Royal News: Saturday 21 October 2017

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October 21: Today in Royal History

George, Duke of Clarence, Photo Credit – Wikipedia

October 21, 1422 – Death of King Charles VI of France in Paris; buried at St. Denis Basilica near Paris
Wikipedia: King Charles VI of France

October 21, 1449 – Birth of George, Duke of Clarence, son of Richard, Duke of York, and brother of King Edward IV of England and King Richard III of England, at Dublin Castle in Dublin, Ireland
Wikipedia: George, Duke of Clarence

October 21, 1821 – Alleged birth of Thomas Bowes-Lyon, the Monster of Glamis
The Monster of Glamis was reportedly a deformed member of the Bowes-Lyon family kept in seclusion at Glamis Castle, Scotland.
Wikipedia: Monster of Glamis

October 21, 1911 – Wedding of Emperor Karl I of Austria and Zita of Bourbon-Parma
Unofficial Royalty: Karl I, Emperor of Austria
Unofficial Royalty: Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Empress of Austria

October 21, 1969 – Birth of Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain, son of King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain
Wikipedia: Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain

Royal News: Friday 20 October 2017

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Bahrain

Belgium

Greece

Multiple Monarchies

Norway

Saudi Arabia

Spain

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Luise of Prussia, Grand Duchess of Baden

by Scott Mehl

source: Wikipedia

Princess Luise Marie Elisabeth of Prussia was the wife of Friedrich I, Grand Duke of Baden. She was born in Berlin on December 3, 1838, the only daughter of the future Wilhelm I of Prussia and Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. She had one older brother:

Raised in Berlin and Potsdam, and then in Koblenz where her father was serving as Governor-General of the Rhineland and Westphalia, Luise was educated privately, and was instilled with a sense of empathy for those less fortunate. From a young age, her mother arranged visits to hospitals and orphanages which helped form her character. Her inherent need to help others would remain and continue to grow throughout her life.

Friedrich of Baden, c1857. source: Wikipedia

On September 20, 1856, at the Neues Palais in Potsdam, Luise married Prince Friedrich of Baden, who was serving as Prince Regent, and would later become Grand Duke. Friedrich was the son of Leopold I, Grand Duke of Baden and Princess Sofia of Sweden. Luise and Friedrich had three children:

The marriage, which had been encouraged by Luise’s uncle, Wilhelm IV of Prussia, turned out to be a very happy one. Luise quickly became involved in charitable causes in Baden, particularly those which helped and promoted women. She founded the ‘Baden Frauenverein’, a welfare charity for women which provided hospitals and homes for children, and founded the first school for housewives. Although not particularly close with her sister-in-law, Victoria, she was quite close with Vicky’s sister, Alice, the Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine, as the two shared a passion for nursing. Luise also maintained a correspondence with Florence Nightingale, and developed a lifelong friendship with Clara Barton, after the two met during the Franco-Prussian War. Together they organized military hospitals and established sewing factories for women to aid in the war effort. Disliking the formality of Karlsruhe, Luise and her family spent much of their time at their home on the island of Mainau, in Lake Constance. It was there that Luise’s husband died in 1907.

Luise, photographed c1906. source: Wikipedia

The next years would see the devastation of World War I, and the end of the German Empire. When the German Emperor abdicated, riots spread in Karlsruhe. Luise and her family, along with her daughter who was visiting from Sweden, managed to escape the palace and fled to Zwingenberg Palace in the Neckar valley. The new government then granted the family permission to stay at Langenstein Castle, owned by the Swedish Count Douglas, who was related to the Baden Grand Ducal family through marriage. The government ordered that Luise and her family be protected – primarily because her daughter was Queen of Sweden, and they did not want to cause any sort of diplomatic problems. The following year, the family was also given permission to return to their home in Mainau.

The Dowager Grand Duchess photographed in her later life. source: Wikipedia

The Dowager Grand Duchess Luise of Baden died in Baden-Baden on April 24, 1923. Her remains were returned to Karlsruhe, where she is buried alongside her husband in the Grand Ducal Chapel in the Pheasant Garden.

