Royal News: Saturday 2 August 2014

Denmark
Daily Mail: All aboard! Danish royals Mary and Frederik set sail for a week-long cruise around Greenland as their summer holiday continues
Danish Monarchy: Visit at Nordbo Ruins

Egypt
The Economist: King Tutankhamun: Finding the pharaoh

Monaco
Daily Mail: Pregnant Princess Charlene of Monaco dresses baby bump in glamorous midnight blue gown as she steps out with husband Prince Albert at charity ball
Getty Images: 66th Monaco Red Cross Ball Gala

Morocco
Times of Oman: Morocco celebrates King Mohammed VI 15th year on throne

Saudi Arabia
Daily Mail: Saudi king condemns Gaza war but not Israel

Serbia
Royal Family of Serbia: Princess Katherine Foundation provides humanitarian aid for people in Obrenovac and Poljane

Spain
Daily Mail: Spanish waiter’s legal bid to prove he is the son of King Juan Carlos will be considered by supreme court after monarch’s decision to abdicate means he had no legal protection
Euro Weekly News: Queen Letizia supports Butterfly Children
Getty Images: Spanish Royals At The Calanova Nautic Club In Mallorca
Telegraph: Spain’s King Juan Carlos faces paternity claim from alleged illegitimate son
The Local: Ex-king’s paternity suit lands in Supreme Court

United Kingdom
BBC: Scotland’s constitutional crisis 300 years ago
BBC: Duke of Edinburgh’s ex-aide charged with indecent assault
Daily Beast: Underage Sex Allegations Against Prince Philip’s Former Equerry Rock Palace
Daily Mail: Family barbecues, picnics on the lawn and corgis galore: As the Queen begins her summer break at Balmoral, a peek inside her holiday photo album
Daily Mail: Home movies showing the Royals as children is released
Daily Mail: Appeal to raise £8million to resurrect historic royal yacht Britannia built by playboy Prince Albert in 1893 and so loved by George V it was deliberately sunk on his death
Daily Mail: A right royal horse whisperer! Charles cuddles up to a Highland pony before turning vet for the day (courtesy of a small dog named Jasper)
Daily Mail: That’s my girl! Mark Phillips throws a protective arm around Zara’s shoulder as they enjoy a day out with Princess Anne
Evening Standard: Royal security shake-up plan sparks fears among team charged with keeping Queen and her family safe
Glasgow Evening Times: Youngsters meet Prince at centre
Guardian: By George: events mark tricentenary of Hanoverian’s accession to UK throne
Hello: Prince Harry ‘stole’ the idea for the Invictus Games
Hello: Duke and Duchess of Cambridge opt for a UK holiday break
Mirror: Prince Charles ‘intervenes in changes’ to elite Scotland Yard protection detail for the Royal Family
West Briton: Duke of Edinburgh enjoys a tea-rrific visit to the Tregothnan Estate
Western Morning News: Prince Philip visits Newquay Harbour

King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck of Bhutan

King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck of Bhutan

King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck of Bhutan was born on February 21, 1980 at the Dechencholing Palace in Thimphu, Bhutan. He is the eldest son of King Jigme Singye Wangchuck with his third wife, Queen Ashi Tshering Yangdon.

After beginning his education in Bhutan, he attended boarding school in Massachusetts, first at the Phillips Academy and then graduating from the Cushing Academy in 1999. He attended Wheaton College, also in Massachusetts, before enrolling in the Foreign Services Program and earning his Master’s Degree in Politics at Magdalen College, Oxford. He later attended a year-long course at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, in leadership development.

In 2005, his father announced his intention to abdicate in favor of Jigme Khesar in 2008, timed to coincide with the first democratic elections in the small nation. He began transferring many of his responsibilities to his son. However, on December 9, 2006, he formally abdicated and Jigme Khesar became the 5th Dragon King (Druk Gyalpo) of the Kingdom of Bhutan. At the time, he was the world’s youngest monarch, at just 24 years old.

photo: Zimbio

photo: Zimbio

On October 13, 2011, King Jigme Khesan married Jetsun Pema in a traditional Buddhist ceremony at the Punakha Dzong. As part of the ceremony, he also crowned her as Queen of Bhutan. Several days later, the couple also celebrated a traditional Hindu wedding ceremony.

