Royal News: Tuesday 3 March 2015

Doing some shopping on Amazon.com? Please remember to use our Amazon link – found at the top of the right-hand column on every page of our site. It costs you nothing, and every purchase made through that link helps to support Unofficial Royalty, so that we can continue to bring you the royal news and features every day. Thank you!

Denmark

Monaco

Multiple Monarchies

Netherlands

Saudi Arabia

Serbia

Spain

United Kingdom

Make sure to get the latest news updates as soon as they’re posted. Register today as a member of Unofficial Royalty. It’s quick and easy, and completely free! Click the ‘Register’ link in the menu to the right.

Who Are The Battenbergs?

Who Are The Battenbergs?

The Battenbergs were a morganatic branch of the Grand Ducal family of Hesse and by Rhine. The name began when Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine, the youngest son of Grand Duke Ludwig II, entered into a morganatic marriage in 1851. Later, the name would be anglicized to Mountbatten, a name very familiar in the British Royal Family.

Ten years earlier, Prince Alexander had accompanied his younger sister, Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine, to Russia where she was married to the Tsarevich (the future Tsar Alexander II). Prince Alexander remained there after the wedding, establishing himself in the Russian military and becoming a prominent member of the Imperial court. The Tsar was even considering Alexander as a possible spouse for one of his daughters. However, Alexander had other plans. In fact, he had fallen in love with one of his sister’s ladies-in-waiting, Countess Julia Hauke.

Julia Hauke was the orphaned daughter of Count Johann Mauritz Hauke, a lifelong soldier, and Deputy Minister of War of Congress of Poland. He and his wife were killed in an assassination attempt on Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich, and their children became wards of the Tsar (Alexander I). She later became a lady-in-waiting to the new wife of the Tsarevich, the former Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine, Alexander’s sister.

Alexander and Julia. Photo: Wikipedia

Alexander and Julia were in love, and despite being banned from marrying by the Tsar, the couple eloped and left the Russian court. Prince Alexander was stripped of his Russian honors and military appointments, basically leaving him as a deserter from the Russian Army. The couple managed to get away, and married on October 28, 1851 in Breslau, Silesia (now Wrocław in Poland).

By this time, Alexander’s brother was the reigning Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine, Ludwig III. The Grand Duke allowed the couple to settle in Hesse. Although he recognized their marriage, it was considered morganatic, meaning that none of their children would be in the line of succession to the grand ducal throne. It also meant that neither Julia, nor their children, would receive any titles from Alexander. Instead, the Grand Duke granted Julia the hereditary title Countess of Battenberg, with the style Illustrious Highness. This is the title that would pass to the couple’s children. Later, in 1858, the Grand Duke would elevate Julia and her children to the title of Prince/Princess of Battenberg, with the style Serene Highness. The origin of the title came from the small town of Battenberg in northwestern Hesse, and it’s castle, Schloss Battenberg.

The couple had five children:

Prince Alexander served with the Austrian army, and held a command position in Hesse’s forces. Following Prussia’s defeat of Austria in 1866, he retired from the military and the family lived a quiet life. They split their time between the Alexander Palace (also known as the Battenberg Palace) in Darmstadt, and their country residence, Heiligenberg Castle in Seeheim-Jugenheim.

Because of the unequal marriage between Alexander and Julia, their children were often overlooked by other royal families when searching for prospective spouses. At the time, many monarchies would not even consider the idea of someone of a “lesser birth” marrying into their family. Fortunately, Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom had no such misgivings.  Eventually, all five of the Battenberg children made successful marriages.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Princess Marie. photo: Wikipedia

Princess Marie of Battenberg

Marie married Count Gustav of Erbach-Schönberg in 1871. Gustav was later elevated to Prince by the Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine in 1903. They had four children.

