Royal News: Sunday 23 April 2017

Doing some shopping on Amazon.com? Please remember to use our Amazon link – found at the top of the right-hand column on every page of our site. It costs you nothing, and every purchase made through that link helps to support Unofficial Royalty, so that we can continue to bring you the royal news and features every day. Thank you!

Bahrain

Liechtenstein

Multiple Monarchies

Saudi Arabia

United Kingdom

Make sure to get the latest news updates as soon as they’re posted. Register today as a member of Unofficial Royalty. It’s quick and easy, and completely free! Click the ‘Register’ link in the menu to the right.

Royal Birthdays & Anniversaries: April 23 – April 29

 Princess Zein in the striped shawl and Princess Aisha in blue

49th birthday of Princess Aisha and Princess Zein of Jordan, twin daughters of King Hussein and his second wife Princess Muna al-Hussein; born in Amman, Jordan on April 23, 1968
Wikipedia: Princess Aisha
Wikipedia: Princess Zein

************************

Lady Gabriella Windsor, Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

36th birthday of Lady Gabriella Windsor, daughter of Prince Michael of Kent; born at St. Mary’s Hospital in Paddington, London on April 23, 1981
Full name: Gabriella Marina Alexandra Ophelia
Wikipedia: Lady Gabriella Windsor
Ella Windsor

************************

14th birthday of Princess Laetitia Maria of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria, daughter of Princess Astrid of Belgium; born at Clinique Saint Jean in Brussels, Belgium on April 23, 2003
Full Name: Laetitia Maria Nora Anna Joachim Zita
Wikipedia: Princess Laetitia Maria of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este

************************

Iman bint Hussein

Princess Iman bint Hussein with her husband; Photo Credit – www.arabiaweddings.com

34th birthday of Princess Iman of Jordan, daughter of King Hussein and his fourth wife Queen Noor, in Amman, Jordan on April 24, 1983
Wikipedia: Princess Iman bint al Hussein

************************

Princess Muna al-Hussein of Jordan; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

76th birthday of Princess Muna al-Hussein of Jordan, second wife of King Hussein and mother of King Abdullah II; born in Chelmondiston, Suffolk, England on April 25, 1941
Born Antoinette Avril Gardiner
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Muna al-Hussein

************************

 

31st birthday of Prince Philippos of Greece, son of King Constantine II; born in London, England on April 26, 1986
Official Website of the Greek Royal Family

************************

King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

50th birthday of King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands; born in the University Medical Center in Utrecht, the Netherlands on April 27, 1967
Full name: Willem-Alexander Claus George Ferdinand
Unofficial Royalty: King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands

************************

Lady Helen Taylor, Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

53rd birthday of Lady Helen Windsor, daughter of the HRH The Duke of Kent; born at Coppins, a country house in Iver, Buckinghamshire on April 28, 1964
Full name: Helen Marina Lucy
Wikipedia: Lady Helen Taylor

************************

April 23: Today in Royal History

Æthelred II (the Unready); Credit – Wikipedia

April 23, 1014 – Death of Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig (Brian Boru), High King of Ireland, at the Battle of Clontarf; said to be buried at St. Patrick’s Cathedral in Armagh, Ireland
Wikipedia: Brian Boru, High King of Ireland

April 23, 1016 – Death of Æthelred II (the Unready), King of the English, at London, England; buried at (old) St. Paul’s Cathedral (destroyed in the Great Fire of London)
Unofficial Royalty: Æthelred II, King of the English

April 23, 1124 – Death of King Alexander I of Scotland at Stirling Castle in Stirling, Scotland; buried at Dunfermline Abbey in Fife, Scotland
Wikipedia: King Alexander I of Scotland

April 23, 1151 – Death of Adeliza of Louvain, second wife of King Henry I of England, at Afflighem in Flanders, Belgium; buried at the Abbey of Afflighem in Afflighem, Belgium
Unofficial Royalty: Adeliza of Louvain, Queen of England

