Paul Friedrich, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

by Scott Mehl

Paul Friedrich, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Grand Duke Paul Friedrich was born in Ludwigslust on September 15, 1800, the eldest son of Friedrich Ludwig, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and his first wife, Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia. Paul Friedrich had one younger sister, as well as three half-siblings from his father’s second marriage:

His education began at home before studying in Geneva, Jena and Rostock. However, his studies came to an end when his father died in 1819, making Paul Friedrich heir-apparent to his grandfather. Having been a member of the Mecklenburg military since the age of 10, Paul Friedrich was appointed Major General in 1822. He was also created Major General in the Prussian Army following his marriage two years later. Beginning in 1830, he served as Inspector General of the Mecklenburg-Schwerin forces, and served until his accession in 1837.

Alexandrine with the couple’s two eldest children, 1825.

On May 25, 1822 in Berlin, Paul Friedrich married Princess Alexandrine of Prussia. She was the daughter of King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia and Princess Luise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. They had six children:

  • Friedrich Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1823) – married (1) Princess Augusta of Reuss-Köstritz, had issue; (2) Princess Anna of Hesse and by Rhine, had issue; (3) Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, had issue
  • Luise (1824) – married Hugo, Prince of Windisch-Grätz, had issue
  • Wilhelm (1827) – married Princess Alexandrine of Prussia, had issue
  • Helene (1829) – died in childhood
  • Marie (1831) – died in childhood
  • Pauline (1833) – unmarried

Paul Friedrich also had several children with his mistress, Countess Catarina Hauke. She was the sister of Julia Hauke, later Princess of Battenberg.

Paul Friedrich became Grand Duke upon his grandfather’s death on February 1, 1837. He moved the official Grand Ducal residence from Ludwigslust to Schwerin, and worked to improve the judicial system and the infrastructure of the Grand Duchy. Using his experience with the Prussian military, the Grand Duke made efforts to modernize the Mecklenburg-Schwerin military, basing many of his reforms on the Prussian forces. As his reign continued, he became more reclusive, often shunning his family and spending time quietly with his mistress.

Tomb of Grand Duke Paul Friedrich, in Schwerin Cathedral. photo: by Niteshift – Self-photographed, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3019662

Grand Duke Paul Friedrich died in Schwerin on March 7, 1842. Several weeks earlier, he had contracted a cold while helping to battle a great fire in Schwerin, and never recovered. Following his funeral later that month, he was buried in the Schwerin Cathedral.

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January 22: Today in Royal History

Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

January 22, 1260 – Wedding of Beatrice of England, daughter of King Henry III of England, and John of Dreux, Earl of Richmond at the Abbey of St. Denis in Paris, France
Wikipedia: Beatrice of England
Wikipedia: John of Dreux, Earl of Richmond

January 22, 1440 – Birth of Tsar Ivan III the Great of Russia in Moscow, Russia
Wikipedia: Tsar Ivan III of Russia

January 22, 1592- Death of Elisabeth of Austria, wife of King Charles IX of France, in Vienna, Austria; buried first in the Clarissine Convent in Vienna, since 1782 in the Ducal Crypt at St Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna
Wikipedia: Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France

January 22, 1689 – Parliament invites William and Mary to become joint sovereigns of England
Wikipedia Crown and Parliament Recognition Act
Unofficial Royalty: King William III of England
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Mary II of England

January 22, 1797 – Birth of Maria Leopoldina of Austria, wife of Pedro I of Brazil/Pedro IV of Portugal, in Vienna, Austria
Wikipedia: Maria Leopoldina of Austria, Empress of Brazil

January 22, 1831 – Birth of Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, husband of Princess Helena of the United Kingdon, at Augustenburg, Denmark
Full name: Frederick Christian Charles Augustus
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein

January 22, 1858 – Death of Ludwig II, Grand Duke of Baden, in Karlsruhe, Germany
Ludwig suffered from mental illness and his brother and successor Friedrich served as his Regent.
Unofficial Royalty: Ludwig II, Grand Duke of Baden

January 22, 1901 – Death of Queen Victoria at Osborne House, Isle of Wight, England; buried at the Royal Mausoleum, Frogmore, Windsor
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom

January 22, 1954 – Death of Princess Margaret of Prussia, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, at Schönberg, Kronberg, Germany
Princess Margaret, known as Mossy in the family, was the daughter of Victoria, Princess Royal and Kaiser Frederick III of Germany.  She married Landgrave Friedrich Karl of Hesse-Kassel.
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Margaret of Prussia, Landgravine of Hesse-Kessel