 

Prince Ludwig (“Louis”). photo: Wikipedia

Prince Louis of Battenberg

Louis married his first cousin once removed, Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. Louis served as First Sea Lord before stepping down at the onset of World War I due to anti-German sentiment. Louis and Victoria relinquished their German titles in 1917, and were created Marquess and Marchioness of Mountbatten – the anglicized version of Battenberg. They had four children:

  • Princess Alice of Battenberg, later Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark (1885-1969); married Prince Andrew of Greece, five children including Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh
  • Princess Louise of Battenberg, later Lady Louise Mountbatten, later Queen of Sweden (1889-1965); married the future King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden, no children
  • Prince George of Battenberg, later George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven (1892-1938); married Countess Nadejda Mikhailovna de Torby, two children
  • Prince Louis of Battenberg, later Lord Louis Mountbatten, later Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1900-1979); married Edwina Ashley, two children

 

Prince Alexander. photo: Wikipedia

Prince Alexander of Battenberg

Alexander (known as ‘Sandro’) was elected Prince of Bulgaria, and held the throne from 1879-1886. He later married Johanna Loisinger and took the style Count of Hartenau. The couple had two children who took on the surname ‘von Hartenau’.

 

Prince Heinrich (“Henry”). photo: Wikipedia

Prince Henry of Battenberg

Henry married Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, the youngest daughter of Queen Victoria. The family lived in the Queen’s household where Beatrice served as her mother’s secretary and companion. Having convinced his mother-in-law to allow him to serve with British forces in the Ashanti War, Henry died of malaria on the journey. He was just 37 years old. In 1919, his wife and children relinquished their German titles and took on the surname Mountbatten. Henry and Beatrice had four children:

  • Prince Alexander of Battenberg, later Alexander Mountbatten, Marquess of Carisbrooke (1886-1960); married Irene Dennison, one daughter
  • Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, later Queen of Spain (1887-1969); married King Alfonso XIII of Spain, six children. Victoria Eugenie is the great-grandmother of the current King Felipe VI of Spain.
  • Prince Leopold of Battenberg, later Lord Leopold Mountbatten (1889-1922); unmarried.
  • Prince Maurice of Battenberg (1891-1914); killed in action in World War I

 

Prince Franz Joseph. photo: Wikipedia

Prince Franz Joseph of Battenberg

Franz Joseph married Princess Anna of Montenegro, the daughter of King Nicholas I of Montenegro and Milena Vukotić. He served as an officer in the Bulgarian army during his brother Alexander’s reign. He was a favorite of Queen Victoria, and met his wife at a dinner party held by The Queen while on holiday in Cimiez, Nice. The couple had no children.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

In 1917, King George V of the United Kingdom asked all of his family, and extended family, to relinquish their German titles due to the war. For the Battenbergs, this affected Prince Louis, and the family of Prince Henry (who had died 21 years earlier).  They gave up their Battenberg titles, and took on the surname Mountbatten (the anglicized version of Battenberg).

Prince Louis became Louis Mountbatten, and was created Marquess of Milford Haven.  His elder son took the courtesy title of Earl Medina, and his younger son became Lord Louis Mountbatten.  His daughter Louise became Lady Louise Mountbatten.  His elder daughter, Alice, was already married and had become Princess Andrew of Greece.

Prince Henry’s two surviving sons both took the surname Mountbatten as well.  His eldest son, Prince Alexander became Alexander Mountbatten, and was created Marquess of Carisbrooke.  His younger son, Prince Leopold, became Lord Leopold Mountbatten.  (Henry’s daughter Victoria Eugenie was already Queen of Spain, and his youngest son, Maurice, had been killed in action before the title changes had occurred)

The Mountbatten name continues today through the descendants of Prince Louis. Although his daughter Alice never took on the Mountbatten name, her son did. Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh, was born Prince Philippos of Greece and Denmark. He gave up his royal titles upon joining the British Royal Navy, and took on the name Philip Mountbatten. In 1960, Queen Elizabeth II issued an Order in Council declaring that her descendants, when needing a surname, would use Mountbatten-Windsor.

The Mountbatten name also continues through Prince Louis’ two sons, both as a surname and a title. His elder son, George, succeeded him as Marquess of Milford Haven, and that title continues today with Louis’ great-grandson, also named George Mountbatten. And Louis’ younger son, Lord Louis Mountbatten, later served as First Sea Lord like his father before him, and became the last Viceroy, and first Governor-General, of India. He was later created Earl Mountbatten of Burma, a title which has passed down to his elder daughter, Patricia Knatchbull.

