Elizabeth of York, Queen of England

by Susan Flantzer

Credit – Wikipedia

Elizabeth of York holds a unique position in British royal history. She was the daughter of King Edward IV, the sister of King Edward V, the niece of King Richard III, the wife of King Henry VII, the mother of King Henry VIII, and the grandmother of King Edward VI, Queen Mary I and Queen Elizabeth I. Her great granddaughter was Mary, Queen of Scots whose son, King James VI of Scotland, succeeded Queen Elizabeth I as King James I of England. Through this line, the British royal family and other European royal families can trace their descent from Elizabeth of York.

Born on February 11, 1466 at the Palace of Westminster, Elizabeth of York was the eldest child of King Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville. Edward IV was the eldest surviving son of Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York who had a strong claim to the English throne. The social and financial troubles that followed the Hundred Years’ War, combined with the mental disability and weak rule of the Lancastrian King Henry VI had revived interest in the claim of Richard, 3rd Duke of York. Hence, the Wars of the Roses were fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet, the House of Lancaster and the House of York between 1455 and 1487. Richard, 3rd Duke of York was killed on December 30, 1460 at the Battle of Wakefield and his son Edward was then the leader of the House of York. After winning a decisive victory on March 2, 1461 at the Battle of Mortimer’s Cross, 19 year-old Edward proclaimed himself king. In 1464, King Edward IV married Elizabeth Woodville and their first child, Elizabeth, was born two years later.

Elizabeth had nine siblings:

Elizabeth was christened at Westminster Abbey in a solemn ceremony. Her godparents were her grandmothers Jacquetta of Luxembourg and Cecily Neville, Duchess of York, and her father’s first cousin, Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick.  In October 1470, thanks to Elizabeth’s godfather Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick switching from the Yorkist faction to the Lancastrian faction, Henry VI was restored to the throne. Edward IV and his brother Richard, Duke of Gloucester (the future Richard III) fled to Flanders, part of Burgundy, where their sister Margaret was married to Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy.  Four-year old Elizabeth went into sanctuary at Westminster Abbey with her pregnant mother and her younger sisters Mary and Cecily. While in sanctuary, Elizabeth’s brother Edward (the future Edward V) was born. By April 1471, Elizabeth’s father was back on the throne, and a month later King Henry VI was murdered in the Tower of London.

By the time of the early death in 1483 of King Edward IV at the age of 40, Elizabeth had been promised in marriage to George Neville, 1st Duke of Bedford and the future King Charles VIII of France, but nothing came of either promise. When King Edward IV died and his twelve year old son succeeded him as King Edward V, Edward IV’s brother, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, was named Lord Protector of his young nephew and moved to keep the Woodvilles, the family of Edward IV’s widow Elizabeth Woodville, from exercising power. The widowed queen sought to gain political power for her family by appointing family members to key positions and rushing the coronation of her young son. The new king was being accompanied to London by his maternal uncle Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers and his half brother Sir Richard Grey. Rivers and Grey were accused of planning to assassinate Richard, were arrested, and taken to Pontefract Castle, where they were later executed without trial. Richard then proceeded with the new king to London where Edward V was presented to the Lord Mayor of London. For their safety, King Edward V and his nine year old brother Richard, Duke of York were sent to the Tower of London and never seen again.

On June 22, 1483, a sermon was preached at St. Paul’s Cross in London declaring Edward IV’s marriage to Elizabeth Woodville invalid and his children illegitimate. This information apparently came from Robert Stillington, the Bishop of Bath and Wells, who claimed a legal pre-contract of marriage to Eleanor Butler, invalidated the king’s later marriage to Elizabeth Woodville. The citizens of London presented Richard a petition urging him to assume the throne, and he was proclaimed king on June 26, 1483. King Richard III and his wife Anne were crowned in Westminster Abbey on July 6, 1483 and their son was created Prince of Wales. In January of 1484, Parliament issued the Titulus Regius, a statute proclaiming Richard the rightful king. Shortly thereafter, Elizabeth’s mother and Margaret Beaufort, the mother of the Lancastrian leader Henry Tudor still in exile in Brittany, made a secret agreement that their children should marry.

