: Your chance to win Prince George’s robe
Express: A £35 top and £38 hat – how Duchess of Cambridge backs British high street on Vogue cover
Express: Who is Josh Olins? The British photographer who captured Duchess of Cambridge for Vogue
Getty Images: Princess Charlotte – Official Photographs Released Ahead Of First Birthday
Getty Images: In Focus: Princess Charlotte Of Cambridge Turns One
Guardian: Royals publish pictures of Princess Charlotte to mark her first birthday
Hello: Kate makes stunning debut on magazine cover: see the pictures
Hello: ‘A clear breach of protocol’: Barack Obama jokes about meeting Prince George
Hello: Princess Charlotte stars in 1st birthday portraits taken by doting mum Kate
Hello: Princess Charlotte shows she is a big girl by walking for 1st birthday picture
Mirror: Prince Harry insists that he’ll always be an army man in Invictus Games documentary
Mirror: Princess Charlotte’s first year in pictures as Kate Middleton and Prince William celebrate her birthday
Mirror: What have royals got planned for Princess Charlotte’s first birthday and who is invited?
Telegraph: Princess Charlotte’s first birthday: £30,000 gold rattle among presents for royal (almost) toddler
Telegraph: Watch: Exploring the Queen’s Sandringham Estate where Princess Charlotte was christened
Telegraph: Princess Charlotte’s first birthday: Duchess of Cambridge shares beautiful pictures of her daughter
Telegraph: Emerging British childrenswear designer worn in Princess Charlotte birthday portraits on the ‘Charlotte effect’
Telegraph: Princess Charlotte’s first birthday – meet the people who rule her world
Vogue: The Duchess On Her Vogue Experience

 

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Auguste de Beauharnais, Duke of Leuchtenberg, Prince Consort of Portugal

source: Wikipedia

Auguste de Beauharnais, Duke of Leuchtenberg, Prince Consort of Portugal

Auguste Charles Eugène Napoléon de Beauharnais was born December 9, 1810 at the Royal Villa of Monza, just outside of Milan, Italy. He was the eldest son of Eugène de Beauharnais and Princess Augusta of Bavaria, a daughter of King Maximilian I of Bavaria, and had had six siblings:

Auguste’s father, Eugène, was the son of the French Empress Joséphine from her first marriage, and therefore a stepson of Emperor Napoleon I. In 1804, Napoleon made Eugène an official member of the Imperial Family, but without succession rights to the French throne. Two years later, Napoleon formally adopted Eugène, and named him as heir-presumptive to the Kingdom of Italy, giving him the title Prince of Venice. However, he would lose these titles and political expectations following Napoleon’s defeat, and the Congress of Vienna in 1815. Two years later, his father-in-law, King Maximilian I of Bavaria, created him Duke of Leuchtenberg and Prince of Eichstätt.

Auguste’s father, Eugène de Beauharnais, Duke of Leuchtenberg. Portrait by Andrea Appiani, 1810. source: Wikipedia

Auguste succeeded his father as Duke of Leuchtenberg and Prince of Prince of Eichstätt in 1824. Several years later, his sister, Amélie, became the second wife of Emperor Pedro I of Brazil. Following a marriage by proxy in August 1829 at the Palais Leuchtenberg in Munich, Auguste accompanied Amélie to Brazil, and settled in Rio de Janeiro, taking up residence at the Imperial Palace. He quickly became close with his new brother-in-law (and future father-in-law), who created him Duke of Santa Cruz on November 5, 1829. The Emperor also raised Auguste to the style of Royal Highness within Brazil.

Queen Maria II of Portugal. source: Wikipedia

After the Emperor’s abdication in 1831, they all returned to Munich, while the Emperor joined the fight to restore his daughter, Maria, to the Portuguese throne, which took place in 1834.Soon after, Emperor Pedro chose Auguste to be his daughter’s husband. The couple were married by proxy on December 1, 1834, and Auguste was created Prince Consort by his new wife. Upon his arrival in Portugal, they married at the Lisbon Cathedral on January 26, 1835.

Sadly, their marriage was to be very short-lived. Auguste died on March 28, 1835, at the Palace of Necessidades in Lisbon. He is buried in the Royal Pantheon of the House of Braganza, at the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora, in Lisbon. He was succeeded as Duke of Leuchtenberg by his younger brother, Maximilian.

