Royal News: Wednesday 26 July 2017

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Maria Theresia of Austria, Queen of Saxony

by Scott Mehl

source: Wikipedia

Maria Theresia of Austria, Queen of Saxony

Queen Maria Theresia was the wife of King Anton of Saxony. She was born Archduchess Maria Theresia Josepha Charlotte Johanna of Austria, on January 14, 1767, the eldest child of Leopold I, Grand Duke of Tuscany (later Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor) and Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain. She had fifteen younger siblings:

Maria Theresia and her siblings were raised by their parents as opposed to a household of servants and governesses – something quite unusual for the time. Despite their father’s position, they were brought up very simply, and kept away from the pomp and ceremony of court. As she grew up, she became a very private person, and enjoyed a simple and religious home life.

Anton of Saxony. source: Wikipedia

On October 18, 1787 in Dresden, Maria Theresia married, as his second wife, Prince Anton of Saxony. They were previously married by proxy in Florence on September 8. At the time, Anton was heir-presumptive to his brother, the Elector of Saxony, who later became King Friedrich August I of Saxony. However, it was assumed that Friedrich August would have children, and Anton would not inherit the throne – something which pleased the very private princess. The couple had four children, none of whom lived past infancy:

  • Maria Ludovika (1795) – died in infancy
  • Friedrich August (1796) – died at birth
  • Maria Johanna (1798) – died in infancy
  • Maria Theresia (1799) – died at birth

After the death of her sister-in-law, Princess Caroline of Parma (married to Prince Maximilian of Saxony) in 1804, Maria Theresia helped to raise Caroline’s children.

Dresden Cathedral. photo By Lupus in Saxonia – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=47181888

Upon her brother-in-law’s death on May 5, 1827, Maria Theresia and her husband became King and Queen of Saxony. Sadly, her tenure as Queen was short-lived. Just six months after her husband’s accession, Queen Maria Theresia died in Leipzig on November 7, 1827. She is buried in the Wetting Crypt at the Dresden Cathedral, formerly known as the Katholische Hofkirche (Catholic Church of the Royal Court of Saxony).

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July 26: Today in Royal History

King Otto of Greece; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

July 26, 1469 – Lancastrian victory at the Battle of Edgecote Moor
Wikipedia: Battle of Edgecote Moor

July 26, 1867 – Death of former King Otto of Greece, born Prince Otto of Bavaria, at Neue Residenz in Bamberg, Bavaria (Germany); buried at Theatinerkirche St. Kajetan in Munich, Bavaria (Germany)
Unofficial Royalty: King Otto of Greece

July 26, 1944 – Death of Reza Shah Pahlavi, former Shah of Iran and father of the last Shah, in exile in Johannesburg, South Africa; buried at Reza Shah’s Mausoleum in Ray, Tehran, Iran which was later destroyed during the 1979 Iranian Revolution
Wikipedia: Reza Shah Pahlavi, Shah of Iran

Royal News: Tuesday 25 July 2017

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July 25: Today in Royal History

Elisabeth of Bavaria, wife of King Albert I of the Belgians; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

July 25, 1137 – Wedding of Louis VII, King of France and Eleanor of Aquitaine
Wikipedia: Louis VII, King of France
Unofficial Royalty: Eleanor of Aquitaine

July 25, 1554 – Wedding of Queen Mary I of England and King Philip II of Spain at Winchester Cathedral in England
Wikipedia: King Philip II of Spain
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Mary I of England

July 25, 1603 – Coronation of King James I of England
James’ wife Anne of Denmark was crowned with him.
Unofficial Royalty: King James VI of Scotland/King James I of England

July 25, 1642 – Birth of Louis I, Prince of Monaco
Wikipedia: Louis I, Prince of Monaco

July 25, 1797 – Birth of Augusta of Hesse-Kassel, wife of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, at Rumpenheim Castle in Kassel (Germany)
Augusta is the grandmother of Queen Mary, wife of King George V of the United Kingdom.
Wikipedia: Augusta of Hesse-Kassel, Duchess of Cambridge

July 25, 1860 – Birth of Louise Margaret of Prussia, wife of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, at Marmorpalais in Potsdam, Prussia (Germany)
Full name: Luise Margarete Alexandra Victoria Agnes
Unofficial Royalty: Louise Margaret of Prussia, Duchess of Connaught

July 25, 1876 – Birth of Elisabeth of Bavaria, wife of King Albert I of the Belgians, at Possenhofen Castle in Bavaria (Germany)
Full name: Elisabeth Gabriele Valérie Marie
Unofficial Royalty: Elisabeth of Bavaria, Queen of Belgium

July 25, 1938 – Death of Prince Franz I of Liechtenstein at Valtice, now in the Czech Republic; buried at the Liechtenstein Crypt in Vranov nearby Brno, Czech Republic
Wikipedia: Prince Franz I of Liechtenstein

