Royal News: Tuesday 28 March 2017

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March 28: Today in Royal History

Princess Ingrid of Sweden, wife of King Frederick IX of Denmark; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

March 28, 1584 – Death of Tsar Ivan IV (the Terrible) of Russia in Moscow, Russia; buried at the Cathedral of St Michael the Archangel in Moscow, Russia
Wikipedia: Tsar Ivan IV of Russia

March 28, 1609 – Birth of King Frederik III of Denmark and Norway at Haderslevhus Castle in Denmark
Wikipedia: King Frederik III of Denmark

March 28, 1655 – Death of Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg, wife of King Gustav II Adolf of Sweden, at Nyköping, Sweden; buried at Riddarholm Church in Stockholm, Sweden
Wikipedia: Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg, Queen of Sweden

March 28, 1835 – Death of Auguste de Beauharnais, 2nd Duke of Leuchtenberg, first husband of Queen Maria II of Portugal; buried at Monastery of São Vicente de Fora in Lisbon, Portugal
Auguste died two months after his wedding at age 24. He was the grandson of Napoleon’s first wife Josephine from her first marriage.
Wikipedia: Auguste de Beauharnais, 2nd Duke of Leuchtenberg

March 28, 1884 – Death of Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, son of Queen Victoria, at Villa Nevada in Cannes, France; buried in the Albert Memorial Chapel at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

March 28, 1901 – Birth of Princess Märtha of Sweden, wife of Crown Prince Olav (after her death King Olav V), at the Palace of the Hereditary Prince in Stockholm, Sweden
Full name: Märtha Sofia Lovisa Dagmar Thyra
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Märtha of Sweden, Crown Princess of Norway

March 28, 1910 – Birth of Princess Ingrid of Sweden, wife of King Frederick IX of Denmark, mother of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, in Stockholm, Sweden
Full name: Ingrid Victoria Sofia Louise Margareta
Ingrid was a great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria. Her mother was Margaret, daughter of Queen Victoria’s son Arthur, Duke of Connaught.
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Ingrid of Sweden, Queen of Denmark

March 28, 1965 – Death of Mary, Princess Royal, Countess of Harewood, daughter of King George V of the United Kingdom, at Harewood House in Leeds, Yorkshire, England; buried at Harewood House
Unofficial Royalty: Mary, Princess Royal, Countess of Harewood

Royal News: Monday, 27 March 2017

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Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma

by Scott Mehl

source: Wikipedia

Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma

Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, was a member of the extended British Royal Family and a distinguished Naval officer. A great-grandson of Queen Victoria (and the last great-grandson to be born during her lifetime), he was born a Prince of Battenberg but grew up fiercely British. In addition to his naval career, he also served as the last Viceroy and first Governor-General of India. Mountbatten also played a very prominent role in the lives of his nephew, The Duke of Edinburgh, and grand-nephew, The Prince of Wales.

Prince Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas of Battenberg was born on June 25, 1900 at Frogmore House, the youngest child of Prince Louis (Ludwig) of Battenberg and Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine. He was christened at Frogmore on July 17, with Queen Victoria and Tsar Nicholas II of Russia among his godparents. Louis – known almost from birth as “Dickie” – had three elder siblings:

Through both of his parents, he was closely related to numerous other royal families of Europe. His mother’s younger sister was Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia, and in his childhood, Dickie was close to her children. At a very young age, he began a “lifelong love affair” with one of them – Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna – and kept a framed photo of her by his bed for his entire life.

At the age of 10, Dickie was enrolled at the Lockers Park School in Hertfordshire, and then at 13 entered the Royal Naval College, Osborne. Destined for a naval career, he received his first posting in July 1916, as a midshipman on HMS Lion. After studying for two terms at Christ’s College, Cambridge, Louis was posted to HMS Renown, accompanying The Prince of Wales on a tour of Australia. The following year, on HMS Repulse, he again accompanied his cousin on a tour of India and Japan. It was during this trip that he became engaged to his future wife.

