October 19: Today in Royal History

Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte of France; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

October 19, 1216 – Death of King John of England at Newark Castle in England; buried at Worcester Cathedral in England
Unofficial Royalty: King John of England

October 19, 1658 – Birth of Adolf Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in Grabow (Germany)
Adolf Frederick was the grandfather of Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III of the United Kingdom.
Wikipedia: Adolf Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

October 19, 1851 – Death of Princess Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte of France, daughter of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette, at Frohsdorf, Austria; buried at the Franciscan Monastery church of Kostanjevica in Görtz, then in Austria, now the Slovenian city of Nova Gorica
Wikipedia: Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte of France

October 19, 1889 – Death of King Luís I of Portugal at Cascais, Portugal; buried at the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora in Lisbon, Portugal
Unofficial Royalty: King Luis I of Portugal

October 19, 1932 – Wedding of Gustav Adolf of Sweden, Duke of Västerbotten and Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the parents of King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Gustav Adolf of Sweden, Duke of Västerbotten
Unofficial Royalty: PrincessSibylla of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Unofficial Royalty: Wedding of Prince Gustav Adolf of Sweden and Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

October 19, 1963 – Birth of Prince Laurent of Belgium, son of King Albert II of the Belgians, at Château de Belvédère in Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
Full name: Laurent Benoît Baudouin Marie
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Laurent of Belgium

Royal News: Wednesday 18 October 2017

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Friedrich I, Grand Duke of Baden

by Scott Mehl

source: Wikipedia

Friedrich I was born September 9, 1826 in Karlsruhe, the third son of Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden and Princess Sofia of Sweden. He had seven siblings:

Portrait of Friedrich and Luise, 1856. source: Wikipedia

On September 20, 1856, Friedrich married Princess Luise of Prussia at the Neues Palais in Potsdam. Luise was the daughter of the future King Wilhelm I of Prussia and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. The marriage was encouraged by Luise’s uncle, King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia, who wanted to form an alliance with Baden to strengthen Prussia’s influence within the German Confederation against Austria. Friedrich and Luise had three children:

Friedrich’s children (l-r) Victoria, Friedrich and Ludwig with Victoria’s husband, Gustav of Sweden, c1882. source: WIkipedia

Friedrich’s father died in 1852 and was succeeded by Friedrich’s elder brother, Ludwig II. However, Ludwig was deemed mentally ill, and Friedrich was appointed Regent during his reign. When Ludwig died in 1858, Friedrich succeeded him as Grand Duke Friedrich II.

As Grand Duke, Friedrich sided with Prussia in the wars against Austria and France, and represented Baden at the Palace of Versailles when his father-in-law was created Emperor of Germany in 1871. Within Baden, he was a strong supporter of constitutional monarchy, which was often at odds with his Prussian in-laws. His reign saw the adoption of civil marriage, as well as free elections to the Baden parliament.

Friedrich and Luise, c1902. source: Wikipedia

Friedrich I died on September 28, 1907 while at his summer residence on the island of Mainau. He is buried in the Grand Ducal Chapel in the Pheasant Garden in Karlsruhe. He was succeeded by his elder son, Friederich II, who would become the last Grand Duke of Baden.

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October 18: Today in Royal History

King Ludwig III of Bavaria; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

October 18, 1469 – Wedding of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile at the Palacio de los Vivero in Valladolid (Spain)
Wikipedia: King Ferdinand II of Aragon
Wikipedia: Queen Isabella I of Castile

October 18, 1538 – Death of Germaine of Foix, second wife of King Ferdinand II of Aragon; buried at the Convent San Miguel de los Reyes in Valencia, Spain
Wikipedia: Germaine of Foix

October 18, 1541 – Death of Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England, wife of King James IV of Scotland, Archibald Douglas, and Henry Stewart and sister of King Henry VIII of England, at Methven Castle, Perthshire, Scotland; buried at the Carthusian Abbey of St John in Perth, Scotland
Unofficial Royalty: Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scots

October 18, 1804 – Birth of Mongkut, Rama IV of Siam (Thailand) at Thonburi Palace in Thonburi, Siam (Thailand)
Wikipedia: Mongkut