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May 2: Today in Royal History

Princess Helen of Greece, wife of King Carol II of Romania; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

May 2, 1700 – Birth of Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg, wife of Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, in Bouxwiller, France
Wikipedia: Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg

May 2, 1729 – Birth of Empress Catherine II (the Great) of Russia, born Princess Sophie Augusta Fredericka of Anhalt-Zerbst, in Stettin (now Szczecin, Poland)
Wikipedia: Catherine the Great

May 2, 1816 – Wedding of Princess Charlotte of Wales and Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld at Carlton House in London, England
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Charlotte of Wales
Unofficial Royalty: Leopold I, King of the Belgians

May 2, 1831 – Wedding of Prince Augustus, Duke of Sussex, son of King George III of the United Kingdom, and Cecilia Underwood at Great Cumberland Place in London, England
This marriage was in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act and was considered void.  It was the second such marriage Augustus made.
Wikipedia: Prince Augustus, Duke of Sussex
Wikipedia: Cecilia Underwood

May 2, 1870 – Death of Grand Duke Alexander Alexandrovich of Russia, son of Tsar Alexander III of Russia, in St. Petersburg, Russia
The little Grand Duke died of meningitis at the age of 11 months.
Wikipedia: Grand Duke Alexander Alexandrovich of Russia

May 2, 1896 – Birth of Princess Helen of Greece, wife of King Carol II of Romania, in Athens, Greece
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Helen of Greece

May 2, 1914 – Death of John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, husband of Princess Louise of the United Kingdom, at Kent House in Cowes, Isle of Wight, England; buried at St. Munn’s Parish Church in Kilmun, Scotland
Unofficial Royalty: John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll

May 2, 2015 – Birth of Princess Charlotte of Cambridge, daughter of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, at St Mary’s Hospital in Paddington, London, England
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Charlotte of Cambridge

Royal News: Sunday 1 May 2016

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May 1916: Royalty and World War I

by Susan Flantzer

Rear Admiral The Honorable Sir Horace Hood

Horace_Hood_WWI_May 1916

Rear Admiral The Honorable Sir Horace Hood; Photo Credit – http://www.dreadnoughtproject.org

For two days, May 31 – June 1, 1916, the Battle of Jutland was fought in the North Sea near Denmark’s Jutland peninsula between the British Royal Navy’s Grand Fleet and the Imperial German Navy’s High Seas Fleet. A total of 250 ships were engaged in the battle, with fourteen British and eleven German ships sunk. 9,823 men were killed in the battle, 6,784 British and 3,039 German. One of those causalities was Rear Admiral The Honorable Sir Horace Hood who died when the HMS Invincible sunk during the Battle of Jutland in the North Sea with the loss of all but six men.

The Honorable Horace Lambert Alexander Hood was born in London, England on October 2, 1870, the fourth of the eight children of Francis Wheler Hood, 4th Viscount Hood of Whitley and Edith Lydia Drummond Ward.  The peerage Viscount Hood was created for Horace’s great-great-grandfather Admiral Samuel Hood, who was known for his service in the Royal Navy during American Revolutionary War and French Revolutionary Wars, and for acting as a mentor to the naval hero Horatio Nelson.

Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood; Credit – Wikipedia

Horace’s seven siblings:

Horace’s career in the Royal Navy began when he was only 12 years old as he started his cadet training on the HMS Britannia at Dartmouth, England. Three years later, he graduated at the top of his class and joined the HMS Temeraire as a midshipman. In 1890, Horace set a record score for his examinations for his promotion to lieutenant. He scored 4398 points out of a possible 4600 points. Horace saw service on the Nile in 1897-1898 and in Somaliland in 1903-1904.

Beginning in 1906, Horace spent time in Washington, DC as the naval attaché to the British Embassy. In 1910, he became Captain of the Royal Naval College at Osborne and two years later was made a naval aide-de-camp to King George V. Horace was promoted to Rear Admiral in 1913 and in June 1914 he became naval secretary to the First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill. After the onset of World War I, Horace took command of a small naval force assisting the British and Belgian armies in trying to prevent the German navy from advancing towards ports on the British Channel. In May 1915, he took command of the 3rd Battle Cruiser Squadron of the Grand Fleet aboard his flagship the HMS Invincible.