The name ceased in Prince Henry descendants in the following generation.  Henry’s eldest son, Alexander, had just one daughter, Iris.  Upon her marriage in 1941, the surname ceased in this branch of the family.  Lord Leopold Mountbatten died unmarried, with no children.

March 3: Today in Royal History

Mary Tudor and Charles Brandon; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

March 3, 1455 – Birth of King João II of Portugal at Alcáçovas Palace, Castle of São Jorge in Lisbon, Portugal
Wikipedia: João II of Portugal

March 3, 1515 – Wedding (2nd) of Mary Tudor (daughter of King Henry VII of England and sister of King Henry VIII of England) and Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk in Paris, France
Wikipedia: Mary Tudor
Wikipedia: Charles Brandon

March 3, 1528 – Wedding (3rd) of Margaret Tudor (daughter of King Henry VII of England and sister of King Henry VIII of England), and Henry Stewart, Lord Methven
Wikipedia: Margaret Tudor
Wikipedia: Henry Stewart, Lord Methven

March 3, 1778 – Birth of Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of Ernest, Duke of Cumberland, King of Hanover, at Hanover, Germany
Full name: Friederike Luise Caroline Sophie Alexandrine
Frederica and Ernest were first cousins.
Wikipedia: Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

March 3, 1861 – Tsar Alexander II of Russia abolishes serfdom
Wikipedia: Alexander II of Russia
Wikipedia: Emancipation Reform of 1861

March 3, 1862 – Death of Augusta Reuss of Köstritz, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Wikipedia: Augusta Reuss of Köstritz, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Royal News: Monday, 2 March 2015

Doing some shopping on Amazon.com? Please remember to use our Amazon link – found at the top of the right-hand column on every page of our site. It costs you nothing, and every purchase made through that link helps to support Unofficial Royalty, so that we can continue to bring you the royal news and features every day. Thank you!

Norway
Getty Images: Swedish Royals Attend World Ski Championships in Falun – Day 3

Spain
Daily Mail: First ladies of fashion! Queen Letizia cuts an elegant figure as she welcomes the Colombian president’s wife to Spain
Getty Images: King Felipe VI of Spain Arrives in Barcelona
Getty Images: Spanish Royals Receive President Of Colombia

Sweden
Hello: Princess Estelle is star of the snow as she cheers on Sweden at ski championship

UK
BBC: Prince William meets Japan tsunami survivors who handwrote newspaper
BBC: Prince William arrives in China for royal tour
BBC: Prince William meets Chinese President Xi Jinping
Daily Mail: Setting aside rancour over Hong Kong, China welcomes Prince William
Daily Mail: Britain’s Prince William takes on diplomatic role in China
Daily Mail: The roving royal! The Duke of Cambridge touches down in Beijing for the next leg of his tour of Far East
Daily Mail: The roar-al seal of approval! Prince William puts his head in the jaws of a Chinese-style lion for good luck as he visits area hit by 2011 tsunami in northern Japan
Daily Mail: The World War II operation… to save Wallis’s swimsuit: Duchess of Windsor ordered consul to fetch costume at height of the war after she left it at luxury French villa
Daily Mail: Year of Shaun the Sheep: Prince William launches Chinese visit by painting patriotic cartoon character
Daily Mail: William visits Forbidden City
Daily Mail: Jeffrey Epstein ‘sex slave’ lived a lavish lifestyle and enjoyed her role as his ‘travelling masseuse’, former friends claim
Daily Mail: Prince William gets close look at tsunami disaster in Japan
Daily Mail: Prince William travels to tsunami-hit northeast Japan
Daily Mail: Police officer who guarded Kate Middleton is back on the beat after winning race discrimination claim after she was sacked last year
Daily Mail: Flat where Pre-Raphaelite artist Millais lived for 18 years hits the market for £5million – and your new neighbours will be Kate and Wills
Daily Mail: Warm Wills melts China’s ‘waxworks’
Express: Prince William meets friendly lion dancer in tsunami-stricken town
Express: Prince Andrew ‘frozen out by Charles over damaging sex allegations’ royal sources claim
Getty Images: The Duke Of Cambridge Visits Japan – Day 4
Getty Images: The Duke Of Cambridge Visits China – Day 1
Getty Images: The Duke Of Cambridge Visits China – Day 2
Guardian: Richard III buried among women who ate lots of sea fish, archaeologist finds
Guardian: Prince William meets China president Xi Jinping in boost for ties with Beijing
Hello: Prince William meets victims of Japanese tsunami and earthquake
Telegraph: Prince William arrives in China and invites President Xi for state visit
Telegraph: Prince William meets China’s president Xi Jinping as he invites Queen to visit Beijing
Telegraph: Prince William transformed into 3D virtual model in Japan
Telegraph: Naked man caught jumping out of Buckingham Palace window in internet hoax
Telegraph: The Duke of Cambridge visits tsunami devastated northeast of Japan
Telegraph: Prince William hears about the ‘hell’ of Japanese tsunami
Telegraph: Prince Andrew accuser was not a sex slave, former friends claim
Telegraph: Wallis Simpson ordered rescue mission for her swimsuit in WW2

