Royal News: Thursday 23 March 2017

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Daily Mail: Hear something funny, Maxima? Dutch queen looks VERY entertained as she listens to a university talk on the effect of music on children’s brains
Express: Queen Maxima of The Netherlands dazzles in black and white print dress at The Hague
Getty Images: Princess Beatrix Opens “Chapeaux” Exhibition With Her Own Hats In Apeldoorn
Getty Images: Queen Maxima Opens Music Symposium At The Palace Noordeinde In The Hague

Norway

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United Kingdom

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March 23: Today in Royal History

Margaret of Anjou; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

March 23, 1429 – Birth of Margaret of Anjou, wife of King Henry VI of England, at Pont-à-Mousson, Lorraine, France
Unofficial Royalty: Margaret of Anjou, Queen of England

March 23, 1801 – Murder of Tsar Paul I of Russia at the Mikhailovsky Castle in St. Petersburg, Russia; buried at the Fortress of Sts. Peter and Paul in St. Petersburg, Russia
Wikipedia: Tsar Paul I of Russia

March 23, 1990 – Birth of Princess Eugenie of York at Portland Hospital in London, England
Full name: Eugenie Victoria Helena
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Eugenie of York

Royal News: Wednesday 22 March 2017

 

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George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven

source: Wikipedia

George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven

George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven was born on December 6, 1892, at The New Palace in Darmstadt. At the time of his birth, he was HSH Prince George Louis Victor Henry Serge of Battenberg, the third child and elder son of Prince Ludwig (Louis) of Battenberg and Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine. George had three younger siblings:

George with his mother, Victoria.

A remarkably intelligent and clever child, George had his own workshop at his father’s Heiligenberg Castle by the age of ten, and was soon designing and building precise working models of steam engines. He enjoyed complex math problems “for relaxation” and was recognized by his superiors at Dartmouth Naval College for being perhaps the most clever cadet the college had ever seen. During his time in the Royal Navy, he devised a system to provide air conditioning in his cabin, and invented a device which would brew his morning tea, triggered by an alarm clock.

Wedding portrait of George and Nadejda.

On November 15, 1916 at the Russian Embassy in London, George married Countess Nadejda Mikhailovna de Torby. Nadjeda was born in Cannes on March 28, 1896, the younger daughter of Grand Duke Mikhail Mikhailovich of Russia and Countess Sophie von Merenberg. Following their wedding, George and Nadejda settled at Lynden Manor, in Bray, Berkshire, and had two children:

The following year, in 1917, King George V of the United Kingdom asked his relatives to relinquish their German royal titles. On July 14, 1917, the Battenbergs gave up their titles and styles, and took on the surname Mountbatten. George, having previously been created a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order, became Sir George Mountbatten. Four months later, on November 7, 1917, his father was created Marquess of Milford Haven, and George assumed the courtesy title Earl of Medina. Four years later, in 1921, George succeeded his father as 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven.

In the late 1920s, having lost most of his inheritance to German inflation – and having a wife with very expensive tastes – George left the Royal Navy for a career in business. He worked for a brokerage house before moving to the British Sperry Gyroscope Company where he became chairman. He also served as director for several large companies, including Electrolux and Marks & Spencer.

In 1930, George became instrumental in the upbringing of his nephew, Prince Philip of Greece. Philip’s mother suffered a breakdown that year, and his father was more-or-less separated from the family, living with a mistress on the French Riviera. George became Philip’s primary guardian, serving as a surrogate father and arranging for, and financing, Philip’s education.

In 1934, George and Nadejda were brought into the international spotlight during the custody battle for the young Gloria Vanderbilt in New York City. Allegations had been raised that Nadejda and Gloria’s mother – Gloria Morgan Vanderbilt – had been lovers. Nadejda traveled to New York to testify in the case, decrying the allegations as “malicious, terrible lies.”

In December 1937, George suffered a fall and broke his femur. A month later, when it didn’t appear to be healing, further examination found that he was suffering from bone marrow cancer. Fearing that the diagnosis would cause him to decline quite quickly, the doctors chose to withhold it from him, in agreement with the family. He lingered for several months, finally losing his battle on April 8, 1938. He is buried at the Bray Cemetery. By the time of his death, George had accumulated a large collection of erotic art, which he left – on permanent loan – to the British Library. The library’s index describes the collection as “prospectuses and catalogues of erotic and obscene books, pictures and instruments, dating from 1889 to 1929. 81 parts. Collected by George Mountbatten.”