April 23, 1185 – Death of King Afonso II of Portugal in Coimbra, Portugal; buried at Monastery of Santa Cruz in Coimbra, Portugal
Wikipedia: King Afonso II of Portugal

April 23, 1224 – Wedding of Eleanor of England, daughter of King John of England, and William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke
Eleanor was the third daughter and fifth and youngest child of King John and his wife Isabella of Angouleme.  She first married William Marshall, 2nd Earl of Pembroke at age 9 and was widowed at age 16.
Unofficial Royalty: Eleanor of England
Wikipedia: William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke

April 23, 1307 – Death of Joan of Acre, daughter of King Edward I of England, at Clare Castle in Clare, Suffolk, England; buried at Clare Priory in Clare, Suffolk, England
Joan was the eighth child of Edward I and his first wife Eleanor of Castile and was born in Acre, Palestine while her parents were taking part in the Crusades.
Wikipedia: Joan of Acre

April 23, 1348 – Order of the Garter is founded
Wikipedia: Order of the Garter
British Monarchy: Order of the Garter

April 23, 1445 – Wedding of King Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou at Titchfield Abbey in Titchfield, Hampshire, England
Unofficial Royalty: King Henry VI of England
Unofficial Royalty: Margaret of Anjou, Queen of England

April 23, 1625 – Death of Maurits of Nassau, Prince of Orange, at The Hague, the Netherlands; buried at Nieuwe Kerk in Delft, the Netherlands
Wikipedia: Maurits of Nassau, Prince of Orange

April 23, 1661 – Coronation of King Charles II of England
Charles’ wife Catherine of Braganza was never crowned because she was Roman Catholic.
Unofficial Royalty: King Charles II of England

April 23, 1676 – Birth of King Fredrik I of Sweden at Kassel, Hesse-Kassel (Germany)
Wikipedia: King Fredrik I of Sweden

April 23, 1685 – Coronation of King James II of England
James’ second wife Mary of Modena was crowned with him.
Unofficial Royalty: King James II of England

April 23, 1702 – Coronation of Queen Anne of Great Britain
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Anne of Great Britain

April 23, 1751 – Death of Prince Jacques I of Monaco at Hôtel Matignon in Paris, France
Wikipedia: Prince Jacques I of Monaco

April 23, 1851 – Wedding of Grand Duke Adolphe of Luxembourg and Princess Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau, in Dessau, Germany
This was Adolphe’s second marriage. His first wife, Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mikhailovna of Russia, had died in childbirth in 1845.
Unofficial Royalty: Grand Duke Adolphe of Luxembourg
Unofficial Royalty: Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg

April 23, 1922 – Death of Lord Leopold Mountbatten, grandson of Queen Victoria, at Kensington Palace in London, England; buried at the Royal Burial Grounds at Frogmore near Windsor Castle
Leopold was the son of Princess Beatrice, daughter of Queen Victoria, and Prince Henry of Battenberg.  His mother was a hemophilia carrier and he inherited the disease from her.  Leopold never married and died following emergency surgery.
Unofficial Royalty: Lord Leopold Mountbatten

April 23, 1923 – Death of Princess Louise of Prussia, daughter of Wilhelm I, German Emperor, wife of Grand Duke Friedrich I of Baden
Unofficial Royalty: Louise of Prussia, Grand Duchess of Baden

April 23, 1968 – Birth of Princess Aisha and Princess Zein of Jordan, twin daughters of King Hussein of Jordan and his second wife Princess Muna al-Hussein, in Amman, Jordan
Wikipedia: Princess Aisha
Wikipedia: Princess Zein

April 23, 1981 – Birth of Lady Gabriella Windsor, daughter of Prince Michael of Kent, at St. Mary’s Hospital in Paddington, London, England
Full name: Gabriella Marina Alexandra Ophelia
Wikipedia: Lady Gabriella Windsor