On August 22, 1485, Henry Tudor defeated King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field and became King Henry VII, the first Tudor king of England. Elizabeth of York and Henry married on January 18, 1486 at Westminster Abbey. Henry had Parliament repeal Titulus Regius, the act that declared King Edward IV’s marriage invalid and his children illegitimate, thereby legitimizing his wife. The Tudor Rose, a combination of the Red Rose of Lancaster and the White Rose of York, symbolized the new House of Tudor.

The Tudor Rose; Credit – Wikipedia

Double Portrait of Elizabeth of York and Henry VII; Credit – Wikipedia

Children of King Henry VII and Elizabeth of York:

Henry VII’s family: At left, Henry VII, with Arthur, Prince of Wales behind him, then Henry (later Henry VIII), and Edmund, who did not survive early childhood. To the right is Elizabeth of York, with Margaret, then Elizabeth who didn’t survive childhood, Mary, and Katherine, who died shortly after her birth; Credit – Wikipedia

Unlike her mother Elizabeth Woodville and her mother-in-law Margaret Beaufort, Elizabeth had no political ambitions and played her role as wife and mother. Many historians believe that Elizabeth was overshadowed by her dominant mother-in-law (who outlived both her son and daughter-in-law). Nevertheless, Elizabeth was a very popular queen and having numerous children with whom she secured the new Tudor dynasty made her even more popular.

Her firstborn son was born in Winchester, then identified as the site of Camelot, and named Arthur after the legendary king. In 1501, Arthur married Catherine of Aragon, the youngest daughter of Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon. Five months later 15 year-old Arthur was dead, probably of the sweating sickness, and his parents were devastated. Elizabeth comforted her husband who was not only in mourning for his son, but also in fear for his dynasty by saying, “Your mother never had more children than you, but God in His grace, always sheltered you and brought to where you are now. God has left you a handsome prince and two beautiful princesses. We both are still young and can have more children.”

Arthur, Prince of Wales; Credit – Wikipedia

Shortly after Arthur’s death, Elizabeth became pregnant again and hoped for a son. She spent that year preparing her daughter Margaret, who was to marry King James IV of Scotland, for her role as Queen of Scotland. In early 1503, Elizabeth spent her confinement at the Tower of London. On February 2, 1503, she gave birth to a daughter, Katherine. Shortly after giving birth, Elizabeth became ill with puerperal fever (child-bed fever) and died on February 11, 1503, her 37th birthday. Henry was so shaken by her death that he went into seclusion and would only see his mother. Little Katherine died on February 18, 1503.

In 2012, an illuminated manuscript (see below) that was once the property of Henry VII was discovered in the National Library of Wales. King Henry VII is shown in mourning clothes, receiving the book containing the manuscript. In the background, behind their father, are his daughters, Mary and Margaret, in black veils. On the top left, an 11-year-old future King Henry VIII is shown weeping into the sheets of his mother’s empty bed.

Credit – Wikipedia

Elizabeth received a dignified state funeral in Westminster Abbey in the presence of her sisters. On her coffin was a wooden effigy, modeled on Elizabeth, wearing the insignia of the queen. The funeral procession was led by her sister Catherine of York. All of London mourned the popular queen. In the Cheapside section of London, groups of 37 young women with green wreaths in their hair and candles in their hands paraded through the streets. Candles lit in Elizabeth’s memory were burning in all the churches. Thomas More, who was a 25 year-old lawyer at the time and would later be beheaded during the reign of Elizabeth’s son Henry VIII, wrote an elegy in honor of the late Queen, “A Rueful Lamentation.”  Each February 11, King Henry VII decreed that a requiem mass be sung, bells be tolled, and 100 candles be lit in honor of Elizabeth of York.

Elizabeth’s painted wood funeral effigy, 1503 in Westminster Abbey; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

King Henry VII died at Richmond Palace on April 21, 1509 at the age of 52. He lies buried with his wife Elizabeth in a tomb created by Italian artist Pietro Torrigiano in the Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey.