Make sure to get the latest news updates as soon as they’re posted. Register today as a member of Unofficial Royalty. It’s quick and easy, and completely free! Click the ‘Register’ link in the menu to the right.

Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen

Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, the last reigning Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, a scholar, and a Field Marshal in the Prussian army, was the husband of Queen Victoria’s granddaughter Princess Charlotte of Prussia. He was born on April 1, 1851 in Meiningen, the capital of the Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen, now in Germany. Bernhard was the eldest son of Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and his first wife Princess Charlotte Frederica of Prussia.  Bernhard’s parents had three other children:

On January 27, 1855, Bernhard’s younger brother died. Three months later his mother died of childbirth complications, along with her newborn son. Bernhard’s father was inconsolable, but in 1858 he married Princess Feodora of Hohenlohe-Langenburg in order to provide a mother to his remaining children. Feodora’s mother, Feodora of Leiningen, was an older half-sister to Queen Victoria, making the younger Feodora a niece of the Queen. Bernhard’s father and stepmother had three sons:

  • Prince Ernst Bernhard of Saxe-Meiningen (1859 – 1941), married morganatically to Katharina Jensen; had issue
  • Prince Frederick Johann of Saxe-Meiningen (1861 – 1914), married Countess Adelaide of Lippe-Biesterfeld; had issue; killed in action during World War I in Tarcienne, France; grandfather of Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen, wife of Otto von Habsburg, last Crown Prince of Austria
  • Prince Viktor of Saxe-Meiningen (14 May 1865 – 17 May 1865), died as an infant

Bernhard began serving as second lieutenant in the Saxe-Meiningen Infantry Regiment in 1867. In 1869, he enrolled at Heidelberg University to study classical philology, the study of literary texts and written records to establish their authenticity, their original form, and determine their meaning. His education was interrupted by the Franco-Prussian War as he served as an aide with the 6th Thuringian Infantry Regiment Nr. 95 and the 6th Cavalry. After the war, he resumed his studies in Heidelberg and then studied in Leipzig. After graduating in 1873, Bernhard went for military training with the Fusilier Guards Regiment of the Prussian Army in Berlin.

Bernhard was interested in the Greek language and was the author and translator of several works. Between 1873 and 1894, he made numerous study trips to Greece and Asia Minor, where he visited archaeological sites and had worked with well known archaeologists. For his work in archaeology, the University of Athens gave Bernard the title “Philhellene,” lover of Greece and Greek culture, in 1889 and in 1912, the University of Breslau awarded him an honorary doctorate.

On February 18, 1878 in Potsdam, Bernhard married, Princess Charlotte of Prussia, the eldest daughter of Friedrich III, German Emperor and King of Prussia and Victoria, Princess Royal, and the sister of Wilhelm II, German Emperor. Bernhard and Charlotte had one child, Feodora (1879-1945), who married Prince Henry XXX Reuss-Köstritz in 1898.

Bernhard and Charlotte in 1877; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Bernhard was transferred to the General Staff of the Prussian Army in 1882 and moved to Charlotte’s apartments at Charlottenburg Palace in Berlin. In 1889, he was appointed Major General and then Lieutenant General in 1891. The German Archaeological Institute appointed him an honorary member in 1892. In December of 1893, Bernhard and Charlotte took up permanent residence at the Große Palais (Great Palace) in Meiningen. (translation by Google Translator) This was due to the fact that Bernhard’s father Georg suffered from acute deafness and had retired from active life.