July 25, 1970 – Birth of Lord Nicholas Windsor, son of HRH The Duke of Kent, at University College Hospital in London, England
Full name: Nicholas Charles Edward Jonathan
Wikipedia: Lord Nicholas Windsor

Royal News: Monday, 24 July 2017

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Anton, King of Saxony

by Scott Mehl

source: Wikipedia

Anton, King of Saxony

King Anton was the second king of Saxony, reigning from 1827 to 1836. He was born Anton Clemens Theodor Maria Josef Johann Evangelista Johann Nepomuk Franz Xavier Aloys Januar on December 27, 1755, in Dresden, to Friedrich Christian, Elector of Saxony, and Princess Maria Antonia of Bavaria. His siblings were:

Maria Carolina of Savoy. source: Wikipedia

On October 24, 1781, in Dresden, Anton married Princess Maria Carolina of Savoy, the daughter of King Vittorio Amedeo III of Sardinia and Infanta María Antonia of Spain. Sadly, the marriage ended just over a year later when Maria Carolina died from smallpox. They had no children.

Maria Theresia of Austria. source: Wikipedia

He married a second time on October 18, 1787. His new bride was Archduchess Maria Theresia of Austria, the daughter of Leopold I, Grand Duke of Tuscany (and later Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor) and Infanta María Luisa of Spain. The couple had four children, all of whom died at birth or shortly after:

  • Princess Maria Ludovika of Saxony (1795) – died in infancy
  • Prince Friedrich August of Saxony (1796) – died at birth
  • Princess Maria Johanna of Saxony (1798) – died in infancy
  • Princess Maria Theresia of Saxony (1799) – died at birth

Anton became King of Saxony on May 5, 1827, upon the death of his elder brother, King Friedrich August I. Despite having been heir to the throne for many years, Anton had little experience in government and was therefore content with continuing the policies and goals of his late brother.

By 1830, following the July Revolution in France, Saxony began to see some small uprisings, usually directed at the Constitution. In order to maintain the peace, several changes took place. In September 1830, Anton appointed his nephew and heir, Friedrich August, as Co-Regent. And the following year, a new Constitution was put into place, establishing Saxony as a true constitutional monarchy.

After a reign of just nine years, King Anton died in Dresden on June 6, 1836. He is buried in the Wettin Crypt at the Dresden Cathedral, formerly known as the Katholische Hofkirche (Catholic Church of the Royal Court of Saxony). As he had no male heirs, he was succeeded by his nephew, King Friedrich August II.

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July 24: Today in Royal History

William, Duke of Gloucester, Photo Credit – Wikipedia

July 24, 1567 – Mary, Queen of Scots forced to abdicate her throne to her 1-year-old son King James VI of Scotland, the future King James I of England
Unofficial Royalty: Mary, Queen of Scots
Unofficial Royalty: King James VI of Scotland/King James I of England

July 24, 1689 – Birth of William, Duke of Gloucester, son of Queen Anne of Great Britain, at Hampton Court Palace in Richmond, England
William was the only one of Queen Anne’s numerous children to survive a significant amount of time. A sickly child, who suffered from hydrocephalus, he died at age 11. The main street in Williamsburg in Virginia, the colonial capital of Virginia, was named after him. If you visit Colonial Williamsburg, you can walk on Duke of Gloucester Street which runs from the House of Burgesses to the main entrance of The College of William and Mary. It’s called DOG Street by the locals and college students.
Unofficial Royalty: William, Duke of Gloucester

July 24, 1817 – Birth of Grand Duke Adolphe of Luxembourg at Biebrich Palace in Wiesbaden (Germany)
Adolphe became Grand Duke upon the accession of Queen Wilhelmina to the Dutch throne. The three previous kings of the Netherlands had also been Grand Dukes of Luxembourg. However, because of the Salic Law, Wilhelmina could not succeed to the throne of Luxembourg.
Unofficial Royalty: Grand Duke Adolphe of Luxembourg

July 24, 1860 – Birth of Princess Charlotte of Prussia, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, at Neues Palais in Potsdam, Prussia (Germany)
Full name: Viktoria Elisabeth Auguste Charlotte
Princess Charlotte was the daughter of Victoria, Princess Royal and Frederick III, German Emperor. She married her second cousin Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen.
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Charlotte of Prussia, Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen

Royal News: Sunday 23 July 2017

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Royal Birthdays & Anniversaries: July 23 – July 29

Lord Nicholas Windsor and his brother George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews, Photo Credit – www.telegraph.co.uk

47th birthday of Lord Nicholas Windsor, son of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent; born at University College Hospital in London, England on July 25, 1970
Full name: Nicholas Charles Edward Jonathan
Wikipedia: Lord Nicholas Windsor

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21st birthday of Samuel Chatto, son of Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones and grandson of Princess Margaret; born in London, England on July 28, 1996
Full name: Samuel David Benedict
Wikipedia: Lady Sarah Chatto: Marriage and Issue

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