Read more about your favorite royals here!

August 2: Today in Royal History

King Henri III of France; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

August 2, 1100 – Suspicious death of King William II of England in the New Forest, buried at Winchester Cathedral
Wikipedia: King William II of England

August 2, 1589 – Assassination of King Henri III of France by Jacques Clement at the Château de Saint-Cloud in Hauts-de-Seine, France; buried at the Basilica of Saint Denis, near Paris
Wikipedia: Henri III of France

August 2, 1858 – Birth of Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, second wife of King William III of the Netherlands, at Arolsen Castle in Arolsen, Waldeck and Pyrmont (Germany)
Full name: Adelheid Emma Wilhelmina Theresia
Wikipedia: Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont

August 2, 1868 – Birth of King Constantine I of Greece in Athens, Greece
Wikipedia: Constantine I of Greece

Royal News: Friday 1 August 2014

Denmark
Danish Monarchy: Programme for official visit in Greenland
Hello!: Summer fun for Princess Mary and her children at Legoland

Monaco
Getty: ‘Monaco Yacht Club Flagship Inauguration’
Getty: Repossi Launches ‘White Noise’ Collection

Spain
Expatica: Spain’s Supreme Court receives paternity suit against ex-king
Guardian: Spain’s supreme court to rule on former king’s paternity cases

UK
Daily Mail: Racing with added glamour! Zara triumphs in the style stakes at Ladies’ Day at Goodwood (but what’s Tom Cruise doing there?)
Daily Mail: Mummy’s little Princess: Proud mother Duchess of York hugs daughter Eugenie as they have lunch and a stroll in New York
Daily Mail: A Royally good day out! Tom Cruise has Zara Phillips in stitches as they enjoy a flutter at Glorious Goodwood’s Ladies’ Day
Daily Mail: Lunch with the Queen’s Secretary and Sir Max Hastings
Getty: Invictus Games – Radio 2 Interview
Hello!: Zara Tindall and Tom Cruise bring glamour to Glorious Goodwood
Guardian: The Guardian view on the Hanoverian monarchy
Guardian: A Lee Sharpe cardboard cut-out and a papal visit bus-pass: your weirdest memorabilia
Guardian: Prince Philip ex-aide on sex charges
Express.co.uk: The Royal treatment: Prince Charles tends to sick dog at veterinary school
ABC: Prince Harry’s new mission
Art Daily: Oldest continually operating signals intelligence station in the world celebrates centenary
Daily Star: Prince Harry makes plans for annual ‘hero’ Games
BBC: Prince Harry: Organising Invictus Games ‘a real struggle’

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World War I: Who Was On What Side?

European military alliances prior to World War I. Beige indicates countries with no alliance at that time; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

The Entente Powers (also known as the Allies of World War I or the Allies)

*monarchy

  • Andorra
  • Armenia
  • Belgium*
  • Brazil
  • Republic of China
  • Costa Rica
  • Cuba
  • Czechoslovak Legions (volunteer armed forces composed predominantly of Czechs and Slovaks)
  • France (and the French colonial empire)
  • Greece*
  • Guatemala
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Italy* – Italy had been part of the Central Powers, but joined the Allies in 1915
  • Japan* (Korea, Taiwan)
  • Liberia
  • Montenegro*
  • Nepal*
  • New Hebrides (British-French co-Dominion, now Vanuatu)
  • Nicaragua
  • Panama
  • Portugal (and the Portuguese colonial empire)
  • Romania*
  • Russia*
  • Serbia*
  • Siam* (now Thailand)
  • United Kingdom* [and the British Empire including Canada, British India (now India, Bangladesh, Burma and Pakistan), Newfoundland, Australia, New Zealand, Malta, South Africa, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe and Zambia), British Crown Colonies]
  • United States (including Alaska, Hawaii, Philippines, Puerto Rico)

The Central Powers

  • Austria-Hungary* (Today the land occupied by Austria-Hungary includes  parts of these current countries: Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Ukraine)
  • Azerbaijan Democratic Republic
  • Bulgaria*
  • Dervish State* (now parts of Ethiopia and Somalia)
  • Germany* (and German colonial empire)
  • Jabal Shammar* (now parts of Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Jordan)
  • Ottoman Empire* (Today the land occupied by the Ottoman Empire includes  parts of these current countries: Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, Eritrea, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Oman, State of Palestine, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovakia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Ukraine, and Yemen)