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October 20: Today in Royal History

Empress Michiko of Japan as a child, Photo Credit – Wikipedia

October 20, 1496 – Wedding of Queen Joanna of Castile and Philip the Handsome of Habsburg
Wikipedia: Queen Joanna of Castile
Wikipedia: Philip the Handsome of Habsburg

October 20, 1714 – Coronation of King George I of Great Britain
No queen was crowned.  George had divorced his wife Sophia Dorothea of Celle in 1694 and held her in the Castle of Ahlden in Celle (Germany) until her death 32 years later.
Unofficial Royalty: King George I of Great Britain

October 20, 1740 – Death of Karl VI, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary (as Karl III), King of Bohemia and Archduke of Austria, at Palais Augarten in Vienna, Austria; buried at the Kaisergruft in Vienna, Austria
Karl’s surviving children were only daughters and he had provided for a male-line succession failure with the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713.  He was succeeded by his daughter Maria Theresa, but her succession resulted in the War of the Austrian Succession.
Wikipedia: Karl VI, Holy Roman Emperor

October 20, 1934 – Birth of Michiko Shôda, wife of Emperor Akihito of Japan, in Tokyo, Japan
Unofficial Royalty: Empress Michiko of Japan

October 20, 2012 – Wedding of Prince Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg and Stephanie de Lannoy; at Notre-Dame Cathedral in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Unofficial Royalty: Wedding of Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume and Countess Stéphanie de Lannoy
Unofficial Royalty: Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Unofficial Royalty: Stéphanie, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxembourg

Royal News: Thursday, 19 October 2017

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Egypt
Daily Mail: The head of an Egyptian Queen revealed: Archaeologists find part of 4,000-year-old wooden statue

Sweden
Daily Mail: Royal blue! Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden dazzles in a cobalt gown as she helps Finland mark its independence centenary in Stockholm
Getty: Crown Princess Victoria Of Sweden Attends A Seminar In Connection With The Centenary of Finnish Independence

Thailand
Daily Mail: Thai king marks completion of royal cremation site ahead of funeral
Daily Mail: Thailand’s Buddhist monks order reforms ahead of royal transition
Quartz: A preview of Thailand’s lavish $90 million royal funeral for its late king

UK
Daily Mail: Harry, Meghan and a VERY discreet tea party with the Queen: Besotted Prince and his girlfriend ‘spend an hour at the Palace with his grandmother’ as friends say their engagement is ‘not a question of if but when’
Daily Mail: SEBASTIAN SHAKESPEARE: Princess Anne’s son Peter lands another cushy job thanks to his family a year after he was paid £750,000 to organize the Queen’s 90th
Daily Mail: Surprise name on the teamsheet! Recovering Kate passes fitness test to make an unannounced appearance with William and Harry at West Ham’s London Stadium to meet young sports coaches
Daily Mail: Prince William and Kate visit West Ham’s London Stadium as Hammers present them with replica shirts for George and Charlotte
Daily Mail: West Ham try to score royal following with George and Charlotte football shirts
Express: Meghan Markle and Harry meet Queen for DISCREET chat – engagement imminent, say insiders
Express: Trying to impress Meghan Markle? Prince Harry plays rugby in royal visit to Olympic park
Express: Blue for a BOY? Pregnant Kate joins William and Harry for shock appearance
Express: Prince William and Harry visit West Ham’s ground as coaching apprentices graduate
Getty: The Duchess Of Cornwall Visits Worcester College Oxford
Getty: The Duke Of Cambridge & Prince Harry Attend The Coach Core Graduation (Part 1)
Getty: The Duke Of Cambridge & Prince Harry Attend The Coach Core Graduation (Part 2)
Getty: The Duke & Duchess Of Cambridge Attend The Coach Core Graduation With West Ham Stars
Hello: Kate Middleton’s twinning moments with celebrities and royals
Hello: Kate conceals baby bump on surprise visit to West Ham stadium
Telegraph: So you’re having an April baby, Kate and William? I hate to say it, but it’s not all good news
Telegraph: How Prince Harry is creating the next generation of coaches

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October 19: Today in Royal History

Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte of France; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

October 19, 1216 – Death of King John of England at Newark Castle in England; buried at Worcester Cathedral in England
Unofficial Royalty: King John of England

October 19, 1658 – Birth of Adolf Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in Grabow (Germany)
Adolf Frederick was the grandfather of Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III of the United Kingdom.
Wikipedia: Adolf Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