Bernhard’s rank and responsibility in the Prussian Army kept increasing. He became General of the Infantry and from 1896-1903 was Commanding General of the VI Army Corps in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland) . On September 15, 1903, he was appointed Inspector General of the II Army Inspectorate and was stationed in Meiningen. With his wife Charlotte, he undertook numerous road trips throughout the Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen and the German Empire. In 1909, Bernhard received the rank of Field Marshal. Bernhard ended his military career 1912 and moved back to permanently to Meiningen.

Bernhard’s father died on June 25, 1914, just three days before the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, and Bernard became the reigning Duke of Saxe-Meiningen. Bernhard’s conservative Prussian views made him unpopular in the liberal Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen. After the start of World War I, Bernhard transferred his governing duties to his wife Charlotte and went to the front to visit Meiningen troops and military installations.

Bernhard with some other royalty circa 1913-1915; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

On November 9, 1918, his brother-in-law Wilhelm II abdicated as German Emperor and King of Prussia in the wake of the November Revolution.  Bernhard abdicated the next day due to pressure from the Meininger Workers and Soldiers Council. His half-brother Ernst waived his succession rights on November 12, 1918, officially ending the monarchy of the Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen.

On October 1, 1919, Bernhard’s wife Charlotte died at the age of 59 while taking a cure in Baden-Baden. Bernhard lived his remaining years at Schloss Altenstein in Bad Liebenstein, now in Germany. After his death on January 16, 1928 at the age of 76, Bernhard’s coffin lay in state at the Große Palais (Great Palace) in Meiningen. On January 20, 1928, with great interest from the local population, a funeral procession brought his coffin to the train station for the journey to Schloss Altenstein, where he was buried on January 21, 1928 next to his wife Charlotte in the castle park.

Burial site of Bernhard and his wife Charlotte; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Wikipedia: Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen

Learn more about royalty, past and present here and share your thoughts on our forums.

March 2: Today in Royal History

Tsar Nicholas I of Russia; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

March 2, 1316 – Birth of King Robert II of Scotland at Paisley Abbey in Renfrewshire, Scotland
Robert II was the first Stuart monarch of Scotland.
Wikipedia: Robert II of Scotland

March 2, 1341 – Death of Martha of Denmark, Queen of Sweden
Wikipedia: Martha of Denmark, Queen of Sweden

March 2, 1619 – Death of Anne of Denmark, wife of King James I of England, at Hampton Court Palace in Richmond, England; buried at Westminster Abbey
Wikipedia: Anne of Denmark

March 2, 1835 – Death of Franz I, Emperor of Austria in Vienna, Austria; buried at the Imperial Crypt in Vienna, Austria
Wikipedia: Franz I, Emperor of Austria

March 2, 1855 – Death of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia in St. Petersburg, Russia; buried at the Fortress of Sts. Peter and Paul in St. Petersburg, Russia
Wikipedia: Nicholas I of Russia

March 2, 1916 – Death of Elisabeth of Wied, Queen Consort to King Carol I of Romania
Wikipedia: Elisabeth of Wied

March 2, 1936 – Death of Victoria Melita of Edinburgh, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, at Amorbach, Germany; first buried at the Ducal Mausoleum in Coburg, Germany, her remains were transferred to the Grand Ducal Mausoleum at the Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg, Russia in 1995
Victoria Melita was the daughter of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia.  She married his first cousin Grand Duke Ernest Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt but they divorced after seven years of marriage.  After the divorce, she married her Romanov first cousin Grand Duke Kryill Vladimirovich of Russia
Wikipedia: Victoria Melita of Edinburgh

March 2, 1939 – Birth of Princess Takako of Japan at the Imperial Palace in Tokyo, Japan
Princess Takako is the youngest sister of Emperor Akihito. She lost her rank and imperial title when she married Mr. Hisanaga Shimazu.  She is now known as Mrs. Hisanaga Shimazu.
Wikipedia: Takaki Shimazu

Royal News: Sunday 1 March 2015

Doing some shopping on Amazon.com? Please remember to use our Amazon link – found at the top of the right-hand column on every page of our site. It costs you nothing, and every purchase made through that link helps to support Unofficial Royalty, so that we can continue to bring you the royal news and features every day. Thank you!

