Royal Birthdays & Anniversaries: February 14 – February 20

Prince Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein; Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

71st birthday of Prince Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein; born in Zurich, Switzerland on February 14, 1945
Full name: Johannes Adam Ferdinand Alois Josef Maria Marko d’Aviano Pius
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein

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Henri_luxembourg wedding

Henri of Luxembourg and Maria Teresa Mestre y Batista; Photo Credit – www.monarchie.lu

35th wedding anniversary of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg and Maria Teresa Mestre y Batista; married at the Notre Dame Cathedral in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg on February 14, 1981
Unofficial Royalty: Henri of Luxembourg
Unofficial Royalty: Maria Teresa Mestre y Batista
Unofficial Royalty: Wedding of Henri, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg and Maria Teresa Mestre y Batista

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Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg; Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

25th birthday of Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg, daughter of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg; born at the Grand Duchess Charlotte Maternity Hospital in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg on February 16, 1991
Full name: Alexandra Joséphine Teresa Charlotte Marie Wilhelmine
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg

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Princess Marie-Astrid of Luxembourg; Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

62nd birthday of Princess Marie-Astrid of Luxembourg, daughter of Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg, sister of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg, and wife of Archduke Carl Christian of Austria; born at Castle Betzdorf in Luxembourg, on February 17, 1954
Full name: Marie-Astrid Charlotte Léopoldine Wilhelmine Ingeborg Antoinette Elisabeth Anna Alberta
Unofficial Royalty: Marie-Astrid of Luxembourg

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Princess Christina of the Netherlands with her son Bernardo Guillermo; Photo Credit -www.zimbio.com

69th birth of Princess Christina of the Netherlands, daughter of Queen Juliana; born at Soestdijk Palace in the Netherlands on February 18, 1947
Full Name: Maria Christina
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Christina of the Netherlands

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Stéphanie, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxembourg; Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

32nd birth of Countess Stéphanie de Lannoy, wife of Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg; born in Ronse, Flanders, Belgium on February 18, 1984
Unofficial Royalty: Stéphanie, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxembourg

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Prince Andrew, Duke of York; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

56th birth of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, son of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom; born at Buckingham Palace on February 19, 1960
Full name: Andrew Albert Christian Edward
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Andrew, Duke of York

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2nd birthday of Princess Leonore of Sweden, Duchess of Gotland; born at Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York City on February 20, 2014
Full name: Leonore Lilian Maria
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Leonore of Sweden

Royal News: Sunday 14 February 2016

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February 14: Today in Royal History

Maria Pia of Savoy, wife of King Luís I of Portugal; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

February 14, 1317 – Death of Marguerite of France, second wife of King Edward I of England, at Marlborough Castle in Wiltshire, England; buried at Grey Friars Church in Newgate, London, England
Wikipedia: Marguerite of France

February 14, 1400 – Murder of deposed King Richard II of England at Pontefract Castle in Wakefield, England; buried at Westminster Abbey
Wikipedia: King Richard II of England

February 14, 1613 – Wedding of Princess Elizabeth, daughter of King James I of England, and Frederick V of Palatinate at Chapel Royal, Whitehall Palace, London
Elizabeth and Frederick are ancestors of the current British Royal Family through their daughter Sophia, Electress of Hanover who was named heir to the British throne in the 1701 Act of Settlement.  However, it was Elizabeth’s grandson George who became the first British Hanover king.
Wikipedia: Elizabeth of Bohemia
Wikipedia: Frederick V of the Palatinate

February 14, 1714 – Death of Maria Luisa of Savoy, first wife of King Philip V of Spain, at the Royal Alcázar in Madrid; buried at the Monastery of San Lorenzo El Real in El Escorial, Spain
Wikipedia: Maria Luisa of Savoy

February 14, 1847 – Birth of Maria Pia of Savoy, wife of King Luís I of Portugal, at the Royal Palace in Turin, Sardinia (Italy)
Unofficial Royalty: Maria Pia of Savoy

