Royal News: Tuesday 6 December 2016

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December 6: Today in Royal History

Princess Sofia of Sweden; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

December 6, 1185 – Death of King Afonso I of Portugal in Coimbra, Portugal; buried at Santa Cruz Monastery in Coimbra, Portugal
Wikipedia: Alfonso I, King of Portugal

December 6, 1421 – Birth of King Henry VI of England at Windsor Castle in Windsor, England
Unofficial Royalty: King Henry VI of England

December 6, 1792 – Birth of King Willem II of the Netherlands at The Hague, The Netherlands
Unofficial Royalty: King Willem II of the Netherlands

December 6, 1820 – Birth of Alexandrine of Baden, wife of Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, in Karlsruhe (Germany)
Unofficial Royalty: Alexandrine of Baden

December 6, 1925 – Birth of Princess Teru of Japan, daughter of Emperor Hirohito of Japan, in Tokyo, Japan
Wikipedia: Princess Teru

December 6, 1984 – Birth of Sofia Hellqvist, wife of Prince Carl Philip of Sweden in Täby, Sweden
Unofficial Royalty: Sofia Hellqvist

December 6, 2000 – Birth of Prince Nikolaus of Liechtenstein, son of Hereditary Prince Alois of Liechtenstein, in Grabs, Canton of St. Gallen, Switzerland
Full name: Nikolaus Sebastian Alexander Maria

 

Monday, 5 December 2016

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Belgium
KXAN: Princess of Belgium visits Austin to strengthen business ties

Thailand
Daily Mail: Mass display of grief on late Thai king’s birthday
Bangkok Post: Russia, Germany congratulate King
Japan News: 1st Thai held for royal insult under new king

UK
BBC: Prince Harry visits children’s home on Caribbean tour
Daily Mail: Gin before lunch, wine during the meal and a Martini and glass champagne at dinner: Queen Mother’s drinking habits revealed in the joyously candid memoirs of the niece who became her closest confidante
Daily Mail: Are those flowers from Harry? Meghan Markle struggles to hide her smile while carrying a fresh bouquet – after sending a VERY British ‘puppy love’ tweet while her prince finally finishes his tour
Daily Mail: Tragic example, shining example, peoples and Commonwealth: The phrases the Queen says the most as study reveals her Christmas speech is the most repetitive festive program on TV – with her saying only 3,991 different words in 64 years
Daily Mail: Duke of Edinburgh ‘blessed with James Bond-esque genes’
Daily Mail: Prince charming! Harry makes friends at a children’s home in Guyana on the final day of his West Indies tour
Daily Mail: Gamekeeper who taught William and Harry to shoot finally wins 12-year compensation battle after he was wrongly jailed over drug offences
Daily Mail: Prince Harry’s visit to Guyana children’s home founded by Moonies sect defended
Daily Mail: A family affair! Pippa Middleton wraps up in a Matthew Williamson coat as she joins fiancé James and mother Carole for a charity concert in London
Daily Mail: Christian archbishops from the Middle East are BANNED from the UK despite being invited to meet Prince Charles – yet ‘extremist Islamic preachers are allowed in’
Express: Prince Harry stalked by deadly caiman during last leg of his Caribbean tour
Express: Prince Harry visits orphanage run by controversial religious cult MOONIES
Express: My date with Prince Harry and Rihanna in the Caribbean sun
Financial Review: Meet the new Duke of Westminster, the richest young man on Earth
Getty Images: Prince Harry Visits The Caribbean – Day 14
Mirror: Prince Harry heads back to UK – straight into the arms of new girlfriend Meghan Markle
Telegraph: Anne Wall, Queen’s press officer – obituary

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King Louis XVIII of France

source: Wikipedia

source: Wikipedia

King Louis XVIII of France

King Louis XVIII of France was born at the Palace of Versailles on November 17, 1755, during the reign of his grandfather, King Louis XV. He was the fifth of eight children of Louis, Dauphin of France, and Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony. At the time of his birth, he was 4th in line for the French throne, following his father and two living elder brothers. At his christening, he was given the names Louis Stanislas Xavier, and was styled Count of Provence from birth. He had seven siblings:

Following the death of his eldest brother in 1761, Louis Stanislas was educated along with his brother, Louis Auguste, by a series of tutors. Following his father’s death in 1765, he became second in line for the French throne. In 1771, his formal education came to an end, and he was granted his own household. He was also created Duke of Anjou, Count of Maine, Count of Perche and Count of Senoches, but remained styled as Count of Provence.

Princess Maria Giuseppina of Savoy, Countess of Provence, c1780.  source: Wikipedia

Princess Maria Giuseppina of Savoy, Countess of Provence, c1780. source: Wikipedia

A month later, on May 14, 1771, at the Palace of Versailles, Louis married Princess Maria Giuseppina of Savoy, the daughter of the future King Vittorio Amadeo III of Sardinia and Infanta Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain. From all accounts, the marriage was far from loving, with Louis finding his bride ugly and repulsive of character. Other than several miscarriages, the couple had no children.

King Louis XV died in April 1774, and was succeeded by Louis Stanislas’s elder brother Louis Auguste, who became King Louis XVI. Louis Stanislas was the heir-presumptive to the French throne until the birth of King Louis XVI’s son in 1781. During his brother’s reign, he lived a relatively private and quiet life. He installed his mistress in a small pavilion at Versailles and spend much of his time there, developing his massive collection of books.

Louis Stanislas, Count of Provence, c1778.  source: Wikipedia

Louis Stanislas, Count of Provence, c1778. source: Wikipedia

Following the Storming of the Bastille, on July 14, 1789, Louis chose to remain at Versailles, while his younger brother – the future King Charles X – left the country and settled in Sardinia. For some time, they maintained their normal lives at Versailles, but in October of that year, the entire French royal family were forced to return to Paris. Louis and his wife took up residence at the Luxembourg Palace. Finally, in June 1791, Louis and Marie Joséphine fled to the Austrian Netherlands.

The monarchy was formally abolished in September 1792, and King Louis XVI was executed the following January. After the king’s son died in 1795, Louis Stanislas became the titular King of France. In 1798, he was given the use of Jelgava Palace in Courland (now Latvia) by Tsar Paul I of Russia, in addition to a very large pension. At Jelgava, Louis Stanislas attempted to recreate the court of Versailles, and all the pomp and ceremony that entailed. He arranged for the marriage of his niece, Marie-Thérèse, and his nephew, Louis-Antoine, Duke of Angoulême at Jelgava in 1799, and soon made efforts to begin a correspondence with Napoleon Bonaparte, in hopes of restoring the Bourbons to the French throne.

After being forced to leave Jelgava in 1801, Louis Stanislas took up residence in Warsaw (then part of southern Prussia). Two years later, Napoleon tried to force Louis to give up his rights to the French throne, which he, of course, refused. After Napoleon declared himself Emperor of the French in 1804, the Prussian King forced Louis to leave Prussian territory, and he returned to Jelgava Palace in Courland, at the invitation of the new Russian Tsar Alexander I. However, by 1807, the Tsar could no longer guarantee his safety. After briefly traveling to Sweden, Louis Stanislas moved to England where he leased Gosfield Hall in Essex. In 1808, he brought his wife to England, and the couple moved to Hartwell House in Buckinghamshire. With their rent paid by the King, the couple also enjoyed a close relationship with the Prince Regent (the future King George IV) who provided them with a very generous allowance and granted them permanent asylum in Great Britain.