Royal News: Sunday 21 January 2018

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Japan

Monaco

Norway

United Kingdom

Royal Birthdays & Anniversaries: January 21 – January 27

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14th birthday of Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway, daughter of Crown Prince Haakon of Norway; born at the Rikshospitalet University Hospital in Oslo, Norway on January 21, 2004

Unofficial Royalty: Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway

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Princess Caroline of Monaco; Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

61st birthday of Princess Caroline of Monaco; born at the Prince’s Palace in Monaco on January 23, 1957
Full name: Caroline Louise Marguerite
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Caroline of Monaco

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Princess Caroline of Monaco and Prince Ernst Augustus of Hanover; Photo Credit – orderofsplendor.blogspot.com

19th wedding anniversary of Princess Caroline of Monaco and Prince Ernst Augustus of Hanover; married civilly at the Prince’s Palace in Monaco on January 23, 1999
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Caroline of Monaco
Wikipedia: Prince Ernst Augustus of Hanover

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6th birthday of Princess Athena of Denmark, daughter of Prince Joachim of Denmark; born at the Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen, Denmark on January 24, 2012
Full name: Athena Marguerite Françoise Marie
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Athena of Denmark

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Princess Charlene of Monaco; Photo Credit – www.zimbio.com

40th birthday of Princess Charlene of Monaco, wife of Prince Albert II of Monaco; born Charlene Lynette Wittstock in Bulawayo, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) on January 25, 1978
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Charlene of Monaco

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January 21: Today in Royal History

King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

January 21, 1338 – Birth of King Charles V of France at the Château de Vincennes outside of Paris, France
Wikipedia: King Charles V of France

January 21, 1542 – Parliament passes bill of attainder against Catherine Howard, King Henry VIII’s of England’s fifth wife
Unofficial Royalty: Catherine Howard, Queen of England

January 21, 1793 – Execution of King Louis XVI of France at the Place de la Révolution in Paris, France; originally buried in a mass grave near the location of today’s La Madeleine Church in Paris, reburied at the Basilica of St. Denis
Unofficial Royalty: King Louis XVI of France
Eyewitness to History: The Execution of Louis XVI, 1793

January 21, 1829 – Birth of King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway at Stockholm Palace in Stockholm, Sweden
Unofficial Royalty: King Oscar II of Sweden

January 21, 2004 – Birth of Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway, daughter of Crown Prince Haakon of Norway, at the Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway

Royal News: Saturday 20 January 2018

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Belgium

Japan

Jordan

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Multiple Monarchies

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January 20: Today in Royal History

King Richard II of England and Anne of Bohemia; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

January 20, 1382 – Wedding of King Richard II of England (first marriage) and Anne of Bohemia at Westminster Abbey
Unofficial Royalty: King Richard II of England
Unofficial Royalty: Anne of Bohemia, Queen of England

January 20, 1554 – Birth of King Sebastian of Portugal at the Palace of Ribeira in Lisbon, Portugal
Wikipedia: King Sebastian of Portugal

January 20, 1649 – King Charles I of England brought to trial in Westminster Hall
Unofficial Royalty: King Charles I of England

January 20, 1666 – Death of Anne of Austria, wife of King Louis XIII of France, at the convent of Val-de-Grâce in Paris, France; buried at Saint Denis Basilica near Paris, France
Unofficial Royalty: Anne of Austria, Queen of France

January 20, 1716 – Birth of King Carlos III of Spain at the Royal Palace of Madrid in Spain
Wikipedia: King Carlos III of Spain

January 20, 1731 – Death of Prince Antonio I of Monaco, buried at Saint Nicholas Cathedral in Monaco
Wikipedia: Prince Antonio I of Monaco

January 20, 1819 – Death of King Carlos IV of Spain, in exile, at the Palazzo Barberini in Rome, Italy; buried at San Lorenzo de El Escorial in Spain
Wikipedia: King Carlos IV of Spain

January 20, 1848 – Death of King Christian VIII of Denmark at Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen, Denmark; buried at Roskilde Cathedral in Roskilde, Denmark
Wikipedia: King Christian VIII of Denmark

January 20, 1896 – Death of Prince Henry of Battenberg, husband of Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, at sea from malaria caught in Africa during the Ashanti War; buried at St. Mildred’s Church in Whippingham, Isle of Wight, England
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Henry of Battenberg

January 20, 1936 – Death of King George V of the United Kingdom at Sandringham House in Norfolk, England; buried at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle
Unofficial Royalty: King George V of the United Kingdom