Dickie first met Edwina Ashley in October 1920, when both attended a ball at Claridge’s in London, hosted by Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt III. Edwina was the daughter of Wilfrid Ashley, 1st Baron Mount Temple (a grandson of the 7th Earl of Shaftesbury) and Amalia Cassel (daughter of Sir Ernest Cassel). The two soon found themselves invited to the same house parties and shooting weekends, and a romance began. Both were guests of the Duke of Sutherland at Dunrobin Castle in Scotland in September 1921, when Louis received word that his father had died. When Edwina’s grandfather died just ten days later, the two grew very close in their shared grief. Several months later, Edwina went to visit Dickie while he was in India with the Prince of Wales. It was there, at a Valentine’s Day Ball held at the Viceregal Lodge in Delhi, that Dickie proposed.

Louis and Edwina were married on July 18, 1922, at St. Margaret’s Church, Westminster. The wedding was a lavish affair, attended by The King and Queen and other members of the British Royal Family and other royal houses of Europe. The bridal party included the Prince of Wales, who served as Best Man, and Dickie’s four nieces – Princesses Margarita, Theodora, Cecilie and Sophie of Greece. Following a honeymoon which took them to Canada and The United States, Dickie and Edwina settled at Brook House in London – one of several properties Edwina had inherited from her grandfather. They went on to have two daughters:

Admiral Lord Mountbatten receiving the Japanese surrender at Singapore, September 1945. source: Wikipedia.

Dickie was posted to several other boats before being given his first command – HMS Daring – in 1934. This was followed by commands of HMS Wishart (1934-1936), HMS Kelly (1939-1941) and HMS Illustrious (1941). From 1941-1943, he served as Chief of Combined Operations, and then from 1943-1946 as Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia Command. In that role, in September 1945 Mountbatten received the Japanese surrender in Singapore.

On August 27, 1946, he was created Viscount Mountbatten of Burma by King George VI. The following February, Prime Minister Clement Atlee appointed him Viceroy of India, and tasked him with overseeing India’s independence from Britain. Following independence in August 1947, Mountbatten served for the next ten months as the country’s first Governor-General. During that time, on October 28, 1947, he was created Earl Mountbatten of Burma and Baron Romsey. As Mountbatten had no sons, the Letters Patent creating both the Viscountcy and the Earldom were written to allow the titles to pass to his daughters and their male heirs. Had this not been done, the titles would have ended upon Mountbatten’s death. Instead, they passed to his elder daughter, Patricia, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma.

Following his time in India, Mountbatten returned to military service in 1949, serving as Commander of the 1st Squadron of the Mediterranean Fleet. From 1950-1952, he served as Fourth Sea Lord, and then from 1952-1954 as Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Fleet. Finally, in April 1955, nearly forty-one years after his father had been forced to relinquish the role due to anti-German sentiment, Mountbatten was made First Sea Lord – the head of the British Royal Navy. The following year, he reached the rank of Admiral of the Fleet. Dickie served as First Sea Lord until October 1959, when he became Chief of the Defence Staff, serving until his retirement in July 1965. During this time, he also served as Chairman of the NATO Military Committee from 1960-1961.

Earl Mountbatten of Burma, in uniform as Colonel of the Life Guards, with Gold Stick in Hand (1973). Source: Wikipedia, photo: by Allan warren – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=28983433

Upon retiring, he was granted several honorary appointments. He was made Colonel of the Life Guards, Gold Stick in Waiting, and Life Colonel Commandant of the Royal Marines. The Queen also appointed him Governor of the Isle of Wight. In 1974, he became the first Lord Lieutenant of the Isle of Wight.

Lord Mountbatten was killed on August 27, 1979 when his boat was blown up by the Provisional IRA on Donegal Bay, in County Sligo, Ireland. He had been staying at his summer home, Classiebawn Castle, in County Sligo, Ireland, with much of his family. Mountbatten, his grandson Nicholas, his son-in-law’s mother, The Dowager Baroness Brabourne, and a young crew member, Paul Maxwell, all died as a result of the blast. Mountbatten’s daughter Patricia, her husband John, and their son Timothy were all critically injured, but survived.

