Royal News: Sunday 22 January 2017

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Royal Birthdays & Anniversaries: January 22 – January 28

Princess Caroline of Monaco; Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

60th birthday of Princess Caroline of Monaco; born at the Prince’s Palace in Monaco on January 23, 1957
Full name: Caroline Louise Marguerite
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Caroline of Monaco

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Princess Caroline of Monaco and Prince Ernst Augustus of Hanover; Photo Credit – orderofsplendor.blogspot.com

18th wedding anniversary of Princess Caroline of Monaco and Prince Ernst Augustus of Hanover; married civilly at the Prince’s Palace in Monaco on January 23, 1999
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Caroline of Monaco
Wikipedia: Prince Ernst Augustus of Hanover

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5th birthday of Princess Athena of Denmark, daughter of Prince Joachim of Denmark; born at the Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen, Denmark on January 24, 2012
Full name: Athena Marguerite Françoise Marie
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Athena of Denmark

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Princess Charlene of Monaco; Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

39th birthday of Charlene Lynette Wittstock, wife of Prince Albert II of Monaco; born in Bulawayo, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) on January 25, 1978
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Charlene of Monaco

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King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain; Photo Credit- www.zimbio.com

67th birthday of King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain; born in Riffa, Bahrain on January 28, 1950
Unofficial Royalty: King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa

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January 22: Today in Royal History

Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

January 22, 1260 – Wedding of Beatrice of England, daughter of King Henry III of England, and John of Dreux, Earl of Richmond at the Abbey of St. Denis in Paris, France
Wikipedia: Beatrice of England
Wikipedia: John of Dreux, Earl of Richmond

January 22, 1440 – Birth of Tsar Ivan III the Great of Russia in Moscow, Russia
Wikipedia: Tsar Ivan III of Russia

January 22, 1592- Death of Elisabeth of Austria, wife of King Charles IX of France, in Vienna, Austria; buried first in the Clarissine Convent in Vienna, since 1782 in the Ducal Crypt at St Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna
Wikipedia: Elisabeth of Austria

January 22, 1689 – Parliament invites William and Mary to become joint sovereigns of England
Wikipedia Crown and Parliament Recognition Act
Unofficial Royalty: William III of England
Unofficial Royalty: Mary II of England

January 22, 1797 – Birth of Maria Leopoldina of Austria, wife of Pedro I of Brazil/Pedro IV of Portugal, in Vienna, Austria
Wikipedia: Maria Leopoldina of Austria

January 22, 1831 – Birth of Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, husband of Princess Helena of the United Kingdon, at Augustenburg, Denmark
Full name: Frederick Christian Charles Augustus
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein

January 22, 1858 – Death of Ludwig II, Grand Duke of Baden, in Karlsruhe, Germany
Ludwig suffered from mental illness and his brother and successor Friedrich served as his Regent.
Wikipedia: Ludwig II, Grand Duke of Baden

January 22, 1901 – Death of Queen Victoria at Osborne House, Isle of Wight, England; buried at the Royal Mausoleum, Frogmore, Windsor
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom

January 22, 1954 – Death of Princess Margaret of Prussia, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, at Schönberg, Kronberg, Germany
Princess Margaret, known as Mossy in the family, was the daughter of Victoria, Princess Royal and Kaiser Frederick III of Germany.  She married Landgrave Friedrich Karl of Hesse-Kassel.
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Margaret of Prussia, Landgravine of Hesse-Kessel

Royal News: Saturday 21 January 2017

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January 21: Today in Royal History

King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

January 21, 1338 – Birth of King Charles V of France at the Château de Vincennes outside of Paris, France
Wikipedia: King Charles V of France

January 21, 1542 – Parliament passes bill of attainder against Catherine Howard, King Henry VIII’s of England’s fifth wife
Unofficial Royalty: Catherine Howard