February 14, 1945 – Birth of Prince Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein in Zurich, Switzerland
Full name: Johannes Adam Ferdinand Alois Josef Maria Marko d’Aviano Pius
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein

February 14, 1981 – Wedding of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg and Maria Teresa Mestre y Batista at the Notre Dame Cathedral in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Henri became Grand Duke when his father Jean abdicated in his favor in 2000.
Unofficial Royalty: Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg
Unofficial Royalty: Maria Teresa Mestre y Batista

Royal News: Saturday 13 February 2016

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February 13: Today in Royal History

Mary, Duchess of Burgundy; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

February 13, 858 – Death of King Kenneth I of Scotland (Kenneth MacAlpin) at Forteviot, Perthshire, Scotland; buried at Isle of Iona in Scotland
Wikipedia: Kenneth MacAlpin

February 13, 1177 – Wedding of Joan of England, daughter of King Henry II of England, and William II the Good, King of Sicily at Palermo, Sicily
Unofficial Royalty: Joan of England
Wikipedia: William II of Sicily

February 13, 1457 – Birth of Mary, Duchess of Burgundy, daughter of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy and wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, at the Castle of Coudenberg in Brussels (Belgium)
Wikipedia: Mary of Burgundy

February 13, 1542 – Execution of Catherine Howard, fifth wife of King Henry VIII of England, at the Tower of London; buried at St. Peter ad Vincula, Tower of London
Wikipedia: Catherine Howard

February 13, 1660 – Death King Karl X Gustav of Sweden at Gothenburg, Sweden; buried at Riddarholmen Church in Stockholm, Sweden
Wikipedia: King Karl X Gustav

February 13, 1662 – Death of Princess Elizabeth, daughter of King James I of England, wife of Elector Frederick V of Palatinate, at Leicester House in London, England; buried at Westminster Abbey
Wikipedia: Elizabeth of Bohemia

February 13, 1689 – King William III of England and Queen Mary II of England become co-rulers
Wikipedia: King William III of England
Wikipedia: Queen Mary II of England

February 13, 1956 – Birth of Princess Alia bint Al Hussein of Jordan, daughter of King Hussein of Jordan and his first wife Princess Dina Al Hussein
Wikipedia: Princess Alia bint Al Hussein

Royal News: Friday 12 February 2016

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Princess Giovanna of Italy, Tsaritsa of Bulgaria

source: Wikipedia

Princess Giovanna of Italy, Tsaritsa of Bulgaria

Giovanna of Italy was the wife of Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria. She was born Princess Giovanna Elisabetta Antonia Romana Maria of Italy on November 13, 1907 in Rome, the daughter of King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and Princess Jelena of Montenegro. Giovanna had four siblings:

Princess Giovanna, c.1909. source: Wikipedia

As was typical at the time, Giovanna was educated privately at home. In 1923, she and her sister Mafalda fell ill with typhoid fever and were both very ill. After being nursed back to health by two Franciscan nuns, Giovanna pledged her devotion to St. Francis of Assisi which would remain with her for the rest of her life.

Wedding of Giovanna and Boris, 1930. source: Wikipedia

In 1927, Giovanna met her future husband, Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria, and the two quickly fell in love. They married on October 25, 1930 in Assisi, Italy. After the civil ceremony, a Catholic ceremony took place at the Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi, followed by a large reception at Villa Fidelia in nearby Spello. Later, an Orthodox ceremony was held in Sofia, Bulgaria, at which time Giovanna was also crowned Tsaritsa. Upon her marriage, she took the Bulgarian version of her name, Ioanna. The couple had two children:

In her role as Tsaritsa, Ioanna became well-loved by the Bulgarian people, in part because of her charitable work, including the establishment of a children’s hospital in Sofia. During World War II, she also helped to arrange for travel visas, enabling many Jews to escape the country. In August 1943, her husband died, and their young son, Simeon, became Tsar, under a Regency Council led by Boris’s brother, Kyril.