April 23, 2003 – Birth of Princess Laetitia Maria of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria, daughter of Princess Astrid of Belgium, in Brussels, Belgium
Full Name: Laetitia Maria Nora Anna Joachim Zita
Wikipedia: Princess Laetitia Maria of Belgium

April 23, 2004 – Wedding of Prince Ali Bin Al-Hussein of Jordan and Rym Brahimi
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Ali of Jordan
Wikipedia: Rym Brahimi

Royal News: Saturday 22 April 2017

Doing some shopping on Amazon.com? Please remember to use our Amazon link – found at the top of the right-hand column on every page of our site. It costs you nothing, and every purchase made through that link helps to support Unofficial Royalty so that we can continue to bring you the royal news and features every day. Thank you!

Denmark

Japan

Monaco

Multiple Monarchies

Netherlands

Saudi Arabia

Serbia

Sweden

Thailand

United Kingdom

April 22: Today in Royal History

Queen Isabella of Castile and Leon; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

April 22, 1355 – Death of Eleanor of Woodstock, daughter of King Edward II of England, at Deventer Abbey in Gueldres, now in the Netherlands; buried at Deventer Abbey
Wikipedia: Eleanor of Woodstock, Countess of Guelders

April 22, 1433 – Wedding of John, Duke of Bedford, son of King Henry IV of England, and Jacquetta of Luxembourg at Bishop’s Palace in Thérouenne, France
Jacquetta’s second husband was Richard Woodville and their daughter Elizabeth married Edward IV making Jacquetta the grandmother of Elizabeth of York and the Little Princes in the Tower and the great-grandmother of Henry VIII.
Unofficial Royalty: John, Duke of Bedford
Wikipedia: Jacquetta of Luxembourg

April 22, 1451 –  Birth of Queen Isabella of Castile and Leon at Madrigal de las Altas Torres in Avila, Spain
Isabella was the wife of King Ferdinand of Aragon and the mother of Catherine of Aragon, the first wife of King Henry VIII of England.  Her great grandfather was John of Gaunt, son of King Edward III of England.
Wikipedia: Queen Isabella of Castile

April 22, 1852 – Birth of Grand Duke Guillaume IV of Luxembourg in Biebrich Palace in Wiesbaden, Germany
Unofficial Royalty: Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

April 22, 1872 – Birth of Princess Margaret of Prussia, daughter of Frederick III, German Emperor, at Neues Palais in Potsdam, Prussia, Germany
Full name: Margarete Beatrice Feodora
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Margaret of Prussia, Landgravine of Hesse

April 22, 1906 – Birth of Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden, Duke of Västerbotten, eldest son of King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden, father of King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, at Stockholm Palace in Stockholm, Sweden
Gustaf Adolf predeceased his father. He died in an airplane crash at age 40.
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden

April 22, 1957 – Birth of Daniel Chatto, husband of Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones, daughter of Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom
Full name: Daniel Chatto St. George Sproule
Wikipedia: Daniel Chatto

Royal News: Friday 21 April 2017

Doing some shopping on Amazon.com? Please remember to use our Amazon link – found at the top of the right-hand column on every page of our site. It costs you nothing, and every purchase made through that link helps to support Unofficial Royalty, so that we can continue to bring you the royal news and features every day. Thank you!

Belgium

Japan

Spain

Sweden

United Kingdom

Make sure to get the latest news updates as soon as they’re posted. Register today as a member of Unofficial Royalty. It’s quick and easy, and completely free! Click the ‘Register’ link in the menu to the right.