A ceremonial funeral was held at Westminster Abbey on September 5, 1979, attended by most of the British Royal Family and many other European royals. He is buried at Romsey Abbey.

Earl Mountbatten’s tomb at Romsey Abbey. Source: Wikipedia, photo by JohnArmagh

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March 27: Today in Royal History

Tomb of Mary, Duchess of Burgundy; Photo Credit – Susan Flantzer, July 2009

March 27, 972 – Birth of Robert II, King of France
Wikipedia: Robert II, King of France

March 27, 1482 – Death of Mary, Duchess of Burgundy (in her own right) at Wijnendale Castle, Flanders after falling from her horse; buried in the Church of Our Lady in Bruges, Belgium
Wikipedia: Mary, Duchess of Burgundy

March 27, 1615 – Death of Marguerite de Valois, daughter of King Henri II of France, first wife of King Henri IV of France, at the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye; buried at the Basilica of St. Denis near Paris
Wikipedia: Marguerite de Valois, Queen of France

March 27, 1625 – Death of King James I of England at Theobold’s Park in Hertfordshire, England; buried at Westminster Abbey
Unofficial Royalty: King James I of England

March 27, 1714 – Death of Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Cassel, wife of King Christian V of Denmark and Norway, at Charlottenborg Palace in Copenhagen, Denmark; buried at Roskilde Cathedral in Roskilde, Denmark
Wikipedia: Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Cassel, Queen of Denmark

March 27, 1785 – Birth of King Louis XVII of France, son of King Louis XVI of France and pretender to the throne during the French Revolution, at the Palace of Versailles
Wikipedia: King Louis XVII of France

March 27, 1819 – Birth and death of Princess Charlotte of Clarence, daughter of (the future) King William IV of the United Kingdom, at Fürstenhof Palace in Hanover, Germany
Full name: Charlotte Augusta Louisa
Wikipedia: Princess Charlotte of Clarence

March 27, 1837 – Death of Maria Fitzherbert, morganatic wife of King George IV of the United Kingdom, in Brighton, Sussex, England; buried at St. John the Baptist’s Church in Kemp Town, Brighton, England
George married Mrs. Fitzherbert against the Royal Marriages Act and the Act of Settlement. He was 22 at the time of the marriage and married without his father’s permission.  In addition, Mrs. Fitzherbert was a Roman Catholic. The marriage was invalid under the term of the Royal Marriages Act.
Wikipedia: Maria Fitzherbert

March 27, 1879 – Death of Prince Waldemar of Prussia, grandson of Queen Victoria, at Potsdam, Germany; buried at Friedenskirche in Potsdam, Germany
Prince Waldemar was the son of Victoria, Princess Royal and Friedrich III, German Emperor.  He died of diphtheria at age 11, three months after his aunt Princess Alice and her daughter Princess May died from the same disease.
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Waldemar of Prussia

Royal News: Sunday 26 March 2017

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Denmark

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Royal Birthdays & Wedding Anniversaries: March 26 – April 1

Photo Credit: http://www.albanianroyalcourt.al

35th birthday of Prince Leka of the Albanians, only child of the late Crown Prince Leka and head of the House of Zogu; born at the Sandton Clinic in Johannesburg, South Africa on March 26, 1982
Wikipedia: Prince Leka of Albania

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12th birthday of Countess Luana of Orange-Nassau, daughter of Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau; born in London, England on March 26, 2005
Wikipedia: Countess Luana van Oranje-Nassau

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Hamzah of Jordan

Prince Hamzah of Jordan; Photo Credit – http://www.princehamzah.jo

37th birthday of Prince Hamzah of Jordan, son of King Hussein of Jordan and his fourth wife Queen Noor, in Amman, Jordan on March 29, 1980
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Hamzah bin Al Hussein of Jordan

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5th birthday of Isla Elizabeth Phillips, daughter of Peter Phillips, granddaughter of Anne, Princess Royal and great granddaughter of Queen Elizabeth II; born at Gloucestershire Royal Hospital in Gloucester, England on March 29, 2012
Wikipedia: Isla Phillips