Neutral countries

  • Afghanistan* – Received a German diplomatic mission trying to convince it to act against the British in India
  • Albania* – In political chaos since the beginning of the war, the country was occupied by both Central and Allied powers but never declared war on either side
  • Argentina
  • Bolivia
  • Bhutan*
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Denmark*
  • El Salvador
  • Ethiopia* – Received a German diplomatic mission trying to convince it to act against Italy, United Kingdom and France in East Africa
  • Liechtenstein* – Had a customs and monetary union with Austria-Hungary
  • Luxembourg* – Never declared war on the Central Powers despite being invaded and occupied by Germany
  • Bogd Khaanate of Mongolia* (now part of China)
  • Mexico – Declined an alliance with Germany (see Zimmermann Telegram)
  • Monaco*
  • Netherlands* – Ally of the United Kingdom by treaty; Traded with both sides
  • Norway* – Gave naval assistance to the United Kingdom
  • Paraguay
  • Persia* (later Iran) – Civil dispute and Allied Campaign against Ottomans
  • Spain* – Ally of the United Kingdom by treaty
  • Spitsbergen – Danish-Norwegian co-Dominion (now part of Norway)
  • Sweden* – Non-belligerent
  • Switzerland – Declared a “state of siege”
  • Tibet – Unrecognized but independent of China from 1912
  • Venezuela – Supplied the Allies with oil

 

Sheikh Hamad bin Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa, King of Bahrain

photo: The Telegraph

photo: The Telegraph

Sheikh Hamad bin Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa, King of Bahrain

King Hamad bin Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa of Bahrain was born January 28, 1950 in Riffa, Bahrain, the eldest son of Emir Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa of Bahrain and his wife, Hessa bint Salman Al Khalifa.

He began his primary education in Bahrain at the age of 6, along with studying the principles of Islam and the Arabic Language. Upon completing his primary education in 1964, he was proclaimed Crown Prince. He completed his secondary education at Applegarth College, and The Leys School, both in England. He then undertook military training with the British Army at the Mons Officer Cadet School in Aldershot, Hampshire and the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst. He later attended the United States Army Command and General Staff College, graduating with a degree in leadership in 1973.

Hamad was a driving force in the establishment of the Bahrain Defense Force (BDF), and was appointed Commander-in-Chief. He later served as Minister of Defense, and as Deputy Head of the Al Khalifa Family Council. An avid helicopter pilot, Hamad was instrumental in establishing the Bahrain Air Force.

Upon his father’s death on March 6, 1999, he became the Emir of Bahrain. Three years later, in 2002, he elevated the Emirate to a Kingdom, and proclaimed himself the first King of Bahrain.

King Hamad and Queen Sabika with the Duke of York and Princess Beatrice of York, 2012. photo: Zimbio

King Hamad and Queen Sabika with the Duke of York and Princess Beatrice of York, 2012.
photo: Zimbio

King Hamad has four wives, and a total of 12 children. He married his first, and senior wife, Sabika bint Ibrahim Al Khalifa, on October 9, 1968. Their eldest son, Prince Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, is the Crown Prince of Bahrain.

Read more about your favorite royals here!

August 1: Today in Royal History

King Fahd of Saudi Arabia; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

August 1, 10 B.C. – Birth of Roman Emperor Claudius in Lugdunum, Gaul (Lyon, France)
Wikipedia: Claudius

August 1, 1137 – Death of King Louis VI of France in Béthisy-Saint-Pierre Castle, France; buried at the Basilica of St. Denis near Paris
Wikipedia: Louis VI of France

August 1, 1402 – Death of Edmund of Langley, Duke of York, son of King Edward III of England, at Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England; buried at the Church of the Medicant Friars in Kings Langley, England
Wikipedia: Edmund of Langley

August 1, 1714 – Death of Queen Anne of Great Britain at Kensington Palace, buried at Westminster Abbey; George, Elector of Hanover succeeds her as King George I
Wikipedia: Anne of Great Britain

August 1, 1893 – Birth of King Alexander I of Greece at Tatoi near Athens, Greece
Wikipedia: Alexander I of Greece