January 20, 1965 – Birth of The Countess of Wessex, born Sophie Rhys-Jones, at Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford, England
Full name: Sophie Helen
Unofficial Royalty: Sophie, Countess of Wessex

January 20, 1973 – Birth of Queen Mathilde of Belgium, born Mathilde d’Udekem d’Acoz, in Uccle, Belgium
Full name: Mathilde Marie Christine Ghislaine
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Mathilde of the Belgians

Royal News: Friday, 19 January 2018

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Belgium
Daily Mail: Queen of the jungle! Mathilde of Belgium sports a bold leopard print dress as she joins King Philippe at a reception at the Royal Palace
Getty Images: King Philippe Of Belgium and Queen Mathilde Receive the Belgian Authorities At the Royal Palace in Brussels

Monaco
Daily Mail: It’s showtime! Monaco’s royals put on a dazzling display as they are greeted by jugglers, tightrope walkers and ELEPHANTS at the show-stopping annual circus festival
Getty Images: 42nd International Circus Festival In Monte-Carlo : Day One

Norway
Getty Images: Crown Prince Haakon’s visit to Borregaard

Sweden
Daily Mail: Delightfully demure! Princess Sofia of Sweden looks ladylike in a black ruffled shirt dress as she attends a graduation ceremony in Stockholm
Getty Images: Princess Sofia of Sweden Attends Sophiahemmet’s Graduation Ceremony

The Netherlands
Telegraph: Illegitimate son of a prince to finally be welcomed into Dutch royal family

UK
BBC: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle visit Cardiff Castle
BBC: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle in first Cardiff visit
BBC: Prince William sports shaved head on royal visit
BBC: Cheers for Prince Harry and Meghan Markle at Cardiff Castle
BBC: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle with crowds in Cardiff
Daily Beast: Meghan Charms Wales, While William Shaves His Head
Daily Mail: A tale of two sisters: While Meghan Markle prepares for a lavish royal wedding, her sister shops for bargains at the local flea market
Daily Mail: Eugenie’s flunkey is bags of help: Aide jumps in to carry Princess’s two handbags as she chats on the phone
Daily Mail: Thousands are STILL without power after 95mph gales downed trees – and forced the Queen to enjoy tea in the dark – as forecasters warn MORE blizzards will follow with temperatures falling as low as -11C
Daily Mail: The royal wife who REALLY wore the trousers: Charles I might have been King – but it was his French Queen Henrietta Maria who was in charge
Daily Mail: Harry’s a feminist like me, Meghan tells Welsh fans as she is given her first dedicated member of staff in female assistant private secretary who used to work at Royal Bank of Scotland
Daily Mail: Ripping up the royal rule book! Meghan sports JEANS for her visit to Cardiff with Harry as she loosens the reins on protocol by signing autographs, posing for selfies and even letting one fan kiss her hand
Daily Mail: Meghan Markle hails `amazing´ Wales during royal visit with Prince Harry
Daily Mail: ‘I used to be shy too’: Meghan shows her maternal side as she reassures a girl, seven, who was led away crying after becoming overwhelmed during a performance for the royal couple
Daily Mail: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle enjoy a taste of Welsh traditions
Daily Mail: Never has one outfit been designed to send so many messages! From her mismatched earrings to her Sloaney boots, how every item Meghan wore was intended to make a statement
Daily Mail: ‘There’s a lot of sl*g waving!’ Hilarious moment BBC reporter covering Harry and Meghan’s trip to Cardiff accidentally makes a VERY rude statement about the royal visit
Daily Mail: Look of love! Meghan smiles coyly as she shares a tender moment with Harry in Cardiff Castle – and gives a nod to her future father-in-law with her Prince of Wales checked top
Daily Mail: It’s a good thing she lights up a room! The Queen laughs off a power cut during afternoon tea with WI members at a village hall – despite having to tuck into tea and cake in total DARKNESS
Daily Mail: ‘Let’s all give Meghan a group hug!’ Harry’s girl is swamped by loving children after prince’s cheeky invite on royal couple’s first trip to Wales
Daily Mail: One’s number one cut! William pays £180 for a buzzcut from Kate’s hairdresser ‘after Prince Harry teased him about his baldness’
Daily Mail: William reveals Charlotte´s love for `sparkly things´ during hospital visit
Express: Prince William ‘sick of Harry’s TEASING about going bald’ forks out ‘£180’ for buzz cut
Express: The new Royal HAIR! Prince William shocks with new haircut as he embraces going bald
Express: ‘Let’s all give Meghan a hug’ Harry follows in Diana’s footsteps with heartwarming display
Express: Did Meghan Markle BREAK royal rules in Cardiff with protocol breach?
Express: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle wow Wales despite rain hitting their trip to Cardiff
Express: Pretty in pink: Queen eats cake as POWER CUT plunges WI meeting into darkness
Express: Meghan Markle’s first royal gift revealed – and Prince William passed it on
Express: Meghan Markle would ‘LOVE’ to have her hen party in Cardiff
Express: ROYAL FIGHT: How Queen Elizabeth’s reign was nearly scuppered by Edward VIII
Express: Royal Family FEUD: How Queen Mother and Winston Churchill ganged up on Prince Philip
Express: Sorry we’re late! Meghan Markle and Prince Harry take in Cardiff after train delay
Getty Images: The Duke of Cambridge Launches Nationwide Veterans Program
Getty Images: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle Visit Cardiff Castle (Part 1)
Getty Images: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle Visit Cardiff Castle (Part 2)
Getty Images: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle Visit Cardiff Castle (Part 3)
Getty Images: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle Visit Star Hub (Part 1)
Getty Images: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle Visit Star Hub (Part 2)
Getty Images: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle Visit Cardiff Castle (Part 4)
Hello: Meghan Markle style: The royal bride-to-be’s best looks
Hello: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle continue their UK tour in Wales
Telegraph: Meghan Markle: Prince Harry is a feminist too
Telegraph: How to go bald gracefully – just like Prince William
Telegraph: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle visit Cardiff, in pictures
Telegraph: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle greet crowds on Cardiff visit after train delayed by track fault