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March 26: Today in Royal History

Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, Queen of Prussia; Credit – Wikipedia

March 26, 1130 – Death of King Sigurd I of Norway in Oslo, Norway; buried at St. Hallvard’s Cathedral in Oslo, Norway
Wikipedia: King Sigurd I of Norway

March 26, 1131 – Birth of King Malcolm III of Scotland
Wikipedia: King Malcolm III of Scotland

March 26, 1212 – Death of King Sancho I of Portugal at Coimbra, Portugal; buried at Santa Cruz Monastery in Coimbra, Portugal
Wikipedia: King Sancho I of Portugal

March 26, 1662 – Birth of Marie Louise of Orléans, first wife of King Charles II of Spain, at Palais-Royal in Paris, France
Wikipedia: Marie Louise of Orléans, Queen of Spain

March 26, 1687 – Birth of Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, daughter of King George I of Great Britain, at Hanover, Germany
Unofficial Royalty: Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, Queen of Prussia

March 26, 1868 – Birth of Fuad I, King of Egypt
Unofficial Royalty: Fuad I, King of Egypt

March 26, 1949 – Birth of Princess Margareta of Romania, eldest daughter of King Mihai (Michael) of Romania
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Margareta of Romania

March 26, 1982 – Birth of Prince Leka of the Albanians, only child of Crown Prince Leka and current head of the House of Zogu
Full Name: Leka Anwar Zog Reza Baudouin Msiziwe Zogu
Wikipedia: Prince Leka of the Albanians

March 26, 2005 – Birth of Countess Luana of Orange-Nassau, daughter of Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau
Full name: Emma Luana Ninette Sophie
Wikipedia: Countess Luana of Orange-Nassau

March 26, 2015 – Remains of King Richard III of England re-buried at Leicester Cathedral in England
Unofficial Royalty: King Richard III of England
Unofficial Royalty: Richard III – Lost and Found

Royal News: Saturday 25 March 2017

 

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Belgium

Egypt

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Netherlands

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March 25: Today in Royal History

King Frederik I of Sweden; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

March 25, 1005 – Death of King Kenneth III of Scotland at the Battle of Monzievaird; buried at Iona, Scotland
Wikipedia: Kenneth III, King of Scotland

March 25, 1223 – Death of King Afonso II of Portugal at Coimbra, Portugal; buried at Santa Cruz Monastery in Coimbra, Portugal
Wikipedia: King Afonso II of Portugal

March 25, 1306 – Robert the Bruce crowned King of Scots at Scone, Scotland
Robert the Bruce, descendant of one of the original contestants for the Scottish throne, took up the struggle for Scotland’s independence after the death of William Wallace, and had himself crowned King of Scotland. His daughter Marjorie married Walter Stewart, High Steward of Scotland. Their son Robert took Stewart as his surname and became the first monarch of the Royal House of Stewart.
Wikipedia: Robert I, King of Scotland

March 25, 1734 – Wedding of Anne, Princess Royal, daughter of King George II of Great Britain, and Prince William IV of Orange at Chapel Royal at St. James Palace in London, England
The Dutch royals are descendants of Anne and William.
Unofficial Royalty: Anne, Princess Royal, Princess of Orange
Wikipedia: William IV, Prince of Orange

March 25, 1751 – Death of King Frederik I of Sweden at Stockholm; buried at Riddarholmen Church in Stockholm, Sweden
Wikipedia: King Frederik I of Sweden

March 25, 1921 – Birth of Alexandra of Greece, Queen of Yugoslavia
Unofficial Royalty: Alexandra of Greece, Queen of Yugoslavia

March 25, 1975 – Assassination of King Faisal of Saudi Arabia by his nephew Prince Faisal bin Musaid in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; buried at Al Od Cemetery in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
On June 18, 1975, Prince Feisal bin Musaid was publicly beheaded in Riyadh for the assassination of King Faisal.
BBC: On This Day – March 25
Wikipedia: Faisal of Saudi Arabia