In April 1814, following Napoleon’s overthrow, the French Senate restored the Bourbons to the French throne. Louis Stanislas officially became King Louis XVIII. In ill-health, he sent his younger brother, Charles, to serve as Lieutenant General of the Kingdom until the new King could arrive. King Louis XVIII arrived in Paris at the beginning of May, and immediately took up residence at the Tuileries Palace. The monarchy was much different than it had been before the Revolution. Soon after assuming the throne, and under pressure to establish a new constitution, King Louis issued the Charter of 1814, establishing a bicameral legislature and maintaining the King as Head of State. He also signed the Treaty of Paris on May 30, 1814.

King Louis XVIII, c1815.  source: Wikipedia

King Louis XVIII, c1815. source: Wikipedia

On February 1815, Napoleon escaped from his imprisonment in Elba and returned to France. The King assumed that he would easily overcome any attempts by the former Emperor to regain the throne. However, he didn’t anticipate the large numbers of troops who would side with Napoleon. When Paris fell, the King fled the city, eventually taking up residence in the Netherlands. His exile would be short-lived. Napoleon was once again defeated at the Battle of Waterloo on June 18, 1815, and King Louis XVIII was restored to the throne.

Following his restoration, King Louis XVIII voluntarily relinquished much of his role in politics, leaving many of his responsibilities to his ministers. Having been in ill-health for much of his adult life, the King again fell ill in early 1824, suffering from gout and gangrene and extreme obesity. He died at the Louvre Palace on September 16, 1824, and is buried in the Basilica of St. Denis in Paris.

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December 5: Today in Royal History

King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand (center) with his mother and siblings, Photo Credit – Wikipedia

December 5, 1560 – Death of King Francis II of France, first husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, at Orléans, France; buried at the Basilica of St. Denis in Paris, France
Wikipedia: King Francis II of France

December 5, 1671 – Death of Catherine Stuart, daughter of the future King James II of England, at St. James Palace in London, England; buried at Westminster Abbey in London, England
Little Catherine was the fourth daughter of James and his first wife Anne Hyde.  Their two surviving daughters grew up to be Queen Mary II and Queen Anne.  Catherine died at the age of 10 months and was buried in Westminster Abbey without ceremony.  Her mother had died when Catherine was only seven weeks old.

December 5, 1695 – Wedding of King Frederik IV of Denmark and Louise of Mecklenburg-Guströw
Wikipedia: King Frederik IV of Denmark
Wikipedia: Louise of Mecklenburg-Guströw

December 5, 1891 – Death of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil in Paris, France; buried at the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora in Lisbon, Portugal
Wikipedia: Emperor Pedro II of Brazil

December 5, 1916 – Death of Augusta of Cambridge, wife of Friedrich Wilhelm, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, in Neustrelitz, Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Germany)
Augusta was a granddaughter of King George III of the United Kingdom, first cousin of Queen Victoria, and aunt of Queen Mary, wife of King George V
Unofficial Royalty: Augusta of Cambridge

December 5, 1927 – Birth of King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand in Cambridge, Massachusetts
Unofficial Royalty: King Bhumibol Adulyadej

December 5, 1969 – Death of Princess Alice of Battenberg, mother of Prince Philip at Buckingham Palace; first buried in the Royal Crypt at St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle, reburied in 1988 at the Convent of Saint Mary Magdalene in Gethsemane on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem (near her aunt Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna)
Wikipedia: Alice of Battenberg

December 5, 2014 – Death of Queen Fabiola of Belgium (born Fabiola de Mora y Aragón), wife of King Baudouin of the Belgians, at Stuyvenberg Castle in Laeken, Belgium
Unofficial Royalty: Queen Fabiola

Royal News: Sunday 4 December 2016

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Greece

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Royal Birthdays & Anniversaries: December 4 – December 10

 

17th wedding anniversary of King Philippe of the Belgians and Mathilde d’Udekem d’ Acoz; married civilly at the Brussels City Hall and religiously at the Cathedral of Saint Michel and Saint Gudula in Brussels, Belgium on December 4, 1999
Unofficial Royalty: King Philippe of the Belgians
Unofficial Royalty: Mathilde d’Udekem d’ Acoz