January 21, 1793 – Execution of King Louis XVI of France at the Place de la Révolution in Paris, France; originally buried in a mass grave near the location of today’s La Madeleine Church in Paris, reburied at the Basilica of St. Denis
Unofficial Royalty: King Louis XVI of France
Eyewitness to History: The Execution of Louis XVI, 1793

January 21, 1829 – Birth of King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway at Stockholm Palace in Stockholm, Sweden
Unofficial Royalty: King Oscar II of Sweden

January 21, 2004 – Birth of Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway, daughter of Crown Prince Haakon of Norway, at the Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway

Royal News: Friday 20 January 2017

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Joan of Kent, 4th Countess of Kent, Princess of Wales

by Susan Flantzer

Joan of Kent was born September 29, 1328 at Woodstock Palace near Oxford in Oxfordshire, England. She was the third of the four children of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent and Margaret Wake, 3rd Baroness Wake of Liddell.  Joan’s father was the younger of the two sons of King Edward I of England and his second wife, Margaret of France and was, therefore, a half-brother of King Edward II.

Through her second marriage to the eldest son of King Edward III, Edward, Prince of Wales (the Black Prince), Joan became the very first Princess of Wales. Besides Joan, there have been nine women who were Princess of Wales by their marriages to the Prince of Wales:

  • Anne Neville, wife of Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales (never became king, son of King Henry VI)
  • Catherine of Aragon, wife of Arthur, Prince of Wales (predeceased his father King Henry VII)
  • Caroline of Ansbach, wife of George, Prince of Wales (son of King George I, acceded to throne as King George II)
  • Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, wife of Frederick, Prince of Wales (predeceased his father King George II)
  • Caroline of Brunswick, wife of George, Prince of Wales (son of King George III, acceded to throne as King George IV)
  • Alexandra of Denmark, wife Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (son of Queen Victoria, acceded to throne as King Edward VII)
  • Mary of Teck, wife of George, Prince of Wales (son of King Edward VII, acceded to throne as King George V)
  • Lady Diana Spencer, first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales (son of Queen Elizabeth II, divorced August 28, 1996)
  • Camilla Parker Bowles, second wife of Charles, Prince of Wales (son of Queen Elizabeth II), does not use the title Princess of Wales, known instead as the Duchess of Cornwall

Joan had three siblings:

Joan’s father Edmund, 1st Earl of Kent played an important role during the reign of his half-brother King Edward II, acting both as a diplomat and a military commander. Three years after King Edward II was deposed by his wife Isabella of France and her lover Roger Mortimer and Edward II and Isabella’s 15-year-old son succeeded as King Edward III, Edmund was accused of high treason on charges of having attempted to free the former king from imprisonment. It later emerged that Roger Mortimer himself was responsible for leading Edmund into the plot to free the former king, in a form of entrapment.  Edmund, 1st Earl of Kent was executed at Winchester Castle on March 19, 1330. Joan’s mother Margaret was pregnant at the time of her husband’s execution and was confined to Arundel Castle with her young children where her last child was born.

After Edmund’s execution, the nobles begged the young King Edward III to assert his independence, which he did shortly before his 18th birthday. In October of 1330, a Parliament was summoned to Nottingham Castle, and Mortimer and Isabella were seized by Edward and the nobles. Isabella begged for mercy for Mortimer, but he was accused of assuming royal power and of various other crimes and was condemned without trial and hanged. Isabella was held under a comfortable house arrest until her death in 1358. After King Edward III regained his independence from his mother and Mortimer, he took in Margaret and her children and treated them as his own family. Joan and her siblings grew up with Edward III’s children, including Edward, Prince of Wales, Joan’s future husband.