Tomb of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York; Photo Credit – englishhistoryauthors.blogspot.com

Wikipedia: Elizabeth of York

 

Royal News: Wednesday 25 May 2016

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May 25: Today in Royal History

King Abdullah I of Jordan; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

May 25, 1553 – Wedding of Lady Jane Grey and Lord Guildford Dudley at Durham House in London, England
Unofficial Royalty: Lady Jane Grey
Wikipedia: Lord Guildford Dudley

May 25, 1690 – Birth of Prince Johann Josef Adam of Liechtenstein in Vienna, Austria
Wikipedia: Prince Johann Josef Adam of Liechtenstein

May 25, 1786 – Death of King Pedro III of Portugal, husband and uncle of Queen Maria I of Portugal, co-reigned alongside her until his death; buried at the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon
Wikipedia: King Pedro III of Portugal

May 25, 1846 – Birth of Princess Helena of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, at Buckingham Palace
Full name: Helena Augusta Victoria
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Helena of the United Kingdom

May 25, 1865 – Birth of Frederick Augustus III, last King of Saxony
Wikipedia: Frederick Augustus III, King of Saxony

May 25, 1946 – Abdullah bin al-Hussein becomes King of Jordan
King Abdullah I was the grandfather of  King Hussein I.
Wikipedia: Abdullah I of Jordan

May 25, 1961 – Wedding of King Hussein I of Jordan and Antoinette Gardiner, in Amman, Jordan
This was King Hussein’s second marriage. Miss Gardiner became HRH Princess Muna al-Hussein. The couple are the parents of the current King, Abdullah II.
Unofficial Royalty: King Hussein I of Jordan
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Muna al-Hussein

May 25, 1961 – Civil Marriage of Princess Birgitta of Sweden and Prince Johann Georg of Hohenzollern, at the Royal Palace, Stockholm
Princess Birgitta is the elder sister of King Carl XVI Gustaf. Due to her ‘equal’ marriage, she is the only of the King’s sisters who remained a member of the Royal Court.
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Birgitta of Sweden
Wikipedia: Prince Johann Georg of Hohenzollern

May 25, 1966 – Birth of Petra Laurentien Brinkhorst, wife of Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands, in Leiden, The Netherlands
Unofficial Royalty: Laurentien Brinkhorst, Princess of the Netherlands

May 25, 1983 – Death of Idris, first and only King of Libya,
Unofficial Royalty: Idris, King of Libya

Royal News: Tuesday 24 May 2016

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May 24: Today in Royal History

Queen Victoria with her mother; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

May 24, 1141 – Birth of King Malcolm IV of Scotland
Wikipedia Malcolm IV of Scotland

May 24, 1153 – Death of King David I of Scotland at Carlisle, Cumbria; buried at Dunfermline Abbey in Fife, Scotland
Wikipedia: David I of Scotland

May 24, 1819 – Birth of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom at Kensington Palace in London, England
Full name: Alexandrina Victoria
Unofficial Royalty: Victoria of the United Kingdom

May 24, 1874 – Birth of Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, at Neues Palais in Darmstadt, Germany
Full name: Marie Viktoria Feodore Leopoldine
Known as May, she was the daughter of Princess Alice of the United Kingdom and Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine.  She died of diphtheria at age four.  Her mother succumbed to the same disease a couple of weeks later.
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine

May 24, 1913 – Wedding of Prince Ernst Augustus of Hanover and Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia
Viktoria Luise was the only daughter of Wilhelm II, German Emperor. She and Ernst Augustus are the grandparents of King Constantine II of Greece and Queen Sofia of Spain.
Wikipedia: Ernst Augustus of Hanover
Wikipedia: Viktoria Luise of Prussia

May 24, 1935 – Wedding of King Frederik IX of Denmark and Princess Ingrid of Sweden at Storkyrkan in Stockholm, Sweden
Unofficial Royalty: Wedding of Frederik IX of Denmark and Ingrid of Sweden
Unofficial Royalty: Frederik IX of Denmark
Unofficial Royalty: Ingrid of Sweden

May 24, 1995 – Birth of Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein, eldest son of Hereditary Prince Alois, in London, England
Full name: Joseph Wenzel Maximilian Maria
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein

May 24, 2002 – Wedding of Princess Märtha Louise of Norway and Ari Behn at Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim, Norway
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Märtha Louise of Norway
Unofficial Royalty: Ari Behn

May 24, 2008 – Wedding of Prince Joachim of Denmark and Marie Cavallier at Møgeltønder Church near Schackenborg Castle in Møgeltønder, Southern Jutland, Denmark
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Joachim of Denmark
Unofficial Royalty: Marie Cavallier

Royal News: Monday, 23 May 2016

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Daily Mail: Move over Charlotte! Prince and Princess dubbed the William and Kate of Belgium introduce their baby daughter Archduchess Anna Astrid

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Indian Express: Bhutan’s king becomes an Internet favorite after this photo emerged online