August 1, 2005 – Death of King Fahd of Saudi Arabia at King Faisal Specialist Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; buried at the Al-Oud Cemetery in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Wikipedia: Fahd of Saudi Arabia

Royal News: Thursday 31 July 2014

Denmark
Daily Mail: They’re a model family! Danish royals Mary and Frederik blend in with the sun-kissed crowd as they take their children to Legoland

Monaco
Irish Independent: Princess Charlene of Monaco’s Irish ancestry revealed

Norway
Royal House of Norway: The Royal Palace is open to the public

Saudi Arabia
Daily Mail: Vile abuse, vicious beatings and constant intimidation from the religious police: Shocking extent of cruel treatment meted out to expat staff by Saudi royals revealed

Spain
Getty Images: Spanish Royals Meet Security Forces and Emergency Services That Worked During The Coronation Of King Felipe VI

United Kingdom
BBC: Duchess buys sweep for Prince George at Sandringham flower show
BBC: David Cameron: Queen is ‘the most amazing public servant’
BBC: Prince Andrew praises troops’ Afghan medical care
BBC: Richard III visitor centre: Battle over web reviews
BBC: Prince of Wales’ visit for Scarborough’s GCHQ station
BBC: Prince Harry supports mentoring for St Ann’s youth
Daily Mail: Weekly chats with the Queen help clear my head, says Cameron (but there’s no coffee and he’s not sure she gets anything out of it)
Daily Mail: Let’s get cracking! Prince Charles tries his hand at the famous Enigma machine as he visits WWII bunker at GCHQ Scarborough
Daily Mail: Prince Charles and Camilla soak up sun at Sandringham
Daily Mail: Charles Tries Out Enigma Machine
Daily Mail: Doting grandmother the Duchess of Cornwall buys present for Prince George at Sandringham Flower Shower
Daily Mail: Prince Harry meets a starstruck girl as he arrives at Radio 2 studios to promote the Invictus Games – his sporting event for injured servicemen
Daily Mail: Camilla Picks Up Present for George
Daily Mail: The Duchess of Cornwall greets a little loyal subject
Express: Jumping Kate gets in the Games spirit as Prince Harry meets old rival Usain Bolt
Express: ‘It will be a truly awesome concert’ Prince Harry promotes star-studded Invictus Games
Express: ‘There’s an awful smell!’: Charles gets a dose of nature at the Sandringham Flower Show
Getty Images: Prince Charles Visits GCHQ In Scarborough
Getty Images: The Prince Of Wales And The Duchess of Cornwall visit Sandringham Flower Show
Hello: Prince Harry greets young starstruck fan as he promotes Invictus Games
Mirror: David Cameron says ”magnificent” Queen always clears his head and helps him prioritise
Scarborough News: Prince Charles pays secret visit to Scarborough

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Camilla, The Duchess of Cornwall

Camilla

Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Camilla Rosemary Shand was born at King’s College Hospital in London, England on July 17, 1947. She is the oldest of three children of Major Bruce Shand, a former British Army officer and later a wine merchant (1917-2006) and The Honorable Rosalind Cubitt (1921-1994).

Camilla_parents

Camilla’a parents on their wedding day; Photo Credit – www.telegraph.co.uk

Camilla’s maternal grandparents were Roland Cubitt, 3rd Baron Ashcombe and Sonia Keppel. Sonia Keppel was the daughter of The Honorable George Keppel (son of William Keppel, 7th Earl of Albemarle) and Alice Keppel (née Edmonstone, daughter of Sir William Edmonstone, 4th Baronet). Alice Keppel, Camilla’s great grandmother, was the mistress of King Edward VII, Prince Charles’ great great grandfather, from 1898 until King Edward’s death in 1910.

Camilla_Alice Keppel

Alice Keppel; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

Camilla, along with Diana, Princess of Wales and Sarah, Duchess of York, is a descendant of King Charles II of England through one of his illegitimate children, Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, son of Charles II and his mistress Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth. In addition, Camilla is the great-great-great-granddaughter of Sir Allan MacNab, who was Premier of the Province of Canada before Confederation in 1867.

Camilla has two siblings, a younger sister Annabel Elliot (born 1949), an interior designer and a younger brother Mark Shand (1951-2014), a travel writer and conservationist, who died from a head injury caused by a fall in 2014.