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March 22: Today in Royal History

Marie Sophie of Hesse-Cassel, Queen of Denmark; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

March 22, 1421 – Death of Thomas, Duke of Clarence, son of King Henry IV of England, at the Battle of Baugé in France; buried at Canterbury Cathedral in Canterbury, Kent, England
Wikipedia: Thomas, Duke of Clarence

March 22, 1759– Birth of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp, wife of King Charles XIII of Sweden, in Eutin (Germany)
Wikipedia: Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden

March 22, 1797 – Birth of Wilhelm I, German Emperor, King of Prussia at the Crown Prince’s Palace in Berlin, Prussia (Germany)
Full name: Wilhelm Friedrich Ludwig
Unofficial Royalty: Wilhelm I, German Emperor, King of Prussia

March 22, 1852 – Death of Marie Sophie of Hesse-Cassel, wife of King Frederik VI of Denmark and Norway, at Frederiksberg Palace in Frederiksberg, Denmark; buried at Roskilde Cathedral in Roskilde, Denmark
Wikipedia: Marie Sophie of Hesse-Cassel, Queen of Denmark

March 22, 1956 – Birth of Maria Teresa Mestre y Batista, wife of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg, in Havana, Cuba
Unofficial Royalty: Maria Teresa Mestre y Batista, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg

Royal News: Tuesday 21 March 2017

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March 21: Today in Royal History

King Olav V of Norway and Princess Märtha of Sweden; Photo Credit – orderofsplendor.blogspot.com

March 21, 1795 – Death of Prince Honoré III of Monaco
Wikipedia: Prince Honoré III of Monaco

March 21, 1871 – Wedding of Princess Louise of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria, and John Campbell, Lord Lorne later Duke of Argyll, at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor
Louise broke with tradition and married a non-royal. Her husband served the crown as Governor General of Canada for 5 years. Louise accompanied him to Canada and Canadians were honored to have their monarch’s daughter living in their country.
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll
Unofficial Royalty: John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll

March 21, 1929 – Wedding King Olav V of Norway and Princess Märtha of Sweden at Oslo Cathedral in Oslo, Norway
Unofficial Royalty: King Olav V of Norway
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Märtha of Sweden, Crown Princess of Norway

 March 21, 1985 – Claire Margareta Lademacher, wife of Prince Félix of Luxembourg, was born in Filderstadt, Germany
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Claire of Luxembourg

March 21, 2002 – Wedding of King Mohammed VI of Morocco and Salma Bennani at the Dar al-Makhzin in Rabat, Morocco
Unofficial Royalty: King Mohammed VI of Morocco
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Lalla Salma of Morocco

March 21, 2004 – Birth of Count Claus-Casimir of Orange-Nassau, son of Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands
Full name: Claus-Casimir Bernhard Marius Max
Wikipedia: Count Claus-Casimir of Orange-Nassau

Royal News: Monday 20 March 2017

 

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Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark

Sophie of Greece and Denmark in 1955, with her daughter Friederike. Photo source: Daily Mail

Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark, Princess of Hesse, Princess of Hanover

Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark was the third daughter of Prince Andreas of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg. Known in the family as “Tiny”, she was born on March 25, 1915 at Mon Repos on the isle of Corfu, Greece. She had four siblings:

Because of the unstable political situation in Greece, Sophie spent several years living in Switzerland, and later settled in France in the early 1920s. However, the family was soon pulled apart. Her mother suffered a nervous breakdown and was institutionalized in 1930, and her father had basically given up on his marriage and spent most of his time with a mistress on the French Riviera. So it was no surprise when Sophie, at just 16 years old, became engaged to be married. She would be the first of the sisters to marry, but the others followed within the following year. On December 15, 1930 at Schloss Friedrichshof in Kronberg, Sophie married Prince Christoph of Hesse, in both Orthodox and Lutheran ceremonies. He was the son of Prince Friedrich Karl of Hesse and Princess Margarete of Prussia. Sophie and Christoph were second cousins once removed through their mutual descent from Queen Victoria. They had five children:

  • Princess Christina of Hesse (1933) – married (1) Prince Andrej of Yugoslavia, had issue; (2) Robert van Eyck, had issue
  • Princess Dorothea of Hesse (1934) – married Prince Friedrich Karl of Windisch-Grätz, had issue
  • Prince Karl of Hesse (1937) – married Countess Yvonne Szapáry von Muraszombath, Széchysziget and Szapár, had issue
  • Prince Rainer of Hesse (1939) – unmarried
  • Princess Clarissa of Hesse (1944) – married Jean-Claude Derrin (div), had issue

Sophie and Christoph lived in Berlin, where he worked in an insurance company, as well as serving as a reserve officer in the Luftwaffe. At the outbreak of World War II, Christoph entered active service, serving as a navigator in a bomb squadron, and later transferred to a fighter squadron in Tunisia and Sicily. In October 1943, Hitler recalled all the German princes from active service. Christoph was en route back to Germany when his plane crashed on October 7 and he was killed.