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Hello: Queen Rania’s joy as her son Prince Hussein graduates

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Daily Mail: Making a splash in the US: Prince Harry pictured screaming for joy on Disney World log flume 23 years after enjoying the ride with mother Diana
Daily Mail: Incredible ‘lost’ photo album shows Edward VIII and his mistress Wallis Simpson on the cruise that triggered the abdication crisis
Daily Mail: SEBASTIAN SHAKESPEARE: Wills’ pal Jecca and a happy little secret
Daily Mail: Fit for a Princess, Kate’s sporty in skinny jeans: Duchess of Cambridge relaxes with casual look after taking part in sailing race
Daily Mail: The truth about Andrew’s £15m house sale: As furore grows over Prince’s links to corrupt Kazakh regime, we expose new details surrounding the mysterious sale of Prince’s marital home to oligarch
Daily Mail: ‘No one should be above the law’: Prince Andrew faces calls for inquiry into his deals with Kazakh oligarch
Daily Mail: 73,000 lost souls restored to glory: It’s the awesome tribute to those who died at the Somme with no known grave. Now, 100 years on, the Thiepval Memorial’s had a stunning makeover
Daily Mail: Tudor manor house that was home to the Archbishop who helped King Henry VIII become head of the Church of England goes on the market for £1.3 million (and the current owner will throw in £250,000 painting too)
Daily Mail: Looks like the mountain WON’T be moving: Aristocrat who tried to sell iconic Lake District peak for £1.25million to pay his £9million inheritance tax bill takes it off the market after uproar from locals
Express: Andrews’s PR has the hardest royal job since Richard III’s tailor, says Camilla Tominey
Hello: Man arrested in grounds of Buckingham Palace is convicted murderer
IB Times: Prince William, Kate Middleton May Bring Princess Charlotte In Her First Queen’s Birthday Parade Appearance
Telegraph: Never-before-seen photos of Edward VIII and his mistress Wallis Simpson on a controversial cruise that triggered the start of the his abdication crisis
Telegraph: Prince Andrew facing more questions about Kazakhstan links

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King Henry VII of England

by Susan Flantzer

Credit – Wikipedia

Henry Tudor, the founder of the Tudor dynasty, was born on January 28, 1457 at Pembroke Castle in Wales. Three months before his birth, his father Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond died of the plague while imprisoned, leaving a 13 year old pregnant widow, Lady Margaret Beaufort. Upon his birth, Henry succeeded to his father’s title, Earl of Richmond.

Pembroke Castle in Wales; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Henry’s father, Edmund Tudor, was the eldest child of Owen Tudor and Catherine of Valois , widow of King Henry V of England. Therefore, Edmund was the half brother of King Henry VI of England.  Owen Tudor’s ancestors were from prominent Welsh families. Catherine of Valois was the daughter of King Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria.  There is much debate as to whether Catherine and Owen married.  No documentation of a marriage exists and even if they did marry, their marriage would not have been legal due to the act regarding the remarriage of a queen dowager.  From the relationship of Owen Tudor and Catherine of Valois descended King Henry VII of England and the Tudor dynasty.  Through their great granddaughter Margaret Tudor (Henry VII’s daughter) descended the British royal family and many other European royal families.

Henry’s mother, Lady Margaret Beaufort, was the only child of John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset and Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso. Through her father, Lady Margaret was a descendant of King Edward III of England. Her grandfather John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset was the eldest child of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (Edward III’s son), and his mistress Katherine Swynford, whom he married in 1396. Their children were declared legitimate by King Richard II of England and Pope Boniface IX, but their half brother King Henry IV of England introduced a provision that neither they nor their descendants could ever claim the throne of England.  For more details, see Wikipedia: Margaret Beaufort – Ancestors.

At the time of Henry Tudor’s birth, the Wars of the Roses, the fight for the English throne between the House of Lancaster and the House of York, was two years old, and his mother, a descendant from the House of Lancaster, was living at Pembroke Castle under the protection of her brother-in-law Jasper Tudor.  Lady Margaret married two more times, but had no more children.