Tsaritsa Ioanna, c.1932. source: Wikipedia

Following the Soviet invasion in September 1944, Ioanna and her family were placed under house arrest at Vrana Palace. Two years later, the Soviet regime held a referendum which resulted in the abolition of the monarchy, and on September 16, 1946 the family was forced to flee the country. They went first to Egypt, where Ioanna’s father was living in exile, and then in 1951, settled in Madrid. After her son’s marriage in 1962, she moved to Estoril, Portugal, where she remained for the rest of her life. In 1993, following the fall of the communist regime, Ioanna made a memorable visit to Bulgaria, on the 50th anniversary of her husband’s death.

Tsaritsa Ioanna died in Estoril on February 26, 2000. In accordance with her wishes to be buried in Italy, she was buried at the Chapel of the Friars at the Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi.

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February 12: Today in Royal History

Marie Louise of Orléans, Queen of Spain; Credit – Wikipedia

February 12, 1554 – Execution of Lady Jane Grey at the Tower of London; buried at St. Peter ad Vincula, Tower of London
Unofficial Royalty: Lady Jane Grey

February 12, 1627 – Death of Prince Karl I of Liechtenstein, buried at the Liechtenstein Crypt in Vranov nearby Brno, Czech Republic
Wikipedia: Prince Karl I of Liechtenstein

February 12, 1689 – Death of Marie Louise of Orléans, first wife of King Charles II of Spain, at the Royal Alcázar in Madrid, Spain; buried at the Monastery of San Lorenzo El Real in El Escorial, Spain
Wikipedia: Marie Louise of Orléans

February 12, 1768 – Birth of Franz II, the last Holy Roman Emperor, first Emperor of Austria, in Florence, Tuscany
Franz was the grandson of Empress Maria Theresa and the nephew of Marie Antoinette.
Wikipedia: Emperor Franz II of Austria

February 12, 1771 – Death of King Adolf Fredrik of Sweden at Stockholm Palace in Stockholm, Sweden; buried at Riddarholmen Church in Stockholm, Sweden
Wikipedia: King Adolf Fredrik of Sweden

February 12, 1912 – Abdication of the last emperor of China, Hsuan Tung (Pu Yi)
Wikipedia: Pu Yi

February 12, 1932 – Birth of Princess Astrid of Norway, daughter of King Olav V of Norway and sister of King Harald V of Norway, at Villa Solbakken in Oslo, Norway
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Astrid of Norway

Royal News: Thursday 11 February 2016

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February 11: Today in Royal History

Elizabeth of York, wife of King Henry VII of England; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

February 11, 1466 – Birth of Elizabeth of York, daughter of King Edward IV of England, wife of King Henry VII of England, at Westminster Palace
February 11, 1503 – Death of Elizabeth of York at the Tower of London; buried at Westminster Abbey
Elizabeth died on her 37th birthday from complications of childbirth. Her daughter Katherine was born on February 2, 1503 and died on February 18, 1503. Elizabeth was the daughter of Edward IV, the sister of Edward V, the niece of Richard III, the wife of Henry VII, the mother of Henry VIII and the grandmother of Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I.
Wikipedia: Elizabeth of York

February 11, 1929 – Death of Prince Johann II of Liechtenstein in Valtice, in the current Czech Republic, buried at Liechtenstein Crypt in Vranov nearby Brno, Czech Republic
Wikipedia: Prince Johann II of Liechtenstein

February 11, 1948 – Birth of Prince Katsura of Japan in Tokyo, Japan
Prince Katsura, the second son of Prince Mikasa, is a first cousin to Emperor Akihito.  He was paralyzed from the waist down after suffering from a stroke in 1988 and died in 2014.
Wikipedia: Prince Katsura