During his time in Washington, DC, Horace met an American widow with a young daughter,   Ellen Touzalin Nickerson. On January 19, 1910, Horace and Ellen were married, and the couple had two sons. Upon the death of their father in 1907, Horace’s brother Grosvenor had succeeded their father as the 5th Viscount Hood. Grosvenor’s two marriages were childless,  and Horace was the heir presumptive to the peerage until his death in 1916. After Horace’s death, his elder son Samuel was the heir presumptive to the peerage and succeeded his uncle as the 6th Viscount Hood in 1933. Samuel never married, so upon his death his brother Alexander became the 7th Viscount Hood. The current Viscount Hood, Henry Lyttelton Alexander Hood, 8th Viscount Hood of Whitley, is Horace’s grandson.

Children of Horace and Ellen:

Horace was knighted posthumously and Ellen was granted the style of a knight’s wife, Lady Hood, for the remainder of her life. She never remarried and died in 1950. Her daughter Katherine Nickerson from her first marriage married Walter Ernest Christopher James, 4th Baron Northbourne of Betteshanger .

by Bassano, whole-plate glass negative, 16 February 1922

Ellen Hood (née Touzalin) by Bassano Ltd, whole-plate glass negative, 16 February 1922 NPG x121328 © National Portrait Gallery, London

The Battle of Jutland was the largest naval battle during World War I. The British objective was to destroy the German High Seas Fleet or at the least, to keep the German force contained and away from British shipping lanes. Because the German Imperial Navy was insufficient to engage the entire British fleet, the German objective was to lure, trap and destroy a portion of the British Grand Fleet.

HMS Invincible; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Rear Admiral Horace Hood was aboard the battlecruiser HMS Invincible, the first battlecruiser to be built by any country in the world, leading the three ships of the Third Battle Cruiser Squadron. During the battle, the HMS Invincible was hit in her “Q” turret by a round of fire from the German battlecruiser SMS Lützow, causing a massive explosion. The ship broke in two and sank in 90 seconds with the loss of all but six of the crew of 1,026, including Rear Admiral Horace Hood.

HMS Invincible exploding at Jutland, taken from a destroyer nearby; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

The two shattered halves of HMS Invincible temporarily standing on the seabed; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

The remains of the HMS Invincible and its crew are at the bottom of the North Sea, and the site is a protected war grave. Horace Hood’s name along with the names of members of the Royal Navy who died in World War I with no known grave are inscribed on the Portsmouth Naval Memorial.  In 1918, Horace’s widow launched the battlecruiser HMS Hood, named after Horace’s great-great-grandfather Admiral Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood. During World War II, the HMS Hood was sunk by the German battleship Bismarck.  Of the 1415 aboard, only three survived.

Porstmouth Naval Memorial; Photo Credit – By Martyn Pattison, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9130746

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Timeline: May 1, 1916 – May 31, 1916

May 7 – 10Battle of Kondoa Irangi in Kondoa Irangi, German East Africa (now in Tanzania)
May 10 – Germany suspends unrestricted submarine warfare
May 15 – June 10Battle of Asiago at the Asiago plateau in Veneto, Italy
May 16Signing of the Sykes-Picot Agreement between Britain and France defining their proposed spheres in the Middle East
May 31 – June 1Battle of Jutland between Britain’s Grand Fleet and Germany’s Hochseeflotte

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A Note About German Titles

Many German royals and nobles died in World War I. The German Empire consisted of 27 constituent states, most of them ruled by royal families. Scroll down to German Empire here to see what constituent states made up the German Empire.  The constituent states retained their own governments, but had limited sovereignty. Some had their own armies, but the military forces of the smaller ones were put under Prussian control. In wartime, armies of all the constituent states would be controlled by the Prussian Army and the combined forces were known as the Imperial German Army.  German titles may be used in Royals Who Died In Action below. Refer to Unofficial Royalty: Glossary of German Noble and Royal Titles.

24 British peers were also killed in World War I and they will be included in the list of those who died in action. In addition, more than 100 sons of peers also lost their lives, and those that can be verified will also be included.