Lady Margaret Beaufort, Henry’s mother; Credit – Wikipedia

Jasper Tudor brought up his nephew Henry. In 1461, when the Yorkist Edward IV became king, Jasper went into exile and Henry became the guardian of William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke. In 1470, the Lancastrian King Henry VI gained the throne again, but six months later the Yorkist King Edward IV regained the throne, and King Henry VI was murdered in the Tower of London. Jasper left England again for France and took his nephew Henry with him to keep him safe. Jasper and Henry were given refuge by François II, Duke of Brittany. The next 13 years of Henry’s life were spent in Brittany and little is known of his life there.

In 1483, King Edward IV died and was briefly succeeded by his young son King Edward V. Before the young king could be crowned, his father’s marriage to his mother Elizabeth Woodville was declared invalid, making their children illegitimate and ineligible for the throne. King Edward IV’s brother King Richard III assumed the throne. The former King Edward V and his brother Richard, Duke of York (the Little Princes in the Tower) disappeared during the summer of 1483 and their fate is unknown.

Henry Tudor’s mother, despite being married to a Yorkist, Thomas Stanley, was actively promoting her son as an alternative to King Richard III. King Edward IV’s widow, Elizabeth Woodville and Henry’s mother made a secret agreement that their children should marry. On Christmas Day in 1483, still in France, Henry pledged to marry King Edward IV’s eldest daughter, Elizabeth of York, who was also Edward’s heir since the presumed deaths of her brothers, King Edward V and his brother Richard, Duke of York. In 1485, having gained the support of the Woodvilles, the in-laws of the late King Edward IV, Henry Tudor sailed to Wales with a small French and Scottish force. On August 7, 1485,  they landed in Mill Bay, Pembrokeshire, Wales, close to Henry’s birthplace. Henry Tudor then marched towards England accompanied by his uncle Jasper Tudor and John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford.

On August 22, 1485, at the Battle of Bosworth Field, the last significant battle of the Wars of the Roses, the last king of the House of York and the Plantagenet dynasty, 32 year-old King Richard III of England, lost his life and his crown. The battle was a decisive victory for the House of Lancaster, whose leader 28 year-old Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond, became the first monarch of the House of Tudor.

Stained glass window in St James Church in Sutton Cheney, England where it is believed Richard III (left) attended his last Mass before facing Henry VII (right) in the Battle of Bosworth Field; Credit – Wikipedia

Richard had entered the battle as a seasoned soldier, wearing a battle crown on top of his helmet. During the battle, he saw an opportunity to strike directly at Henry Tudor and his personal guard and sped off on his horse. After managing to kill Henry Tudor’s standard bearer, Richard saw something he had not expected. Sir William Stanley, the younger brother of Henry Tudor’s stepfather, changed sides. Instead of supporting Richard and the Yorkists, Stanley attacked them, helping to secure a victory for Henry Tudor and the Lancastrians.

Richard was overwhelmed by Stanley’s soldiers and at some point he took off or lost his helmet. Polydore Vergil, Henry Tudor’s official historian, wrote that “King Richard, alone, was killed fighting manfully in the thickest press of his enemies.” According to Welsh poet Guto’r Glyn, the leading Welsh Lancastrian Rhys ap Thomas, or one of his men, killed the king, writing that he “killed the boar, shaved his head.” After the battle, Henry Tudor’s men were yelling, “God save King Henry!” Inspired by this, Sir William Stanley found Richard’s battle crown and placed it on Henry Tudor’s head saying, “Sir, I make you King of England.”

Finding Richard’s circlet after the battle, Lord Stanley hands it to Henry, Credit – Wikipedia

Henry Tudor’s first action was to declare himself king by right of conquest. He was crowned in Westminster Abbey on October 30, 1485. King Henry VII did not neglect to reward his supporters. Among them were his uncle Jasper Tudor who became Duke of Bedford and his stepfather Thomas Stanley who became Earl of Derby, and his descendant still holds the title. The first Parliament of King Henry VII’s reign was called in November 1485 and a bill was passed confirming Henry’s right to the throne and settling the succession upon the heirs of his body.

Henry also honored his pledge to marry Elizabeth of York, King Edward IV’s eldest child, thereby uniting the House of York and the House of Lancaster. The couple married on January 18, 1486 at Westminster Abbey. Henry had Parliament repeal Titulus Regius, the act that declared King Edward IV’s marriage invalid and his children illegitimate, thereby legitimizing his wife. The Tudor Rose, a combination of the Red Rose of Lancaster and the White Rose of York, symbolized the new House of Tudor.