CAMILLA PARKER BOWLES - 1952

Camilla on left with her siblings, Mark in the middle and Annabel on the right; Photo Credit – www.dailymail.co.uk

The Shand family had two homes, The Laines, a former rectory, their country home in East Sussex and a three story Victorian house in South Kensington, London. Camilla grew up as an avid reader, loved pets, learned to ride at an early age, and also learned to hunt. When she was five years old, Camilla started to attend Dumbrells School in Ditchling, a village in East Sussex. At the age of 10, Camilla went to Queen’s Gate School, an independent day school for girls in South Kensington, London, England and stayed there until 1964. She then attended Mon Fertile finishing school in Tolochenaz, Switzerland. Camilla then decided to study French and French literature at the University of London Institute in Paris. In 1965, Camilla was a debutante at a party with 150 guests hosted by her parents to mark her coming out in society.

Camilla_mother

Camilla and her mother at her coming out party; Photo Credit – http://www.dailymail.co.uk

Camilla moved to her own flat in Belgravia, London and worked worked as a secretary in the West End and then at Colefax & Fowler, a decorating in Mayfair, London

Camilla Shand and Prince Charles were introduced by Lucia Santa Cruz, their mutual friend who is considered to be Charles’ first serious girlfriend, in 1971. The two became friends and began dating, and eventually Charles met Camilla’s family and Charles introduced her to some of his family. Their relationship was put on hold when Charles was serving aboard Royal Navy ships, and then it ended abruptly in 1973. Various reasons have been suggested for the break-up, but the exact reason has never been revealed.

Camilla_Charles

Charles and Camilla in the 1970s; Photo Credit – http://www.hellomagazine.com

Camilla had met Andrew Parker Bowles, lieutenant in the Blues and Royals in the late 1960s. The two had an on again, off again relationship for a few years. When it broke up in 1970, Parker Bowles dated Princess Anne for a while and played on Prince Charles’ polo team. After the break-up with Prince Charles, Camilla and Andrew started dating again and their engagement was announced in 1973. They married on July 4, 1973 at the Guards Chapel at the Wellington Barracks in London. The wedding was considered to be the society wedding of the year and Princess Anne, The Queen Mother and Princess Margaret attended. The couple had two children: Thomas Henry Charles Parker Bowles , born 1974, Prince Charles is his godfather; and Laura Rose Parker Bowles Lopes, born 1978. In 1995, Camilla and her husband decided to divorce, stating their divorce was amicable and claimed it was due to different interests, which eventually led to separate lives.

Camilla_family

Andrew and Camilla Parker Bowles with their children; Photo Credit – http://www.dailymail.co.uk

In 1981, Prince Charles married Lady Diana Spencer and their marriage was not the fairy tale marriage it was expected to be. Within five years, the couple’s incompatibility and age difference of almost 13 years, as well as Diana’s concern about Charles’s previous girlfriend, Camilla Parker Bowles, became visible and was damaging to their marriage. Diana exposed Charles’s affair with Camilla in a book by Andrew Morton, Diana, Her True Story. Audio tapes showing evidence of her own extramarital affairs also surfaced. In December of 1992, British Prime Minister John Major announced the formal separation of the Prince and Princess of Wales in Parliament. Charles and Diana divorced on August 28, 1996. Tragically, Diana died in a car crash in Paris on August 31, 1997.

In 1994, two years after the Prince and Princess of Wales had separated, Charles finally spoke about his relationship with Camilla Parker-Bowles in a televised interview with Jonathan Dimbleby. He told Dimbleby, “Mrs. Parker Bowles is a great friend of mine…a friend for a very long time. She will continue to be a friend for a long time.” The same year Charles admitted in The Prince of Wales: A Biography written by Dimbleby that his relationship with Camilla rekindled after his marriage had irretrievably broken down in 1986.

Following both Charles and Camilla’s divorces, Charles let it be known that his relationship with Camilla was “non-negotiable.” Charles knew that the relationship was causing much negative publicity and he had Mark Bolland, his Deputy Private Secretary, work on the rehabilitation of Camilla’s image which occurred from 1999 until 2005. Camilla was occasionally seen with Charles at unofficial events, then at some public events, and then Camilla accompanied Charles on some public engagements. Camilla met the Queen at the 60th birthday party for former King Constantine II of Greece in 2000 and this meeting was seen as the Queen’s approval of the relationship. Camilla attended events related to the Queen’s Golden Jubilee in 2002. In 2003, she moved into Clarence House which had become Charles official residence that same year. By 2004, Camilla was accompanying Charles on almost all of his official engagements.