October 18, 1831 – Birth of Friedrich III, German Emperor and King of Prussia, husband of Princess Victoria, Princess Royal, at Neues Palais in Potsdam, Prussia (Germany)
Unofficial Royalty: Friedrich III, German Emperor and King of Prussia

October 18, 1921 – Death of King Ludwig III of Bavaria at Nádasdy Castle in Sárvár, Hungary; buried at the Frauenkirche in Munich, Bavaria (Germany)
Unofficial Royalty: Ludwig III, King of Bavaria

Royal News: Tuesday 17 October 2017

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October 17: Today in Royal History

Henry Pu Yi, last Emperor of China, Photo Credit – Wikipedia

October 17, 1521 – King Henry VIII of England becomes “Defender of the Faith” (Some sources say October 11.  This may be Old Style/New Style dating difference.)
Pope Leo X conferred the title “Defender of the Faith” on Henry VIII for attacking Martin Luther’s views on the sacraments.  The title was taken away from Henry when he was excommunicated.  In 1544, the Parliament of England conferred the title, “Defender of the Faith”, on the monarch and his successors.
Wikipedia: Fidei defensor
Unofficial Royalty: King Henry VIII of England

October 17, 1680 – Death of Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth, illegitimate son of King Charles II of England by Catherine Pegge; in Tangier, Morocco; buried at Westminster Abbey
Wikipedia: Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth

October 17, 1768 – Death of Ludwig VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt in Darmstadt (Germany)
Wikipedia: Ludwig VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

October 17, 1819 – Birth of Friedrich Wilhelm, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in Neustrelitz (Germany)
Wikipedia: Friedrich Wilhelm, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

October 17, 1853 – Birth of Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia, daughter of Tsar Alexander II of Russia, wife of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, at Tsarskoe-Selo, Russia
Unofficial Royalty: Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia

October 17, 1967 – Death of Henry Pu Yi, last Emperor of China, in Beijing, China; first buried at Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery, moved to the Eastern Qing Mausoleum near Beijing in 1996
Wikipedia: Henry Pu Yi

Royal News: Monday 16 October 2017

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Ludwig II, Grand Duke of Baden

by Scott Mehl

source: Wikipedia

Ludwig II was born August 15, 1824 in Karlsruhe, the eldest surviving son of Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden and Sofia of Sweden. He had seven siblings:

He received a solid education, studying in Vienna and Heidelberg. As a Prince of Baden, he held a seat in the Baden Assembly, but only took part in several of their meetings. As he got older, signs of mental illness began to show, and in March 1852, he was diagnosed as having a non-curable mental disorder.

The following month, Ludwig’s father died and he succeeded as Grand Duke of Baden. But because of his illness, his brother Friedrich served as Regent during Ludwig’s brief four-year reign.

At just 33 years old, Grand Duke Ludwig II died in Karlsruhe on January 22, 1858, and was buried in the Karlsruhe Stadtkirche. After World War II, his remains were moved to the Grand Ducal Chapel in the Pheasant Garden in Karlsruhe.

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October 16: Today in Royal History

Marie Antoinette of Austria, wife of King Louis XVI of France; Credit – Wikipedia

October 16, 1430 – Birth of James II, King of Scots at Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh, Scotland
Unofficial Royalty: James II, King of Scots

October 16, 1673 – Birth of Lady Mary Tudor, illegitimate daughter of King Charles II of England by Mary ‘Moll’ Davis
Wikipedia: Lady Mary Tudor

October 16, 1751 – Birth of Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, second wife of King Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia, in Prenzlau (Germany)
Wikipedia: Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, Queen of Prussia

October 16, 1793 – Execution of Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, at the Place de la Révolution in Paris, France; originally buried in a mass grave near the location of today’s La Madeleine Church in Paris, reburied at the Basilica of St. Denis near Paris
Unofficial Royalty: Marie Antoinette, Queen of France

October 16, 1914 – Birth of Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan, in Kabul, Afghanistan
Wikipedia: Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan

Royal News: Sunday 15 October 2017

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