The Tudor Rose; Credit – Wikipedia

Double Portrait of Elizabeth of York and Henry VII; Credit – Wikipedia

Children of King Henry VII and Elizabeth of York:

Henry VII’s family: At left, Henry VII, with Arthur, Prince of Wales behind him, then Henry (later Henry VIII), and Edmund, who did not survive early childhood. To the right is Elizabeth of York, with Margaret, then Elizabeth who didn’t survive childhood, Mary, and Katherine, who died shortly after her birth; Credit – Wikipedia

During his reign, King Henry VII’s two main goals were peace-keeping and economic prosperity, and he succeeded at both. He did not try to retake the territories lost in France during the reigns of his predecessors. Instead, he concluded a peace treaty with France, which helped fill the coffers of England again. Henry made a pact with Spain with the marriage treaty of his eldest son Arthur, Prince of Wales and Catherine of Aragon. He also allied himself with Scotland by marrying his daughter Margaret to King James IV of Scotland. Ultimately, this marriage would unite England and Scotland when King James VI of Scotland succeeded King Henry VII’s granddaughter Queen Elizabeth I of England. Finally, Henry formed an alliance with the Holy Roman Empire under Maximilian I. In order to improve the economic position of England, Henry subsidized shipbuilding, so at the same time a powerful navy and a large merchant fleet were created.

Henry vii (2)

Bust of Henry VII of England; painted terracotta; made by Pietro Torrigiano; in Victoria and Albert Museum; Photo Credit – Susan Flantzer

Although King Henry VII is usually considered miserly, he maintained a splendid court, built Richmond Palace, and rebuilt Baynard’s Castle and Greenwich Palace. He founded several religious houses and supported his mother’s educational and religious causes. Perhaps his greatest building legacy is the beautiful Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey where he and his wife (and many others) are buried.

HenryVIIChapel

Henry VII Chapel; Photo Credit – http://mirandustours.com

Henry’s eldest son and heir Arthur died suddenly in 1502, probably from the sweating sickness, shortly after his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. His second son Henry then became heir and married Catherine of Aragon, the first of his six wives, shortly after he succeeded to the throne as King Henry VIII. In 1503, Henry’s wife Elizabeth died on her 37th birthday, probably from puerperal fever, shortly after giving birth to her last child who also died. Henry was grief-stricken, remained in seclusion for six weeks, and would only allow his mother near him.  He considered marrying again after Elizabeth’s death, but nothing ever came of it.

Scene at deathbed of Henry VII at Richmond Palace, 1509; Credit – Wikipedia

Henry’s health began to fail in 1507, and he suffered from attacks of gout and asthma. King Henry VII died at Richmond Palace on April 21, 1509 at the age of 52. He lies buried with his wife Elizabeth in a tomb created by Italian artist Pietro Torrigiano in the Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey.  Henry’s mother died two months later and therefore lived to see her grandson become King Henry VIII.

Tomb of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York; Photo Credit – englishhistoryauthors.blogspot.com

Wikipedia: King Henry VII of England

May 23: Today in Royal History

Marie of Waldeck-Pyrmont, wife of King William II of Württemberg; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

May 23, 1052 – Birth of King Philip I (the Amorous) of France in Champagne-et-Fontaine, France
Wikipedia: Philip I of France

May 23, 1482 – Death of Mary of York, daughter of King Edward IV of England, at Greenwich Palace in London, England; buried at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle
Wikipedia: Mary of York

May 23, 1857 – Birth of Marie of Waldeck-Pyrmont, wife of King Wilhelm II of Württemberg, in Arolsen, Waldeck and Pyrmont (Germany)
Wikipedia: Marie of Waldeck-Pyrmont

May 23, 1947 – Death of Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood, husband of Mary, Princess Royal, at Harewood House in Leeds, Yorkshire, England; buried at Harewood House
Unofficial Royalty: Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood

May 23, 1923 – Birth of Palden Thondup Namgyal, 12th Chogyal of Sikkim
Palden was the last king of Sikkim, a Himalayan country that is now part of India. His second wife was Hope Cooke, an American socialite.
Wikipedia: Palden Thondup Namgyal, 12th Chogyal of Sikkim

May 23, 2010 – Death of Princess Leonida Bagration-Moukhransky, wife of Grand Duke Vladimir Kirilovich, pretender to the Russian throne, in Madrid, Spain; buried at the Grand Ducal Burial Vault at the Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg, Russia
Wikipedia: Princess Leonida Bagration-Moukhransky
YouTube: Funeral of Leonida Georgievna, Grand Duchess of Russia