On February 10, 2005, the couple’s engagement was announced and polls conducted in the United Kingdom showed support for the marriage. Charles and Camilla married on April 9, 2005 in a civil ceremony held at the Guildhall in Windsor. Prince William and Tom Parker Bowles, Camilla’s son, served as the witnesses to the civil wedding ceremony. Later that afternoon, a Service of Prayer and Dedication was held at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor, presided over by The Archbishop of Canterbury. Read more about the wedding of Prince Charles and Camilla Parker-Bowles here.

charles-camilla-wedding

Photo Credit – Hugo Burnand, Pool/Getty Images

After her second marriage, Camilla automatically received the female counterparts of her husband’s titles, including Princess of Wales. However, because the title Princess of Wales is so strongly associated with the previous holder of that title, Diana, Princess of Wales, Camilla adopted the feminine form of her husband’s highest-ranking subsidiary title, Duke of Cornwall, so she is styled Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cornwall. When in Scotland, she is known as The Duchess of Rothesay.  Queen Elizabeth II granted the Duchess of Cornwall a Royal Coat of Arms soon after her marriage. In 2012, The Queen appointed the Duchess of Cornwall to the Royal Victorian Order, an honor made by the Sovereign in recognition of personal service.

Camilla_coat of arms

Coat of Arms of The Duchess of Cornwall; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

The Duchess of Cornwall supports The Prince of Wales in his work and role as heir to the throne, but she also works for a number of her own charities in her role as Patron or President. The links shown below are the official websites of each organization.

A complete list of the Duchess of Cornwall’s patronages can be seen here.

Since her marriage, The Duchess of Cornwall has traveled widely with The Prince of Wales and on her own solo engagements, meeting people from all over the world and all walks of life. Read more about the countries she has visited here and her overseas duties here.

Unofficial Royalty’s Susan Flantzer met the Duchess of Cornwall while on her first official visit to the United States with the Prince of Wales in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the United States in 2007.

Picture 007

Photo Credit – Susan Flantzer,outside Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,  January 27, 2007

Read more about The Duchess of Cornwall at her official website.
Read more about the British Royal Family here.

July 31: Today in Royal History

Maria Ana of Portugal, wife of Grand Duke Guillaume IV of Luxembourg, with her six daughters; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

July 31, 1750 – Death of King João V of Portugal in Lisbon, Portugal; buried at the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora in Lisbon, Portugal
Wikipedia: João V of Portugal

July 31, 1790 – Wedding of King Frederik VI of Denmark and Marie of Hesse-Cassel at Gottorp Castle in Schleswig-Holstein (Germany)
Wikipedia: Frederik VI of Denmark
Wikipedia: Marie of Hesse-Cassel

July 31, 1812 – Birth of Amélie of Leuchtenberg, second wife of Emperor Pedro I of Brazil (King Pedro IV of Portugal), in Milan, Lombardy-Venetia (Italy)
Wikipedia: Amélie of Leuchtenberg

July 31, 1942 – Death of Maria Ana of Portugal, wife of Grand Duke Guillaume IV of Luxembourg, in exile during World War II in New York City; buried at the Notre-Dame Cathedral in Luxembourg (after the war)
Wikipedia: Maria Ana of Portugal

July 31, 1966 – Birth of Marina Ogilvy, daughter of Princess Alexandra of Kent, at Thatched House Lodge in Richmond upon Thames in London, England
Full name: Marina Victoria Alexandra
Wikipedia: Marina Ogilvy

July 31, 1993 – Death of Baudouin I, King of the Belgians in the Villa Astrida in Motril, Spain; buried at the Church of Our Lady in Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
Wikipedia: Baudouin I of Belgium

July 31, 2004 – Wedding of Lady Davina Windsor, daughter of HRH The Duke of Gloucester, and Gary Lewis, at Kensington Palace, London
Unofficial Royalty: Wedding of Lady Davina Windsor and Gary Lewis
Wikipedia: Lady Davina Windsor