When The Monarch Dies: Royal Titles and Arms

by Scott Mehl

Letters Patent creating Prince Charles as Prince of Wales, 1958

Royal Titles

As already discussed, when the Monarch dies, the heir apparent immediately takes the throne. This includes all of the titles and trappings of the monarchy. The titles of the Monarch remained relatively unchanged from the accession of Queen Victoria in 1837 to the accession of Queen Elizabeth II in 1952 (with the exception of the title Emperor/Empress of India, which was held from 1876 until 1947). Currently, the British monarch is also the monarch of 15 other realms, and is titled differently in each one:

United Kingdom
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and of Her other Realms and Territories, Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith

Antigua and Barbuda
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Antigua and Barbuda and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Australia
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Australia and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

The Bahamas
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Barbados
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Barbardos and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Belize
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Belize and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Canada
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom, Canada and Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith

Grenada
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Grenada and Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Jamaica
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Jamaica and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

New Zealand
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of New Zealand and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith

Papua New Guinea
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Papua New Guinea and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Saint Kitts and Nevis
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Saint Christopher and Nevis and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Saint Lucia
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Saint Lucia and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Solomon Islands
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Solomon Islands and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Tuvalu
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Tuvalu and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

The monarch also immediately becomes Commander-in-Chief of the British Armed Forces, and Sovereign of all of the Honours and Orders of Chivalry both in Britain and the other realms.  It is expected that the titles will remain the same, with the possible exception of ‘Head of the Commonwealth’. In 1949, King George VI became the first Head of the Commonwealth, and the role and title passed to his daughter Queen Elizabeth II upon her accession. When the Commonwealth was formally established, the Declaration states that the King will serve as Head of the Commonwealth. In keeping with that sense of heredity, when Prince Charles was created Prince of Wales in 1958, the Letters Patent issued stated that he, and his heirs, will serve as Heads of the Commonwealth. However, there are those who feel that, when the current reign ends, the various members of the Commonwealth should collectively determine who will succeed in the role.

Upon becoming monarch, any and all titles held by that person revert to the Crown, meaning that they cease to exist. For example, Prince Charles will cease being Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall, etc., the moment he becomes King. Some of his previous titles will pass automatically to the new heir apparent, and others must be specifically granted. You can read more about those titles in our previous article – When The Monarch Dies: Immediately and Automatically.

Titles and Styles of the Descendants of the Monarch

For the most part, the titles and styles of a Monarch’s descendants are determined by the Letters Patent issued by King George V in 1917. Under these LPs, the style of ‘Royal Highness’ and title of ‘Prince/Princess’ is granted to:

  • children of the monarch
  • grandchildren in the male line
  • the eldest son of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales

Several additional LPs have been issued since then, which make some alterations to the original LPs:

  • 1948 – King George VI issued LPs declaring that all children of then-Princess Elizabeth would be styled as HRH, and titled as Prince/Princess. Without these LPs, Charles and Anne would not have become HRH until The Queen’s accession in 1952. Instead, they would have been styled as children of a Duke. Charles would have been Charles Mountbatten, Earl of Merioneth (using his father’s most senior subsidiary title by courtesy), and Anne would have been Lady Anne Mountbatten.
  • 1957 – Queen Elizabeth II issued LPs creating her husband a Prince of the United Kingdom. Until that point, he was merely HRH The Duke of Edinburgh, and not ‘Prince Philip’ as the media often referred to him.
  • 2012 – Queen Elizabeth II issued LPs declaring that all children of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales would be styled as HRH, with the title Prince/Princess. While this had no effect on Prince George, who was already entitled as the eldest son of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales, it did affect his younger sister Princess Charlotte. Were it not for these LPs, Charlotte would be styled Lady Charlotte Mountbatten-Windsor until her grandfather became King.

Children of the Monarch

Upon the accession of a new monarch, two changes take place when it comes to the titles and styles of the monarch’s children. Children of a sovereign are formally styled with the article ‘The’ preceding their names. They also cease using any territorial designation. For example, Prince Harry of Wales, upon his father’s accession, will become The Prince Harry. Should he have a peerage by that point, he would continue to be formally styled as such – ‘HRH The Duke/Earl of XXX’.  These changes remain in place, even after that monarch has passed away.  For example, the younger daughter of King George VI became The Princess Margaret upon her father’s accession in 1936, and remained so for the rest of her life.  That style did not end upon her father’s death.