Royal Birthdays & Anniversaries: May 22-May 28

Felipe, Prince of Asturias and Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano with King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia of Spain, Photo Credit – www.hellomagazine.com

12th wedding anniversary of King Felipe VI of Spain and Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano; married at the Cathedral Santa María la Real de la Almudena in Madrid, Spain on May 22, 2004
Unofficial Royalty: King Felipe VI of Spain
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Letizia

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Joseph Wenzel_Liechtenstein

Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein; Photo Credit – lux-arazzi.blogspot.com, Photo: IKR

21st birthday of Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein, eldest son Prince Alois of Liechtenstein, Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein; born in Portland Hospital in London, England on May 24, 1995
Full name: Joseph Wenzel Maximilian Maria
Joseph Wenzel is third in line as Jacobite pretender to the British crown after his grandfather and mother.
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein

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Princess Märtha Louise of Norway and Ari Behn, Photo Credit – www.kongehuset.no

14th wedding anniversary of Princess Märtha Louise of Norway and Ari Behn; married at Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim, Norway on May 24, 2002
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Märtha Louise of Norway
Unofficial Royalty: Ari Behn

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Prince Joachim of Denmark and Marie Cavallier, Photo Credit: www.zimbio.com

8th wedding anniversary of Prince Joachim of Denmark and Marie Cavallier; married at Møgeltønder Church near Schackenborg Manor in Denmark on May 24, 2008
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Joachim of Denmark
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Marie of Denmark

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Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands, Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

50th birthday of Laurentien Brinkhorst, wife of Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands; born in Leiden, The Netherlands on May 25, 1966
Full name: Petra Laurentien
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands

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Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark, Photo Credit – http://www.zimbio.com

48th birthday of Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark; born in Copenhagen on May 26, 1968
Full name: Frederik André Henrik Christian
Unofficial Royalty: Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark

May 22: Today in Royal History

Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

May 22, 1127 – Wedding of Empress Maud, daughter of King Henry I of England, and Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou, at  Cathedral of Saint Julian of Le Mans in France
Maud and Geoffrey were the parents of King Henry II of England.
Wikipedia: Empress Maud
Wikipedia: Geoffrey V of Anjou

May 22, 1409 – Death of Blanche of England, daughter of King Henry IV of England, in Haguenau (now in France) buried at the Church of St Mary, Neustadt, Alsace (now in Germany)
Wikipedia: Blanche of England

May 22, 1455 – King Henry VI of England is taken prisoner by the Yorkists at the First Battle of St. Albans
Wikipedia: First Battle of St. Albans

May 22, 1667 – Death of Charles, Duke of Kendal, son of King James II of England; buried at Westminster Abbey
Charles was the third son and fifth child of James, Duke of York (later James II) and his first wife Anne Hyde.  He died at St. James’ Palace at age ten months.
Wikipedia: Charles, Duke of Kendal

May 22, 1770 – Birth of Princess Elizabeth, daughter of King George III of the United Kingdom, at Buckingham Palace
Elizabeth was the third daughter and seventh child of George III and his wife Charlotte.  She married late in life at age 48 to Hereditary Prince Friedrich of Hesse-Homburg.  Her husband succeeded his father as Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg in 1820.
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom

May 22, 1782 – Death of Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt, wife of Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, in Hanover (Germany)
Friederike died in childbirth along with her 10th child.
Wikipedia: Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt

May 22, 1815 – Wedding of King Christian VIII of Denmark (second marriage) and Caroline Amelia of Schleswig-Holstein
Wikipedia: Christian VIII of Denmark
Wikipedia: Caroline Amelia of Schleswig-Holstein

May 22, 1823 – Wedding of King Oscar I of Sweden and Joséphine of Leuchtenberg at Leuchtenberg Palace in Munich, Bavaria, Germany
Unofficial Royalty: King Oscar I of Sweden
Unofficial Royalty: Joséphine of Leuchtenberg

May 22, 2004 – Wedding of King Felipe VI of Spain and Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano at the Cathedral Santa María la Real de la Almudena in Madrid, Spain
BBC: Wedding bells for Spain’s royals
Unofficial Royalty: King Felipe VI of Spain
Unofficial Royalty: Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano, Queen of Spain