Sophie, meanwhile, had been living with her mother-in-law at Schloss Friedrichshof, with her five children. She was also raising the four children of her brother-in-law, Prince Philip of Hesse, who had been imprisoned in 1943. Forced to leave Friedrichshof when the American troops arrived, Sophie and her family moved to Schloss Wolfsgarten, the family home of the former Grand Dukes of Hesse and by Rhine.

Sophie married a second time on April 23, 1946, in Salem, Baden. Her husband was Prince Georg Wilhelm of Hanover, the son of Ernst August III, Duke of Brunswick and Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia. Sophie and Georg Wilhelm were second cousins. This marriage is the only known case where the British sovereign withheld permission to marry, under the Royal Marriages Act of 1772. Although Germany and Britain were at war, the groom’s father still requested consent from King George VI. The King wished to let them know that it would be inappropriate to give his consent due to the war, but the British government would not allow it. Therefore, the request went unanswered, meaning that the marriage was not recognized under British law. Sophie and Georg had three children:

Throughout her life, Sophie was very close with her brother, The Duke of Edinburgh. Although not invited to Philip’s wedding because of her German ties, Sophie and her husband paid a private visit shortly after the wedding, spending time with Philip and Elizabeth at Birkhall. Six years later, Sophie and her surviving sisters, and their families, were all in attendance for Elizabeth’s coronation. The families visited often, and Sophie was a regular guest at the Windsor Royal Horse Show each year, as well as most private family events. In 1964, she was named as one of the godparents for Philip’s youngest son, Prince Edward. In 1994, Sophie and Philip traveled to Jerusalem, where their mother was posthumously honored as Righteous Among the Nations for her efforts to help Jewish families during the war.

Sophie and Philip in Jerusalem, 1994.

In her later years, Sophie lived in Schliersee, near Munich, with her husband. She also regularly visited Princess Margaret of Hesse and by Rhine (the wife of Prince Ludwig) who was among her closest friends. In the summer of 2001, with her health failing, Sophie moved to a nursing home in Munich, where she later died on November 24, 2001. She was buried in the cemetery in Schliersee, and a memorial service was held two months later at Schloss Wolfsgarten, attended by The Duke of Edinburgh.

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March 20: Today in Royal History

Tomb of King Henry IV of England; Photo Credit – Susan Flantzer, March 2008

March 20, 1413 – Death of King Henry IV of England in the Jerusalem Chamber at Westminster Abbey; buried at Canterbury Cathedral in Canterbury, Kent, England
Unofficial Royalty: King Henry IV of England

March 20, 1469 – Birth of Cecily of York, daughter of King Edward IV of England, at the Palace of Westminster in London, England
Wikipedia: Cecily of York

March 20, 1736 – Birth of Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, Rama I of Thailand in Ayutthaya, Kingdom of Ayutthaya
Wikipedia: Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke

March 20, 1811 – Birth of Napoleon II (Francois-Charles-Joseph Bonaparte), son of Emperor Napoleon I of France and his second wife Marie-Louise of Austria, at the Tuileries Palace in Paris, France
Wikipedia: Napoleon II

March 20, 1816 – Death of Queen Maria I of Portugal in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; buried first in the Ajuda Abbey in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; since 1821 in the Basílica da Estrela in Lisbon, Portugal
Wikipedia: Queen Maria I of Portugal

March 20, 1926 – Death of Lovisa of Sweden, wife of King Frederik VIII of Denmark, at Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen, Denmark; buried at Roskilde Cathedral in Roskilde, Denmark
Unofficial Royalty: Lovisa of Sweden, Queen of Denmark

March 20, 1934 – Death of Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, wife of King Willem III of the Netherlands, at the Palace Lange Voorhout in The Hague, Netherlands; buried at Nieuwe Kerk in Delft, The Netherlands
Unofficial Royalty: Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Queen of the Netherlands

March 20, 1944 – Wedding of Peter II of Yugoslavia and Alexandra of Greece
Unofficial Royalty: King Peter II of Yugoslavia
Unofficial Royalty: Alexandra of Greece

March 20, 1963 – Wedding of Palden Thondup Namgyal, Crown Prince of Sikkim and Hope Cooke
Unofficial Royalty: Palden Thondup Namgyal, Crown Prince of Sikkim
Wikipedia: Hope Cooke

March 20, 1974 – Kidnap attempt is made on Princess Anne in The Mall near Buckingham Palace in London, England
BBC: On This Date – March 20
The Age: Kidnap the Princess? Not bloody likely!

March 20, 1982 – Wedding of Prince Nikolaus of Liechtenstein and Princess Margaretha of Luxembourg at Notre Dame Cathedral in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Nikolaus of Liechtenstein
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Margaretha of Luxembourg

March 20, 2004 – Death of Princess Juliana of the Netherlands, formerly Queen Juliana, at the Soestdijk Palace in Baarn, The Netherlands; buried at the Nieuwe Kerk in Delft, The Netherlands
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Juliana of the Netherlands