Based on the assumption that the current line of succession remains unchanged, the following changes will occur with the next reign: Prince Charles will become HM The King; Prince William will automatically become HRH The Duke of Cornwall and Cambridge, and Prince George will become HRH Prince George of Cornwall and Cambridge. (Note that the Cornwall title always precedes any other peerage titles.) It would then be expected that Prince William would at some point be created Prince of Wales. At that time, Prince George and Princess Charlotte would take ‘of Wales’ as their territorial designation.

Here’s a great article which explains further – Unofficial Royalty: What’s In a Title: The Changing Royal Style

**************

Royal Arms

The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom. photo: By Sodacan – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21101265

The Royal Arms have remained unchanged since Queen Victoria’s accession in 1837. On the shield, they feature the three gold lions in the 1st and 4th quarter (representing England), the red rampant lion in the second quarter (representing Scotland), and the gold harp in the 3rd quarter (representing Ireland).  There is also a second version used in Scotland which features the Scottish emblem in the 1st and 4th quarter, with the English in the 2nd.

Arms of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught (son of Queen Victoria), featuring the Arms of Saxony. photo: By SodacanThis vector image was created with Inkscape. – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11758689

Until 1917, when King George V changed the name to the House of Windsor and removed all German styles and titles, the arms of male-line descendants of Queen Victoria also featured in inescutcheon of the Arms of Saxony in recognition of their descent from Prince Albert (who was a Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and a Duke of Saxony).

Children and grandchildren of the monarch, in the male line, are typically granted their own coats of arms around the time they reach the age of 18, and all are based on the Royal Arms. They are made unique by the use of a label – with three points for children of a monarch (and the eldest son of the Prince of Wales), and five points for grandchildren.

The Arms of The Prince of Wales. photo: By SodacanThis vector image was created with Inkscape. – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11758689

The arms of the Prince of Wales feature a plain three-point label and also feature an inescutcheon of the traditional arms of the Principality of Wales. As Duke of Rothesay in Scotland, he also has a different coat of arms (here).

The labels on the arms of children and grandchildren of the monarch also feature a mark of cadence on one or more of the points. This makes each coat of arms unique to that person. For example, Prince Harry’s arms feature a five-point label (as a grandchild of the monarch), with a red scallop shell on the first, third and fifth point. These are taken from the Spencer arms, used by his mother, Diana, Princess of Wales. Similar marks of cadence appear on all of the arms granted to children and grandchildren of the monarch.

These arms are granted for the person’s lifetime, and do not pass to their children. They do, however, change slightly when there is a new monarch. A grandchild who now becomes a child of the monarch will see their label change from five points to three. And the new heir apparent – once created Prince of Wales – will assume the arms of the Prince of Wales.

Arms of the Duchess of Cambridge. photo: By SodacanThis vector image was created with Inkscape. – Own work, Based on: BBC News and Official website, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14960090

Wives traditionally use their husband’s arms impaled with their own (or their father’s) arms. Such is the case with the arms of the Duchess of Cambridge seen above. They feature the Duke of Cambridge’s arms on the left, and the arms of her father on the right.

Up until 1975, none of these individual grants of arms were heritable. But in 1975, The Queen issued a Royal Warrant declaring that the arms of grandsons of a monarch (other than the eldest son of the Prince of Wales) are heritable with appropriate differentiation. This means that the arms of the current Dukes of Gloucester and Kent, as well as Prince Michael of Kent, will pass on to their eldest sons.