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May 1916 – Royals/Nobles/Peers/Sons of Peers Who Died In Action

The list is in chronological order and does contain some who would be considered noble instead of royal. The links in the last bullet for each person is that person’s genealogical information from Leo’s Genealogics Website or to The Peerage website.  If a person has a Wikipedia page, their name will be linked to that page.

Freiherr Karl von Moreau

Midshipman The Honorable Bernard Michael Bailey

Lieutenant Commander The Honorable Hugh Cecil Robert Feilding

Rear Admiral The Honorable Sir Horace Lambert Alexander Hood

Midshipman The Honorable Cecil Richard Molyneux

Commander Henry Ernest Digby Hugh Willoughby

Commander The Honorable Lionel Henry Shore

  • son of Henry Noel Shore, 5th Baron Teignmouth and Mary Aglionby Porteus
  • born November 18, 1882
  • killed in action on May 31, 1916, age 33, when the HMS Invincible sunk during the Battle of Jutland in the North Sea with the loss of all but six men

Royal Birthdays & Anniversaries: May 1-May 7

Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg with his wife, Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

53rd birthday of Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg, son of Grand Duke Jean; born at Betzdorf Castle on May 1, 1963
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg

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Lady Sarah Chatto, Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

52nd birthday of Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones, daughter of Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom; born at Kensington Palace in London on May 1, 1964
Full name: Sarah Frances Elizabeth
Unofficial Royalty: Lady Sarah Chatto

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1st birthday of Princess Charlotte of Cambridge, daughter of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge; born at St. Mary’s Hospital in Paddington, London, England on May 2, 2015
Full name: Charlotte Elizabeth Diana
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Charlotte of Cambridge

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Princess Haya bint Hussein, Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

42nd birthday of Princess Haya bint Hussein, daughter of King Hussein of Jordan and his third wife Queen Alia al-Hussein; born in Amman, Jordan on May 3, 1974
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Haya bint Hussein

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Pauline Ducruet, Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

22nd birthday of Pauline Ducruet, daughter of Princess Stephanie of Monaco; born at Centre Hospitalier Princesse Grace in Monte Carlo, Monaco on May 4, 1994
Full name: Pauline Grace Maguy
Wikipedia: Pauline Ducruet

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7th birthday of Prince Henrik of Denmark, son of Prince Joachim; born at Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen, Denmark on May 4, 2009
Full name: Henrik Carl Joachim Alain
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Henrik of Denmark

May 1: Today in Royal History

Isabel of Portugal, wife of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

May 1, 1118 – Death of Edith of Scotland, first wife of King Henry I of England, at the Palace of Westminster; buried at Westminster Abbey
Wikipedia: Edith of Scotland

May 1, 1238 – Birth of King Magnus VI of Norway
Wikipedia: Magnus VI of Norway

May 1, 1464 – Wedding of King Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville in Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire, England (traditional date)
Wikipedia: Edward IV of England
Wikipedia: Elizabeth Woodville

May 1, 1539 – Death of Isabel of Portugal, wife of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, in Toldeo, Spain; buried at the Monastery of San Lorenzo El Real in El Escorial, Spain
Wikipedia: Isabel of Portugal

May 1, 1707 – Acts of Union takes effect: Kingdom of England & Kingdom of Scotland form the United Kingdom of Great Britain
Wikipedia: Acts of Union

May 1, 1850 – Birth of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, son of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, at Buckingham Palace
Full name: Arthur William Patrick Albert
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught

May 1, 1920 – Death of Margaret of Connaught, wife of Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden, at the Royal Palace in Stockholm, Sweden; buried at Royal Burial Ground in Haga north of Stockholm
Unofficial Royalty: Margaret of Connaught, Crown Princess of Sweden

May 1, 1963 – Birth of Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg, son of Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg, at Betzdorf Castle in Luxembourg
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg

May 1, 1964 – Birth of Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones, daughter of Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom, at Kensington Palace in London, England
Full name: Sarah Frances Elizabeth
Unofficial Royalty: Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones

Royal News: Saturday 30 April 2016

Doing some shopping on Amazon.com? Please remember to use our Amazon link – found at the top of the right-hand column on every page of our site. It costs you nothing, and every purchase made through that link helps to support Unofficial Royalty, so that we can continue to bring you the royal news and features every day. Thank you!

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