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Princess Sofia of Sweden; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

32nd birthday of Sofia Hellqvist, wife of Prince Carl Philip of Sweden in Täby, Sweden on December 6, 1984
Unofficial Royalty: Sofia Hellqvist

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princess-of-orange-1-1

Catharina-Amalia, The Princess of Orange; Photo Credit – https://www.royal-house.nl, RVD, Jeroen van der Meyde

13th birthday of Catharina-Amalia, The Princess of Orange, daughter of King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, at Bronovo Hospital in The Hague, The Netherlands on December 7, 2003
Full name: Catharina-Amalia Beatrix Carmen Victoria
Unofficial Royalty: Catharina-Amalia, Princess of Orange

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Crown Princess Masako of Japan, Photo Credit – www.citizen-times.com

53rd birthday of Masako Owada, wife of Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan; born in Tokyo, Japan on December 9, 1963
Unofficial Royalty: Crown Princess Masako of Japan

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2nd birthday of Princess Gabriella of Monaco, Countess of Carladès and Hereditary Prince Jacques of Monaco, Marquis of Baux, children of Prince Albert II of Monaco, born at the Princess Grace Hospital Center in Monaco on December 10, 2014
Full names: Gabriella Thérèse Marie and Jacques Honoré Rainier
Wikipedia: Princess Gabriella of Monaco
Wikipedia: Jacques, Hereditary Prince of Monaco

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December 4: Today in Royal History

Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

December 4, 1214 – Death of King William I “the Lion” of Scotland at Stirling, Scotland; buried at Arbroath Abbey, in Arbroath, Scotland
Unofficial Royalty: King William I of Scotland

December 4, 1711 – Birth of Bárbara of Portugal, wife of King Ferdinand VI of Spain, in Lisbon, Portugal
Wikipedia: Bárbara of Portugal

December 4, 1878 – Birth of Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia, son of Tsar Alexander III of Russia, at Anichkov Palace in Saint Petersburg, Russia
Wikipedia: Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia

December 4, 1999 – Wedding of King Philippe of the Belgians and Mathilde d’Udekem d’ Acoz, civilly at the Brussels City Hall and religiously at the Cathedral of Saint Michel and Saint Gudula in Brussels, Belgium
Unofficial Royalty: King Philippe of the Belgians
Unofficial Royalty: Mathilde d’Udekem d’ Acoz

Royal News: Saturday 3 December 2016

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Belgium

Denmark

Egypt

Netherlands

Norway

Saudi Arabia

Serbia

Spain

Thailand

United Kingdom

December 3: Today in Royal History

Princess Louise of the United Kingdom, Duchess of Argyll; Photo Credit – Wikipedia

December 3, 1368 – Birth of King Charles VI of France in Paris, France
Wikipedia: King Charles VI of France

December 3, 1764 – Birth of Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, first wife of King Frederick I of Württemberg,in Brunswick (Germany)
Wikipedia: Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

December 3, 1838 – Birth of Louise of Prussia, wife of Grand Duke Friedrich I of Baden, in Berlin (Germany)
Unofficial Royalty: Louise of Prussia

December 3, 1839 – Death of King Frederik VI of Denmark at Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen, Denmark; buried at Roskilde Cathedral in Roskilde, Denmark
Wikipedia: King Frederik VI of Denmark

December 3, 1935 – Death of Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom, daughter of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom, at Coppins in Iver, Buckinghamshire, England; buried at Frogmore in Windsor, England
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom

December 3, 1939 – Death of Princess Louise of the United Kingdom, Duchess of Argyll, daughter of Queen Victoria, at Kensington Palace in London, England; cremated and ashes buried at Frogmore in Windsor, England
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll

December 3, 2005 – Birth of Prince Sverre Magnus of Norway, son of Crown Prince Haakon of Norway, at the Rikshospitalet University Hospital in Oslo, Norway
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Sverre Magnus of Norway