October 19, 1851 – Death of Princess Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte of France, daughter of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette, at Frohsdorf, Austria; buried at the Franciscan Monastery church of Kostanjevica in Görtz, then in Austria, now the Slovenian city of Nova Gorica
Wikipedia: Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte of France

October 19, 1889 – Death of King Luís I of Portugal at Cascais, Portugal; buried at the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora in Lisbon, Portugal
Unofficial Royalty: King Luis I of Portugal

October 19, 1932 – Wedding of Gustav Adolf of Sweden, Duke of Västerbotten and Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the parents of King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Gustav Adolf of Sweden, Duke of Västerbotten
Unofficial Royalty: PrincessSibylla of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Unofficial Royalty: Wedding of Prince Gustav Adolf of Sweden and Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

October 19, 1963 – Birth of Prince Laurent of Belgium, son of King Albert II of the Belgians, at Château de Belvédère in Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
Full name: Laurent Benoît Baudouin Marie
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Laurent of Belgium

Royal News: Wednesday 18 October 2017

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Friedrich I, Grand Duke of Baden

by Scott Mehl

source: Wikipedia

Friedrich I was born September 9, 1826 in Karlsruhe, the third son of Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden and Princess Sofia of Sweden. He had seven siblings:

Portrait of Friedrich and Luise, 1856. source: Wikipedia

On September 20, 1856, Friedrich married Princess Luise of Prussia at the Neues Palais in Potsdam. Luise was the daughter of the future King Wilhelm I of Prussia and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. The marriage was encouraged by Luise’s uncle, King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia, who wanted to form an alliance with Baden to strengthen Prussia’s influence within the German Confederation against Austria. Friedrich and Luise had three children:

Friedrich’s children (l-r) Victoria, Friedrich and Ludwig with Victoria’s husband, Gustav of Sweden, c1882. source: WIkipedia

Friedrich’s father died in 1852 and was succeeded by Friedrich’s elder brother, Ludwig II. However, Ludwig was deemed mentally ill, and Friedrich was appointed Regent during his reign. When Ludwig died in 1858, Friedrich succeeded him as Grand Duke Friedrich II.

As Grand Duke, Friedrich sided with Prussia in the wars against Austria and France, and represented Baden at the Palace of Versailles when his father-in-law was created Emperor of Germany in 1871. Within Baden, he was a strong supporter of constitutional monarchy, which was often at odds with his Prussian in-laws. His reign saw the adoption of civil marriage, as well as free elections to the Baden parliament.

Friedrich and Luise, c1902. source: Wikipedia

Friedrich I died on September 28, 1907 while at his summer residence on the island of Mainau. He is buried in the Grand Ducal Chapel in the Pheasant Garden in Karlsruhe. He was succeeded by his elder son, Friederich II, who would become the last Grand Duke of Baden.

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October 18: Today in Royal History

King Ludwig III of Bavaria; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

October 18, 1469 – Wedding of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile at the Palacio de los Vivero in Valladolid (Spain)
Wikipedia: King Ferdinand II of Aragon
Wikipedia: Queen Isabella I of Castile

October 18, 1538 – Death of Germaine of Foix, second wife of King Ferdinand II of Aragon; buried at the Convent San Miguel de los Reyes in Valencia, Spain
Wikipedia: Germaine of Foix

October 18, 1541 – Death of Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England, wife of King James IV of Scotland, Archibald Douglas, and Henry Stewart and sister of King Henry VIII of England, at Methven Castle, Perthshire, Scotland; buried at the Carthusian Abbey of St John in Perth, Scotland
Unofficial Royalty: Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scots

October 18, 1804 – Birth of Mongkut, Rama IV of Siam (Thailand) at Thonburi Palace in Thonburi, Siam (Thailand)
Wikipedia: Mongkut

October 18, 1831 – Birth of Friedrich III, German Emperor and King of Prussia, husband of Princess Victoria, Princess Royal, at Neues Palais in Potsdam, Prussia (Germany)
Unofficial Royalty: Friedrich III, German Emperor and King of Prussia

October 18, 1921 – Death of King Ludwig III of Bavaria at Nádasdy Castle in Sárvár, Hungary; buried at the Frauenkirche in Munich, Bavaria (Germany)
Unofficial Royalty: Ludwig III, King of Bavaria