Joan’s elder brother, five-year-old Edmund, inherited the Earldom of Kent in 1331, a year after his father had been attainted. His mother petitioned King Edward III who reversed the condemnation of Edmund, 1st Earl of Kent and recognized his heir as Earl of Kent. Little Edmund 2nd Earl of Kent died shortly afterward and his infant brother John became the 3rd Earl of Kent. Joan’s mother Margaret briefly succeeded her brother as 3rd Baroness Wake of Liddell in 1349, but died during an outbreak of the plague that autumn. Upon his mother’s death,  John, 3rd Earl of Kent succeeded his mother as 4th Baron Wake of Liddell. John, 3rd Earl of Kent and 4th Baron Wake of Liddell died in 1352 and his only surviving sibling, Joan became 4th Countess of Kent and 5th Baroness Wake of Liddell.

In 1340, 12-year-old Joan secretly married Thomas Holland without permission from King Edward III as was required. Thomas then left for overseas military duty and the Crusades. A year or two later, Joan was forced by her family to marry William de Montagu, 2nd Earl of Salisbury.  Lord Salisbury entered into the marriage in good faith, without knowing that Joan had secretly married Thomas Holland. Upon returning to England in 1348, Thomas Holland declared that Joan was his wife and demanded that she be restored to him. An inquiry determined that Joan had indeed been married to Thomas Holland and that that marriage was valid, and therefore, Lord Salisbury’s marriage to Joan was invalid. In 1352, when his brother-in-law John, 3rd Earl of Kent died, Thomas Holland became Earl of Kent in right of his wife. The couple remained together for eleven years until the death of Thomas Holland on December 26, 1360.

Thomas Holland from the Bruges Garter Book, 1430/1440; Credit – Wikipedia

Joan and Thomas had five children. Through the daughters of their son Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, they are the ancestors of many prominent figures in the Wars of the Roses, including Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York (father of King Edward IV and King Richard III), Henry Tudor (later King Henry VII) and his wife Elizabeth of York (daughter of King Edward IV), Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (the Kingmaker) and his daughter Anne Neville (wife of King Richard III). They were also ancestors of Catherine Parr, the sixth and last wife of King Henry VIII.

Joan was a widow for less than a year before she married Edward, Prince of Wales (the Black Prince), her first cousin once removed and the son and heir of King Edward III of England, on October 10, 1361 at Windsor Castle. In 1362, Edward was invested as Prince of Aquitaine, a region of France which belonged to the English crown since the marriage of Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine and King Henry II.  Joan and Edward then moved to Bordeaux, the capital of Aquitaine, where they spent the next nine years. Both of their children were born in France:

Edward of Angouleme and Joan of Kent, depicted  on the Wilton diptych, 1395; Credit – Wikipedia

Richard II of England, portrait at Westminster Abbey, mid-1390s; Credit – Wikipedia

On June 7, 1376, a week before his forty-sixth birthday, Edward, Prince of Wales died at the Palace of Westminster after suffering from an illness for ten years. His father King Edward III died a year later, on June 21, 1377, and was succeeded by his ten-year-old grandson King Richard II, the surviving son of Joan and Edward.

canterbury_black-prince_england_03_08-114

Tomb of Edward, Prince of Wales at Canterbury Cathedral; Photo Credit – Susan Flantzer

Joan died at the age of 57 on August 7, 1385 at Wallingford Castle. She requested to be buried beside her first husband at the Church of the Greyfriars, a Franciscan friary in Stamford, Lincolnshire, England which was destroyed during King Henry VIII’s Dissolution of the Monasteries.

Wikipedia: Joan of Kent

Works Cited
Joan. “Jeanne de Kent.” Wikipedia. N.p.: Wikimedia Foundation, 7 Oct. 1328. Web. 3 Dec. 2016.
“Joan of Kent.” Wikipedia. N.p.: Wikimedia Foundation, 31 Oct. 2016. Web. 3 Dec. 2016.
Williamson, David. Brewer’s British Royalty. London: Cassell, 1996. Print.