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Luise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

by Scott Mehl

Luise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Luise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg was the wife of the future Grand Duke Friedrich Franz I of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. She was born on March 9, 1756 in Roda in the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, the younger daughter of Prince Johann August of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Countess Luise Reuss of Schleiz. Luise had one older sister:

Upon the death of their mother, Luise and her sister became co-Countesses of Limpurg-Gaildorf, a title which their mother had inherited from her own mother in 1734. Luise and Auguste later sold their shares of the Limpurg-Gaildorf inheritance to Karl Eugen, Duke of Württemberg in 1780.

Friedrich Franz of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

On June 1, 1775, Luise married Friedrich Franz, then the Hereditary Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, at Friedenstein Palace in Gotha. They went on to have six children:

The Luise Mausoleum at Ludwigslust Palace. photo: Von Niteshift – Selbst fotografiert, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3359830

She became the Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin upon her husband’s accession in 1785. The Duchess died at Ludwigslust Palace on January 1, 1808, and is buried in the Luise Mausoleum (link in German) which was built for her in the palace grounds.

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January 19: Today in Royal History

Isabella of Austria, wife of King Christian II of Denmark; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

January 19, 1526 – Death of Isabella of Austria, wife of King Christian II of Denmark, in Ghent in present-day Belgium; buried first at St Peter Church in Ghent, then in Saint Canute’s Cathedral in Odense, Denmark
Isabella was the daughter of Queen Juana of Castile and the granddaughter of King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile.  It is said that Danish Crown Prince Frederik’s elder daughter is named after her.
Wikipedia: Isabella of Austria, Queen of Denmark

January 19, 1544 – Birth of King  François II of France at the Château de Fontainebleau in France
François was the first husband of Mary, Queen of Scots.
Unofficial Royalty: King François II of France, King Consort of Scotland

January 19, 1757 – Birth of Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf, wife of Franz Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, in Saalburg-Ebersdorf, Germany
Augusta was the grandmother of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.
Unofficial Royalty: Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf, Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

January 19, 1793 – King Louis XVI of France is sentenced to death
Unofficial Royalty: King Louis XVI of France
Wikipedia: Trial of Louis XVI

January 19, 1927 – Death of Charlotte of Belgium, wife of Emperor Maximilian of Mexico, at the Castle of Bouchout in Meise, Belgium; buried at the Royal Crypt in the Church of Our Lady in Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
Charlotte was a first cousin of both Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.  Her father was their Uncle Leopold, the first King of the Belgians.  She married Emperor Maximilian of Mexico, the Habsburg Archduke, who was executed.
Unofficial Royalty: Charlotte of Belgium, Empress Carlota of Mexico

January 19, 1937 – Birth of Princess Birgitta of Sweden
Birgitta is the elder sister of Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden.
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Birgitta of Sweden

January 19, 1943 – Birth of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, daughter of Queen Juliana, in Ottawa, Canada
Full name: Margriet Francisca
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Margriet of the Netherlands