British Monarchy: Coat of Arms
Wikipedia: Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom
Unofficial Royalty: English Royal Heraldry

April 21: Today in Royal History

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

April 21, 1509 – Death of King Henry VII of England at Richmond Palace in Richmond, Surrey, England; buried at Westminster Abbey
Unofficial Royalty: King Henry VII of England

April 21, 1767 – Birth of Elisabeth of Württemberg, first wife of Emperor Franz I of Austria, in Treptow, Brandenburg (Germany)
Elisabeth died in childbirth at age 23.
Unofficial Royalty: Elisabeth of Württemberg, Archduchess of Austria

April 21, 1843 – Death of Prince Augustus, Duke of Sussex, son of King George III of the United Kingdom, at Kensington Palace in London, England; buried at Kensal Green Cemetery in London, England
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Augustus, Duke of Sussex

April 21, 1868 – Wedding of Umberto I, King of Italy and Margherita of Savoy
Unofficial Royalty: Umberto I, King of Italy
Unofficial Royalty: Margherita of Savoy

April 21, 1892 – Death of Alexandrine of Prussia, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Wikipedia: Alexandrine of Prussia, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

April 21, 1926 – Birth of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom at 17 Bruton Street in London, England
Full name: Elizabeth Alexandra Mary
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom

April 21, 1947 – Wedding of Princess Katherine of Greece and Major Richard Brandram
Princess Katherine was a daughter of King Constantine I of Greece and Princess Sophie of Prussia
Wikipedia: Princess Katherine of Greece and Denmark, Lady Katherine Brandham

April 21, 2007 – Birth of Princess Isabella of Denmark, daughter of Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark, at Copenhagen University Hospital in Copenhagen, Denmark
Full name: Isabella Henrietta Ingrid Margrethe
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Isabella of Denmark

Royal News: Thursday 20 April 2017

Doing some shopping on Amazon.com? Please remember to use our Amazon link – found at the top of the right-hand column on every page of our site. It costs you nothing, and every purchase made through that link helps to support Unofficial Royalty, so that we can continue to bring you the royal news and features every day. Thank you!

Bahrain

Japan

Kuwait

Monaco

Netherlands

Spain

Sweden

Thailand

United Kingdom

Make sure to get the latest news updates as soon as they’re posted. Register today as a member of Unofficial Royalty. It’s quick and easy, and completely free! Click the ‘Register’ link in the menu to the right.

April 20: Today in Royal History

Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia, Photo Credit – Wikipedia

April 20, 1808 – Birth of Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte, Emperor Napoleon III of France, in Paris, France
Unofficial Royalty: Napoleon III, Emperor of France

April 20, 1836 – Death of Prince Johann I Josef of Liechtenstein
Wikipedia: Prince Johann I Josef of Liechtenstein

April 20, 1839 – Birth of King Carol I of Romania in Sigmaringen, Germany
Unofficial Royalty: King Carol I of Romania

April 20, 1884 – Birth of Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, at Eastwell Park in Kent, England
Full name: Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh

April 20, 1893 – Wedding of Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria and Marie Louise of Bourbon-Parma
Unofficial Royalty: Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria
Unofficial Royalty: Marie Louise of Bourbon-Parma, Princess of Bulgaria

April 20, 1896 – Wedding of Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Edinburgh and Ernst II, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Princess Alexandra was the daughter of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Edinburgh
Unofficial Royalty: Ernst II, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg

April 20, 1929 – Death of Prince Heinrich of Prussia, son of Friedrich III, German Emperor, at Herrenhaus Hemmelmark in Eckernförde, Germany
Full name: Albert Wilhelm Heinrich
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Heinrich of Prussia

April 20, 1947 – Death of King Christian X of Denmark at Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen, Denmark; buried at Roskilde Cathedral in Roskilde, Denmark
Unofficial Royalty: King Christian X of Denmark

April 20, 1960 – Death of Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia, daughter of Tsar Alexander III of Russia, in London, England; buried in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, France
Wikipedia: Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna

April 20, 1999 – Birth of Prince Georg Antonius of Liechtenstein, son of Hereditary Prince Alois, in Grabs, Switzerland
Full name: Georg Antonius Constantin Maria
Wikipedia: Family of Hereditary Prince Alois