January 20: Today in Royal History

King Richard II of England and Anne of Bohemia; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

January 20, 1382 – Wedding of King Richard II of England (first marriage) and Anne of Bohemia at Westminster Abbey
Unofficial Royalty: King Richard II of England
Unofficial Royalty: Anne of Bohemia, Queen of England

January 20, 1554 – Birth of King Sebastian of Portugal at the Palace of Ribeira in Lisbon, Portugal
Wikipedia: King Sebastian of Portugal

January 20, 1649 – King Charles I of England brought to trial in Westminster Hall
Unofficial Royalty: King Charles I of England

January 20, 1666 – Death of Anne of Austria, wife of King Louis XIII of France, at the convent of Val-de-Grâce in Paris, France; buried at Saint Denis Basilica near Paris, France
Unofficial Royalty: Anne of Austria, Queen of France

January 20, 1716 – Birth of King Carlos III of Spain at the Royal Palace of Madrid in Spain
Wikipedia: King Carlos III of Spain

January 20, 1731 – Death of Prince Antonio I of Monaco, buried at Saint Nicholas Cathedral in Monaco
Wikipedia: Prince Antonio I of Monaco

January 20, 1819 – Death of King Carlos IV of Spain, in exile, at the Palazzo Barberini in Rome, Italy; buried at San Lorenzo de El Escorial in Spain
Wikipedia: King Carlos IV of Spain

January 20, 1848 – Death of King Christian VIII of Denmark at Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen, Denmark; buried at Roskilde Cathedral in Roskilde, Denmark
Wikipedia: King Christian VIII of Denmark

January 20, 1896 – Death of Prince Henry of Battenberg, husband of Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, at sea from malaria caught in Africa during the Ashanti War; buried at St. Mildred’s Church in Whippingham, Isle of Wight, England
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Henry of Battenberg

January 20, 1936 – Death of King George V of the United Kingdom at Sandringham House in Norfolk, England; buried at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle
Unofficial Royalty: King George V of the United Kingdom

January 20, 1965 – Birth of Sophie Rhys-Jones, wife of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, at Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford, England
Full name: Sophie Helen
Unofficial Royalty: Sophie, Countess of Wessex

January 20, 1973 – Birth of Mathilde d’Udekem d’Acoz, wife of King Philippe of the Belgians, in Uccle, Belgium
Full name: Mathilde Marie Christine Ghislaine
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Mathilde of the Belgians

Royal News: Thursday 19 January 2017

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January 19: Today in Royal History

Isabella of Austria, wife of King Christian II of Denmark; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

January 19, 1526 – Death of Isabella of Austria, wife of King Christian II of Denmark, in Ghent in present-day Belgium; buried first at St Peter Church in Ghent, then in Saint Canute’s Cathedral in Odense, Denmark
Isabella was the daughter of Queen Juana of Castile and the granddaughter of King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile.  It is said that Danish Crown Prince Frederik’s elder daughter is named after her.
Wikipedia: Isabella of Austria

January 19, 1544 – Birth of King  François II of France at the Château de Fontainebleau in France
François was the first husband of Mary, Queen of Scots.
Wikipedia: King François II of France

January 19, 1757 – Birth of Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf, wife of Franz Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, in Saalburg-Ebersdorf, Germany
Augusta was the grandmother of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.
Unofficial Royalty: Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf

January 19, 1793 – King Louis XVI of France is sentenced to death
Unofficial Royalty: King Louis XVI of France
Wikipedia: Trial of Louis XVI

January 19, 1927 – Death of Charlotte of Belgium, wife of Emperor Maximilian of Mexico, at the Castle of Bouchout in Meise, Belgium; buried at the Royal Crypt in the Church of Our Lady in Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
Charlotte was a first cousin of both Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.  Her father was their Uncle Leopold, the first King of the Belgians.  She married Emperor Maximilian of Mexico, the Habsburg Archduke, who was executed.
Wikipedia: Charlotte of Belgium

January 19, 1937 – Birth of Princess Birgitta of Sweden
Birgitta is the elder sister of Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden.
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Birgitta of Sweden

January 19, 1943 – Birth of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, daughter of Queen Juliana, in Ottawa, Canada
Full name: Margriet Francisca
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Margriet of the Netherlands