Belgium

Multiple Monarchies

Norway

Saudi Arabia

United Kingdom

Make sure to get the latest news updates as soon as they’re posted. Register today as a member of Unofficial Royalty. It’s quick and easy, and completely free! Click the ‘Register’ link in the menu to the right.

Royal Birthdays & Anniversaries: March 1 – March 7

 

60th birthday of Timothy Laurence, second husband of Anne, Princess Royal; born in Camberwell, London, England on March 1, 1955
Full name: Timothy James Hamilton
Unofficial Royalty: Timothy Laurence

************************************************************

 

45th birthday of The Honorable Serena Alleyne Stanhope, wife of David Armstrong-Jones, Viscount Linley (son of Princess Margaret); born in Limerick, Ireland on March 1, 1970
Wikipedia: Serena Stanhope

************************************************************

 

35th birthday of Lady Rose Windsor, daughter of Richard, HRH The Duke of Gloucester; born at St. Mary’s Hospital in Paddington, London, England on March 1, 1980
Full name: Rose Victoria Birgitte Louise
Wikipedia: Lady Rose Windsor

************************************************************

 

76th birthday of Princess Takako of Japan; born at the Tokyo Imperial Palace in Tokyo, Japan on March 2, 1939
Princess Takako is the youngest sister of Emperor Akihito. She lost her rank and imperial title when she married Mr. Hisanaga Shimazu . She is now known as Mrs. Hisanaga Shimazu.
Wikipedia: Takako Shimazu

************************************************************

Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon; Photo Credit – www.dailymail.co.uk

85th birthday of Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, husband (divorced) of Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom; born in London, England on March 7, 1930
Full name: Antony Charles Robert
Unofficial Royalty: Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon

March 1: Today in Royal History

Caroline of Ansbach, wife of King George II of Great Britain; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

March 1, 1244 – Death of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, illegitimate son of Llywelyn Fawr (the Great) of Wales, while trying to escape from the Tower of London; buried at Aberconwy Abbey in Wales in 1248
Gruffydd died while trying to escape from the Tower of London.  He was being held in the White Tower and supposedly he made a rope out of sheets and attempted to lower himself down. The sheets broke and Gruffydd fell to his death.
Wikipedia: Gruffydd ap Llywelyn

March 1, 1372 – Wedding of Edmund of Langley, Duke of York, son of King Edward III of England, and Isabella of Castile in Wallingford, England
Wikipedia: Edmund of Langley
Wikipedia: Isabella of Castile

March 1, 1683 – Birth of Caroline of Ansbach, wife of King George II of Great Britain, in Ansbach, Germany
Full name: Wilhelmina Charlotte Caroline
Wikipedia: Caroline of Ansbach

March 1, 1865 – Death of Anna Pavlovna of Russia, wife of King William III of the Netherlands, in the Hague, the Netherlands; buried at Nieuwe Kerk in Delft, the Netherlands
Unofficial Royalty: Anna Pavlovna of Russia

March 1, 1955 – Birth of Timothy Laurence, second husband of Anne, Princess Royal, in Camberwell, London, England
Full name: Timothy James Hamilton
Unofficial Royalty: Timothy Laurence

March 1, 1970 – Birth of The Honorable Serena Alleyne Stanhope, wife of David Armstrong-Jones, Viscount Linley (son of Princess Margaret), in Limerick, Ireland
Wikipedia: Serena Stanhope

March 1, 1980 – Birth of Lady Rose Windsor, daughter of Richard, Duke of Gloucester, at St. Mary’s Hospital in Paddington, London, England
Full name: Rose Victoria Birgitte Louise
Wikipedia: Lady Rose Windsor

February 29: Today in Royal History

King Ludwig I of Bavaria; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

February 29, 1868 – Death of King Ludwig I of Bavaria in Nice, France; buried at St. Boniface’s Abbey in Munich, Bavaria (Germany)
Wikipedia: Ludwig I of Bavaria

February 29, 1964 – Birth of James Ogilvy, son of Princess Alexandra of Kent, at the Thatched House Lodge in Richmond Park, Surrey, England
Full name: James Robert Bruce
Wikipedia: James Ogilvy